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A/Prof. Patrick Howlett

STAFF PROFILE

Position

Associate Professor (Research)

Faculty

Instit for Frontier Materials

Department

Instit for Frontier Materials

Campus

Melbourne Burwood Campus

Qualifications

Bachelor of Science, Curtin University, 1994
Doctor of Philosophy, Monash University, 2004

Contact

Career highlights

Senior Lecturer (2010-) ITRI Burwood, Deakin University
Senior research Fellow (2007-2010), Department of Materials Engineering
Research Fellow (2004-2006), School of Chemistry, Monash University.
Visiting Scientist (2004-) CSIRO Energy Technology, Clayton.
Experimental Scientist (1998-2000) CSIRO Energy Technology, Clayton

Research interests

Dr Howlett's research seeks to apply novel materials science principles, design and methodology to the development of new electromaterials. This mainly relates to electrochemical devices (e.g., batteries) and surface engineering through the manipulation of passivity for application in corrosion engineering. The materials focus of Dr Howlett's research includes ionic liquid and plastic crystal electrolytes as well as a specific focus on the corrosion and electrochemical properties of reactive metals such as lithium and magnesium. His work also includes the use and development of advanced surface characterisation techniques including synchrotron based sources. Dr Howlett has collaborated successfully with colleagues within academia, CSIRO and industry. He has authored over 30 publications and 2 patents, which have been cited more than 600 times.

Publications

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2017

Mixed phase solid-state plastic crystal electrolytes based on a phosphonium cation for sodium devices

F Makhlooghiazad, D Gunzelmann, M Hilder, D MacFarlane, M Armand, P Howlett, M Forsyth

(2017), Vol. 7, pp. 1-9, Advanced energy materials, Weinheim, Germany, C1

journal

Highly reversible oxygen to superoxide redox reaction in a sodium-containing ionic liquid

C Pozo-Gonzalo, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2017), Vol. 74, pp. 14-18, Electrochemistry communications, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

N-ethyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide-electrospun polyvinylidene fluoride composite electrolytes: characterization and lithium cell studies

Y Zhou, X Wang, H Zhu, M Armand, M Forsyth, G Greene, J Pringle, P Howlett

(2017), Vol. 19, pp. 2225-2234, Physical chemistry chemical physics, London, Eng., C1

journal

Towards higher energy density redox-flow batteries: imidazolium ionic liquid for Zn electrochemistry in flow environment

K Periyapperuma, Y Zhang, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth, C Pozo-Gonzalo, P Howlett

(2017), Vol. 4, pp. 1051-1058, ChemElectroChem, London, Eng., C1

journal

Extensive sodium metal plating and stripping in a highly concentrated inorganic-organic ionic liquid electrolyte through surface pretreatment

A Basile, F Makhlooghiazad, R Yunis, D Macfarlane, M Forsyth, P Howlett

(2017), Vol. 4, pp. 986-991, ChemElectroChem, Chichester, Eng., C1

journal

Small quaternary alkyl phosphonium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide ionic liquid electrolytes for sodium-ion batteries with P2- and O3-Na2/3[Fe2/3Mn1/3]O2 cathode material

M Hilder, P Howlett, D Saurel, E Gonzalo, M Armand, T Rojo, D Macfarlane, M Forsyth

(2017), Vol. 349, pp. 45-51, Journal of power sources, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Phosphonium plastic crystal salt alloyed with a sodium salt as a solid-state electrolyte for sodium devices: phase behaviour and electrochemical performance

F Makhlooghiazad, P Howlett, X Wang, M Hilder, D MacFarlane, M Armand, M Forsyth

(2017), Vol. 5, pp. 5770-5780, Journal of materials chemistry A, London, Eng., C1

journal

Investigating discharge performance and Mg interphase properties of an Ionic Liquid electrolyte based Mg-air battery

Y Yan, D Gunzelmann, C Pozo-Gonzalo, A Hollenkamp, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2017), Vol. 235, pp. 270-279, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Organic ionic plastic crystal-based composite electrolyte with surface enhanced ion transport and its use in all-solid-state lithium batteries

X Wang, H Zhu, G Greene, Y Zhou, M Yoshizawa-Fujita, Y Miyachi, M Armand, M Forsyth, J Pringle, P Howlett

(2017), Vol. 2, pp. 1-6, Advanced materials technologies, London, Eng., C1

journal

Conformational dynamics in an organic ionic plastic crystal

L Jin, K Nairn, C Ling, H Zhu, L O'Dell, J Li, F Chen, A Pavan, L Madsen, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth, J Pringle

(2017), Vol. 121, pp. 5439-5446, Journal of physical chemistry B, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

Solid-state lithium conductors for lithium metal batteries based on electrospun nanofiber/plastic crystal composites

Y Zhou, X Wang, H Zhu, M Yoshizawa-Fujita, Y Miyachi, M Armand, M Forsyth, G Greene, J Pringle, P Howlett

(2017), Vol. 10, pp. 3135-3145, ChemSusChem, Weinheim, Germany, C1

journal
2016

Film formation in trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium diphenylphosphate ([P6,6,6,14][dpp]) ionic liquid on AA5083 aluminium alloy

P Huang, A Somers, P Howlett, M Forsyth

(2016), Vol. 303, Part B, pp. 385-395, Surface and coatings technology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Addition of low concentrations of an ionic liquid to a base oil reduces friction over multiple length scales: a combined nano- and macrotribology investigation

H Li, A Somers, P Howlett, M Rutland, M Forsyth, R Atkin

(2016), Vol. 18, pp. 6541-6547, Physical chemistry chemical physics, London, Eng., C1

journal

Novel Na+ Ion diffusion mechanism in mixed organic-inorganic ionic liquid electrolyte leading to high Na+ transference number and stable, high rate electrochemical cycling of sodium cells

M Forsyth, H Yoon, F Chen, H Zhu, D MacFarlane, M Armand, P Howlett

(2016), Vol. 120, pp. 4276-4286, Journal of physical chemistry C, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

Reduction of oxygen in a trialkoxy ammonium-based ionic liquid and the role of water

C Pozo-Gonzalo, M Kar, E Jónsson, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2016), Vol. 196, pp. 727-734, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Physicochemical characterization of a new family of small alkyl phosphonium imide ionic liquids

M Hilder, G Girard, K Whitbread, S Zavorine, M Moser, D Nucciarone, M Forsyth, D MacFarlane, P Howlett

(2016), Vol. 202, pp. 100-109, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

In situ MRI of operating solid-state Lithium metal cells based on ionic plastic crystal electrolytes

K Romanenko, L Jin, P Howlett, M Forsyth

(2016), Vol. 28, pp. 2844-2851, Chemistry of materials, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

Stable deep doping of vapor-phase polymerized poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/ionic liquid supercapacitors

C Karlsson, J Nicholas, D Evans, M Forsyth, M Strømme, M Sjödin, P Howlett, C Pozo-Gonzalo

(2016), Vol. 9, pp. 2112-2121, ChemSusChem, Weinheim, Germany, C1

journal

Enhancement of ion dynamics in organic ionic plastic crystal/PVDF composite electrolytes prepared by co-electrospinning

X Wang, H Zhu, G Greene, J Li, N Iranipour, C Garnier, J Fang, M Armand, M Forsyth, J Pringle, P Howlett

(2016), Vol. 4, pp. 9873-9880, Journal of materials chemistry A, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal

Investigating non-fluorinated anions for sodium battery electrolytes based on ionic liquids

A Basile, H Yoon, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth, P Howlett

(2016), Vol. 71, pp. 48-51, Electrochemistry communications, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Combined nano- and macrotribology studies of titania lubrication using the oil-ionic liquid mixtures

H Li, A Somers, M Rutland, P Howlett, R Atkin

(2016), Vol. 4, pp. 5005-5012, ACS sustainable chemistry and engineering, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

A comparative AFM study of the interfacial nanostructure in imidazolium or pyrrolidinium ionic liquid electrolytes for zinc electrochemical systems

S Begic, H Li, R Atkin, A Hollenkamp, P Howlett

(2016), Vol. 18, pp. 29337-29347, Physical chemistry chemical physics, London, Eng., C1

journal

Protic organic ionic plastic crystals based on a difunctional cation and the triflate anion: a new solid-state proton conductor

J Rao, R Vijayaraghavan, F Chen, H Zhu, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2016), Vol. 52, pp. 14097-14100, Chemical communications, London, Eng., C1

journal

Inorganic-organic ionic liquid electrolytes enabling high energy-density metal electrodes for energy storage

M Forsyth, G Girard, A Basile, M Hilder, D MacFarlane, F Chen, P Howlett

(2016), Vol. 220, pp. 609-617, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Electrochemistry of the tris(2,2'-bipyridine) complex of iron(II) in ionic liquids and aprotic molecular solvents

D Cabral, P Howlett, D MacFarlane

(2016), Vol. 220, pp. 347-353, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

In-situ-activated N-doped mesoporous carbon from a protic salt and its performance in supercapacitors

T Mendes, C Xiao, F Zhou, H Li, G Knowles, M Hilder, A Somers, P Howlett, D MacFarlane

(2016), Vol. 8, pp. 35243-35252, ACS applied materials and interfaces, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

ionic liquids and their solid-state analogues as materials for energy generation and storage

D MacFarlane, M Forsyth, P Howlett, M Kar, S Passerini, J Pringle, H Ohno, M Watanabe, F Yan, W Zheng, S Zhang, J Zhang

(2016), Vol. 1, pp. 1-15, Nature Reviews Materials, London, Eng., C1

journal
2015

Physical properties of high Li-ion content N-propyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide based ionic liquid electrolytes

H Yoon, A Best, M Forsyth, D MacFarlane, P Howlett

(2015), Vol. 17, pp. 4656-4663, Physical chemistry chemical physics, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal

Ionic transport through a composite structure of N-ethyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium tetrafluoroborate organic ionic plastic crystals reinforced with polymer nanofibres

N Iranipour, D Gunzelmann, A Seeber, J Vongsvivut, C Doherty, F Ponzio, L O'dell, A Hollenkamp, M Forsyth, P Howlett

(2015), Vol. 3, pp. 6038-6052, Journal of materials chemistry a, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal

Electrochemical and physicochemical properties of small phosphonium cation ionic liquid electrolytes with high lithium salt content

G Girard, M Hilder, H Zhu, D Nucciarone, K Whitbread, S Zavorine, M Moser, M Forsyth, D MacFarlane, P Howlett

(2015), Vol. 17, pp. 8706-8713, Physical chemistry chemical physics, London, Eng., C1

journal

Enhanced ionic mobility in organic ionic plastic crystal - dendrimer solid electrolytes

G Greene, F Ponzio, N Iranipour, H Zhu, A Seeber, M Forsyth, P Howlett

(2015), Vol. 175, pp. 214-223, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Electrochemistry of tris(2,2?-bipyridyl) cobalt(II) in ionic liquids and aprotic molecular solvents on glassy carbon and platinum electrodes

D Cabral, P Howlett, J Pringle, X Zhang, D MacFarlane

(2015), Vol. 180, pp. 419-426, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Rechargeable Zn/PEDOT battery with an imidazolium-based ionic liquid as the electrolyte

T Simons, M Salsamendi, P Howlett, M Forsyth, D MacFarlane, C Pozo-Gonzalo

(2015), Vol. 2, pp. 2071-2078, ChemElectroChem, London, Eng., C1

journal
2014

Electrochemical etching of AA5083 aluminium alloy in trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide ionic liquid

H Peipei, P Howlett, M Forsyth

(2014), Vol. 80, pp. 120-127, Corrosion science, Houston, Tex., C1

journal

Enhanced performance of phosphonium based ionic liquids towards 4 electrons oxygen reduction reaction upon addition of a weak proton source

C Pozo-Gonzalo, C Virgilio, Y Yan, P Howlett, N Byrne, D Macfarlane, M Forsyth

(2014), Vol. 38, pp. 24-27, Electrochemistry communications, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Energy applications of ionic liquids

D MacFarlane, N Tachikawa, M Forsyth, J Pringle, P Howlett, G Elliott, J Davis Jr., M Watanabe, S Patrice, C Angell

(2014), Vol. 7, pp. 232-250, Energy and environmental science, London, England, C1

journal

Structure and dynamics in an organic ionic plastic crystal, N-ethyl-N-methyl pyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl) amide, mixed with a sodium salt

M Forsyth, T Chimdi, A Seeber, D Gunzelmann, P Howlett

(2014), Vol. 2, pp. 3993-4003, Journal of materials chemistry A, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Influence of Zn2+ and water on the transport properties of a pyrrolidinium dicyanamide ionic liquid

T Simons, P Bayley, Z Zhang, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, L Madsen, M Forsyth

(2014), Vol. 118, pp. 4895-4905, Journal of physical chemistry part B, Washington, D. C., C1

journal

Insights into the reversible oxygen reduction reaction in a series of phosphonium-based ionic liquids

C Pozo-Gonzalo, P Howlett, J Hodgson, L Madsen, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2014), Vol. 16, pp. 25062-25070, Physical chemistry chemical physics, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

A biocompatible ionic liquid as an antiwear additive for biodegradable lubricants

B Khemchandani, A Somers, P Howlett, A Jaiswal, E Sayanna, M Forsyth

(2014), Vol. 77, pp. 171-177, Tribology International, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Roles of additives in the trihexyl(tetradecyl) phosphonium chloride ionic liquid electrolyte for primary mg-air cells

Y Yan, T Khoo, C Pozo-Gonzalo, A Hollenkamp, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2014), Vol. 161, pp. A974-A980, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, NJ, United States, C1

journal

An organic ionic plastic crystal electrolyte for rate capability and stability of ambient temperature lithium batteries

L Jin, P Howlett, J Pringle, J Janikowski, M Armand, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2014), Vol. 7, pp. 3352-3361, Energy and environmental science, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Zn electrochemistry in 1-Ethyl-3-Methylimidazolium and N-Butyl-N-Methylpyrrolidinium Dicyanamides: promising new rechargeable Zn battery electrolytes

T Simons, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth, P Howlett

(2014), Vol. 1, pp. 1688-1697, Chemelectrochem, Weinheim, Germany, C1

journal

Ionic liquid adsorption and nanotribology at the silica-oil interface: hundred-fold dilution in oil lubricates as effectively as the pure ionic liquid

H Li, P Cooper, A Somers, M Rutland, P Howlett, M Forsyth, R Atkin

(2014), Vol. 5, pp. 4095-4099, Journal of physical chemistry letters, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

A new biocompatible ionic liquid as an antiwear additive for biodegradable lubricants

B Khemchandani, A Somers, P Howlett, A Jaiswal, E Sayanna, M Forsyth

(2014), pp. 2786-2789, WTC 2013: Proceedings of the 5th World Tribology Congress, Turin, Italy, E1

conference
2013

Discharge behaviour and interfacial properties of a magnesium battery incorporating trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium based ionic liquid electrolytes

T Khoo, A Somers, A Torriero, D MacFarlane, P Howlett, M Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 87, pp. 701-708, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Bi-functional water/oxygen electrocatalyst based on PdO-RuO2 composites

J Sunarso, A Glushenkov, A Torriero, P Howlett, Y Chen, D Macfarlane, M Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 160, Journal of the electrochemical society, Pennington, N. J., C1

journal

Nanoporous transition metal oxynitrides as catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction

C Pozo-Gonzalo, O Kartachova, A Torriero, P Howlett, A Glushenkov, D Fabijanic, Y Chen, S Poissonnet, M Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 103, pp. 151-160, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Redox chemistry of the superoxide ion in a phosphonium-based ionic liquid in the presence of water

C Pozo-Gonzalo, A Torriero, M Forsyth, D MacFarlane, P Howlett

(2013), Vol. 4, pp. 1834-1837, Journal of physical chemistry letters, Washington D. C., C1

journal

Fast charge/discharge of Li metal batteries using an ionic liquid electrolyte

H Yoon, P Howlett, A Best, M Forsyth, D MacFarlane

(2013), Vol. 160, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, New York, N.Y., C1

journal

Ball milling : a green mechanochemical approach for synthesis of nitrogen doped carbon nanoparticles

T Xing, J Sunarso, W Yang, Y Yin, A Glushenkov, L Li, P Howlett, Y Chen

(2013), Vol. 5, pp. 7970-7976, Nanoscale, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Thin and flexible solid-state organic ionic plastic crystal-polymer nanofibre composite electrolytes for device applications

P Howlett, F Ponzio, J Fang, T Lin, L Jin, N Iranipour, J Efthimiadis

(2013), Vol. 15, pp. 13784-13789, Physical chemistry chemical physics, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Electrochemical, transport, and spectroscopic properties of 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ionic liquid electrolytes containing zinc dicyanamide

T Simons, P Howlett, A Torriero, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 117, pp. 2662-2669, Journal of physical chemistry C, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

Lithium electrochemistry and cycling behaviour of ionic liquids using cyano based anions

H Yoon, G Lane, Y Shekibi, P Howlett, M Forsyth, A Best, D MacFarlane

(2013), Vol. 6, pp. 979-986, Energy and environmental science, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

In situ, real-time visualization of electrochemistry using magnetic resonance imaging

M Britton, P Bayley, P Howlett, A Davenport, M Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 4, pp. 3019-3023, Journal of physical chemistry letters, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

Molecular insights : structure and dynamics of a Li ion doped organic ionic plastic crystal

L Jin, S De Leeuw, M Koudriachova, J Pringle, P Howlett, F Chen, M Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 15, pp. 19570-19574, Physical chemistry chemical physics, London, England, C1

journal

A review of ionic liquid surface film formation on Mg and its alloys for improved corrosion performance

P Huang, J Latham, D MacFarlane, P Howlett, M Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 110, pp. 501-510, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Properties of sodium-based ionic liquid electrolytes for sodium secondary battery applications

N Mohd, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 114, pp. 766-771, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

A review of ionic liquid lubricants

A Somers, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 1, pp. 3-21, Lubricants, Basel, Switzerland, C1

journal

Ionic liquids as antiwear additives in base oils : influence of structure on miscibility and antiwear performance for steel on aluminum

A Somers, B Khemchandani, P Howlett, J Sun, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2013), Vol. 5, pp. 11544-11553, ACS Applied materials and interfaces, Washington, D. C., C1

journal
2012

Ionic liquid effects on the redox potential of ferrocene

A Torriero, P Howlett

(2012), Vol. 16, pp. 84-87, Electrochemistry communications, Philadelphia, Pa., C1

journal

Optimising organic ionic plastic crystal electrolyte for all solid-state and higher than ambient temperature lithium batteries

J Sunarso, Y Shekibi, J Efthimiadis, L Jin, J Pringle, A Hollenkamp, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth, P Howlett

(2012), Vol. 16, pp. 1841-1848, Journal of solid state electrochemistry, Heidelberg, Germany, C1

journal

High current density, efficient cycling of Zn2+ in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium dicyanamide ionic liquid : the effect of Zn2+ salt and water concentration

T Simons, A Torriero, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2012), Vol. 18, pp. 119-122, Electrochemistry communications, Philadelphia, Pa., C1

journal

A comparison of phosphorus and fluorine containing IL lubricants for steel on aluminium

A Somers, S Biddulph, P Howlett, J Sun, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2012), Vol. 14, pp. 8224-8231, Physical chemistry chemical physics, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Oxygen reduction reaction activity of La-based perovskite oxides in alkaline medium : a thin-film rotating ring-disk electrode study

J Sunarso, A Torriero, W Zhou, P Howlett, M Forsyth

(2012), Vol. 116, pp. 5827-5834, Journal of physical chemistry C, Washington, D. C., C1

journal

Passive film formation in dilute ionic liquid solutions on magnesium Alloy AZ31

J Latham, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2012), Vol. 19, pp. 90-92, Electrochemistry communications, Philadelphia, Pa., C1

journal

Critical evaluation of reference systems for voltammetric measurements in ionic liquids

A Torriero, J Sunarso, P Howlett

(2012), Vol. 82, pp. 60-68, Electrochimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Structure and transport properties of a plastic crystal ion conductor : Diethyl(methyl)(isobutyl)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate

L Jin, K Nairn, C Forsyth, A Seeber, D MacFarlane, P Howlett, M Forsyth, J Pringle

(2012), Vol. 134, pp. 9688-9697, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

Conversion coatings of Mg-alloy AZ91D using trihexyl(tetradecyl) phosphonium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide ionic liquid

P Howlett, S Gramet, J Lin, J Efthimiadis, X Chen, N Birbilis, M Forsyth

(2012), Vol. 55, pp. 1598-1607, Science China chemistry, Berlin, Germany, C1

journal

Anodising AZ31 in a phosphonium ionic liquid : corrosion protection through composite film deposition

J Latham, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, A Somers, M Forsyth

(2012), Vol. 159, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Pennington, N. J., C1

journal

The influence of water and metal ions on the transport properties of Trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium chloride

P Bayley, J Novak, T Khoo, M Britton, P Howlett, D Macfarlane, M Forsyth

(2012), Vol. 65, pp. 1542-1547, Australian journal of chemistry, Melbourne, Vic., C1

journal

Electrochemical etching of aluminium alloy in ionic liquids

P Huang, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2012), pp. 1-9, ACA Corrosion & Prevention 2012 : Proceedings of the Annual Australasian Corrosion Association Conference, Melbourne, Victoria, E1

conference
2011

Double layer structure of ionic liquids at the Au(111) electrode interface : an atomic force microscopy investigation

R Hayes, N Borisenko, M Tam, P Howlett, F Endres, R Atkin

(2011), Vol. 115, pp. 6855-6863, Journal of physical chemistry c, Washington, D. C., C1

journal

Electrochemical reactivity of trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)phosphinate ionic liquid on glassy carbon and AZ31 magnesium alloy

J Latham, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2011), Vol. 56, pp. 5328-5334, Electrochimica acta, Oxford, U. K., C1

journal

Lithium doped N,N-dimethyl pyrrolidinium tetrafluoroborate organic ionic plastic crystal electrolytes for solid state lithium batteries

L Jin, P Howlett, J Efthimiadis, M Kar, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2011), Vol. 21, pp. 10171-10178, Journal of materials chemistry, Cambridge, U. K., C1

journal

Anodising AA5083 aluminium alloy using ionic liquids

P Huang, P Howlett, D MacFarland, M Forsyth

(2011), pp. 1-8, ICC 2011 : 18th International Corrosion Congress : Corrosion Control, Contributing to a Sustainable Future for All, Perth, W. A., E1

conference

On the use of organic ionic plastic crystals in all solid-state lithium metal batteries

P Howlett, J Sunarso, Y Shekibi, E Wasser, L Jin, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2011), Vol. 204-205, pp. 73-79, Solid state ionics, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

The potential for ionic liquid electrolytes to stabilise the magnesium interface for magnesium/air batteries

T Khoo, P Howlett, M Tsagouria, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2011), Vol. 58, pp. 583-588, Electrochimica acta, Oxford, U. K., C1

journal

Corrosion inhibition of 7000 series aluminium alloys with cerium diphenyl phosphate

J Hill, T Markley, M Forsyth, P Howlett, B Hinton

(2011), Vol. 509, pp. 1683-1690, Journal of alloys and compounds, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1-1

journal

Ionic liquids and organic ionic plastic crystals utilizing small phosphonium cations

V Armel, D Velayutham, J Sun, P Howlett, M Forsyth, D MacFarlane, J Pringle

(2011), Vol. 21, pp. 7640-7650, Journal of materials chemistry, London, England, C1-1

journal

Corrosion of heat treated magnesium alloy ZE41

W Neil, M Forsyth, P Howlett, C Hutchinson, B Hinton

(2011), Vol. 53, pp. 3299-3308, Corrosion science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

The corrosion inhibition of aluminium alloy 7075-T651 with cerium and Mischmetal di phenyl phosphate

B Hinton, F Varela, J Hill, T Markley, M Forsyth, N Birbilis, P Howlett

(2011), pp. 1787-1795, ICC 2011 : Corrosion control, contributing to a sustainable future for all : Proceedings of the 18th International Corrosion Congress, Perth, Western Australia, E1-1

conference
2010

Phosphonium ionic liquids as lubricants for aluminium-steel

A Somers, P Howlett, J Sun, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2010), pp. 273-284, Tribology & design : Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Tribology in Environmental Design 2010, Algarve, Portugal, E1-1

conference

Potentiostatic control of ionic liquid surface film formation on ZE41 magnesium alloy

J Efthimiadis, W Neil, A Bunter, P Howlett, B Hinton, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2010), Vol. 2, pp. 1317-1323, ACS applied materials & interfaces, Washington D.C., C1-1

journal

Ionic liquids and reactions at the electrochemical interface

D MacFarlane, J Pringle, P Howlett, M Forsyth

(2010), Vol. 12, pp. 1659-1669, Physical chemistry chemical physics, Cambridge, England, C1-1

journal

Organic ionic plastic crystals : recent advances

J Pringle, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2010), Vol. 20, pp. 2056-2062, Journal of materials chemistry, Cambridge, England, C1-1

journal

Proton transport in choline dihydrogen phosphate/H3PO4 mixtures

U Rana, P Bayley, R Vijayaraghavan, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2010), Vol. 12, pp. 11291-11298, Physical chemistry chemical physics, Cambridge, England, C1-1

journal

The effect of potential bias on the formation of ionic liquid generated surface films on Mg alloys

P Howlett, T Khoo, G Mooketsi, J Efthimiadis, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2010), Vol. 55, pp. 2377-2383, Electrochimica acta, New York, N.Y., C1-1

journal

Transition in wear performance for ionic liquid lubricants under increasing load

A Somers, P Howlett, J Sun, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2010), Vol. 40, pp. 279-284, Tribology letters, New York, N.Y., C1-1

journal

Characterization of the magnesium alloy AZ31 surface in the ionic liquid trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide

P Howlett, J Efthimiadis, P Hale, G van Riessen, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2010), Vol. 157, pp. 392-398, Journal of the electrochemical society, New York, N.Y., C1-1

journal
2009

New insights into the fundamental chemical nature of ionic liquid film formation on magnesium alloy surfaces

M Forsyth, W Neil, P Howlett, D Macfarlane, B Hinton, N Rocher, T Kemp, M Smith

(2009), Vol. 1, pp. 1045-1052, ACS applied materials & interfaces, Washington D.C., C1-1

journal

Corrosion of magnesium alloy ZE41 - The role of microstructural features

W Neil, M Forsyth, P Howlett, C Hutchinson, B Hinton

(2009), Vol. 51, pp. 387-394, Corrosion science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1-1

journal

Polyterthiophene/CNT composite as a cathode material for lithium batteries employing an ionic liquid electrolyte

S Sivakkumar, P Howlett, B Winther-Jensen, M Forsyth, D MacFarlane

(2009), Vol. 54, pp. 6844-6849, Electrochimica acta, New York, N.Y., C1-1

journal

Li-Metal symmetrical cell studies using ionic organic plastic crystal electrolyte

P Howlett, Y Shekibi, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2009), Vol. 11, pp. 1044-1048, Advanced engineering materials, Weinheim, Germany, C1-1

journal
2008

A potential novel rapid screening NMR approach to boundary film formation at solid interfaces in contact with ionic liquids

M Forsyth, T Kemp, P Howlett, J Sun, M Smith

(2008), Vol. 112, pp. 13801-13804, Journal of physical chemistry Part C : nanomaterials and interfaces, Washington, D.C., C1-1

journal

Synthesis and physical property characterisation of phosphonium ionic liquids based on P(O)2(OR)2- and P(O)2(R)2- anions with potential application for corrosion mitigation of magnesium alloys

J Sun, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, J Lin, M Forsyth

(2008), Vol. 54, pp. 254-260, Electrochimica acta, New York, N.Y., C1-1

journal

Effect of zwitterion on the lithium solid electrolyte interphase in ionic liquid electrolytes

N Byrne, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Smith, A Howes, A Hollenkamp, T Bastow, P Hale, M Forsyth

(2008), Vol. 184, pp. 228-296, Journal of power sources, Lausanne, Switzerland, C1-1

journal

An electrochemical impedance study of ionic liquid film formation and aqueous corrosion of magnesium alloy ZE41

P Howlett, W Neil, T Khoo, J Sun, M Forsyth, D MacFarlane

(2008), Vol. 48, pp. 313-318, Israel journal of chemistry, London, England, C1-1

journal
2007

Exploring corrosion protection of Mg via ionic liquid pretreatment

N Birbilis, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2007), Vol. 201, pp. 4496-4504, Surface and coatings technology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1-1

journal

An investigation of a phosphinate-based ionic liquid for corrosion protection of magnesium alloy AZ31

P Howlett, S Zhang, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2007), Vol. 60, pp. 43-46, Australian journal of chemistry, Melbourne, Vic., C1-1

journal

N-methyl-N-alkylpyrrolidinium bis(perfluoroethylsulfonyl)amide ([NPf2]-) and tris(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)methide ([CTf3]-) salts : synthesis and characterization

K Johansson, J Adebahr, P Howlett, M Forsyth, D MacFarlane

(2007), Vol. 60, pp. 57-63, Australian journal of chemistry, Melbourne, Vic., C1-1

journal

Ionic liquids in electrochemical devices and processes : managing interfacial electrochemistry

D MacFarlane, M Forsyth, P Howlett, J Pringle, J Sun, G Annat, W Neil, E Izgorodina

(2007), Vol. 40, pp. 1165-1173, Accounts of chemical research, [Easton, Pa.], C1-1

journal
2006

N-methyl-N-alkylpyrrolidinium nonafluoro-1-butanesulfonate salts : Ionic liquid properties and plastic crystal behaviour

S Forsyth, K Fraser, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2006), Vol. 8, pp. 256-261, Green chemistry, London, England, C1-1

journal

Characterization of the Lithium Surface in N-Methyl-N-Alkylpyrrolidinium Bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide Room-Temperature Ionic Liquid Electrolytes

P Howlett, N Brack, A Hollenkamp, M Forsyth, D MacFarlane

(2006), Vol. 153, Journal of the electrochemical society, Melville, N.Y., C1-1

journal

Fast ion conduction in an acid doped pentaglycerine plastic crystal

S Long, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2006), Vol. 177, pp. 647-652, Solid state ionics, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1-1

journal

A new Lewis-base ionic liquid comprising a mono-charged diamine structure : a highly stable electrolyte for lithium electrochemistry

M Yoshizawa-Fujita, D MacFarlane, P Howlett, M Forsyth

(2006), Vol. 8, pp. 445-449, Electrochemistry communications, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1-1

journal

Electrochemistry at negative potentials in Bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide ionic liquids

P Howlett, E Izgorodina, M Forsyth, D MacFarlane

(2006), Vol. 220, pp. 1483-1498, Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Munich, Germany, C1-1

journal

An ionic liquid surface treatment for corrosion protection of magnesium alloy AZ31

M Forsyth, P Howlett, S Tan, D MacFarlane, N Birbilis

(2006), Vol. 9, Electrochemical and solid-state letters, Pennington, N. J., C1-1

journal
2005

The zwitterion effect in ionic liquids : towards practical rechargeable lithium-metal batteries

N Byrne, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2005), Vol. 17, pp. 2497-2501, Advanced materials, Weinheim, Germany, C1-1

journal
2004

Rapid I-/I3- diffusion in a molecular-plastic-crystal electrolyte for potential application in solid-state photoelectrochemical cells

Q Dai, D MacFarlane, P Howlett, M Forsyth

(2004), Vol. 44, pp. 313-316, Angewandte chemie, Malden, Mass., C1-1

journal

Electrochemical synthesis of polypyrrole in ionic liquids

J Pringle, J Efthimiadis, P Howlett, J Efthimiadis, D MacFarlane, A Chaplin, S Hall, D Officer, G Wallace, M Forsyth

(2004), Vol. 45, pp. 1447-1453, Polymer, Oxford, England, C1-1

journal

Electrochemical synthesis of polypyrrole in ionic liquids

J Pringle, J Efthimiadis, P Howlett, G Wallace, J Efthimiadis, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2004), Vol. 45, pp. 198-199, Polymer preprints, Bound Brook, N. J., C1-1

journal

The zwitterion effect in high-conductivity polyelectrolyte materials

C Tiyapiboonchaiya, J Pringle, J Sun, N Byrne, P Howlett, D MacFarlane, M Forsyth

(2004), Vol. 3, pp. 29-32, Nature materials, London, England, C1-1

journal

Grants

Australian Competitive Grants

Metal-air batteries with improved rate capability and safety for hearing applications

Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas MacFarlane, Dr Bjorn Winther-Jensen, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Dirk Fiedler

ARC_DUAPAI2 ARC_Deakin University Australian Postgraduate Award Industry Second, ARC_DUAPAI ARC_Deakin University Australian Postgraduate Award Industry, ARC Linkage - Projects

  • 2010: $153,111

Interphase engineering of reactive metal surfaces using ionic liquids

Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas MacFarlane, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

ARC - Discovery Projects

  • 2011: $111,565
  • 2010: $40,000

Cytec Project - Phosphonium ionic liquids for advanced lithium energy storage systems

Prof Douglas MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth, Dr Katya Izgorodina, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Monash- researchandrevenues-sci-eng-it

ARC Linkage - Projects Rnd 2, Linkage PhD student

  • 2016: $28,115
  • 2015: $27,500
  • 2014: $68,750
  • 2013: $41,250
  • 2012: $27,500

Novel Ionic Composites with superior transport and mechanical properties for Clean Energy Systems

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, A/Prof Jenny Pringle, Prof Michel Armand, Dr Wren Greene

ARC - Discovery Projects

  • 2016: $95,984
  • 2015: $94,380
  • 2014: $92,720

ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science

Prof Gordon Wallace, Prof Maria Forsyth, Prof Douglas MacFarlane, Prof David Officer, Prof Mark Cook, Prof Susan Dodds, Prof Geoffrey Spinks, Prof Gursel Alici, A/Prof Simon Moulton, A/Prof Robert Kapsa, A/Prof Marc in het Panhuis, A/Prof Jeremy Crook, A/Prof Peter Innis, Dr Attila Mozer, Dr Michael Higgins, Prof Michelle Coote, Prof Xungai Wang, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, A/Prof Jenny Pringle, Prof Linda Hancock, Prof Leone Spiccia, Dr Jie Zhang, A/Prof Robert Sparrow, Prof Brett Paull, A/Prof Dirk Guldi, Prof Masayoshi Watanabe, A/Prof Seon-Jeong Kim, Prof Dermot Diamond, Prof Patrick Unwin, Dr Millicent Firestone

ARC CRE - Centres of Excellence

  • 2017: $698,120
  • 2016: $741,098
  • 2015: $753,197
  • 2014: $701,567

Advanced Na battery technology; key to transforming society's energy use

Prof Maria Forsyth, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Michel Armand

ARC - Discovery Projects

  • 2017: $72,246
  • 2016: $137,062

New materials for large scale, high stability, high energy density batteries: from material design to prototype development

Prof Maria Forsyth, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Douglas MacFarlane, Prof Ying (Ian) Chen

DIISR/AISRF Grant - AISRF/India-Australian Strategic Research Fund - Department of Innovation, Industry, Science & Research

  • 2017: $246,703
  • 2016: $400,000

Other Public Sector Funding

Lithium Air Electrolytes - CSIRO joint PhD project

A/Prof Patrick Howlett

  • 2017: $30,000

Industry and Other Funding

Cytec Project - Phosphonium ionic liquids for advanced lithium energy storage systems

Prof Douglas MacFarlane, Prof Maria Forsyth, Dr Katya Izgorodina, A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Monash- researchandrevenues-sci-eng-it

  • 2015: $83,371
  • 2014: $80,332
  • 2013: $48,112
  • 2012: $25,000

Project 7.4.2 - Portable Power Storage

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Prof Xungai Wang, Prof Tong Lin, Dr Jian Fang, Prof Maria Forsyth, Dr Jim Efthimiadis

  • 2014: $101,271
  • 2013: $148,598
  • 2012: $29,000

SPAusnet Grid Energy Storage Project

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Adj/Prof Anthony Hollenkamp, Prof Alex Stojcevski, Prof Maria Forsyth

  • 2014: $2,722
  • 2013: $17,000

Corrosion behaviour of ZnAILi, ZnAI and ZnAIMg

A/Prof Patrick Howlett

  • 2015: $4,300
  • 2014: $15,000

Development of a single ion conducting polymer electrolyte for low temperature

Dr Timothy Khoo, A/Prof Patrick Howlett

  • 2016: $20,000
  • 2015: $20,000

Research on phosphonium-based ionic liquids for lithium-air battery electrolytes

A/Prof Patrick Howlett

  • 2017: $48,074
  • 2016: $86,929
  • 2015: $50,940

Development of Improved Coatings on Wire

A/Prof Patrick Howlett, Dr Daniel Fabijanic

  • 2017: $8,600

Supervisions

Principal Supervisor
2017

Nahid Irani Pour

Thesis entitled: Organic Ionic Plastic Crystal Nanofibre Composites as Solid State Electrolytes

Doctor of Philosophy (Engineering), Institute for Frontier Materials

2016

Gaetan Girard

Thesis entitled: Investigation of Phosphonium Bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide-based ionic liquid electrolytes for lithium batteries

Doctor of Philosophy (Engineering), Institute for Frontier Materials

Co-supervisor
2016

Yajing Yan

Thesis entitled: Ionic Liquid Electrolytes in Mg-Air Batteries

Doctor of Philosophy (Engineering), Institute for Frontier Materials

Associate Supervisor
2015

Peipei Huang

Thesis entitled: Electrochemical treatment pf AA5083 aluminium allow in ionic liquids for corrosion protection

Doctor of Philosophy (Engineering), Institute for Frontier Materials

2014

Tristan Simons

Thesis entitled: Ionic Liquid electrolytes for zinc-based secondary battery applications

Doctor of Philosophy (Engineering), Institute for Frontier Materials

Anthony Somers

Thesis entitled: Ionic Liquids as Lubricants for the Aluminium-Steel System

Doctor of Philosophy (Engineering), Institute for Frontier Materials