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AsPr Patrick Howlett

STAFF PROFILE

Position

Associate Professor (Research)

Faculty

Instit for Frontier Materials

Department

Instit for Frontier Materials

Campus

Melbourne Burwood Campus

Contact

Career highlights

Senior Lecturer (2010-) ITRI Burwood, Deakin University
Senior research Fellow (2007-2010), Department of Materials Engineering
Research Fellow (2004-2006), School of Chemistry, Monash University.
Visiting Scientist (2004-) CSIRO Energy Technology, Clayton.
Experimental Scientist (1998-2000) CSIRO Energy Technology, Clayton

Research interests

Dr Howlett's research seeks to apply novel materials science principles, design and methodology to the development of new electromaterials. This mainly relates to electrochemical devices (e.g., batteries) and surface engineering through the manipulation of passivity for application in corrosion engineering. The materials focus of Dr Howlett's research includes ionic liquid and plastic crystal electrolytes as well as a specific focus on the corrosion and electrochemical properties of reactive metals such as lithium and magnesium. His work also includes the use and development of advanced surface characterisation techniques including synchrotron based sources. Dr Howlett has collaborated successfully with colleagues within academia, CSIRO and industry. He has authored over 30 publications and 2 patents, which have been cited more than 600 times.

Publications

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2017

Highly reversible oxygen to superoxide redox reaction in a sodium-containing ionic liquid

Dr Cristina Pozo-Gonzalo, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2017), Vol. 74, pp. 14-18, Electrochemistry communications, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Mixed phase solid-state plastic crystal electrolytes based on a phosphonium cation for sodium devices

Mrs Faezeh Makhlooghiazad, Mr Daniel Gunzelmann, Dr Matthias Hilder, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2017), Vol. 7, pp. 1-9, Advanced energy materials, Weinheim, Germany, C1

journal
2016

Reduction of oxygen in a trialkoxy ammonium-based ionic liquid and the role of water

Dr Cristina Pozo-Gonzalo, Mega Kar, Dr Erlendur Jonsson, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2016), Vol. 196, pp. 727-734, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Novel Na+ Ion diffusion mechanism in mixed organic-inorganic ionic liquid electrolyte leading to high Na+ transference number and stable, high rate electrochemical cycling of sodium cells

Prof Maria Forsyth, Hyungook Yoon, Dr Fangfang Chen, Dr Haijin Zhu, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Michel Armand, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

(2016), Vol. 120, pp. 4276-4286, Journal of physical chemistry C, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

Addition of low concentrations of an ionic liquid to a base oil reduces friction over multiple length scales: a combined nano- and macrotribology investigation

Hua Li, Dr Anthony Somers, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Mark Rutland, Prof Maria Forsyth, Robert C. Atkins

(2016), Vol. 18, pp. 6541-6547, Physical chemistry chemical physics, London, Eng., C1

journal

Physicochemical characterization of a new family of small alkyl phosphonium imide ionic liquids

Dr Matthias Hilder, Mr Gaetan Girard, K Whitbread, S Zavorine, M Moser, D Nucciarone, Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

(2016), Vol. 202, pp. 100-109, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

In situ MRI of operating solid-state Lithium metal cells based on ionic plastic crystal electrolytes

Dr Konstantin Romanenko, Mr Liyu Jin, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2016), Vol. 28, pp. 2844-2851, Chemistry of materials, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

Enhancement of ion dynamics in organic ionic plastic crystal/PVDF composite electrolytes prepared by co-electrospinning

Dr Xiaoen Wang, Dr Haijin Zhu, Dr Wren Greene, Jiaye Li, Ms Nahid Irani Pour, Ms Celia Garnier, Dr Jian Fang, Prof Michel Armand, Prof Maria Forsyth, Jennifer Pringle, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

(2016), Vol. 4, pp. 9873-9880, Journal of materials chemistry A, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal

Investigating non-fluorinated anions for sodium battery electrolytes based on ionic liquids

Dr Andrew Basile, Hyungook Yoon, D. R. MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

(2016), Vol. 71, pp. 48-51, Electrochemistry communications, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Film formation in trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium diphenylphosphate ([P6,6,6,14][dpp]) ionic liquid on AA5083 aluminium alloy

Dr Peipei Huang, Dr Anthony Somers, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2016), Vol. 303, pp. 385-395, Surface and coatings technology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Combined nano- and macrotribology studies of titania lubrication using the oil-ionic liquid mixtures

Hua Li, Mr Anthony Somers, Mark Rutland, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Rob Atkin

(2016), Vol. 4, pp. 5005-5012, ACS sustainable chemistry and engineering, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

Stable deep doping of vapor-phase polymerized poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/ionic liquid supercapacitors

Christoffer Karlsson, James Nicholas, Drew Evans, Prof Maria Forsyth, Maria Stromme, Martin Sjodin, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Cristina Pozo-Gonzalo

(2016), Vol. 9, pp. 2112-2121, ChemSusChem, Weinheim, Germany, C1

journal

Inorganic-organic ionic liquid electrolytes enabling high energy-density metal electrodes for energy storage

Prof Maria Forsyth, Dr Gaetan Girard, Dr Andrew Basile, Dr Matthias Hilder, Dr Fangfang Chen, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

(2016), Vol. 220, pp. 609-617, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

A comparative AFM study of the interfacial nanostructure in imidazolium or pyrrolidinium ionic liquid electrolytes for zinc electrochemical systems

Mr Srdan Begic, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

(2016), Vol. 18, pp. 29337-29347, Physical chemistry chemical physics, London, Eng., C1

journal

Protic organic ionic plastic crystals based on a difunctional cation and the triflate anion: a new solid-state proton conductor

Ms Jun Rao, Dr Fangfang Chen, Dr Haijin Zhu, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2016), Vol. 52, pp. 14097-14100, Chemical communications, London, Eng., C1

journal
2015

Electrochemistry of tris(2,2′-bipyridyl) cobalt(II) in ionic liquids and aprotic molecular solvents on glassy carbon and platinum electrodes

Diogo Cabral, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Jennifer Pringle, Xinyi Zhang, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane

(2015), Vol. 180, pp. 419-426, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Enhanced ionic mobility in organic ionic plastic crystal - dendrimer solid electrolytes

Dr Wren Greene, Florian Ponzio, Ms Nahid Irani Pour, Dr Haijin Zhu, Dr Aaron Seeber, Prof Maria Forsyth, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

(2015), Vol. 175, pp. 214-223, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Rechargeable Zn/PEDOT battery with an imidazolium-based ionic liquid as the electrolyte

Mr Tristan Simons, Maitane Salsamendi, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Dr Cristina Pozo-Gonzalo

(2015), Vol. 2, pp. 2071-2078, ChemElectroChem, London, Eng., C1

journal

Ionic transport through a composite structure of N-ethyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium tetrafluoroborate organic ionic plastic crystals reinforced with polymer nanofibres

Ms Nahid Irani Pour, Mr Daniel Gunzelmann, Dr Aaron Seeber, Miss Jitraporn Vongsvivut, Cheryl Doherty, Florian Ponzio, Dr Luke O'Dell, Anthony F. Hollenkamp, Prof Maria Forsyth, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

(2015), Vol. 3, pp. 6038-6052, Journal of materials chemistry a, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal

Physical properties of high Li-ion content N-propyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide based ionic liquid electrolytes

Hyungook Yoon, Adam S. Best, Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

(2015), Vol. 17, pp. 4656-4663, Physical chemistry chemical physics, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal

Electrochemical and physicochemical properties of small phosphonium cation ionic liquid electrolytes with high lithium salt content

Mr Gaetan Girard, Dr Matthias Hilder, Dr Haijin Zhu, D Nucciarone, K Whitbread, S Zavorine, M Moser, Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

(2015), Vol. 17, pp. 8706-8713, Physical chemistry chemical physics, London, Eng., C1

journal
2014

Electrochemical etching of AA5083 aluminium alloy in trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide ionic liquid

Dr Peipei Huang, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2014), Vol. 80, pp. 120-127, Corrosion science, Houston, Tex., C1

journal

Enhanced performance of phosphonium based ionic liquids towards 4 electrons oxygen reduction reaction upon addition of a weak proton source

Dr Cristina Pozo-Gonzalo, Mr Christophe Virgilio, Miss Jenny Yan, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Nolene Byrne, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2014), Vol. 38, pp. 24-27, Electrochemistry communications, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Energy applications of ionic liquids

Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Naoki Tachikawa, Prof Maria Forsyth, A/Prof Jenny Pringle, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Gloria Elliott, James H Davis Jr, Prof Masayoshi Watanabe, Simon Patrice, C. Austen Angell

(2014), Vol. 7, pp. 232-250, Energy and environmental science, London, England, C1

journal

Influence of Zn2+ and water on the transport properties of a pyrrolidinium dicyanamide ionic liquid

Mr Tristan Simons, P.M. Bayley, Zhiyang Zhang, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Louis A Madsen, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2014), Vol. 118, pp. 4895-4905, Journal of physical chemistry part B, Washington, D. C., C1

journal

Structure and dynamics in an organic ionic plastic crystal, N-ethyl-N-methyl pyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl) amide, mixed with a sodium salt

Prof Maria Forsyth, Mr Tarekegn Chimdi Yarmio, Aaron J. Seeber, Mr Daniel Gunzelmann, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

(2014), Vol. 2, pp. 3993-4003, Journal of materials chemistry A, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

A biocompatible ionic liquid as an antiwear additive for biodegradable lubricants

Miss Bhawna Khemchandani, Mr Anthony Somers, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Anil Jaiswal, Dr Eltepu Sayanna, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2014), Vol. 77, pp. 171-177, Tribology International, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Roles of additives in the trihexyl(tetradecyl) phosphonium chloride ionic liquid electrolyte for primary mg-air cells

Miss Jenny Yan, Dr Timothy Khoo, Dr Cristina Pozo-Gonzalo, Anthony F. Hollenkamp, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2014), Vol. 161, pp. A974-A980, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, NJ, United States, C1

journal

Insights into the reversible oxygen reduction reaction in a series of phosphonium-based ionic liquids

Dr Cristina Pozo-Gonzalo, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Jennifer Hodgson, Louis A Madsen, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2014), Vol. 16, pp. 25062-25070, Physical chemistry chemical physics, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

An organic ionic plastic crystal electrolyte for rate capability and stability of ambient temperature lithium batteries

Mr Liyu Jin, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Jennifer Pringle, Judith Janikowski, Prof Michel Armand, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2014), Vol. 7, pp. 3352-3361, Energy and environmental science, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Zn electrochemistry in 1-Ethyl-3-Methylimidazolium and N-Butyl-N-Methylpyrrolidinium Dicyanamides: promising new rechargeable Zn battery electrolytes

Mr Tristan Simons, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

(2014), Vol. 1, pp. 1688-1697, Chemelectrochem, Weinheim, Germany, C1

journal

Ionic liquid adsorption and nanotribology at the silica-oil interface: hundred-fold dilution in oil lubricates as effectively as the pure ionic liquid

Hua Li, Peter K Cooper, Dr Anthony Somers, Mark Rutland, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth, Robert C. Atkins

(2014), Vol. 5, pp. 4095-4099, Journal of physical chemistry letters, Washington, D.C., C1

journal
2013

Bi-functional water/oxygen electrocatalyst based on PdO-RuO2 composites

Dr Jaka Sunarso, Dr Alexey Glushenkov, Dr Angel Torriero, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Ying (Ian) Chen, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 160, pp. H74-H79, Journal of the electrochemical society, Pennington, N. J., C1

journal

Discharge behaviour and interfacial properties of a magnesium battery incorporating trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium based ionic liquid electrolytes

Dr Timothy Khoo, Dr Anthony Somers, Dr Angel Torriero, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 87, pp. 701-708, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Nanoporous transition metal oxynitrides as catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction

Dr Cristina Pozo-Gonzalo, Ms Olga Kartachova, Dr Angel Torriero, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Alexey Glushenkov, Dr Daniel Fabijanic, Prof Ying (Ian) Chen, Sylvie Poissonnet, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 103, pp. 151-160, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Redox chemistry of the superoxide ion in a phosphonium-based ionic liquid in the presence of water

Dr Cristina Pozo-Gonzalo, Dr Angel Torriero, Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

(2013), Vol. 4, pp. 1834-1837, Journal of physical chemistry C, Washington D. C., C1

journal

Fast charge/discharge of Li metal batteries using an ionic liquid electrolyte

H Yoon, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Adam S. Best, Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane

(2013), Vol. 160, pp. A1629-A1637, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, New York, N.Y., C1

journal

Thin and flexible solid-state organic ionic plastic crystal-polymer nanofibre composite electrolytes for device applications

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Florian Ponzio, Dr Jian Fang, Prof Tong Lin, Mr Liyu Jin, Ms Nahid Irani Pour, Dr Jim Efthimiadis

(2013), Vol. 15, pp. 13784-13789, Physical chemistry chemical physics, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Ball milling : a green mechanochemical approach for synthesis of nitrogen doped carbon nanoparticles

Mr Tan Xing, Dr Jaka Sunarso, Dr Wenrong Yang, Dr Yongbai Yin, Dr Alexey Glushenkov, Dr Luhua Li, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Ying (Ian) Chen

(2013), Vol. 5, pp. 7970-7976, Nanoscale, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Electrochemical, transport, and spectroscopic properties of 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ionic liquid electrolytes containing zinc dicyanamide

Mr Tristan Simons, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Angel Torriero, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 117, pp. 2662-2669, Journal of physical chemistry C, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

Lithium electrochemistry and cycling behaviour of ionic liquids using cyano based anions

H Yoon, George H. Lane, Y. Shekibi, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth, Adam S. Best, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane

(2013), Vol. 6, pp. 979-986, Energy and environmental science, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

In situ, real-time visualization of electrochemistry using magnetic resonance imaging

Melanie M. Britton, Paul Bayley, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Alison J. Davenport, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 4, pp. 3019-3023, Journal of physical chemistry letters, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

A review of ionic liquid surface film formation on Mg and its alloys for improved corrosion performance

Dr Peipei Huang, Julie-Anne Latham, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 110, pp. 501-510, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Properties of sodium-based ionic liquid electrolytes for sodium secondary battery applications

Siti Aminah Mohd Noor, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 114, pp. 766-771, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Molecular insights : structure and dynamics of a Li ion doped organic ionic plastic crystal

Mr Liyu Jin, Simon W. de Leeuw, Marina V. Koudriachova, A/Prof Jenny Pringle, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Fangfang Chen, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 15, pp. 19570-19574, Physical chemistry chemical physics, London, England, C1

journal

A review of ionic liquid lubricants

Dr Anthony Somers, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 1, pp. 3-21, Lubricants, Basel, Switzerland, C1

journal

Ionic liquids as antiwear additives in base oils : influence of structure on miscibility and antiwear performance for steel on aluminum

Dr Anthony Somers, Miss Bhawna Khemchandani, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Jiazeng Sun, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 5, pp. 11544-11553, ACS Applied materials and interfaces, Washington, D. C., C1

journal

A new biocompatible ionic liquid as an antiwear additive for biodegradable lubricants

Miss Bhawna Khemchandani, Dr Anthony Somers, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Anil Jaiswal, Dr Eltepu Sayanna, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2013), pp. 2786-2789, WTC 2013: Proceedings of the 5th World Tribology Congress, Turin, Italy, E1

conference
2012

Ionic liquid effects on the redox potential of ferrocene

Dr Angel Torriero, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

(2012), Vol. 16, pp. 84-87, Electrochemistry communications, Philadelphia, Pa., C1

journal

Anodising AZ31 in a phosphonium ionic liquid : corrosion protection through composite film deposition

Julie-Anne Latham, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Dr Anthony Somers, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2012), Vol. 159, pp. C539-C545, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Pennington, N. J., C1

journal

The influence of water and metal ions on the transport properties of Trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium chloride

Paul Bayley, Jan Novak, Dr Timothy Khoo, Melanie M. Britton, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2012), Vol. 65, pp. 1542-1547, Australian journal of chemistry, Melbourne, Vic., C1

journal

Electrochemical etching of aluminium alloy in ionic liquids

Dr Peipei Huang, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2012), pp. 1-9, ACA Corrosion & Prevention 2012 : Proceedings of the Annual Australasian Corrosion Association Conference, Melbourne, Vic., E1

conference

Critical evaluation of reference systems for voltammetric measurements in ionic liquids

Dr Angel Torriero, Dr Jaka Sunarso, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

(2012), Vol. 82, pp. 60-68, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Conversion coatings of Mg-alloy AZ91D using trihexyl(tetradecyl) phosphonium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide ionic liquid

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, S. Gramet, Ji Lin, Dr Jim Efthimiadis, Xiaobo Chen, Dr Nick Birbilis, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2012), Vol. 55, pp. 1598-1607, Science China chemistry, Berlin, Germany, C1

journal

Oxygen reduction reaction activity of La-based perovskite oxides in alkaline medium : a thin-film rotating ring-disk electrode study

Dr Jaka Sunarso, Dr Angel Torriero, Wei Zhou, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2012), Vol. 116, pp. 5827-5834, Journal of physical chemistry C, Washington, D. C., C1

journal

High current density, efficient cycling of Zn2+ in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium dicyanamide ionic liquid : the effect of Zn2+ salt and water concentration

Mr Tristan Simons, Dr Angel Torriero, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2012), Vol. 18, pp. 119-122, Electrochemistry communications, Philadelphia, Pa., C1

journal

A comparison of phosphorus and fluorine containing IL lubricants for steel on aluminium

Dr Anthony Somers, Shannon M Biddulph, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Jiazeng Sun, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2012), Vol. 14, pp. 8224-8231, Physical chemistry chemical physics, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Passive film formation in dilute ionic liquid solutions on magnesium Alloy AZ31

Julie-Anne Latham, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2012), Vol. 19, pp. 90-92, Electrochemistry communications, Philadelphia, Pa., C1

journal

Structure and transport properties of a plastic crystal ion conductor : Diethyl(methyl)(isobutyl)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate

Mr Liyu Jin, K. M. Nairn, Craig M. Forsyth, Aaron J. Seeber, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth, A/Prof Jenny Pringle

(2012), Vol. 134, pp. 9688-9697, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

Optimising organic ionic plastic crystal electrolyte for all solid-state and higher than ambient temperature lithium batteries

Dr Jaka Sunarso, Y. Shekibi, Dr Jim Efthimiadis, Mr Liyu Jin, A/Prof Jenny Pringle, Anthony F. Hollenkamp, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

(2012), Vol. 16, pp. 1841-1848, Journal of solid state electrochemistry, Heidelberg, Germany, C1

journal
2011

Double layer structure of ionic liquids at the Au(111) electrode interface : an atomic force microscopy investigation

Robert Hayes, Natalia Borisenko, Matthew K. Tam, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Frank Endres, Rob Atkin

(2011), Vol. 115, pp. 6855-6863, Journal of physical chemistry c, Washington, D. C., C1

journal

Corrosion inhibition of 7000 series aluminium alloys with cerium diphenyl phosphate

Julie-Anne Hill, Tracey A. Markley, Prof Maria Forsyth, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Adj/Prof Bruce Hinton

(2011), Vol. 509, pp. 1683-1690, Journal of alloys and compounds, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1-1

journal

Corrosion of heat treated magnesium alloy ZE41

Wayne C. Neil, Prof Maria Forsyth, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, C. R. Hutchinson, Adj/Prof Bruce Hinton

(2011), Vol. 53, pp. 3299-3308, Corrosion science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

On the use of organic ionic plastic crystals in all solid-state lithium metal batteries

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Jaka Sunarso, Y. Shekibi, Ettiene Wasser, Mr Liyu Jin, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2011), Vol. 204-205, pp. 73-79, Solid state ionics, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

Electrochemical reactivity of trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)phosphinate ionic liquid on glassy carbon and AZ31 magnesium alloy

Julie-Anne Latham, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2011), Vol. 56, pp. 5328-5334, Electrochimica acta, Oxford, U. K., C1

journal

Lithium doped N,N-dimethyl pyrrolidinium tetrafluoroborate organic ionic plastic crystal electrolytes for solid state lithium batteries

Mr Liyu Jin, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Jim Efthimiadis, Mega Kar, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2011), Vol. 21, pp. 10171-10178, Journal of materials chemistry, Cambridge, U. K., C1

journal

Anodising AA5083 aluminium alloy using ionic liquids

Dr Peipei Huang, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, D. MacFarland, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2011), pp. 1-8, ICC 2011 : 18th International Corrosion Congress : Corrosion Control, Contributing to a Sustainable Future for All, Perth, W. A., E1

conference

The potential for ionic liquid electrolytes to stabilise the magnesium interface for magnesium/air batteries

Dr Timothy Khoo, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Maureen Tsagouria, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2011), Vol. 58, pp. 583-588, Electrochimica acta, Oxford, U. K., C1

journal

Ionic liquids and organic ionic plastic crystals utilizing small phosphonium cations

Vanessa Armel, David Velayutham, Jiazeng Sun, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, A/Prof Jenny Pringle

(2011), Vol. 21, pp. 7640-7650, Journal of materials chemistry, London, England, C1-1

journal

The corrosion inhibition of aluminium alloy 7075-T651 with cerium and Mischmetal di phenyl phosphate

Adj/Prof Bruce Hinton, Mr Bob Varela, Julie-Anne Hill, Tracey A. Markley, Prof Maria Forsyth, Dr Nick Birbilis, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

(2011), pp. 1787-1795, ICC 2011 : Corrosion control, contributing to a sustainable future for all : Proceedings of the 18th International Corrosion Congress, Perth, W.A., E1-1

conference
2010

Potentiostatic control of ionic liquid surface film formation on ZE41 magnesium alloy

Dr Jim Efthimiadis, Wayne C. Neil, Andrew Bunter, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Adj/Prof Bruce Hinton, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2010), Vol. 2, pp. 1317-1323, ACS applied materials & interfaces, Washington D.C., C1-1

journal

Transition in wear performance for ionic liquid lubricants under increasing load

Dr Anthony Somers, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Jiazeng Sun, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2010), Vol. 40, pp. 279-284, Tribology letters, New York, N.Y., C1-1

journal

The effect of potential bias on the formation of ionic liquid generated surface films on Mg alloys

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Timothy Khoo, G. Mooketsi, Dr Jim Efthimiadis, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2010), Vol. 55, pp. 2377-2383, Electrochimica acta, New York, N.Y., C1-1

journal

Phosphonium ionic liquids as lubricants for aluminium-steel

Dr Anthony Somers, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Jiazeng Sun, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2010), pp. 273-284, Tribology & design : Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Tribology in Environmental Design 2010, Southampton, England, E1-1

conference

Proton transport in choline dihydrogen phosphate/H3PO4 mixtures

Usman Ali Rana, Paul Bayley, R Vijayaraghavan, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2010), Vol. 12, pp. 11291-11298, Physical chemistry chemical physics, Cambridge, England, C1-1

journal

Characterization of the magnesium alloy AZ31 surface in the ionic liquid trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Jim Efthimiadis, Penny Hale, Grant van Riessen, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2010), Vol. 157, pp. 392-398, Journal of the electrochemical society, New York, N.Y., C1-1

journal

Organic ionic plastic crystals : recent advances

A/Prof Jenny Pringle, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2010), Vol. 20, pp. 2056-2062, Journal of materials chemistry, Cambridge, England, C1-1

journal

Ionic liquids and reactions at the electrochemical interface

Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, A/Prof Jenny Pringle, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2010), Vol. 12, pp. 1659-1669, Physical chemistry chemical physics, Cambridge, England, C1-1

journal
2009

Li-Metal symmetrical cell studies using ionic organic plastic crystal electrolyte

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Y. Shekibi, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2009), Vol. 11, pp. 1044-1048, Advanced engineering materials, Weinheim, Germany, C1-1

journal

Polyterthiophene/CNT composite as a cathode material for lithium batteries employing an ionic liquid electrolyte

S.R. Sivakkumar, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Bjorn Winther-Jensen, Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane

(2009), Vol. 54, pp. 6844-6849, Electrochimica acta, New York, N.Y., C1-1

journal

New insights into the fundamental chemical nature of ionic liquid film formation on magnesium alloy surfaces

Prof Maria Forsyth, Wayne C. Neil, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Adj/Prof Bruce Hinton, Nathalie M. Rocher, Thomas F. Kemp, Mark E. Smith

(2009), Vol. 1, pp. 1045-1052, ACS applied materials & interfaces, Washington D.C., C1-1

journal

Corrosion of magnesium alloy ZE41 – The role of microstructural features

Wayne C. Neil, Prof Maria Forsyth, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, C. R. Hutchinson, Adj/Prof Bruce Hinton

(2009), Vol. 51, pp. 387-394, Corrosion science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1-1

journal
2008

An electrochemical impedance study of ionic liquid film formation and aqueous corrosion of magnesium alloy ZE41

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Wayne C. Neil, Dr Timothy Khoo, Jiazeng Sun, Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane

(2008), Vol. 48, pp. 313-318, Israel journal of chemistry, London, England, C1-1

journal

Synthesis and physical property characterisation of phosphonium ionic liquids based on P(O)2(OR)2− and P(O)2(R)2− anions with potential application for corrosion mitigation of magnesium alloys

Jiazeng Sun, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Ji Lin, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2008), Vol. 54, pp. 254-260, Electrochimica acta, New York, N.Y., C1-1

journal

Effect of zwitterion on the lithium solid electrolyte interphase in ionic liquid electrolytes

Dr Nolene Byrne, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Mark E. Smith, A Howes, Anthony F. Hollenkamp, T. J. Bastow, Penny Hale, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2008), Vol. 184, pp. 228-296, Journal of power sources, Lausanne, Switzerland, C1-1

journal

A potential novel rapid screening NMR approach to boundary film formation at solid interfaces in contact with ionic liquids

Prof Maria Forsyth, Thomas F. Kemp, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Jiazeng Sun, Mark E. Smith

(2008), Vol. 112, pp. 13801-13804, Journal of physical chemistry Part C : nanomaterials and interfaces, Washington, D.C., C1-1

journal
2007

Exploring corrosion protection of Mg via ionic liquid pretreatment

Dr Nick Birbilis, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2007), Vol. 201, pp. 4496-4504, Surface and coatings technology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1-1

journal

An investigation of a phosphinate-based ionic liquid for corrosion protection of magnesium alloy AZ31

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Stephen Zhang, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2007), Vol. 60, pp. 43-46, Australian journal of chemistry, Melbourne, Vic., C1-1

journal

N-methyl-N-alkylpyrrolidinium bis(perfluoroethylsulfonyl)amide ([NPf2]–) and tris(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)methide ([CTf3]–) salts : synthesis and characterization

K. M. Johansson, J. Adebahr, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane

(2007), Vol. 60, pp. 57-63, Australian journal of chemistry, Melbourne, Vic., C1-1

journal

Ionic liquids in electrochemical devices and processes : managing interfacial electrochemistry

Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, A/Prof Jenny Pringle, Jiazeng Sun, Gary Annat, Wayne C. Neil, Dr Katya Izgorodina

(2007), Vol. 40, pp. 1165-1173, Accounts of chemical research, Easton, Pa., C1-1

journal
2006

An ionic liquid surface treatment for corrosion protection of magnesium alloy AZ31

Prof Maria Forsyth, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, S. K. Tan, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Dr Nick Birbilis

(2006), Vol. 9, pp. B52-B55, Electrochemical and solid-state letters, Pennington, N. J., C1-1

journal

Electrochemistry at negative potentials in Bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide ionic liquids

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Katya Izgorodina, Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane

(2006), Vol. 220, pp. 1483-1498, Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Munich, Germany, C1-1

journal

A new Lewis-base ionic liquid comprising a mono-charged diamine structure : a highly stable electrolyte for lithium electrochemistry

Masahiro Yoshizawa-Fujita, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2006), Vol. 8, pp. 445-449, Electrochemistry communications, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1-1

journal

N-methyl-N-alkylpyrrolidinium nonafluoro-1-butanesulfonate salts : Ionic liquid properties and plastic crystal behaviour

Stewart A. Forsyth, Kevin Fraser, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2006), Vol. 8, pp. 256-261, Green chemistry, London, England, C1-1

journal

Characterization of the Lithium Surface in N-Methyl-N-Alkylpyrrolidinium Bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide Room-Temperature Ionic Liquid Electrolytes

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Narelle Brack, Anthony F. Hollenkamp, Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane

(2006), Vol. 153, pp. A595-A606, Journal of the electrochemical society, Melville, N.Y., C1-1

journal

Fast ion conduction in an acid doped pentaglycerine plastic crystal

S. Long, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2006), Vol. 177, pp. 647-652, Solid state ionics, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1-1

journal
2005

The zwitterion effect in ionic liquids : towards practical rechargeable lithium-metal batteries

Dr Nolene Byrne, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2005), Vol. 17, pp. 2497-2501, Advanced materials, Weinheim, Germany, C1-1

journal
2004

Rapid I−/I3− diffusion in a molecular-plastic-crystal electrolyte for potential application in solid-state photoelectrochemical cells

Qing Dai, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2004), Vol. 44, pp. 313-316, Angewandte chemie, Malden, Mass., C1-1

journal

Electrochemical synthesis of polypyrrole in ionic liquids

A/Prof Jenny Pringle, John Efthimiadis, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Gordon George Wallace, Dr Jim Efthimiadis, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2004), Vol. 45, pp. 198-199, Polymer preprints, Bound Brook, N. J., C1-1

journal

Electrochemical synthesis of polypyrrole in ionic liquids

A/Prof Jenny Pringle, John Efthimiadis, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Jim Efthimiadis, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Adrian B. Chaplin, Simon B. Hall, David L. Officer, Prof Gordon George Wallace, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2004), Vol. 45, pp. 1447-1453, Polymer, Oxford, England, C1-1

journal

The zwitterion effect in high-conductivity polyelectrolyte materials

Churat Tiyapiboonchaiya, A/Prof Jenny Pringle, Jiazeng Sun, Dr Nolene Byrne, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas Robert MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth

(2004), Vol. 3, pp. 29-32, Nature materials, London, England, C1-1

journal

Grants

Australian Competitive Grants

Metal-air batteries with improved rate capability and safety for hearing applications

Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas MacFarlane, Dr Bjorn Winther-Jensen, Dr Dirk Fiedler, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

ARC_DUAPAI2 ARC_Deakin University Australian Postgraduate Award Industry Second, ARC_DUAPAI ARC_Deakin University Australian Postgraduate Award Industry, ARC Linkage - Projects

  • 2010: $153,111

Interphase engineering of reactive metal surfaces using ionic liquids

Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas MacFarlane, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

ARC - Discovery Projects

  • 2011: $111,565
  • 2010: $40,000

Cytec Project - Phosphonium ionic liquids for advanced lithium energy storage systems

Prof Douglas MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth, Dr Katya Izgorodina, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Monash- researchandrevenues-sci-eng-it

ARC Linkage - Projects Rnd 2, Linkage PhD student

  • 2016: $28,115
  • 2015: $27,500
  • 2014: $68,750
  • 2013: $41,250
  • 2012: $27,500

Novel Ionic Composites with superior transport and mechanical properties for Clean Energy Systems

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, A/Prof Jenny Pringle, Prof Michel Armand, Dr Wren Greene

ARC - Discovery Projects

  • 2016: $95,984
  • 2015: $94,380
  • 2014: $92,720

ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science

Prof Gordon Wallace, Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas MacFarlane, Prof David Officer, Prof Mark Cook, Prof Susan Dodds, Prof Geoffrey Spinks, Prof Gursel Alici, A/Prof Simon Moulton, A/Prof Robert Kapsa, A/Prof Marc in het Panhuis, A/Prof Jeremy Crook, A/Prof Peter Innis, Dr Michael Higgins, Dr Attila Mozer, Prof Michelle Coote, Prof Xungai Wang, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, A/Prof Jenny Pringle, Prof Linda Hancock, Prof Leone Spiccia, Dr Jie Zhang, A/Prof Robert Sparrow, Prof Brett Paull, A/Prof Dirk Guldi, Prof Masayoshi Watanabe, A/Prof Seon-Jeong Kim, Prof Dermot Diamond, Prof Patrick Unwin, Dr Millicent Firestone

ARC CRE - Centres of Excellence

  • 2017: $349,060
  • 2016: $741,098
  • 2015: $753,197
  • 2014: $701,567

Advanced Na battery technology; key to transforming society's energy use

Prof Maria Forsyth, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Alexey Glushenkov, Prof Michel Armand

ARC - Discovery Projects

  • 2017: $64,263
  • 2016: $137,062

New materials for large scale, high stability, high energy density batteries: from material design to prototype development

Prof Maria Forsyth, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas MacFarlane, Prof Ying (Ian) Chen

DIISR/AISRF Grant - AISRF/India-Australian Strategic Research Fund - Department of Innovation, Industry, Science & Research

  • 2016: $400,000

Industry and Other Funding

Cytec Project - Phosphonium ionic liquids for advanced lithium energy storage systems

Prof Douglas MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth, Dr Katya Izgorodina, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Monash- researchandrevenues-sci-eng-it

  • 2015: $83,371
  • 2014: $80,332
  • 2013: $48,112
  • 2012: $25,000

Project 7.4.2 - Portable Power Storage

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Xungai Wang, Prof Tong Lin, Dr Jian Fang, Dr Jim Efthimiadis, Prof Maria Forsyth

  • 2014: $101,271
  • 2013: $148,598
  • 2012: $29,000

SPAusnet Grid Energy Storage Project

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Adj/Prof Anthony Hollenkamp, Prof Alex Stojcevski, Prof Maria Forsyth

  • 2014: $2,722
  • 2013: $17,000

Corrosion behaviour of ZnAILi, ZnAI and ZnAIMg

A/Prof Patrick Howlett

  • 2015: $4,300
  • 2014: $15,000

Development of a single ion conducting polymer electrolyte for low temperature

Dr Timothy Khoo, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

  • 2016: $20,000
  • 2015: $20,000

Research on phosphonium-based ionic liquids for lithium-air battery electrolytes

A/Prof Patrick Howlett

  • 2017: $51,842
  • 2016: $86,929
  • 2015: $50,940

Development of Improved Coatings on Wire

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Daniel Fabijanic

  • 2017: $8,600

Supervisions

Principal Supervisor
2017

Nahid Irani Pour

Thesis entitled: Organic Ionic Plastic Crystal Nanofibre Composites as Solid State Electrolytes

Doctor of Philosophy (Engineering), Institute for Frontier Materials

2016

Gaetan Girard

Thesis entitled: Investigation of Phosphonium Bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide-based ionic liquid electrolytes for lithium batteries

Doctor of Philosophy (Engineering), Institute for Frontier Materials

Co-supervisor
2016

Yajing Yan

Thesis entitled: Ionic Liquid Electrolytes in Mg-Air Batteries

Doctor of Philosophy (Engineering), Institute for Frontier Materials

Associate Supervisor
2015

Peipei Huang

Thesis entitled: Electrochemical treatment pf AA5083 aluminium allow in ionic liquids for corrosion protection

Doctor of Philosophy (Engineering), Institute for Frontier Materials

2014

Tristan Simons

Thesis entitled: Ionic Liquid electrolytes for zinc-based secondary battery applications

Doctor of Philosophy (Engineering), Institute for Frontier Materials

Anthony Somers

Thesis entitled: Ionic Liquids as Lubricants for the Aluminium-Steel System

Doctor of Philosophy (Engineering), Institute for Frontier Materials