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Amit Kumar's powerpoint presentation introduces TERI and India's energy context and the main problems faced:
India is vulnerable in lower end socio-economic development (health, education etc.). Socio-economic development requires energy and access provided by large generation capacity. Long-term fossil fuel reliance is recognised as not viable.
Populations lacking electricity supply in India:
Traditional biomass use is inefficient and climate unfriendly.
Urban electricity access is obstructed and cannot be ensured.
The 'Electricity for all by 2012' Government campaign aims to increase provision from 800 to 1000kWh in 2012. While per capita consumption is comparatively low, energy consumption by 2031 will be 6x higher than in 2001. Renewables and efficiency measures must be employed if India is to cut emissions.
How to achieve community and social development goals with the requisite energy for growth while curbing emissions?
Villages cannot be dependent on imported energy due to interruption and cost. Yet traditional and fossil fuels do not meet demands. Local villages are better provided if access is local. Renewables have important role to play in villages that cannot be electrified by extending grids. Self-sufficiency can come from reliance on rooftop solar PV and biomass systems. Other considerations include thermal and sugar mills.
Our most recent 5 year plan saw us achieve 71% of our goal.
Problems are both installed capacity, and fuel supply to run plants.
Improvement in connection and distribution in the market sector, focus on conservation and efficiency, and balancing with renewable technologies is required to meet rural, commercial, industrial needs.
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