Dr Gie Liem



Senior Lecturer


Faculty of Health


School of Exercise & Nut. Sci.


Melbourne Burwood Campus


Master of Science, Wageningen Agricultural Univ., 1999
Doctor of Philosophy, Wageningen Agricultural Univ., 2004
Graduate Certificate of Higher Education, Deakin University, 2009


+61 3 924 46039

Research interests

His research interests are salt consumption, psychology of food choice, consumer science, sensory science.


Dieticians Association of Australia

Teaching interests

HSN103 Undergraduate unit, Food: the environment and the consumer, Unit Chair

HSN713 Post Graduate Food, Nutrition and Behaviour, Unit Chair

Supervisor 1 Honours student, 1 Master student, 1 PhD student


Liem DG. The sensory world of children. Invited oral presentation AIFST, Sydney 2011 Raelene Torr & Liem DG. Liking, wanting & parental strategies as determinant of childrens vegetable consumption, NSA, Perth 2010 Liem DG, & Cheung PW. Wanting and liking as predictors of childrens vegetable consumption, NSA, Perth 2010 Liem DG . Childrens world of taste. New Zealand/Australia Sensory and Consumer Science Symposium. Sydney 2010, Australia Liem DG & Zandstra EH. Childrens boredom of snack products: Influence of shape and flavour Annual meeting of the Nutrition Society Australia, Adelaide 2008, Australia Liem DG, Zandstra Influence of nutritional messages front of pack on consumers perception of soup. Poster presentationAnnual meeting of the Nutrition Society Australia, Adelaide 2009, Australia Liem DG, de Graaf C, Mennella JA. Delicious acidity. 8th Congress of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry, Amsterdam 2006, the Netherlands. Invited oral presentation Liem DG , de Graaf C, Mennella JA. Sour taste preferences of children. Oral presentation Pangborn Sensory Science Symposium, Harrogate 2005, UK Liem DG, Van Den Elshout J., Lam K and De Graaf C. Sweet and sour preferences in young children and adults: role of repeated exposure. Poster presentation. Chemical Senses 2003; 28, 552. Sarasota, Florida 2003, USA Liem DG, Mennella JA. Heightened sour preferences during childhood. Chemical Senses 2002; 27, A43. Poster presentation AchemS, Sarasota, Florida, 2000 USA


2004 Selected participant of the ENLP

2003 Travel Award AChemS

2003 Travel Award AChemS

2002 Travel Award European Sensory Network


His research interests are: salt consumption, psychology of food choice, consumer science, sensory science.


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Infants' and Children's Salt Taste Perception and Liking: A Review.

Djin Liem

(2017), Vol. 9, Nutrients, Switzerland, C1


Short communication: Influence of labeling on Australian and Chinese consumers' liking of milk with short (pasteurized) and long (UHT) shelf life.

D Liem, D Bolhuis, X Hu, R Keast

(2016), Vol. 99, pp. 1747-1754, Journal of dairy science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1


Consumer perception, attitudes, liking and preferences for olive oil

S Cicerale, D Liem, R Keast

(2016), pp. 157-171, Products from olive tree, Rijeka, Croatia, B1


Parents' food choice motives and their associations with children's food preferences.

C Russell, A Worsley, D Liem

(2015), Vol. 18, pp. 1018-1027, Public Health Nutrition, Cambridge, Eng., C1


Cross-sectional study of 24-hour urinary electrolyte excretion and associated health outcomes in a convenience sample of Australian primary schoolchildren: the salt and other nutrients in children (SONIC) study protocol.

C Grimes, J Baxter, K Campbell, L Riddell, M Rigo, D Liem, R Keast, F He, C Nowson

(2015), Vol. 4, pp. 1-7, JMIR research protocols, Toronto, Ont., C1


The effect of sugar-free versus sugar-sweetened beverages on satiety, liking and wanting: an 18 month randomized double-blind trial in children

J de Ruyter, M Katan, L Kuijper, D Liem, M Olthof

(2013), Vol. 8, pp. 1-11, PLoS one, San Francisco, Calif., C1-1


Health labelling can influence taste perception and use of table salt for reduced-sodium products

D Liem, F Miremadi, E Zandstra, R Keast

(2012), Vol. 15, pp. 2340-2347, Public health nutrition, Cambridge, England, C1-1


Effects of health labels on expected and actual taste perception of soup

D Liem, N Toraman Aydin, E Zandstra

(2012), Vol. 25, pp. 192-197, Food quality and preference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1-1


Taste preferences of children

D Liem

(2012), pp. 51-66, Sense of taste, New York, N.Y., B1-1


Chocolate and children's food and flavour preferences

D Liem, J Standen Holmes

(2012), Vol. 7, pp. 491-503, Chocolate in health and nutrition, Berlin, Germany, B1-1


The influence of sodium on liking and consumption of salty food

L Lucas, L Riddell, G Liem, S Whitelock, R Keast

(2011), Vol. 76, pp. 72-76, Journal of food science, Malden, Mass., C1


Reducing sodium in foods : the effect on flavor

D Liem, F Miremadi, R Keast

(2011), Vol. 3, pp. 694-711, Nutrients, Basel, Switzerland, C1


Regulation of children's food intake

G Liem

(2011), pp. 153-170, Appetite : regulation, role in disease, and control, New York, N.Y., B1


Prediction of children's flavour preferences. Effect of age and stability in reported preferences

D Liem, L Zandstra, A Thomas

(2010), Vol. 55, pp. 69-75, Appetite, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1


Motivating instructions increases children's sensory sensitivity

G Liem, L Zandstra

(2010), Vol. 21, pp. 531-538, Food quality and preference, Oxford, England, C1


Strategies to reduce sodium consumption : a food industry perspective

M Dotsch, J Busch, M Batenburg, G Liem, E Tareilus, R Mueller, G Meijer

(2009), Vol. 49, pp. 841-851, Critical reviews in food science and nutrition, Philadelphia, Pa., C1


Children's liking and wanting of snack products : influence of shape and flavour

G Liem, L Zandstra

(2009), Vol. 6, pp. 1-10, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, London, England, C1


Sensory specific satiety and intake : the difference between nibble- and bar-size snacks

P Weijzen, D Liem, E Zandstra, C de Graaf

(2008), Vol. 50, pp. 435-442, Appetite, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1-1


Fruit consumption of boys (8-11 years) is related to preference for sour taste

D Liem, R Bogers, P Dagnelie, C de Graaf

(2006), Vol. 46, pp. 93-96, Appetite, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1-1


Consistency of sensory testing with 4- and 5-year-old children

D Liem, M Mars, C De Graaf

(2004), Vol. 15, pp. 541-548, Food quality and preference, Kidlington, England, C1-1


Sour taste preferences of children relates to preference for novel and intense stimuli

D Liem, A Westerbeek, S Wolterink, F Kok, C De Graaf

(2004), Vol. 29, pp. 713-720, Chemical senses, Oxford, England, C1-1


Sweet and sour preferences in young children and adults : role of repeated exposure.

D Liem, C De Graaf

(2004), Vol. 83, pp. 421-429, Physiology & behavior, New York, NY, C1-1


Sweet preferences and sugar consumption of 4- and 5-year-old children : role of parents

D Liem, M Mars, C De Graaf

(2004), Vol. 43, pp. 235-245, Appetite, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1-1


Heightened sour preferences during childhood

D Liem, J Mennella

(2003), Vol. 28, pp. 173-180, Chemical senses, Oxford, England, C1-1


Sweet and sour preferences during childhood : role of early experiences

D Liem, J Mennella

(2002), Vol. 41, pp. 388-395, Developmental psychobiology, Oxford, England, C1-1


Funded Projects at Deakin

Industry and Other Funding

Motivating children to consume vegetables

Dr Gie Liem

  • 2010: $34,556

Salt Reduction Liking & Choice

Dr Gie Liem

  • 2011: $2,375
  • 2010: $1,875

Product Assessment for Compusense

Prof Russell Keast, Dr Gie Liem

  • 2017: $56,273
  • 2016: $73,963

Taste development of children

Dr Gie Liem

  • 2016: $10,000


Associate Supervisor

Lisa Newman

Thesis entitled: Oral fatty acid sensitivity and dietary fat consumption

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (Low Cost), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences


Fatemeh Miremadi

Thesis entitled: Reducing Sodium in Foods; The Effect on Flavour & Consumers' Perception

Master of Applied Science (Nutrition & Exercise) (Low Cost), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences