Alfred Deakin Research Institute

ADRI-TERI Symposium

Access and Innovation

Amit Kumar's powerpoint presentation introduces TERI and India's energy context and the main problems faced:

  • Coal is the mainstay in energy supply (81%)
  • Petroleum products are 75% foreign imports.
  • 207 GW of installed capacity
  • Targeting 15 GW added per year over the next 7 years
  • Energy consumption is the energy industry, transport, commercial respectively
  • Renewable installed capacity target is 5%, increasing to 15% by 2020

India is vulnerable in lower end socio-economic development (health, education etc.). Socio-economic development requires energy and access provided by large generation capacity. Long-term fossil fuel reliance is recognised as not viable.

Populations lacking electricity supply in India:

  • 289 million people
  • 74 million households
  • 31,000 villages (use kerosene and biomass).

Traditional biomass use is inefficient and climate unfriendly.

Urban electricity access is obstructed and cannot be ensured.

The 'Electricity for all by 2012' Government campaign aims to increase provision from 800 to 1000kWh in 2012. While per capita consumption is comparatively low, energy consumption by 2031 will be 6x higher than in 2001. Renewables and efficiency measures must be employed if India is to cut emissions.

How to achieve community and social development goals with the requisite energy for growth while curbing emissions?

Villages cannot be dependent on imported energy due to interruption and cost. Yet traditional and fossil fuels do not meet demands. Local villages are better provided if access is local. Renewables have important role to play in villages that cannot be electrified by extending grids. Self-sufficiency can come from reliance on rooftop solar PV and biomass systems. Other considerations include thermal and sugar mills.

Our most recent 5 year plan saw us achieve 71% of our goal.

Problems are both installed capacity, and fuel supply to run plants.

Improvement in connection and distribution in the market sector, focus on conservation and efficiency, and balancing with renewable technologies is required to meet rural, commercial, industrial needs.

Deakin University acknowledges the traditional land owners of present campus sites.

18th December 2012