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Prof David Crawford

STAFF PROFILE

Position

Head Of School

Faculty

Faculty of Health

Department

School of Exercise & Nut. Sci.

Campus

Melbourne Burwood Campus

Qualifications

Bachelor of Science, University of Adelaide, 1981
Doctor of Philosophy, Australian National University, 1997

Contact

Biography

Professor Crawford is an Alfred Deakin Professor and holds a Personal Chair.  He is Head of the School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, and Co-Director of the Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN). Professor Crawford's research is concerned with obesity prevention.

Read more on David's profile

Career highlights

2016  Presidents Award, Victorian Heart Foundation in recognition for research and raising awareness of heart disease.

 

2015, 2016  Thomson Reuters Highly Cited Researcher.

 

2015  Elected as a Fellow, Australian Academy of Health and Medical Sciences.

 

2014  Inducted as a Fellow of the International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.


2013  Victorian Health Promotion Foundation Award for Promoting Healthy Eating. (Ball, Crawford, McNaughton in partnership with the National Heart Foundation and Coles Supermarkets).


2012   Professor David Hill Award for Knowledge and Translation from the Victorian Health Promotion Foundation for the INFANT project (Campbell, Hesketh, Crawford, Salmon, Ball, McNaughton).


2009  Appointed as an Alfred Deakin Professor in recognition of sustained, high level contributions to research at Deakin University.


2007 Carrick Institute for Learning and Teaching in Higher Education citation for outstanding contributions to student learning: ‘For longstanding commitment to independent and relevant learning through the effective training and mentoring of Higher Degree by Research students in nutrition and physical activity’.

Research interests

Professor Crawfords research is concerned with understanding the behavioural, social and environmental influences on nutrition and physical activity; epidemiology of overweight and obesity; and development and evaluation of obesity prevention strategies for children and adults.

Professor Crawfords research includes large scale population studies and intervention projects.
 

Affiliations

International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

Teaching interests

Primary Supervisor of 6 PhD students

Knowledge areas

Behavioural, social and environmental influences on nutrition and physical activity; epidemiology of overweight and obesity; development and evaluation of obesity prevention strategies for children and adults.

Conferences

Crawford D (2014). Invited presentation, ‘Obesity prevention in children and adults’.  WA Heart Foundation, Cancer Council and WA Department of Health, October.

Crawford D (2014). Invited presentation, ‘How important is the neighbourhood food environment in influencing eating behaviours? A summary of recent Australian evidence. WA Heart Foundation, Cancer Council and WA Department of Health, October.

Crawford D. (2012). Invited Discussant, ENERGY Symposium, preconference symposium, European Congress of Obesity, Lyon, France, May.

Crawford D. (2011). Invited presentations  Global Obesity Prevention Round Table. Invited Round Table Participant, Laureus Sport for Good Foundation, Abu Dhabi.

Crawford D. (2010). How important is the neighbourhood access and availability of foods in influencing intakes? (Invited presentation). Nutrition Society of Australia, Annual Scientific Meeting, Perth, Australia.

Crawford D. (2010). Environmental influences on obesity risk behaviours (Invited Plenary Speaker). Transdisciplinary Research on the Energetics and Cancer Meeting, supported by the NIH, Minneapolis, USA.

Crawford D. (2010). How important is the neighbourhood food environment in influencing fruit and vegetable intakes? EGEA Conference on Social and Health Benefits of a Balanced Diet, supported by the European Commission and the French Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, Brussels.

Crawford D. (2009). Industry sponsoring of nutrition and physical activity research (Invited Keynote Debate). International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Lisbon, Portugal.

Crawford D. (2007). The influence of home and neighbourhood environments on physical activity in children and adolescents. Satellite Meeting of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity - Promoting and sustaining physical activity: the interplay between environmental influences, motivational processes and physical activity, Bergen, Norway.

Crawford D. (2004). What do we know about the causes of the obesity epidemic? International Dairy Federation, World Dairy Summit, Melbourne.

Crawford D. (2004). Behavioural and environmental causes of the epidemic of childhood obesity (Invited Keynote Speaker). Australasian Society for the Study of Obesity, 13th Annual Scientific Meeting, Brisbane.

Crawford D. (2004). Slim chance in a fat world? Understanding contextual influences on obesity (Invited Keynote Lecture). International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Washington DC.

Professional activities

Membership of expert advisory committees      


2015, 2016                     NHMRC Assigners Academy.

2016  Vichealth Healthy Eating Taskforce.

 

2014-current        Advisory Committee, Healthy Eating Advisory Service, Victorian Department of Health and Human Services. 


2013-current        Food and Nutrition Advisory Committee, Heart Foundation.

Awards

2016 Council for Public Health Institutions Award for Excellence and Innovation in Public Health Team Research (Campbell, Hesketh, Lwas, McNaughton, Salmon, Ball, Crawford).

 

2014 Inducted as a Fellow of the International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.


2013 Victorian Health Promotion Foundation Award for Promoting Healthy Eating. (Ball, Crawford, McNaughton in partnership with the National Heart Foundation and Coles Supermarkets).


2012  Professor David Hill Award for Knowledge and Translation from the Victorian Health Promotion Foundation for the INFANT project (Campbell, Hesketh, Crawford, Salmon, Ball, McNaughton).


2009 Appointed as an Alfred Deakin Professor in recognition of sustained, high level contributions to research at Deakin University.


2007 Carrick Institute for Learning and Teaching in Higher Education citation for outstanding contributions to student learning: ‘For longstanding commitment to independent and relevant learning through the effective training and mentoring of Higher Degree by Research students in nutrition and physical activity’.


2006 Victorian Department of Human Services Award for Innovation in Public Health Research, for the ‘VicLanes’ neighbourhood and health project (Kavanagh, Turrell, Crawford, Jolley).


2006 Department for Victorian Communities, Applied Research in Sport and Recreation Science Award for the ‘Switch-Play’ project (Salmon, Hume, Ball, Booth, Crawford).


2005 Vice-Chancellor’s Award for Excellent Contributions to Research (Research Facilitator), Deakin University.


2002 Victorian Department of Human Services Award for Innovation in Public Health Research, for work on children’s physical activity and sedentary behaviours (Salmon, Telford, Crawford).


2002 National Heart Foundation Award for the top ranked Research Fellowship in 2002.



 

Projects

2015     Ball K, Salmon J, Crawford D, Moodie M. Heart Foundation Vanguard Research Grant. ‘Making active choices more attractive: Do physical activity incentives improve heart health?’

2014     Milte C, McNaughton S, Crawford D, Ball K. Medibank. ‘Understanding the importance of healthy diet for preserving cognitive function of older Australians’.

2014     McNaughton S, Ball K, Collins C, Allman-Farinelli M, Tapsell L, Crawford D, Cobiac L, Burrows T, Probst Y, Subar A. ARC- Linkage, Infrastructure Equipment and Facilities: ‘Online dietary Assessment for research: The Automated self-administered 24 hour dietary recall system for
Australia (ASA24-Aus)’

2013-2015  Timperio A, Cleland V, Crawford D, Dollman J. ARC- Discovery Project: ‘Critical windows: understanding changes in eating and physical activity over the transition from secondary school to young adulthood

2012-2016  Harris M, Bauman A, Laws R, Caterson I, Campbell K, Crawford D, Stocks N, Hayman N, Denney-Wilson E, Liaw S, Lynch J. Australian Primary Health Care Research Institute: ‘The Centre for Obesity Management and Prevention Research Excellence in Primary Health Care’

2012-2015  Veitch J, Timperio A, Salmon J, Crawford D, Giles-Corti G, Carver A, Hume C. ARC Linkage Project: ‘The impact of  park renewal on park usage and park-based physical activity’

 



 

Publications

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2017

Correlates of pregnant women's gestational weight gain knowledge

J Willcox, K Ball, K Campbell, D Crawford, S Wilkinson

(2017), Vol. 49, pp. 32-39, Midwifery, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Typologies of neighbourhood environments and children's physical activity, sedentary time and television viewing

A Timperio, D Crawford, K Ball, J Salmon

(2017), Vol. 43, pp. 121-127, Health and place, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Challenges in conducting natural experiments in parks-lessons from the REVAMP study

J Veitch, J Salmon, B Giles-Corti, D Crawford, K Dullaghan, A Carver, A Timperio

(2017), Vol. 14, pp. 1-6, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, Eng., C1

journal

What predicts children's active transport and independent mobility in disadvantaged neighborhoods?

J Veitch, A Carver, J Salmon, G Abbott, K Ball, D Crawford, V Cleland, A Timperio

(2017), Vol. 44, pp. 103-109, Health & place, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

A mobile health intervention promoting healthy gestational weight gain for women entering pregnancy at a high body mass index: the txt4two pilot randomised controlled trial

J Willcox, S Wilkinson, M Lappas, K Ball, D Crawford, E McCarthy, B Fjeldsoe, R Whittaker, R Maddison, K Campbell

(2017), pp. 1-11, BJOG, Chichester, Eng., C1

journal

Factors associated with high consumption of soft drinks among Australian secondary-school students

M Scully, B Morley, P Niven, D Crawford, I Pratt, M Wakefield

(2017), pp. 1-9, Public health nutrition, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal

Where do people purchase food? A novel approach to investigating food purchasing locations

L Thornton, D Crawford, K Lamb, K Ball

(2017), Vol. 16, pp. 1-13, International journal of health geographics, London, Eng., C1

journal

Can an incentive-based intervention increase physical activity and reduce sitting among adults? The ACHIEVE (Active Choices IncEntiVE) feasibility study

K Ball, R Hunter, J-L Maple, M Moodie, J Salmon, K-L Ong, L Stephens, M Jackson, D Crawford

(2017), Vol. 14, pp. 1-10, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, Eng., C1

journal

Prospective associations between diet quality and body mass index in disadvantaged women: the resilience for eating and activity despite inequality (READI) study

D Olstad, K Lamb, L Thornton, S McNaughton, D Crawford, L Minaker, K Ball

(2017), pp. 1-11, International journal of epidemiology, Oxford, Eng., C1

journal

Fathers' perspectives on the diets and physical activity behaviours of their young children

A Walsh, K Hesketh, P van der Pligt, A Cameron, D Crawford, K Campbell

(2017), Vol. 12, pp. 1-19, PloS one, United States, C1

journal

Associations between the physical activity levels of fathers and their children at 20 months, 3.5 and five years of age

A Walsh, D Crawford, A Cameron, K Campbell, K Hesketh

(2017), Vol. 17, pp. 1-8, BMC public health, London, Eng., C1

journal

The impact of financial incentives on participants' food purchasing patterns in a supermarket-based randomized controlled trial

D Olstad, D Crawford, G Abbott, S McNaughton, H Le, C Ni Mhurchu, C Pollard, K Ball

(2017), Vol. 14, pp. 1-7, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, Eng., C1

journal
2016

Longitudinal levels and bouts of objectively measured sedentary time among young Australian children in the HAPPY study

V Carson, J Salmon, D Crawford, T Hinkley, K Hesketh

(2016), Vol. 19, pp. 232-236, Journal of science and medicine in sport, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Motivation and barriers for leisure-time physical activity in socioeconomically disadvantaged women

I Santos, K Ball, D Crawford, P Teixeira

(2016), Vol. 11, pp. 1-14, PLoS one, San Francisco, Calif., C1

journal

Maternal dietary intake and physical activity habits during the postpartum period: associations with clinician advice in a sample of Australian first time mothers

P van der Pligt, E Olander, K Ball, D Crawford, K Hesketh, M Teychenne, K Campbell

(2016), Vol. 16, pp. 1-10, BMC pregnancy and childbirth, London, Eng., C1

journal

The extended Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT Extend) Program : a cluster-randomized controlled trial of an early intervention to prevent childhood obesity

K Campbell, K Hesketh, S McNaughton, K Ball, Z McCallum, J Lynch, D Crawford

(2016), Vol. 16, pp. 1-10, BMC public health, London, Eng., C1

journal

A comparison of the dietary patterns derived by principal component analysis and cluster analysis in older Australians

M Thorpe, C Milte, D Crawford, S McNaughton

(2016), Vol. 13, pp. 1-14, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, Eng., C1

journal

A process evaluation of the Supermarket Healthy Eating for Life (SHELf) randomized controlled trial

D Olstad, K Ball, G Abbott, S McNaughton, H Le, C Mhurchu, C Pollard, D Crawford

(2016), Vol. 13, pp. 1-15, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, Eng., C1

journal

A revised Australian dietary guideline index and its association with key sociodemographic factors, health behaviors and body mass index in peri-retirement aged adults

M Thorpe, C Milte, D Crawford, S McNaughton

(2016), Vol. 8, pp. 160-172, Nutrients, Basel, Switzerland, C1

journal

The impact of a new McDonald's restaurant on eating behaviours and perceptions of local residents: a natural experiment using repeated cross-sectional data

L Thornton, K Ball, K Lamb, J McCann, K Parker, D Crawford

(2016), Vol. 39, pp. 86-91, Health & place, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Dietary associations of fathers and their children between the ages of 20 months and 5 years

A Walsh, A Cameron, D Crawford, K Hesketh, K Campbell

(2016), Vol. 19, pp. 2033-2039, Public health nutrition, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal

Economic evaluation of price discounts and skill-building strategies on purchase and consumption of healthy food and beverages: The SHELf randomized controlled trial.

H Le, L Gold, G Abbott, D Crawford, S McNaughton, C Mhurchu, C Pollard, K Ball

(2016), Vol. 159, pp. 83-91, Social science and medicine, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Mothers' perceptions of the influences on their child feeding practices - a qualitative study

A Spence, K Hesketh, D Crawford, K Campbell

(2016), Vol. 105, pp. 596-603, Appetite, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Shopsmart 4 health: results of a randomized controlled trial of a behavioral intervention promoting fruit and vegetable consumption among socioeconomically disadvantaged women

K Ball, S McNaughton, H Le, G Abbott, L Stephens, D Crawford

(2016), Vol. 104, pp. 436-445, American journal of clinical nutrition, Rockville, Md., C1

journal

Diet quality and telomere length in older Australian men and women.

C Milte, A Russell, K Ball, D Crawford, J Salmon, S McNaughton

(2016), pp. 1-10, European journal of nutrition, Berlin, Germany, C1

journal

Preschool and childcare center characteristics associated with children's physical activity during care hours: an observational study

T Hinkley, J Salmon, D Crawford, A Okely, K Hesketh

(2016), Vol. 13, pp. 1-9, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, Eng., C1

journal
2015

Prevalence and stability of active play, restricted movement and television viewing in infants

K Hesketh, D Crawford, G Abbott, K Campbell, J Salmon

(2015), Vol. 185, pp. 883-894, Early child development and care, Abingdon, Eng., C1

journal

Bicycles gathering dust rather than raising dust - prevalence and predictors of cycling among Australian schoolchildren

A Carver, A Timperio, D Crawford

(2015), Vol. 18, pp. 540-544, Journal of science and medicine in sport, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

What factors are associated with frequent unhealthy snack-food consumption among Australian secondary-school students?

P Niven, M Scully, B Morley, L Baur, D Crawford, I Pratt, M Wakefield

(2015), Vol. 18, pp. 2153-2160, Public health nutrition, London, Eng., C1

journal

Associations between the perceived environment and physical activity among adults aged 55-65 years : does urban-rural area of residence matter?

V Cleland, M Sodergren, P Otahal, A Timperio, K Ball, D Crawford, J Salmon, S McNaughton

(2015), Vol. 23, pp. 55-63, Journal of aging and physical activity, Champaign, Ill., C1

journal

Total and domain-specific sitting time among employees in desk-based work settings in Australia

J Bennie, Z Pedisic, A Timperio, D Crawford, D Dunstan, A Bauman, J van Uffelen, J Salmon

(2015), Vol. 39, pp. 237-242, Australian and New Zealand journal of public health, London, Eng., C1

journal

Does food store access modify associations between intrapersonal factors and fruit and vegetable consumption?

L Thornton, K Lamb, M Tseng, D Crawford, K Ball

(2015), Vol. 69, pp. 902-906, European journal of clinical nutrition, London, Eng., C1

journal

Associations of diet quality with health-related quality of life in older Australian men and women

C Milte, M Thorpe, D Crawford, K Ball, S McNaughton

(2015), Vol. 64, pp. 8-16, Experimental gerontology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Socio-economic differences in predictors of frequent dairy food consumption among Australian adolescents: a longitudinal study

L Stephens, S McNaughton, D Crawford, K Ball

(2015), Vol. 18, pp. 3326-3336, Public health nutrition, Cambrigde, Eng., C1

journal

Influence of price discounts and skill-building strategies on purchase and consumption of healthy food and beverages: outcomes of the Supermarket Healthy Eating for Life randomized controlled trial

K Ball, S McNaughton, H Le, L Gold, C Ni Mhurchu, G Abbott, C Pollard, D Crawford

(2015), Vol. 101, pp. 1055-1064, American journal of clinical nutrition, Bethesda, Md., C1

journal

Testing the feasibility of a mobile technology intervention promoting healthy gestational weight gain in pregnant women (txt4two) - study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

J Willcox, K Campbell, E McCarthy, S Wilkinson, M Lappas, K Ball, B Fjeldsoe, A Griffiths, R Whittaker, R Maddison, A Shub, D Pidd, E Fraser, N Moshonas, D Crawford

(2015), Vol. 16, pp. 209-209, Trials, England, C1

journal

Nutrition promotion approaches preferred by Australian adolescents attending schools in disadvantaged neighbourhoods: a qualitative study

L Stephens, S McNaughton, D Crawford, K Ball

(2015), Vol. 15, pp. 1-12, BMC Pediatrics, London, Eng., C1

journal

Maternal efficacy and sedentary behavior rules predict child obesity resilience

D Crawford, K Ball, V Cleland, L Thornton, G Abbott, S McNaughton, K Campbell, J Brug, J Salmon, A Timperio

(2015), Vol. 2, pp. 1-11, BMC Obesity, London, Eng., C1

journal

Gestational weight gain information: seeking and sources among pregnant women

J Willcox, K Campbell, E McCarthy, M Lappas, K Ball, D Crawford, A Shub, S Wilkinson

(2015), Vol. 15, pp. 1-10, BMC pregnancy childbirth, London, Eng., C1

journal

Associations between dietary intakes of first-time fathers and their 20-month-old children are moderated by fathers' BMI, education and age

A Walsh, A Cameron, K Hesketh, D Crawford, K Campbell

(2015), Vol. In press, pp. 1-7, British journal of nutrition, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal

Adoption and maintenance of gym-based strength training in the community setting in adults with excess weight or type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial

M Teychenne, K Ball, J Salmon, R Daly, D Crawford, P Sethi, M Jorna, D Dunstan

(2015), Vol. 12, pp. 1-9, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, Eng., C1

journal

Preventing obesity in infants: the growing healthy feasibility trial protocol

E Denney-Wilson, R Laws, C Russell, K Ong, S Taki, R Elliot, L Azadi, S Lymer, R Taylor, J Lynch, D Crawford, K Ball, D Askew, E Litterbach, K J Campbell

(2015), Vol. 5, pp. 1-12, BMJ Open, London, Eng., C1

journal
2014

What helps children to move more at school recess and lunchtime? Mid-intervention results from Transform-Us! cluster-randomised controlled trial

M Yildirim, L Arundell, E Cerin, V Carson, H Brown, D Crawford, K Hesketh, N Ridgers, S Te Velde, M Chinapaw, J Salmon

(2014), Vol. 48, pp. 271-277, British journal of sports medicine, London, England, C1

journal

Predictors of high-energy foods and beverages: a longitudinal study among socio-economically disadvantaged adolescents

L Stephens, S McNaughton, D Crawford, K Ball

(2014), Vol. 17, pp. 324-337, Public health nutrition, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Predicting healthy lifestyle patterns among retirement age older adults in the WELL study: A latent class analysis of sex differences

M Sodergren, W Wang, J Salmon, K Ball, D Crawford, S McNaughton

(2014), Vol. 77, pp. 41-46, Maturitas, Shannon, Ireland, C1

journal

Variation in outcomes of the Melbourne Infant, Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT) Program according to maternal education and age

A Cameron, K Ball, K Hesketh, S McNaughton, J Salmon, D Crawford, S Lioret, K Campbell

(2014), Vol. 58, pp. 58-63, Preventive Medicine, Waltham, Mass., C1

journal

Adolescent television viewing and unhealthy snack food consumption: the mediating role of home availability of unhealthy snack foods

N Pearson, S Biddle, L Williams, A Worsley, D Crawford, K Ball

(2014), Vol. 17, pp. 317-323, Public health nutrition, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal

Effects of nutrient content claims, sports celebrity endorsements and premium offers on pre-adolescent children's food preferences: experimental research

H Dixon, M Scully, P Niven, B Kelly, K Chapman, R Donovan, J Martin, L Baur, D Crawford, M Wakefield

(2014), Vol. 9, pp. 47-57, Pediatric obesity, Chichester, England, C1

journal

Family food involvement and frequency of famiy dinner meals among Australian children aged 10-12 years. Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations with dietary patterns

R Leech, S McNaughton, D Crawford, K Campbell, N Pearson, A Timperio

(2014), Vol. 75, pp. 64-70, Appetite, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

The effect of an early childhood obesity intervention on father's obesity risk behaviors: the Melbourne InFANT program

A Walsh, S Lioret Suteau, A Cameron, K Hesketh, S McNaughton, D Crawford, K Campbell

(2014), Vol. 11, pp. 1-9, International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, London, UK, C1

journal

Improving perceptions of healthy food affordability: results from a pilot intervention

L Williams, G Abbott, L Thornton, A Worsley, K Ball, D Crawford

(2014), Vol. 11, pp. 1-5, International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, London, England, C1

journal

Longitudinal predictors of frequent vegetable and fruit consumption among socio-economically disadvantaged Australian adolescents

L Stephens, S McNaughton, D Crawford, K Ball

(2014), Vol. 78, pp. 165-171, Appetite, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Are independent mobility and territorial range associated with park visitation among youth?

J Veitch, A Carver, C Hume, D Crawford, A Timperio, K Ball, J Salmon

(2014), Vol. 11, pp. 1-12, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Three-year change in diet quality and associated changes in BMI among schoolchildren living in socio-economically disadvantaged neighbourhoods

S Lioret, S McNaughton, A Cameron, D Crawford, K Campbell, V Cleland, K Ball

(2014), Vol. 112, pp. 260-268, British journal of nutrition, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

A natural experiment to examine the impact of park renewal on park-use and park-based physical activity in a disadvantaged neighbourhood: the REVAMP study methods

J Veitch, J Salmon, A Carver, A Timperio, D Crawford, E Fletcher, B Giles-Corti

(2014), Vol. 14, pp. 1-9, BMC Public health, London, England, C1

journal

Development of an evidence-based mHealth weight management program using a formative research process

W Waterlander, R Whittaker, H McRobbie, E Dorey, K Ball, R Maddison, K Smith, D Crawford, Y Jiang, Y Gu, J Michie, C Ni Mhurchu

(2014), Vol. 2, pp. 35-47, JMIR mHealth and uHealth, Toronto, Ontario, C1

journal

The impact of interventions to prevent obesity or improve obesity related behaviours in children (0-5 years) from socioeconomically disadvantaged and/or indigenous families: a systematic review

R Laws, K Campbell, P van der Pligt, G Russell, K Ball, J Lynch, D Crawford, R Taylor, D Askew, E Denney-Wilson

(2014), Vol. 14, pp. 1-18, BMC public health, London, England, C1

journal

Feasibility, acceptability and potential effectiveness of a mobile health (mHealth) weight management programme for New Zealand adults

C Mhurchu, R Whittaker, H McRobbie, K Ball, D Crawford, J Michie, Y Jiang, R Maddison, W Waterlander, K Myers

(2014), Vol. 1, pp. 1-10, BMC obesity, Chichester, England, C1

journal

Is neighbourhood obesogenicity associated with body mass index in women? Application of an obesogenicity index in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods

M Tseng, L Thornton, K Lamb, K Ball, D Crawford

(2014), Vol. 30, pp. 20-27, Health & place, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Explaining educational disparities in adiposity: the role of neighborhood environments.

G Abbott, K Backholer, A Peeters, L Thornton, D Crawford, K Ball

(2014), Vol. 22, pp. 2413-2419, Obesity (Silver Spring), Hoboken N. J., C1

journal

Socio-economic disparities in Australian adolescents' eating behaviours

P Niven, M Scully, B Morley, D Crawford, L Baur, M Wakefield

(2014), Vol. 17, pp. 2753-2758, Public health nutrition, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal

Active transport, independent mobility and territorial range among children residing in disadvantaged areas

A Carver, J Veitch, S Sahlqvist, D Crawford, C Hume

(2014), Vol. 1, pp. 267-273, Journal of transport and health, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Mediators of improved child diet quality following a health promotion intervention: the Melbourne InFANT program

Alison Spence, Karen Campbell, David Crawford, Sarah McNaughton, Kylie Hesketh

(2014), Vol. 11, pp. 1-11, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Workplace Sitting Breaks Questionnaire (SITBRQ): an assessment of concurrent validity and test-retest reliability

Z Pedisic, J Bennie, A Timperio, D Crawford, D Dunstan, A Bauman, J Salmon

(2014), Vol. 14, pp. 1-9, BMC Public Health, London, Eng., C1

journal

Assessing bottled water nitrate concentrations to evaluate total drinking water nitrate exposure and risk of birth defects

P Weyer, J Brender, P Romitti, J Kantamneni, D Crawford, J Sharkey, M Shinde, S Horel, A Vuong, P Langlois

(2014), Vol. 12, pp. 755-762, Journal of water and health, London, United Kingdom, C1-1

journal
2013

Cohort profile : The resilience for eating and activity despite inequality (READI) study

K Ball, V Cleland, J Salmon, A Timperio, S McNaughton, L Thornton, K Campbell, M Jackson, L Baur, G Mishra, J Brug, R Jeffery, A King, I Kawachi, D Crawford

(2013), Vol. 42, pp. 1629-1639, International journal of epidemiology, Oxford, England, C1-1

journal

Parental chauffeurs : what drives their transport choice?

A Carver, A Timperio, D Crawford

(2013), Vol. 26, pp. 72-77, Journal of transport geography, Oxford, England, C1

journal

The Melbourne infant feeding, activity and nutrition trial (InFANT) program follow-up

K Hesketh, K Campbell, J Salmon, S McNaughton, Z McCallum, A Cameron, K Ball, L Gold, N Andrianopoulos, D Crawford

(2013), Vol. 34, pp. 145-151, Contemporary clinical trials, Philadelphia, Pa., C1

journal

What factors are associated with adolescents' school break time physical activity and sedentary time?

N Ridgers, A Timperio, D Crawford, J Salmon

(2013), Vol. 8, pp. 1-8, PLoS one, San Francisco, Calif., C1

journal

Association between maternal education and diet of children at 9 months is partially explained by mothers' diet

S Lioret, A Cameron, S McNaughton, D Crawford, A Spence, K Hesketh, K Campbell

(2013), pp. 1-12, Maternal and child nutrition, London, Eng, C1

journal

Tracking of dietary intakes in early childhood : the Melbourne InFANT program

S Lioret, S McNaughton, A Spence, D Crawford, K Campbell

(2013), Vol. 67, pp. 275-281, European journal of clinical nutrition, London, England, C1

journal

Is a perceived supportive physical environment important for self-reported leisure time physical activity among socioeconomically disadvantaged women with poor psychosocial characteristics? An observational study

V Cleland, K Ball, D Crawford

(2013), Vol. 13, pp. 1-8, BMC public health, London, England, C1

journal

A parent-focused intervention to reduce infant obesity risk behaviors: a randomized trial

K Campbell, S Lioret, S McNaughton, D Crawford, J Salmon, K Ball, Z McCallum, B Gerner, A Spence, A Cameron, J Hnatiuk, O Ukoumunne, L Gold, G Abbott, K Hesketh

(2013), Vol. 131, pp. 652-660, Pediatrics, Elk Grove Village, Ill., C1

journal

Effectiveness of interventions to promote physical activity among socioeconomically disadvantaged women : a systematic review and meta-analysis

V Cleland, A Granados, D Crawford, T Winzenberg, K Ball

(2013), Vol. 14, pp. 197-212, Obesity reviews, Chichester, England, C1

journal

Do features of public open spaces vary between urban and rural areas?

J Veitch, J Salmon, K Ball, D Crawford, A Timperio

(2013), Vol. 56, pp. 107-111, Preventive medicine, Maryland Heights, Mo., C1

journal

What helps children to be more active and less sedentary? Perceptions of mothers living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods

J Veitch, C Hume, J Salmon, D Crawford, K Ball

(2013), Vol. 39, pp. 94-102, Child : care, health and development, Chichester, England, C1

journal

Behavior and weight correlates of weight-control efforts in Australian women living in disadvantage : the READI study

R Jeffery, G Abbott, K Ball, D Crawford

(2013), Vol. 10, pp. 1-14, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

ShopSmart 4 Health - protocol of a skills-based randomised controlled trial promoting fruit and vegetable consumption among socioeconomically disadvantaged women

K Ball, S McNaughton, H Le, N Andrianopoulos, V Inglis, B McNeilly, I Lichomets, A Granados, D Crawford

(2013), Vol. 13, pp. 1-8, BMC public health, London, England, C1

journal

Does the availability of snack foods in supermarkets vary internationally?

L Thornton, A Cameron, S McNaughton, W Waterlander, M Sodergren, C Svastisalee, L Blanchard, A Liese, S Battersby, M Carter, J Sheeshka, S Kirkpatrick, S Sherman, G Cowburn, C Foster, D Crawford

(2013), Vol. 10, pp. 1-9, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Associations between neighbourhood and household environmental variables and fruit consumption : exploration of mediation by individual cognitions and habit strength in the GLOBE study

N Tak, S te Velde, C Kamphuis, K Ball, D Crawford, J Brug, F van Lenthe

(2013), Vol. 16, pp. 505-514, Public health nutrition, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Variation in supermarket exposure to energy-dense snack foods by socio-economic position

A Cameron, L Thornton, S McNaughton, D Crawford

(2013), Vol. 16, pp. 1178-1185, Public health nutrition, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Examination of mid-intervention mediating effects on objectively assessed sedentary time among children in the Transform-Us! Cluster-randomized controlled trial

V Carson, J Salmon, L Arundell, N Ridgers, E Cerin, H Brown, K Hesketh, K Ball, M Chinapaw, M Yildirim, R Daly, D Dunstan, D Crawford

(2013), Vol. 10, pp. 1-11, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Associations between education and personal income with body mass index among Australian women residing in disadvantaged neighborhoods

L Williams, L Williams, N Andrianopoulos, N Andrianopoulos, V Cleland, V Cleland, D Crawford, D Crawford, K Ball, K Ball

(2013), Vol. 28, pp. 59-65, American journal of health promotion, Troy, Mich., C1-1

journal

Obesity prevention programs and policies: practitioner and policy-maker perceptions of feasibility and effectiveness

V Cleland, B McNeilly, D Crawford, K Ball

(2013), Vol. 21, pp. 448-455, Obesity, Chichester, England, C1

journal

The correlates of preschoolers' compliance with screen recommendations exist across multiple domains

T Hinkley, J Salmon, A Okely, D Crawford

(2013), Vol. 57, pp. 212-219, Preventive medicine, San Diego, California, C1

journal

A health promotion intervention can affect diet quality in early childhood

A Spence, S McNaughton, S Lioret, K Hesketh, D Crawford, K Campbell

(2013), Vol. 143, pp. 1672-1678, Journal of nutrition, Bethesda, Maryland, C1

journal

Are associations between the perceived home and neighbourhood environment and children?s physical activity and sedentary behaviour moderated by urban/rural location?

J Salmon, J Veitch, G Abbott, M ChinAPaw, J Brug, S teVelde, V Cleland, C Hume, D Crawford, K Ball

(2013), Vol. 24, pp. 44-53, Health & Place, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Is park visitation associated with leisure-time and transportation physical activity?

J Veitch, K Ball, D Crawford, G Abbott, J Salmon

(2013), Vol. 57, pp. 732-734, Preventive medicine, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Barriers to avoiding fast-food consumption in an environment supportive of unhealthy eating

L Thornton, R Jeffery, D Crawford

(2013), Vol. 16, pp. 2105-2113, Public Health Nutrition, Cambridge, UK, C1

journal

Health, behavioral, cognitive, and social correlates of breakfast skipping among women living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods

K Smith, S McNaughton, V Cleland, D Crawford, K Ball

(2013), Vol. 143, pp. 1774-1784, Journal of nutrition, Bethesda, Maryland, C1

journal

Home food availability mediates associations between mothers' nutrition knowledge and child diet

K Campbell, G Abbott, A Spence, D Crawford, S McNaughton, K Ball

(2013), Vol. 71, pp. 1-6, Appetite, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

Systematic review of lifestyle interventions to limit postpartum weight retention: implications for future opportunities to prevent maternal overweight and obesity following childbirth

P van der Pligt, J Willcox, K Hesketh, K Ball, S Wilkinson, D Crawford, K Campbell

(2013), Vol. 14, pp. 792-805, Obesity reviews, Chichester, England, C1

journal
2012

Socio-demographic characteristics of children experiencing socioeconomic disadvantage who meet physical activity and screen-time recommendations : the READI study

C Hume, J Salmon, J Veitch, E O'Connell, D Crawford, K Ball

(2012), Vol. 54, pp. 61-64, Preventive medicine, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Validity of a brief self-report instrument for assessing compliance with physical activity guidelines amongst adolescents

N Ridgers, A Timperio, D Crawford, J Salmon

(2012), Vol. 15, pp. 136-141, Journal of medicine and science in sport, Chatswood, N. S. W., C1

journal

Optimising women's diets. An examination of factors that promote healthy eating and reduce the likelihood of unhealthy eating

L Williams, L Thornton, D Crawford

(2012), Vol. 59, pp. 41-46, Appetite, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

Is the objective food environment associated with perceptions of the food environment?

L Williams, L Thornton, K Ball, D Crawford

(2012), Vol. 15, pp. 291-298, Public health nutrition, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

The availability of snack food displays that may trigger impulse purchases in Melbourne supermarkets

L Thornton, A Cameron, S McNaughton, A Worsley, D Crawford

(2012), Vol. 12, pp. 1-8, BMC public health, London, England, C1

journal

Neighborhood characteristics and TV viewing in youth : nothing to do but watch TV?

A Timperio, J Salmon, K Ball, S te Velde, J Brug, D Crawford

(2012), Vol. 15, pp. 122-128, Journal of science and medicine in sport, Chatswood, N.S.W., C1

journal

Park improvements and park activity : a natural experiment

J Veitch, K Ball, D Crawford, G Abbott, J Salmon

(2012), Vol. 42, pp. 616-619, American journal of preventive medicine, New York, N.Y., C1

journal

How does perceived risk mediate associations between perceived safety and parental restriction of adolescents' physical activity in their neighborhood?

A Carver, A Timperio, K Hesketh, D Crawford

(2012), Vol. 9, pp. 1-7, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Do the individual, social, and environmental correlates of physical activity differ between urban and rural women?

V Cleland, K Ball, A King, D Crawford

(2012), Vol. 44, pp. 350-373, Environment and behavior, Thousand Oaks, Calif., C1

journal

The neighborhood social environment and body mass index among youth : a mediation analysis

J Veitch, M van Stralen, M Chinapaw, S te Velde, D Crawford, J Salmon, A Timperio

(2012), Vol. 9, pp. 1-9, The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Parental influences on adolescent fruit consumption : the role of adolescent self-efficacy

N Pearson, K Ball, D Crawford

(2012), Vol. 27, pp. 14-23, Health education research, Cary, N.C., C1

journal

Association between food marketing exposure and adolescents' food choices and eating behaviors

M Scully, M Wakefield, P Niven, K Chapman, D Crawford, I Pratt, L Baur, V Flood, B Morley

(2012), Vol. 58, pp. 1-5, Appetite, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Preschoolers' physical activity, screen time, and compliance with recommendations

T Hinkley, J Salmon, A Okely, D Crawford, K Hesketh

(2012), Vol. 44, pp. 458-465, Medicine and science in sports and exercise, Philadelphia, Pa., C1

journal

Correlates of preschool children's physical activity

T Hinkley, J Salmon, A Okely, K Hesketh, D Crawford

(2012), Vol. 43, pp. 159-167, American journal of preventive medicine, New York, N.Y., C1

journal

Home and neighbourhood correlates of BMI among children living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods

D Crawford, K Ball, V Cleland, K Campbell, A Timperio, G Abbott, J Brug, L Baur, J Salmon

(2012), Vol. 107, pp. 1028-1036, British journal of nutrition, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Socioeconomic position and physical activity among women in Melbourne, Australia : does the use of different socioeconomic indicators matter?

V Cleland, K Ball, D Crawford

(2012), Vol. 74, pp. 1578-1583, Social science and medicine, Kidlington, England, C1

journal

Resilience to obesity among socioeconomically disadvantaged women : the READI study

K Ball, G Abbott, V Cleland, A Timperio, L Thornton, G Mishra, R Jeffery, J Brug, A King, D Crawford

(2012), Vol. 36, pp. 855-865, International journal of obesity, London, England, C1

journal

Socioeconomic variation in diet and activity-related behaviours of Australian children and adolescents aged 2-16 years

A Cameron, K Ball, N Pearson, S Lioret, D Crawford, K Campbell, K Hesketh, S McNaughton

(2012), Vol. 7, pp. 329-342, Pediatric obesity, Oxford, England, C1

journal

Parents' dietary patterns are significantly correlated : findings from the Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial Program

S Lioret, S McNaughton, D Crawford, A Spence, K Hesketh, K Campbell

(2012), Vol. 108, pp. 518-526, British journal of nutrition, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Five-year changes in school recess and lunchtime and the contribution to children's daily physical activity

N Ridgers, A Timperio, D Crawford, J Salmon

(2012), Vol. 46, pp. 741-746, British journal of sports medicine, London, England, C1

journal

Associations between fruit and vegetable intake, leisure-time physical activity, sitting time and self-rated health among older adults : cross-sectional data from the WELL study

M Sodergren, S McNaughton, J Salmon, K Ball, D Crawford

(2012), Vol. 12, pp. 1-9, BMC public health, London, England, C1-1

journal

Do food and physical activity environments vary between disadvantaged urban and rural areas? Findings from the READI study

L Thornton, D Crawford, V Cleland, A Timperio, G Abbott, K Ball

(2012), Vol. 23, pp. 153-156, Health promotion journal of Australia, Camperdown, N. S. W., C1

journal

The HAPPY Study : development and reliability of a parent survey to assess correlates of preschool children's physical activity

T Hinkley, J Salmon, A Okely, D Crawford, K Hesketh

(2012), Vol. 15, pp. 407-417, Journal of science and medicine in sport, Chatswood, N. S. W., C1

journal

A parent focused child obesity prevention intervention improves some mother obesity risk behaviors : the Melbourne infant program

S Lioret, K Campbell, D Crawford, A Spence, K Hesketh, S McNaughton

(2012), Vol. 9, pp. 1-10, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Understanding determinants of nutrition, physical activity and quality of life among older adults : the Wellbeing, Eating and Exercise for a Long Life (WELL) study

S McNaughton, D Crawford, K Ball, J Salmon

(2012), Vol. 10, pp. 1-7, Health and quality of life outcomes, London, England, C1

journal

Young and free? A study of independent mobility among urban and rural dwelling Australian children

A Carver, A Timperio, D Crawford

(2012), Vol. 15, pp. 505-510, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Chatswood , N.S.W., C1

journal

Assessing volume of accelerometry data for reliability in preschool children

T Hinkley, E O'Connell, A Okely, D Crawford, K Hesketh, J Salmon

(2012), Vol. 44, pp. 2436-2441, Medicine and science in sports and exercise, Philadelphia, Pa., C1

journal

Patterns of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in preschool children

E Van Cauwenberghe, R Jones, T Hinkley, D Crawford, A Okely

(2012), Vol. 9, International journal of behavioral nutition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Perceived quality and availability of fruit and vegetables are associated with perceptions of fruit and vegetable affordability among socio-economically disadvantaged women

L Williams, L Thornton, D Crawford, K Ball

(2012), Vol. 15, pp. 1262-1267, Public health nutrition, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Maternal and best friends' influences on meal-skipping behaviours

N Pearson, L Williams, D Crawford, K Ball

(2012), Vol. 108, pp. 932-938, British journal of nutrition, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Prevalence and socio-demographic distribution of eating, physical activity and sedentary behaviours among Australian adolescents

B Morley, M Scully, P Niven, L Baur, D Crawford, V Flood, A Okely, I Pratt, J Salmon, M Wakefield

(2012), Vol. 23, pp. 213-218, Health promotion journal of Australia, Camperdown, N.S.W., C1

journal
2011

Who is eating where? Findings from the SESAW study

L Thornton, D Crawford, K Ball

(2011), Vol. 14, pp. 523-531, Public health nutrition, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Parental and home influences on adolescents' TV viewing : a mediation analysis

S Te Velde, K Van Der Horst, A Oenema, A Timperio, D Crawford, J Brug

(2011), Vol. 6, pp. 364-372, International journal of pediatric obesity, London, England, C1

journal

Predictors of changes in adolescents' consumption of fruits, vegetables and energy-dense snacks

N Pearson, K Ball, D Crawford

(2011), Vol. 105, pp. 795-803, British journal of nutrition, Cambridge, England, C1-1

journal

Influences on preschool children's physical activity

T Hinkley, J Salmon, A Okely, D Crawford, K Hesketh

(2011), Vol. 34, pp. 39-50, Family and community health, Philadelphia, Pa., C1-1

journal

Correlates of dietary resilience among socioeconomically disadvantaged adolescents

L Stephens, S McNaughton, D Crawford, A MacFarlane, K Ball

(2011), Vol. 65, pp. 1219-1232, European journal of clinical nutrition, London, England, C1

journal

The association between home environmental variables and soft drink consumption among adolescents : exploration of mediation by individual cognitions and habit strength

N Tak, S Te Velde, A Oenema, K Van der Horst, A Timperio, D Crawford, J Brug

(2011), Vol. 56, pp. 503-510, Appetite, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

A longitudinal study of the family physical activity environment and physical activity among youth

V Cleland, A Timperio, J Salmon, C Hume, A Telford, D Crawford

(2011), Vol. 25, pp. 159-167, American journal of health promotion, North Hollywood, Calif., C1

journal

Associations between social ecological factors and self-reported short physical activity breaks during work hours among desk-based employees

J Bennie, A Timperio, D Crawford, D Dunstan, J Salmon

(2011), Vol. 53, pp. 44-47, Preventive medicine, Maryland Heights, Mo., C1

journal

Clustering of obesity-related risk behaviors in children and their mothers

A Cameron, D Crawford, J Salmon, K Campbell, S McNaughton, G Mishra, K Ball

(2011), Vol. 21, pp. 95-102, Annals of epidemiology, Philadelphia, Pa., C1

journal

How is active transport associated with children's and adolescents' physical activity over time?

A Carver, A Timperio, K Hesketh, N Ridgers, J Salmon, D Crawford

(2011), Vol. 8, pp. 1-6, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Mediators of longitudinal associations between television viewing and eating behaviours in adolescents

N Pearson, K Ball, D Crawford

(2011), Vol. 8, pp. 1-9, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Tracking of children's body-mass index, television viewing and dietary intake over five-years

N Pearson, J Salmon, K Campbell, D Crawford, A Timperio

(2011), Vol. 53, pp. 268-270, Preventive medicine, Madison, Wis., C1

journal

Are parental concerns for child TV viewing associated with child TV viewing and the home sedentary environment?

N Pearson, J Salmon, D Crawford, K Campbell, A Timperio

(2011), Vol. 8, pp. 1-8, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Supermarket Healthy Eating for Life (SHELf): protocol of a randomised controlled trial promoting healthy food and beverage consumption through price reduction and skill-building strategies

K Ball, S McNaughton, C Mhurchu, N Andrianopoulos, V Inglis, B McNeilly, H Le, D Leslie, C Pollard, D Crawford

(2011), Vol. 11, pp. 1-11, BMC public health, London, England, C1

journal

Associations between availability of facilities within three different neighbourhood buffer sizes and objectively assessed physical activity in adolescents

R Prins, K Ball, A Timperio, J Salmon, A Oenema, J Brug, D Crawford

(2011), Vol. 17, pp. 1228-1234, Health and Place, Oxford, England, C1

journal

Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and depressive symptoms among adolescents

C Hume, A Timperio, J Veitch, J Salmon, D Crawford, K Ball

(2011), Vol. 8, pp. 152-156, Journal of physical activity and heatlh, Champaign, Ill., C1

journal

Is the neighbourhood environment associated with sedentary behaviour outside of school hours among children?

J Veitch, A Timperio, D Crawford, G Abbott, B Giles-Corti, J Salmon

(2011), Vol. 41, pp. 333-341, Annals of behavioral medicine, New York, N.Y., C1

journal

Is greater variety of chocolates and confectionery in supermarkets associated with more consumption?

L Thornton, A Cameron, D Crawford, S McNaughton, K Ball

(2011), Vol. 35, pp. 292-293, Australian and New Zealand journal of public health, Richmond, Vic., C1

journal

A translational research intervention to reduce screen behaviours and promote physical activity among children : Switch-2-Activity

J Salmon, M Jorna, C Hume, L Arundell, N Chahine, M Tienstra, D Crawford

(2011), Vol. 26, pp. 311-321, Health promotion international, Oxford, England, C1

journal

A cluster-randomized controlled trial to reduce sedentary behavior and promote physical activity and health of 8-9 year olds : the transform-us! study

J Salmon, L Arundell, C Hume, H Brown, K Hesketh, D Dunstan, R Daly, N Pearson, E Cerin, M Moodie, L Sheppard, K Ball, S Bagley, M Paw, D Crawford

(2011), Vol. 11, pp. 1-14, BMC public health, London, England, C1

journal
2010

Health enhancing behaviours - nutrition and physical activity

K Ball, D Crawford

(2010), pp. 437-455, Health psychology and behaviour in Australia, North Ryde, NSW, B1

chapter

Personal, social and environmental correlates of resilience to physical inactivity among women from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds

V Cleland, K Ball, J Salmon, A Timperio, D Crawford

(2010), Vol. 25, pp. 268-281, Health education research, Cary, N. C., C1

journal

Personal, social and environmental correlates of healthy weight status amongst mothers from socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods : findings from the READI study

A MacFarlane, G Abbott, D Crawford, K Ball

(2010), Vol. 7, pp. 1-9, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Predictors of time spent outdoors among children : 5-year longitudinal findings

V Cleland, A Timperio, J Salmon, C Hume, L Baur, D Crawford

(2010), Vol. 64, pp. 400-406, Journal of epidemiology & community health, London, England, C1

journal

Are children and adolescents less active if parents restrict their physical activity and active transport due to perceived risk?

A Carver, A Timperio, K Hesketh, D Crawford

(2010), Vol. 70, pp. 1799-1805, Social science & medicine, Oxford, England, C1

journal

Does food planning mediate the association between living arrangements and fruit and vegetable consumption among women aged 40 years and older?

W Hunter, S McNaughton, D Crawford, K Ball

(2010), Vol. 54, pp. 533-537, Appetite, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

Are safety-related features of the road environment associated with smaller declines in physical activity among youth?

A Carver, A Timperio, K Hesketh, D Crawford

(2010), Vol. 87, pp. 29-43, Journal of urban health, New York, N.Y., C1

journal

Individual, social and environmental correlates of physical activity among women living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods

V Cleland, K Ball, C Hume, A Timperio, A King, D Crawford

(2010), Vol. 70, pp. 2011-2018, Social science & medicine, Oxford, England, C1

journal

Urban-rural comparison of weight status among women and children living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods

V Cleland, C Hume, D Crawford, A Timperio, K Hesketh, L Baur, N Welch, J Salmon, K Ball

(2010), Vol. 192, pp. 137-140, Medical journal of Australia, Sydney, N.S.W., C1

journal

Neighbourhood physical activity environments and adiposity in children and mothers : a three-year longitudinal study

A Timperio, R Jeffery, D Crawford, R Roberts, B Giles-Corti, K Ball

(2010), Vol. 7, pp. 1-8, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Availability of sports facilities as moderator of the intention - sports participation relationship among adolescents

R Prins, P van Empelen, S te Velde, A Timperio, F van Lenthe, N Tak, D Crawford, J Brug, A Oenema

(2010), Vol. 25, pp. 489-497, Health education research, Cary, N. C., C1

journal

Why do some socioeconomically disadvantaged women eat better than others? An investigation of the personal, social and environmental correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption

L Williams, K Ball, D Crawford

(2010), Vol. 55, pp. 441-446, Appetite, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Environmental correlates of physical activity in Australian workplaces

J Bennie, A Timperio, D Dunstan, D Crawford, J Salmon

(2010), Vol. 3, pp. 25-33, International journal of workplace health management, Bingley, England, C1

journal

Influence of peers on breastfeeding discontinuation among new parents : the Melbourne InFANT Program

A Cameron, K Hesketh, K Ball, D Crawford, K Campbell

(2010), Vol. 126, Pediatrics, Elk Grove Village, Ill., C1

journal

The longitudinal influence of home and neighbourhood environments on children's body mass index and physical activity over 5 years : the CLAN study

D Crawford, V Cleland, A Timperio, J Salmon, N Andrianopoulos, R Roberts, B Giles-Corti, L Baur, K Ball

(2010), Vol. 34, pp. 1177-1187, International journal of obesity, London, England, C1

journal

Love thy neighbour? Associations of social capital and crime with physical activity amongst women

K Ball, V Cleland, A Timperio, J Salmon, B Giles-Corti, D Crawford

(2010), Vol. 71, pp. 807-814, Social science & medicine, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Parental use of restrictive feeding practices and child BMI z-score. A 3-year prospective cohort study

K Campbell, N Andrianopoulos, K Hesketh, K Ball, D Crawford, L Brennan, N Corsini, A Timperio

(2010), Vol. 55, pp. 84-88, Appetite, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Eating behaviours and the food environment

K Ball, D Crawford, A Timperio, J Salmon

(2010), pp. 149-164, Obesogenic environments : complexities, perceptions, and objective measures, Chichester, England, B1-1

chapter

Neighbourhood-socioeconomic variation in women's diet : the role of nutrition environments

L Thornton, D Crawford, K Ball

(2010), Vol. 64, pp. 1423-1432, European journal of clinical nutrition, Basingstoke, England, C1

journal

Is healthy behavior contagious : associations of social norms with physical activity and healthy eating

K Ball, R Jeffery, G Abbott, S McNaughton, D Crawford

(2010), Vol. 7, pp. 1-27, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Socioeconomic inequalities in fruit and vegetable intakes

K Ball, D Crawford

(2010), pp. 195-203, Bioactive foods in promoting health : fruits and vegetables, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, B1

chapter

Associations between parental concern for adolescent weight and the home food environment and dietary intake

A MacFarlane, D Crawford, A Worsley

(2010), Vol. 42, pp. 152-160, Journal of nutrition education and behavior, Hamilton, Ont., C1-1

journal

Social and environmental determinants of health behaviors

V Cleland, K Ball, D Crawford

(2010), pp. 3-18, Handbook of behavioral medicine : methods and applications, New York, N.Y., B1-1

chapter
2009

Is the perception of time pressure a barrier to healthy eating and physical activity among women?

N Welch, S McNaughton, W Hunter, C Hume, D Crawford

(2009), Vol. 12, pp. 888-895, Public health nutrition, [Wallingford, England], C1

journal

Neighbourhood socioeconomic inequalities in food access and affordability

K Ball, A Timperio, D Crawford

(2009), Vol. 15, pp. 578-585, Health and place, [Oxford, England], C1

journal

Socioeconomic position and children's physical activity and sedentary behaviors : longitudinal findings from the CLAN study

K Ball, V Cleland, A Timperio, J Salmon, D Crawford

(2009), Vol. 6, pp. 289-298, Journal of physical activity and health, Champaign, Ill., C1

journal

Predictors of body mass index change in Australian primary school children

K Hesketh, J Carlin, M Wake, D Crawford

(2009), Vol. 4, pp. 45-53, International journal of pediatric obesity, London, England, C1

journal

Walking and cycling to school : predictors of increases among children and adolescents

C Hume, A Timperio, J Salmon, A Carver, B Giles-Corti, D Crawford

(2009), Vol. 36, pp. 195-200, American journal of preventive medicine, [Washington, D.C.], C1

journal

Does modifying the household food budget predict changes in the healthfulness of purchasing choices among low- and high-income women?

V Inglis, K Ball, D Crawford

(2009), Vol. 52, pp. 273-279, Appetite, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Longitudinal examination of the family food environment and weight status among children

A Macfarlane, V Cleland, D Crawford, K Campbell, A Timperio

(2009), Vol. 4, pp. 343-352, International journal of pediatric obesity, New York, N.Y., C1

journal

Children's takeaway and fast-food intakes: associations with the neighbourhood food intakes : associations with the neighbourhood food environment

A Timperio, K Ball, R Roberts, N Adrianopoulos, D Crawford

(2009), Vol. 12, pp. 1960-1964, Public health nutrition, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Women's work. Maintaining a healthy body weight

N Welch, W Hunter, K Butera, K Willis, V Cleland, D Crawford, K Ball

(2009), Vol. 53, pp. 9-15, Appetite, London, England, C1

journal

Family circumstance and adolescent dietary behaviours

N Pearson, A MacFarlane, D Crawford, S Biddle

(2009), Vol. 52, pp. 668-674, Appetite, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Family influences on children's physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption

N Pearson, A Timperio, J Salmon, D Crawford, S Biddle

(2009), Vol. 6, pp. 1-7, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Dietary quality is associated with diabetes and cardio-metabolic risk factors1-3

S McNaughton, D Dunstan, K Ball, J Shaw, D Crawford

(2009), Vol. 139, pp. 734-742, Journal of nutrition, Bethesda, Md., C1

journal

Can social cognitive theory constructs explain socio-economic variations in adolescent eating behaviours? A mediation analysis

K Ball, A MacFarlane, D Crawford, G Savige, N Andrianopoulos, A Worsley

(2009), Vol. 24, pp. 496-506, Health Education Research, Cary, NC, C1

journal

Sociodemographic and behavioural correlates of weight status among women with children living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods

A MacFarlane, G Abbott, D Crawford, K Ball

(2009), Vol. 33, pp. 1289-1298, International journal of obesity, London, England, C1

journal

Are children's perceptions of neighbourhood social environments associated with their walking and physical activity?

C Hume, M Jorna, L Arundell, J Saunders, D Crawford, J Salmon

(2009), Vol. 12, pp. 637-641, Journal of medicine and science in sport, Sydney, N.S.W., C1-1

journal

Influences on consumption of soft drinks and fast foods in adolescents

E Denney-Wilson, D Crawford, T Dobbins, L Hardy, A Okely

(2009), Vol. 18, pp. 447-452, Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, Southbank, Vic., C1-1

journal
2008

An index of diet and eating patterns is a valid measure of diet quality in an Australian population

S McNaughton, K Ball, D Crawford, G Mishra

(2008), Vol. 138, pp. 86-93, Journal of nutrition, Bethesda, Md., C1

journal

Dietary patterns of adolescents and risk of obesity and hypertension

S McNaughton, K Ball, G Mishra, D Crawford

(2008), Vol. 138, pp. 364-370, Journal of nutrition, Bethesda, Md., C1

journal

Perceptions of neighborhood safety and physical activity among youth : the CLAN study

A Carver, A Timperio, D Crawford

(2008), Vol. 5, pp. 430-444, Journal of physical activity & health, Champaign, Ill., C1

journal

Neighborhood road environments and physical activity among youth : the CLAN Study

A Carver, A Timperio, D Crawford

(2008), Vol. 85, pp. 532-544, Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine,, New York, N.Y., C1

journal

Playing it safe : the influence of neighbourhood safety on children's physical activity - A review

A Carver, A Timperio, D Crawford

(2008), Vol. 14, pp. 217-227, Health & place, [Kidlington, England], C1

journal

Are perceptions of the physical and social environment associated with mothers' walking for leisure and for transport? A longitudinal study

V Cleland, A Timperio, D Crawford

(2008), Vol. 47, pp. 188-193, Preventive medicine, New York, N.Y., C1

journal

A prospective examination of children's time spent outdoors, objectively measured physical activity and overweight

V Cleland, D Crawford, L Baur, C Hume, A Timperio, J Salmon

(2008), Vol. 32, pp. 1685-1693, International journal of obesity, Basingstoke, England, C1

journal

Does weight status influence associations between children's fundamental movement skills and physical activity?

C Hume, A Okely, S Bagley, A Telford, M Booth, D Crawford, J Salmon

(2008), Vol. 79, pp. 158-165, Research quarterly for exercise and sport, Reston, Va., C1

journal

Outcomes of a group-randomized trial to prevent excess weight gain, reduce screen behaviours and promote physical activity in 10-year-old children : switch-play

J Salmon, K Ball, C Hume, M Booth, D Crawford

(2008), Vol. 32, pp. 601-612, International journal of obesity, London, England, C1

journal

The infant feeding activity and nutrition trial (INFANT) an early intervention to prevent childhood obesity : cluster-randomised controlled trial

K Campbell, K Hesketh, D Crawford, J Salmon, K Ball, Z McCallum

(2008), Vol. 8, pp. 1-9, BMC public health, London, England, C1

journal

Are parental concerns about children's inactivity warranted, and are they associated with a supportive home environment?

M Jackson, D Crawford, K Campbell, J Salmon

(2008), Vol. 79, pp. 274-282, Research quarterly for exercise and sport, Washington D.C., C1

journal

Preschool children and physical activity : a review of correlates

T Hinkley, D Crawford, J Salmon, A Okely, K Hesketh

(2008), Vol. 34, pp. 435-441, American journal of preventive medicine, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Children's fruit and vegetable intake : Associations with the neighbourhood food environment

A Timperio, K Ball, R Roberts, K Campbell, N Andrianopoulos, D Crawford

(2008), Vol. 46, pp. 331-335, Preventive medicine, San Diego, Calif., C1

journal

Features of public open spaces and physical activity among children : findings from the CLAN study

A Timperio, B Giles-Corti, D Crawford, N Andrianopoulos, K Ball, J Salmon, C Hume

(2008), Vol. 47, pp. 514-518, Preventive medicine, San Diego, Calif., C1

journal

The school food environment : associations with adolescent soft drink and snack consumption

K van der Horst, A Timperio, D Crawford, R Roberts, J Brug, A Oenema

(2008), Vol. 35, pp. 217-223, American journal of preventive medicine, New York, N.Y., C1

journal

Family physical activity and sedentary environments and weight change in children

A Timperio, J Salmon, K Ball, L Baur, A Telford, M Jackson, L Salmon, D Crawford

(2008), Vol. 3, pp. 160-167, International journal of pediatric obesity, London, England, C1

journal

Parent's views of the importance of making changes in settings where children spend time to prevent obesity

D Crawford, A Timperio, K Campbell, C Hume, M Jackson, A Carver, K Hesketh, K Ball, J Salmon

(2008), Vol. 17, pp. 148-158, Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, McKinnon, Vic., C1

journal

Neighbourhood fast food outlets and obesity in children and adults : the CLAN study

D Crawford, A Timperio, J Salmon, L Baur, B Giles-Corti, R Roberts, M Jackson, N Andrianopoulos, K Ball

(2008), Vol. 3, pp. 249-256, International journal of pediatric obesity, London, England, C1

journal

Do features of public open spaces vary according to neighbourhood socio-economic status?

D Crawford, A Timperio, B Giles-Corti, K Ball, C Hume, R Roberts, N Andrianopoulos, J Salmon

(2008), Vol. 14, pp. 889-893, Health & place, Oxford, England, C1

journal

Socioeconomic variations in women's diets : what is the role of perceptions of the local food environment

V Inglis, K Ball, D Crawford

(2008), Vol. 62, pp. 191-197, Journal of epidemiology and community health, London, England, C1

journal

Environmental determinants of healthy eating : in need of theory and evidence

J Brug, S Kremers, F van Lenthe, K Ball, D Crawford

(2008), Vol. 67, pp. 307-316, Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Mismatch between perceived and objective measures of physical activity environments

K Ball, R Jeffery, D Crawford, R Roberts, J Salmon, A Timperio

(2008), Vol. 47, pp. 294-298, Preventive medicine, San Diego, Calif., C1

journal
2007

Australian parents` views on their 5-6-year-old children's food choices

K Campbell, D Crawford, K Hesketh

(2007), Vol. 22, pp. 11-18, Health promotion international, Eynsham, United Kingdom, C1

journal

Is availability of public open space equitable across areas?

A Timperio, K Ball, J Salmon, R Roberts, D Crawford

(2007), Vol. 13, pp. 335-340, Health & place, New York, N.Y., C1

journal

Research skills

S McNaughton, K Ball, D Crawford

(2007), pp. 327-351, Public health nutrition: from principles to practice, Crows Nest, N.S.W., B1

chapter

What help do young women want in their efforts to control their weight? Implications for program development

D Crawford, K Ball

(2007), Vol. 64, pp. 99-104, Nutrition & dietetics, Malden, MA., C1

journal

The effects of television advertisements for junk food versus nutritious food on children's food attitudes and preferences

H Dixon, M Scully, M Wakefield, V White, D Crawford

(2007), Vol. 65, pp. 1311-1323, Social science & medicine, New York, NY., C1

journal

Which food-related behaviours are associated with healthier intakes of fruits and vegetables among women?

D Crawford, K Ball, G Mishra, J Salmon, A Timperio

(2007), Vol. 10, pp. 256-265, Public health nutrition, Wallingford, England, C1

journal

Adolescent home food environments and socioeconomic position

A MacFarlane, D Crawford, K Ball, G Savige, A Worsley

(2007), Vol. 16, pp. 748-755, Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, Melbourne, Vic., C1

journal

Snacking behaviours of adolescents and their association with skipping meals

G Savige, A MacFarlane, K Ball, A Worsley, D Crawford

(2007), Vol. 4, pp. 1-9, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Food intake patterns among Australian adolescents

G Savige, K Ball, A Worsley, D Crawford

(2007), Vol. 16, pp. 738-746, Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, London, England, C1

journal

Personal, social and environmental determinants of educational inequalities in walking: a multilevel study

K Ball, A Timperio, J Salmon, B Giles-Corti, R Roberts, D Crawford

(2007), Vol. 61, pp. 108-114, Journal of epidemiology and community health, London, England, C1

journal

Associations between family circumstance and weight status of Australian children

K Hesketh, D Crawford, J Salmon, M Jackson, K Campbell

(2007), Vol. 2, pp. 86-96, International journal of pediatric obesity, New York, NY., C1

journal

Mediators of the relationship between maternal education and children's TV viewing

K Hesketh, K Ball, D Crawford, K Campbell, J Salmon

(2007), Vol. 33, pp. 41-47, American journal of preventive medicine, New York, NY., C1

journal

Associations among individual, social, and environmental barriers and children's walking or cycling to school

J Salmon, L Salmon, D Crawford, C Hume, A Timperio

(2007), Vol. 22, pp. 107-113, American journal of health promotion, Troy, Mich., C1

journal

Associations between the home food environment and obesity-promoting eating behaviors in adolescence

K Campbell, D Crawford, J Salmon, A Carver, S Garnett, L Baur

(2007), Vol. 15, pp. 719-730, Obesity, London, England, C1

journal
2006

Consumers' readiness to eat a plant-based diet

E Lea, D Crawford, A Worsley

(2006), Vol. 60, pp. 342-351, European journal of clinical nutrition, London, England, C1

journal

Personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school

A Timperio, K Ball, J Salmon, R Roberts, B Giles-Corti, D Simmons, L Baur, D Crawford

(2006), Vol. 30, pp. 45-51, American journal of preventive medicine, New York, NY., C1

journal

Children's television viewing and objectively measured physical activity: associations with family circumstances

K Hesketh, D Crawford, J Salmon

(2006), Vol. 3, pp. 1-10, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Family food environment and dietary behaviors likely to promote fatness in 5-6 year-old children

K Campbell, D Crawford, K Ball

(2006), Vol. 30, pp. 1272-1280, International journal of obesity, London, England, C1

journal

Parental concerns about childhood obesity and the strategies employed to prevent unhealthy weight gain in children.

D Crawford, A Timperio, A Telford, J Salmon

(2006), Vol. 9, pp. 889-895, Public health nutrition, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Public views of the benefits and barriers to the consumption of a plant-based diet

E Lea, D Crawford, A Worsley

(2006), Vol. 60, pp. 828-837, European journal of clinical nutrition, London, England, C1

journal

An investigation of psychological, social and environmental correlates of obesity and weight gain in young women

K Ball, D Crawford

(2006), Vol. 30, pp. 1240-1249, International journal of obesity : journal of the international association for the study of obesity, London, England, C1

journal

Socio-economic factors in obesity: a case of slim chance in a fat world?

K Ball, D Crawford

(2006), Vol. 15, pp. 15-20, Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, London, England, C1

journal

How can socio-economic differences in physical activity among women be explained? A qualitative study

K Ball, J Salmon, B Giles-Corti, D Crawford

(2006), Vol. 43, pp. 93-113, Women & health, Binghampton, NY, C1

journal

Socio-economic inequalities in women`s fruit and vegetable intakes: a multilevel study of individual, social and environmental mediators

K Ball, D Crawford, G Mishra

(2006), Vol. 9, pp. 623-630, Public health nutrition, Wallingford, England, C1

journal

Family structure and children's television viewing and physical activity

S Bagley, J Salmon, D Crawford

(2006), Vol. 38, pp. 910-918, Medicine and science in sports and exercise, Madison, Wis, C1

journal

Individual, social and home environment determinants of change in children's television viewing: the Switch-Play intervention

J Salmon, C Hume, K Ball, M Booth, D Crawford

(2006), Vol. 9, pp. 378-387, Journal of science and medicine in sport, New York, NY., C1

journal

Understanding environmental influences on nutrition and physical activity behaviors: where should we look and what should we count?

K Ball, A Timperio, D Crawford

(2006), Vol. 3, pp. 1-8, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

Television viewing habits associated with obesity risk factors: a survey of Melbourne schoolchildren.

J Salmon, K Campbell, D Crawford

(2006), Vol. 184, pp. 64-67, Medical journal of Australia, Sydney, N.S.W, C1

journal

Weight and place: a multilevel cross-sectional survey of area-level social disadvantage and overweight/obesity in Australia

T King, A Kavanagh, D Jolley, G Turrell, D Crawford

(2006), Vol. 30, pp. 281-287, International journal of obesity, London, England, C1

journal

Food and activity in out of school hours care in Victoria

E Thompson, C Cooper, C Flanagan, D Crawford, A Worsley

(2006), Vol. 63, pp. 21-27, Nutrition & dietetics, Oxford, England, C1

journal

Family and home correlates of television viewing in 12-13 year old adolescents: the Nepean study

L Hardy, L Baur, S Garnett, D Crawford, K Campbell, V Shrewsbury, C Cowell, J Salmon

(2006), Vol. 3, pp. 1-9, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal
2005

The role of socio-cultural factors in the obesity epidemic

K Ball, D Crawford

(2005), pp. 37-53, Obesity Prevention and Public Health, Oxford, England, B1

chapter

Socioeconomic status and weight change in adults: a review

K Ball, D Crawford

(2005), Vol. 60, pp. 1987-2010, Social science & medicine, Oxford, England, C1

journal

Why do women of low socioeconomic status have poorer dietary behaviours than women of higher socioeconomic status? A qualitative exploration

V Inglis, K Ball, D Crawford

(2005), Vol. 45, pp. 334-343, Appetite, London, England, C1

journal

How do perceptions of local neighborhood relate to adolescents` walking and cycling?

A Carver, J Salmon, K Campbell, L Baur, S Garnett, D Crawford

(2005), Vol. 20, pp. 139-147, American journal of health promotion : AJHP, Royal Oak, MI, C1

journal

Perceptions of local neighbourhood environments and their relationship to childhood overweight and obesity

A Timperio, J Salmon, A Telford, D Crawford

(2005), Vol. 29, pp. 170-175, International journal of obesity, London, England, C1

journal

Association of family environment with children's television viewing and with low level of physical activity

J Salmon, A Timperio, A Telford, A Carver, D Crawford

(2005), Vol. 13, pp. 1939-1951, Obesity research, Baton Rouge, LA, C1

journal

Reducing sedentary behaviour and increasing physical activity among 10-year-old children: overview and process evaluation of the 'Switch-Play' intervention

J Salmon, K Ball, D Crawford, M Booth, A Telford, C Hume, D Jolley, A Worsley

(2005), Vol. 20, pp. 7-17, Health promotion international, Eynsham, United Kingdom, C1

journal

Food industry awareness of consumers` plant food beliefs

E Lea, A Worsley, D Crawford

(2005), Vol. 107, pp. 556-571, British food journal, Bingley, England, C1

journal

Australian adult consumers' beliefs about plant foods: a qualitative study

E Lea, A Worsley, D Crawford

(2005), Vol. 32, pp. 795-808, Health education & behavior, Thousand Oaks, CA, C1

journal

Examining physical activity among 5- to 6- and 10- to 12-year-old children: The children's leisure activities study

A Telford, J Salmon, A Timperio, D Crawford

(2005), Vol. 17, pp. 266-280, Pediatric exercise science, Champaign, IL, C1

journal

Urban area disadvantage and physical activity: a multilevel study in Melbourne, Australia

A Kavanagh, J Goller, T King, D Jolley, D Crawford, G Turrell

(2005), Vol. 59, pp. 934-940, Journal of epidemiology and community health, London, England, C1

journal

Increasing central adiposity: the Nepean longitudinal study of young people aged 7-8 to 12-13y

S Garnett, C Cowell, L Baur, V Shrewsbury, A Chan, D Crawford, J Salmon, K Campbell, T Boulton

(2005), Vol. 29, pp. 1353-1360, International journal of obesity, London, England, C1

journal

Change in women's body mass index and waist circumference, 1997 to 2002: the Nepean study

V Shrewsbury, S Garnett, C Cowell, D Crawford, L Baur

(2005), Vol. 29, pp. 183-186, Australian and New Zealand journal of public health, Malden, MA, C1

journal
2004

The relationship between education and food consumption in the 1995 Australian national nutrition survey

A Worsley, R Blasche, K Ball, D Crawford

(2004), Vol. 7, pp. 649-663, Public health nutrition, Wallingford, England, C1

journal

Perceptions about the local neighborhood and walking and cycling among children

A Timperio, D Crawford, A Telford, J Salmon

(2004), Vol. 38, pp. 39-47, Preventive medicine, New York, NY., C1

journal

Public definitions of success in weight management

A Timperio, D Crawford

(2004), Vol. 61, pp. 215-220, Nutrition & dietetics, Deakin, A.C.T., C1

journal

Longitudinal relationships among overweight, life satisfaction, and aspirations in young women

K Ball, D Crawford, J Kenardy

(2004), Vol. 12, pp. 1019-1030, Obesity research, [New York, NY.], C1

journal

Perceived personal, social and environmental barriers to weight maintenance among young women: a community survey

S Andajani-Sutjahjo, K Ball, N Warren, V Inglis, D Crawford

(2004), Vol. 1, pp. 1-7, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1

journal

How feasible are healthy eating and physical activity for young women?

K Ball, D Crawford, N Warren

(2004), Vol. 7, pp. 433-441, Public health nutrition, Wallingford, United Kingdom, C1

journal

Reaching out to promote physical activity in Australia: a statewide randomized controlled trial of a stage-targeted intervention

A Marshall, A Bauman, N Owen, M Booth, D Crawford, B Marcus

(2004), Vol. 18, pp. 283-287, American journal of health promotion : AJHP, Royal Oak, MI, C1

journal

Reliability and validity of physical activity questionnaires for children: the children's leisure activities study survey (CLASS)

A Telford, J Salmon, D Jolley, D Crawford

(2004), Vol. 16, pp. 64-78, Pediatric exercise science, Champaign, IL, C1

journal

What are grade 5 and 6 children buying from school canteens and what do parents and teachers think about it?

V Cleland, A Worsley, D Crawford

(2004), Vol. 61, pp. 145-150, Nutrition & Dietetics, Deakin, A.C.T., C1

journal

Stability of body mass index in Australian children: a prospective cohort study across the middle childhood years

K Hesketh, M Wake, E Waters, J Carlin, D Crawford

(2004), Vol. 7, pp. 303-309, Public health nutrition, London, England, C1

journal
2003

Income differences in food consumption in the 1995 Australian national nutrition survey

A Worsley, R Blasche, K Ball, D Crawford

(2003), Vol. 57, pp. 1198-1211, European journal of clinical nutrition, London, England, C1

journal

Validity and reliability of a physical activity recall instrument among overweight and non-overweight men and women

A Timperio, J Salmon, D Crawford

(2003), Vol. 6, pp. 477-491, Journal of science and medicine in sport, Belconnen, A.C.T, C1

journal

Physical activity and sedentary behavior: a population-based study of barriers, enjoyment, and preference

J Salmon, D Crawford, N Owen, A Bauman, J Sallis

(2003), Vol. 22, pp. 178-188, Health psychology, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

Patterns and demographic predictors of 5-year weight change in a multi-ethnic cohort of men and women in Australia

K Ball, D Crawford, P Ireland, A Hodge

(2003), Vol. 6, pp. 269-280, Public health nutrition, Wallingford, United Kingdom, C1

journal

Social factors and obesity: an investigation of the role of health behaviours

K Ball, G Mishra, D Crawford

(2003), Vol. 27, pp. 394-403, International journal of obesity, London, England, C1

journal

Public perceptions of the causes and prevention of obesity among primary school children

P Hardus, C van Vuuren, D Crawford, A Worsley

(2003), Vol. 27, pp. 1465-1471, International journal of obesity, London, England, C1

journal

Fattening foods - perceptions and misconceptions: a qualitative and quantitative exploration

A Timperio, C Burns, D Cameron-Smith, D Crawford

(2003), Vol. 60, pp. 230-238, Nutrition & dietetics, Deakin, A.C.T, C1

journal

Physical activity promotion as a public health strategy for obesity prevention

A Bauman, D Crawford

(2003), pp. 239-253, Obesity : etiology, assessment, treatment, and prevention, Champaign, IL, B1

chapter

Population-Based Randomized Controlled Trial of a Stage-Targeted Physical Activity Intervention

A Marshall, A Bauman, N Owen, M Booth, D Crawford, B Marcus

(2003), Vol. 25, pp. 194-202, Annals of behavioural medicine, Mahwah, NJ, C1

journal
2002

Behavioural determinants of the obesity epidemic

D Crawford, K Ball

(2002), Vol. 11, Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, New York, N.Y., C1

journal

Family food environments of 5-6 year-old-children: does socioeconomic status make a difference?

K Campbell, D Crawford, M Jackson, K Cashel, A Worsley, K Gibbons, L Birch

(2002), Vol. 11, pp. 553-561, Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, London, England, C1

journal

Which aspects of socioeconomic status are related to obesity among men and women?

K Ball, G Mishra, D Crawford

(2002), Vol. 26, pp. 559-565, International journal of obesity, London, England, C1

journal

Relationship between body mass index and the use of healthcare services in Australia

D Reidpath, D Crawford, L Tilgner, C Gibbons

(2002), Vol. 10, pp. 526-531, Obesity research, Baton Rouge, LA, C1

journal

Who does not gain weight? Prevalence and predictors of weight maintenance in young women

K Ball, W Brown, D Crawford

(2002), Vol. 26, pp. 1570-1578, International journal of obesity, London, England, C1

journal

Weight management and weight loss strategies of professional jockeys

J Moore, A Timperio, D Crawford, C Burns, D Cameron-Smith

(2002), Vol. 12, pp. 1-13, International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, Champaign, IL, C1

journal

Behavior and beliefs related to dietary fat are influenced by weight-control status

A Timperio, D Crawford, C Burns

(2002), Vol. 102, pp. 88-90, American dietetic association journal, New York, NY., C1

journal

Dietary patterns of Australian adults and their association with socio-economic status: results from the 1995 national nutrition survey

G Mishra, K Ball, J Arbuckle, D Crawford

(2002), Vol. 56, pp. 687-693, European journal of clinical nutrition, London, England, C1

journal

Supermarkets as a setting to promote health eating : some lessons learnt in Victoria

J Lewis, D Crawford, C Cooper, E van Herwderden, H Engel, R Watson

(2002), Vol. 13, pp. 232-236, Health promotion journal of Australia, Perth, WA, C1-1

journal
2001

Family food environments as determinants of preschool-aged children`s eating behaviours: implications for obesity prevention policy. A review.

K Campbell, D Crawford

(2001), Vol. 58, pp. 19-25, Australian journal of nutrition and dietetics, Malden, MA, C1

journal

Beliefs about the causes of weight change in the Australian population

M Jackson, K Ball, D Crawford

(2001), Vol. 25, pp. 1512-1516, International journal of obesity, London, England, C1

journal

Is the link between nutrients and foods understood? The case of fibre and folate

K Cashel, D Crawford, V Deakin, B Talbot

(2001), Vol. 4, pp. 913-918, Public health nutrition, Wallingford, England, C1

journal

A cross-sectional study of weight-and shape-related beliefs, behaviours and concerns of north Queensland adolescents

M Nowak, D Crawford, P Buttner

(2001), Vol. 58, pp. 174-180, Australian journal of nutrition & dietetics, Oxford, England, C1

journal
2000

Physical activity beliefs and behaviours among adults attempting weight control

A Timperio, D Cameron-Smith, C Burns, J Salmon, D Crawford

(2000), Vol. 24, pp. 81-87, International journal of obesity, London, England, C1-1

journal

Management of obesity: attitudes and practices of Australian dietitians

K Campbell, D Crawford

(2000), Vol. 24, pp. 701-710, International journal of obesity, London, Eng., C1-1

journal

Obesity management: Australian general practitioners' attitudes and practices

K Campbell, H Engel, A Timperio, C Cooper, D Crawford

(2000), Vol. 8, pp. 459-466, Obesity research, London, Eng., C1-1

journal

The public's response to the obesity epidemic in Australia: weight concerns and weight control practices of men and women

A Timperio, D Cameron-Smith, C Burns, D Crawford

(2000), Vol. 3, pp. 417-424, Public health nutrition, Cambridge, Eng., C1-1

journal

Milk choices made by women: what influences them, and does it impact on calcium intake?

K Cashel, D Crawford, V Deakin

(2000), Vol. 3, pp. 403-410, Public health nutrition, Cambridge, Eng., C1-1

journal
1999

Lay definitions of ideal weight and overweight

D Crawford, K Campbell

(1999), Vol. 23, pp. 738-745, International Journal of Obesity, London, Eng., C1-1

journal
1998

Weight-control practices of adults in a rural community

D Crawford, N Owen, D Broom, M Worcester, G Oliver

(1998), Vol. 22, pp. 73-79, Australian and New Zealand journal of public health, Chichester, Eng., C1-1

journal
1997

Is it time for a heroin maintenance program? Views of users and ex-users

P Dance, D Crawford, R Ostini, A Stevens, G Bammer

(1997), Vol. 5, pp. 383-394, Addiction research, Abingdon, Eng., C1-1

journal

Funded Projects at Deakin

Australian Competitive Grants

Social and Behavioural Influences on Nutrition and Physical Activity

Prof David Crawford

NHMRC CDF - Career Development Fellowship

  • 2006: $89,000

Preventing obesity among socially and economically disadvantaged women and children

Prof Kylie Ball, Prof David Crawford, Prof Anna Timperio, Prof Gita Mishra, Prof Graeme Hugo, Prof Louise Baur, Prof Jo Salmon

NHMRC SRF - Preventive Healthcare - Strategic Reserve Fund

  • 2011: $364,848
  • 2010: $596,523
  • 2009: $415,453
  • 2008: $269,648
  • 2007: $426,201

Personal and environmental influences on changes in adolescents' food consumption behaviours

Prof David Crawford, Prof Tony Worsley

ARC - Discovery Projects

  • 2007: $46,711
  • 2006: $90,503

Contextual Influences on Children's and Adolescents Physical Activity

Prof David Crawford, Prof Jo Salmon, Prof Anna Timperio, Prof Kylie Ball, Prof Billie Giles-Corti, Prof Louise Baur

NHMRC Project Grant

  • 2006: $170,600

Nutrition promotion and population health: a program addressing behavioural, social and environmental determinants

Prof David Crawford, Prof Kylie Ball, Prof Tony Worsley

NHMRC CBGPH - Capacity Building Grants in Population Health Research

  • 2012: $62,313
  • 2011: $248,147
  • 2010: $249,500
  • 2009: $239,537
  • 2008: $240,047
  • 2007: $170,595

EuropeaN Energy balance Research to prevent excessive Weight Gain among Youth: the ENERGY study

Prof Jo Salmon, Prof David Crawford, Dr Clare Hume

NHMRC - European Union Collaborative Research Grant

  • 2011: $34,476
  • 2010: $33,866
  • 2009: $33,867

Addressing the food and health needs of ageing Baby boomers

Prof David Crawford, Prof Tony Worsley

ARC Linkage - Projects Rnd 1 APAI APDI, ARC_DUAPAI ARC_Deakin University Australian Postgraduate Award Industry

  • 2007: $137,980
  • 2006: $135,240

An RCT to promote healthy lifestyle behaviours from infancy: an interventaion to prevent childhood overweight

Prof Karen Campbell, A/Prof Kylie Hesketh, Prof David Crawford, Prof Jo Salmon, Prof Kylie Ball, Dr Zoe McCallum

NHMRC Project Grant

  • 2009: $366,489
  • 2008: $171,150

Understanding children's risk of obesity: contextual influences on changes in eating, physical activity and weight status.

Prof David Crawford, Prof Kylie Ball, Prof Jo Salmon

ARC - Discovery Projects

  • 2009: $32,457
  • 2008: $106,043
  • 2007: $76,933
  • 2006: $106,995

Physical activity in adults with type 2 diabetes

Prof David Dunstan, Prof Kylie Ball, Prof Jo Salmon, Prof David Crawford, Prof Robin Daly

NHMRC Project Grant

  • 2010: $4,180
  • 2009: $206,612
  • 2008: $99,577
  • 2007: $53,590

A multi-setting intervention to reduce sedentary behaviour, promote physical activity and improve children's health

Prof Jo Salmon, Dr Clare Hume, A/Prof Kylie Hesketh, Prof David Dunstan, Prof Robin Daly, Prof Ester Cerin, Prof David Crawford, Prof Kylie Ball

NHMRC Project Grant

  • 2013: $123,843
  • 2012: $182,906
  • 2011: $179,898
  • 2010: $176,769
  • 2009: $196,925

Effectiveness of a skill-building and price reduction intervention for promoting healthy eating

Prof Kylie Ball, Prof David Crawford, A/Prof Sarah Mcnaughton, A/Prof Cliona Ni Mhurchu, Dr Nick Andrianopoulos

NHMRC Project Grant

  • 2012: $157,704
  • 2011: $188,174
  • 2010: $144,110

Understanding personal, social and environmental influences on nutrition and physical activity behaviours among older adults living in urban and rural areas

A/Prof Sarah Mcnaughton, Prof David Crawford, Prof Kylie Ball, Prof Jo Salmon

ARC - Discovery Projects

  • 2012: $64,603
  • 2011: $62,210
  • 2010: $91,868

Understanding personal, social and environmental influences on nutrition and physical activity behaviours among older adults

A/Prof Sarah Mcnaughton, Prof David Crawford, Prof Kylie Ball, Prof Jo Salmon, Dr Wendy Hunter

DART Grant - Research - Diabetes Australia - Victoria (Research Trust)

  • 2009: $29,452
  • 2008: $29,812

Infant feeding, Activity and Nutrition (INFANT)

Prof Karen Campbell, A/Prof Kylie Hesketh, Prof David Crawford, Prof Jo Salmon, Prof Kylie Ball, Dr Zoe McCallum

NHF Grant - Research - National Heart Foundation of Australia

  • 2008: $2,500
  • 2007: $22,500

Individual, social and physical influences on children's active transport and independent mobility

Dr Alison Carver, Dr Clare Hume, Prof Jo Salmon, Dr Verity Cleland, Ms Jenny Veitch, Prof Kylie Ball, Prof David Crawford

ARC Linkage - Projects Rnd 2

  • 2012: $18,161
  • 2011: $28,293
  • 2010: $21,834
  • 2009: $10,969

Improving eating behaviours in low-income communities

Prof Kylie Ball, Prof David Crawford, A/Prof Sarah Mcnaughton, Ms Victoria Inglis, Ms Beth Scholes

ARC Linkage - Projects Rnd 2

  • 2012: $10,985
  • 2011: $21,156
  • 2010: $26,034
  • 2009: $15,304

Assessing sustainability of positive outcomes in a successful child obesity prevention intervention: Follow-up of The Melbourne InFANT Program

A/Prof Kylie Hesketh, Prof Karen Campbell, Prof David Crawford, Prof Jo Salmon, A/Prof Sarah Mcnaughton, Dr Zoe McCallum, Dr Adrian Cameron

NHMRC Project Grant

  • 2013: $345,456
  • 2012: $295,564
  • 2011: $241,679

Individual, social and environmental correlates of childrens active transport and independent mobility

Dr Alison Carver, Prof David Crawford

NHF Fellowship - Postdoctoral Research Fellowship - National Heart Foundation of Australia

  • 2013: $36,254
  • 2012: $72,508
  • 2011: $35,875

The impact of park renewal on park usage and park-based physical activity

Dr Jenny Veitch, Prof Anna Timperio, Prof Jo Salmon, Prof David Crawford, Prof Billie Giles-Corti, Dr Alison Carver, Dr Clare Hume, Ms Keren Best

ARC Linkage - Projects Rnd 2

  • 2015: $28,402
  • 2014: $69,402
  • 2013: $70,349
  • 2012: $28,955

Critical windows: understanding changes in eating and physical activity over the transition from secondary school to young adulthood

Prof Anna Timperio, Dr Verity Cleland, Prof David Crawford, Dr Jim Dollman

ARC - Discovery Projects

  • 2015: $108,793
  • 2014: $118,240
  • 2013: $119,346

Centre Obesity Management and Prevention Research Excellence in Primary Health Care

Prof Mark Harris, Prof Adrian Bauman, Dr Rachel Laws, Prof Ian Caterson, Prof Karen Campbell, Prof David Crawford, Prof Nigel Stocks, Noel Hayman, Prof Siaw-Teng Liaw, Dr Elizabeth Denney-Wilson

Aust Primary Health Care Research Institute - Centres of Research Excellence in Primary Health Care

  • 2015: $112,136
  • 2014: $108,970
  • 2013: $159,864

Making active choices more attractive: Effectiveness of incentivising physical activity to improve heart health

Prof Kylie Ball, Prof Jo Salmon, Prof David Crawford, Prof Marj Moodie

NHF Vanguard Grant - National Heart Foundation of Australia

  • 2015: $65,250

Other Public Sector Funding

Preventing Obesity in Children and their Families

Prof David Crawford

  • 2011: $130,000
  • 2010: $130,000
  • 2009: $130,000
  • 2008: $130,000
  • 2007: $130,000

Physical Activity and Healthy Eating Research Project 2006-0436

Prof David Crawford, Prof Jo Salmon, Prof Anna Timperio, Prof Kylie Ball

  • 2009: $100,000
  • 2007: $100,000
  • 2006: $100,000

Equipment Grant 2006

Prof David Crawford

  • 2007: $21,064

Individual, social and physical influences on children's active transport and independent mobility

Dr Alison Carver, Dr Clare Hume, Prof Jo Salmon, Dr Verity Cleland, Ms Jenny Veitch, Prof Kylie Ball, Prof David Crawford

  • 2012: $33,065
  • 2011: $20,429
  • 2010: $21,502

NHMRC Equipment Grant 2010

Prof David Crawford

  • 2011: $12,827

NHMRC Equipment Grant 2011 - CPAN SRC

Prof David Crawford

  • 2011: $15,000

The impact of park renewal on park usage and park-based physical activity

Dr Jenny Veitch, Prof Anna Timperio, Prof Jo Salmon, Prof David Crawford, Prof Billie Giles-Corti, Dr Alison Carver, Dr Clare Hume, Ms Keren Best

  • 2015: $25,000
  • 2014: $25,000
  • 2013: $55,000

Understanding current and future opportunites to promote healthy maternal weight during pregnancy and the post partum period

Prof Karen Campbell, Miss Paige van der Pligt, A/Prof Kylie Hesketh, Prof David Crawford, Prof Kylie Ball

  • 2015: $6,114
  • 2014: $35,479
  • 2013: $34,026

Leica CM1860 Cryostat for Clinical Applications

Prof David Crawford

  • 2014: $29,133

Laboratory Freeze Drying System

Prof David Crawford

  • 2015: $15,000

Leonardo Mechanograph Stair Climb Motion analysis and power testing

Prof David Crawford

  • 2015: $20,170

Industry and Other Funding

Addressing the food and health needs of ageing Baby boomers

Prof David Crawford, Prof Tony Worsley

  • 2007: $60,000
  • 2006: $120,000

Enhancing the evidence base by value adding to an existing successful intervention for child obesity prevention. Getting healthy eating and active play right from the start.

Prof Karen Campbell, A/Prof Kylie Hesketh, Prof David Crawford, Prof Kylie Ball, A/Prof Sarah Mcnaughton, Prof John Lynch

  • 2015: $20,366
  • 2014: $112,747
  • 2013: $95,663
  • 2012: $92,002
  • 2011: $77,812

Identifying effective strategies to increase community engagement in health promotion activities

Prof David Crawford

  • 2011: $50,015

Understanding the importance of a healthy diet for preserving cognitive function of older Australians

Dr Catherine Milte, A/Prof Sarah Mcnaughton, Prof David Crawford, Prof Kylie Ball

  • 2014: $48,514

Other Funding Sources

Online dietary assessment for research: The Automated Self-Administered 24-Hour Dietary Recall (ASA24) for Australia

A/Prof Sarah Mcnaughton, Prof Kylie Ball, Prof Clare Collins, A/Prof Margaret Allman-Farinelli, Prof Linda Tapsell, Prof David Crawford, Prof Lynne Cobiac, Dr Tracy Burrows, Dr Yasmine Probst, Dr Amy Subar

  • 2015: $90,908
  • 2014: $510,000

Supervisions

Principal Supervisor
2013

Maree Ortika

Thesis entitled: Cultural identity and eating behaviours of Italian and Chinese Adolescents

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (Low Cost), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences

2011

Trina Hinkley

Thesis entitled: Multidimensional Correlates of Preschool Children's Physical Activity

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (Low Cost), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences

2009

Alison Carver

Thesis entitled: Associations between Neighbourhood Safety and Physical Activity Among Youth

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (Low Cost), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences

Wei Chun Wang

Thesis entitled: Social Ideological Influences on Food Consumption and BMI

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (Low Cost), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences

2007

Rosemary Anna McGinnes

Thesis entitled: Physical Activity Advice and Obesity

Doctor of Health Science, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences

2004

Karen Jane Campbell

Thesis entitled: Family Food Environments as Determinants of Children's Obesongenic Eating Behaviours

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (Low Cost), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences

2000

Anna Timperio

Thesis entitled: Physical Activity, Dietary Change and Weight Control: A Public Health Perspective

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (Low Cost), School of Health Sciences

Associate Supervisor
2016

Maree Thorpe

Thesis entitled: Dietary patterns and cardiometabolic risk among older adults

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (Low Cost), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences

Jane Willcox

Thesis entitled: txt4two: Developing an mHealth model promoting healthy gestational weight gain

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (Low Cost), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences

2015

Paige van der Pligt

Thesis entitled: Opportunities to promote healthy maternal weight during and following pregnancy

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (Low Cost), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences

2013

Lena Diana Amber Stephens

Thesis entitled: EXPLORING INFLUENCES ON EATING BEHAVIOURS OF ADOLESCENTS EXPERIENCING SOCIOECONOMIC DISADVANTAGE

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (Low Cost), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences

2010

Jason Bennie

Thesis entitled: Describing and Understanding Physical Activity in Desk-based Workplace Settings

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (Low Cost), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences

2008

Victoria Inglis

Thesis entitled: Socioeconomic Influences on Women's Eating Behaviours

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (Low Cost), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences

2003

Amanda Telford

Thesis entitled: The Influence of the Family Environment on Children's Physical Activity

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (High Cost), School of Health Sciences

2002

Mark Lawrence

Thesis entitled: Folate Fortification: A Case Study of Public Health Policy-Making

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (Low Cost), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences

2000

Jo-Ann Salmon

Thesis entitled: Leisure-Time Physical Activity, Inactivity and Sedentary Behaviour

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (High Cost), School of Health Sciences