Alfred Deakin Research Institute


ADRI Staff (2014)

On the 1st January 2015, the Alfred Deakin Research Institute merged with the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation to create the Alfred Deakin Research Institute for Citizenship and Globalisation (ADRI-CG). For information about the new Institute, including staff and membership, please visit

Dr Sam Balaton-Chrimes

Position: Lecturer in International Studies
Phone: +61 3 924 43972
Campus: B


A list of the ten most significant relevant publications for the last five years:

  1. Balaton-Chrimes, S. 2014 (Upcoming). Ethnicity and Political Marginalisation in Kenya: Citizenship and its deficits, Ashgate.
  2. Balaton-Chrimes, S. 2014. 'Statelessness, identity cards and citizenship as status in the case of the Nubians of Kenya', Citizenship Studies, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 15-28.
  3. Balaton-Chrimes, S. 2013. 'Indigeneity and Kenya’s Nubians: seeking equality in difference or sameness?', Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 205-18.

University recorded publications

Researcher output profile for Dr Sam Balaton-Chrimes

Brief Biography

Dr Sam Balaton-Chrimes lectures in the Bachelor of International Studies degree in the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at Deakin University.

Sam's research is interdisciplinary in nature, cutting across politics, development studies and anthropology. Her principal research interests are in the areas of democratic theory and practice in global perspective, with a focus on how minorities and marginalised groups can access, participate in, and transform democratic processes, and make effective use of their rights. Her work deals with both empirical and theoretical issues, and focuses on the context of developing economies. Sam completed her PhD in 2012 in the School of Political and Social Inquiry, Faculty of Arts, Monash University. She has conducted research in Kenya, India, Indonesia, South Korea, USA and UK, and has published widely in the areas of citizenship studies, ethnic politics, democracy and diversity, and corporate accountability.

Sam is currently working on two research projects:

Better free, prior and informed consent: lessons from the Kenya Slum Upgrading project

Free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) is increasingly accepted as a norm in mass land acquisition processes for indigenous people, however it is not seen as applicable for people who are non-indigenous, yet similarly vulnerable; and the idea is typically operationalized in a compliance-based way, rather than as a democratic process. This project undertakes a theoretical review of FPIC as a right and a democratic process, conducts a systematic review of existing FPIC standards and guidelines, and conducts a qualitative case study of land acquisition in the Kenya Slum Upgrading Project to evaluate the barriers to and possibilities for more robust, democratic FPIC processes. This project is funded by a Deakin Central Research Grant Scheme.

Evaluating redress mechanisms governing the human rights practices of transnational business: lessons for institutional design and operation

This project addresses the urgent need to provide vulnerable workers and communities with more effective means of defending their human rights when these are violated by businesses from countries such as Australia. We will develop a regulatory reform model that explains how the various functions and powers of contrasting 'redress' mechanisms affect the strength of regulatory systems and promote long term change in business behaviour. The team's multidisciplinary expertise is supported by NGO partners with close ties to stakeholders in India and Indonesia. This will enable the team to access reliable field data on the operation of existing regulatory systems, and support implementation of project findings about needed reforms. This project is funded by the Australian Research Council through a Linkage Grant held by Kate Macdonald at the University of Melbourne, Shelley Marshall at Monash University, and others in Australia and the UK.

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Deakin University acknowledges the traditional land owners of present campus sites.

4th February 2015