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Room B2.20, 12:00pm - 1:00pm
Thursday 10 March - Anthony Ware - Context Sensitivity in International Development
Thursday 24 March - Jill Bamforth - The Untold Stories of Migrant Women and Australian Law
Thursday 7 April - Linda Young - The Construction of National Heroes in House Museums
Thursday 21 April - Geoff Robinson - American Liberalism and the Problem of Capitalism from the Long Boom to the Panic of 2007
Thursday 6 May - Benjamin Isakhan - Targeting the Symbolic Dimension of Baathist Iraq: Cultural Destruction, Historical Memory and National Identity
Thursday 19 May - David Hundt - Contesting Neo-Liberalism in Korea: Financial Crisis and Beyond
Thursday 9 June - Douglas Lorman - The Multicultural Debate: Deja Vu All Over Again
Thursday 23 June - Steven Slaughter - Does Minilaterialism Matter? The G20 and Legitimacy in Global Governance
Thursday 7 July - Abe Ata - Attitudes of Non-Muslim Australian Senior Students to Muslims and Islam: A National Survey
Thursday 21 July - Yin Paradies (University of Melbourne)- Understanding and Addressing Racism in Australia
Thursday 11 August - Leonie Rutherford and Adam Brown -Multiplatform Innovation and Participatory Citizenship: The Australian Broadcasting Corporation’s Digital Children’s Television Projects
Thursday 25 August - Yoko Harada- What Australian's Are Missing: Exploration into the Japanese theatre of the whaling dispute'
Thursday 8 September - Adam Possamai (University of Western Sydney) - Religious Profile of Aborigines, Pacific Peoples and Maoris in Australia and New Zealand. An analysis of the 2001 and 2006 censuses
Thursday 22 September - Alexander Naraniecki - The Origins of Australian Multiculturalism: Jerzy (George) Zubrzycki and Integrative Pluralism
Thursday 6 October - Professor Damien Kingsbury - Two Steps Forward, One Step Back: Indonesia’s arduous path of reform
Thursday 20 October - Professor David Walker - Not Dark Yet: Writing a Personal History
Thursday 10 November -Professor Matthew Clarke - Yumi ol man blong Vanuato (We are the People of Vanuatu): Ni-Vanuatu Tertiary Student attitudes to national identity
To attend seminars or to express your interest in presenting, please send an email to Cayla Edwards at firstname.lastname@example.org
Mr Anthony Ware -
School of International and Political Studies, Faculty of Arts and Education, Deakin University
Thursday 10 March 2011, 12pm
The dominant presentation of international development approaches and principles is in terms of norms, which has resulted in insufficient articulation of how external development agencies ought to contextualise what they do to specific contexts. This gap in the literature might be interpreted as assuming such sensitivity to context is something agencies do (or should do) instinctively, that it is being implemented well by agencies, and that it is not necessary to be studied in greater depth. This paper contends that sensitivity to context cannot be assumed, that it often has not been done well, and that it requires renewed attention and theorisation.
This paper traces an evolution of thinking about context sensitivity in international development, starting from single pathway notions of economic development after World War II which described a defined linear process from traditional society to modern Western-like nation. It notes the development of country specific plans, the recognition that every country faces a unique developmental environment, emphasis from developing nations on the need for greater sensitivity to their context, recent emphasis on cultural diversity, and the prioritisation of community-led development and partnership with local organisations.
This paper suggests that on the one hand the global development dialogue has moved past universal prescriptions to recognise diversity, multiple paths and unique contexts. On the other hand, this paper argues that strong normative forces push development practice towards universal normative application, and diversity is still often treated as a deviation with only superficial variation permitted. It is argued that despite emphasis on highly participatory development, local partnerships, and empowerment, that what is widely overlooked is the ways in which international agencies themselves still need to contextualise their own actions to local, national and international contextual factors. This paper calls for more theoretical consideration of the roles and dynamics of context sensitive development, and makes some preliminary suggestions.
Dr Jill Bamforth - Centre for Research Education Futures and Innovation, Faculty of Arts and Education, Deakin University
Thursday 24 March 2011, 12pm
This paper describes a critical narrative research study to investigate the experiences of migrant women with Australian law. It compares the women’s first-hand accounts of their experiences with narratives told about the same event by mediating and legal professionals. The research is situated within three intersecting theoretical frameworks: critical race theory, critical legal feminism and concepts of discourse and representation drawn from feminist poststructuralist theory. The analysis extends existing knowledge about migrant women by making connections between the women’s experiences, professional interpretations of those experiences, and larger social discourses of race and gender discrimination.
Dr Jill Bamforth has worked as a teacher, teacher trainer and curriculum writer in adult language centres and international schools in Australia, Asia, Europe and the Middle East. She is currently working as a Research Fellow at Deakin University and as a lecturer in Victoria University’s Vietnam-based M.TESOL program. Her academic interests include literacy studies, critical race and whiteness studies, critical legal feminism and narrative theory.
Dr Linda Young - School of History, Heritage and Society, Faculty of Arts and Education, Deakin University
Thursday 7 April 2011, 12pm
Nations need heroes, but the heroes available often need tweaking, not to say improvement, to fulfil their role as national patriarchs, models or souls. A fertile environment for the low-key presentation of a national hero is his (or sometimes her) house, where the domestic setting is seen to frame personal, homely, approachable aspects of character. The public may visit in the pilgrim tradition with a certain expectation of veneration and even of magical communion, but the house-setting also permits identification with the hero as member of a family or household, just as are visitors. This fusion of the sacred and the familiar constitutes the strength of the house museum as a site of national identity construction and reinforcement. Several tropes of heroic identity are common in the spectrum of house museums in the British world, where the earliest date from the 1830s-40-50s – the period in which Thomas Carlyle’s lectures ‘On Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History’ were first given. The master of heroic narrative history proposed categories including poets, prophets and divinities, which describe the kinds of heroes whose houses were museumised in the 19th century – as indeed his own London house and his birthplace came to be. My paper explores the class of museums made in the houses of heroes at this time, and ponders their survival in the modern world.
Dr Linda Young teaches aspects of cultural heritage management in the Cultural Heritage & Museum Studies program at Deakin University.
Dr Geoff Robinson - School of History, Heritage and Society, Faculty of Arts and Education, Deakin University
Thursday 21 April 2011, 12pm
American capitalism has generated both insecurity and inequality and unimagined prosperity. Liberals have sought electoral support from those disadvantaged by capitalism but have also had to appeal to an electorate committed to the project of capitalist affluence. Paradigms of intellectual liberalism have risen or fallen by their ability to provide effective political programs. The political effectiveness and intellectual influence of successive liberal programs has depended on their ability to successfully engage with the changing structures of American capitalism from the multidivisional firms of the 1950s to the rise of rise of financialized multi-level subsidiary firms in the 1990s.
Dr Benjamin Isakhan - Research Fellow, Centre for Comparative Social Research, Faculty of Arts and Education, Deakin University
Thursday 6 May 2011, 12pm
This paper examines the systematic efforts to dismantle or destroy the symbolic dimension of the Baathist regime in Iraq since 2003. It argues that while the Baath were undeniably cruel and oppressive, they did undertake one of the twentieth century’s most robust attempts to utilise the political power of historical memory to create a unified Iraqi national identity. However, while many have examined the militaristic or bureaucratic dimensions of de-Baathification, no such attempts have been made to examine the destruction of the symbols and monuments of the Baathist state and the consequences it has had for Iraqi national identity. This paper addresses this paucity and concludes that with the symbolic destruction of the Baathist state has come a near complete erosion of the Iraqi brand of nationalism that the Baath had managed to promulgate to varying degrees of success since the late 1960s.
Dr Benjamin Isakhan is Research Fellow with the Centre for Comparative Social Research at Deakin University. Previously, Ben was Research Fellow at the Centre for Dialogue at La Trobe University and Research Fellow for the Griffith University Islamic Research Unit, affiliated with the National Centre of Excellence for Islamic Studies, Australia. Dr Benjamin Isakhan is the co-editor of The Secret History of Democracy (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011) with Professor Stephen Stockwell. In addition, Ben has authored several publications including book chapters in Islam and the Australian News Media (Melbourne University Press, 2010) and refereed articles in the journals Middle East Policy, International Journal of Contemporary Iraqi Studies, Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication, Global Media Journal, Journal of Sociology, Australian Journalism Review, Media/Culture, Transformations and the Bulletin of the Royal Institute for Inter-Faith Studies. He has presented around 20 refereed conference papers in the United States, Jordan, Australia and New Zealand. Broadly, his research interests concern issues such as: Democracy in Iraq, Orientalism and the media, the history of democracy and Middle Eastern politics and history.
Dr David Hundt - School of International and Political Studies, Faculty of Arts and Education, Deakin University
Thursday 19 May, 2011
This presentation focuses on Korean contestation over neo-liberalism since the Asian Financial Crisis. It ascertains the degree to which civil society actors have contested, shaped and opposed neo-liberalism amid the Korean economic model’s transition from a corporatist-inspired developmental state to a neo-liberal mode of governance. Drawing on Charles Tilly’s ‘dynamics of contention’ approach, we examine contestation over elements of neo-liberalism such as the deregulation of labour markets, the reform of corporate governance, social policy, and free trade agreements. We find mixed evidence about the implementation of such policies and the capacity of civil society to oppose them. Korea’s transition to neo-liberalism is far from complete. Instead, Korea resembles a form of ‘ordo-liberalism’ which retains a central place for state power.
Dr Hundt is a Senior Lecturer in International Relations at the School of International and Political Studies, Deakin University. His main areas of interest are political economy, economic development, and international relations in the Asia-Pacific region. He has a particular interest in the history and politics of the Korean peninsula. His book, published by Routledge, focuses on the politics of rapid growth in South Korea.
Dr Douglas Lorman - School of History Heritage and Society, Faculty of Arts and Education, Deakin University
Thursday 9 June 2011, 12pm
A key feature of the recent federal election was the issue of immigration and population. During this time a number of issues were conflated under the rubric of ‘population’. These included immigration, multiculturalism, terrorism, sustainability and the environment. Essentially though, the subtext concerned what kind of person we want as part of the Australian cultural landscape.
Using a discourse analysis approach I demonstrate how the media and politicians work in a symbiotic and mutually beneficial manner to construct so-called problems and alleged threats to social order and cohesion.
What I argue is that this struggle for Australian distinctiveness through the exclusion of the ‘Other’ is not new and has been a permanent feature of the cultural debate since federation. What has changed is the way racism and discourses of exclusion are constructed. Using Balibar’s notion of neo-racism I demonstrate how ‘immigrant’ has become a substitute for ‘race’ and ‘cultural difference’ has taken over from ‘biological difference’.
While the names have changed the distrust and Othering of ‘newcomers’ has a long history in the Australian social imaginary. It is part of the shifting sand that is the defining of ‘Us’ and ‘Them’.
Dr Steven Slaughter - School of International and Political Studies, Faculty of Arts and Education, Deakin University
Thursday 23 June 2011, 12pm
This paper critically examines the significance of the G20 (the Group of Twenty) in world politics. It appears that the G20 plays a prominent and perhaps crucial role in stabilising globalisation and in coordinating the actions of states and International Organisations to address global crises when they arise. This paper examines the question of whether the existence of selective forums such as the G20 is replacing multilateralism as the organising principle for global governance in the 21st century. Some observers are extolling the virtues of selective forums for managing economic and social integration. Indeed Mosies Naim has coined the term "minlateralism" to denote such narrower forums, which involve the "smallest possible number of countries needed to have the largest possible impact on solving a particular problem". Consequently, questions revolve around whether minilateralism is a new phenomenon in world politics, whether minilateralism is antagonistic to multilateralism and whether forums like the G20 are legitimate in contemporary world politics. The issue of legitimacy will be considered both in theoretical terms of the changing nature of legitimacy in the context of globalisation and the emergence of new economic powers, as well as the policy related question of what should the G20 do to promote its legitimacy in a world which needs effective and representative forms of global governance. This paper will first contrast multilateralism with minilateralism and consider whether minilateralism is a novel phenomenon in contemporary world politics, second consider the advantages of minilateralism with a particular focus on the G20, and lastly consider whether minilateral fora like the G20 are legitimate in contemporary world politics and reflect whether there is any enduring importance of multilateralism in contemporary world politics.
Steven Slaughter, BA (Hons) Monash, Grad.Dip. Public Policy (Murdoch), PhD (Monash) is a Senior Lecturer in International Relations at Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia. His main publications are Liberty Beyond Neo-liberalism: A Republican Critique of Liberal Governance in a Globalising Age (2005) and Globalisation and Citizenship: The Transnational Challenge (co-edited with Wayne Hudson 2007). Before joining Deakin University in 2004 he taught at Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Monash University, Melbourne University and the Australian National University. He has also taught at the Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies in Canberra. His research interests include globalisation, global governance, human rights and International Political Theory.
Dr Abe W. Ata - Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Faculty of Arts and Education, Deakin University
Thursday 7 July 2011, 12pm
The Muslim community, though still small, is one of the fastest growing religious communities in Australia but so far, is little studied by researchers. A sharper interest in the media and government press releases into stereotyping of Muslim communities has come into focus during the last decade. The media image of the Muslim communities as a threat to the mainstream civic Australian life may have worked its way to a certain degree into the consciousness of Muslim and non-Muslim students alike. This study measures the attitudes of non-Muslim school age Australians towards Muslims and Islam. It explores the link between the media and political forces and attitude formation, and the extent to which they overshadow common values and issues of concern in religious communities. It makes curriculum recommendations and explores, amongst many other things, predictors that will bring about tolerant attitudes to Muslims. Over 2300 completed questionnaires were obtained from Year 11 students at 42 Catholic, Independent and State schools throughout Australia except WA and NT. The research instrument was a structured questionnaire comprising 90 variables. Questions covered Demographic variables; Attitudes; Knowledge of Islam; Social distance; Perceptions of religious groups –both Muslims and Christians. The paper outlines data frequencies and preliminary conclusions derived from initial survey feedback.
Dr Abe Ata is currently a Research Fellow at the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation. Dr Ata graduated in psychology at the American University and was soon nominated as a delegate to the United Nations’ World Youth Assembly in New York. He completed his doctorate at Melbourne University in 1980 and has since been teaching in several Australian, American, Jordanian, West Bank and Danish universities. He has been an Honorary Fellow at the Australian Catholic University for several years and his publications span 15 books. He was nominated as Australian of the Year in 2010.
Dr Yin Paradies - Senior Research Fellow at the McCaughey Centre in the School of Population Health, University of Melbourne
Thursday 21 July 2011, 12pm
Although racism is a pernicious global social problem, it is only recently that research has begun to reveal the extent and nature of racism in Australia. This presentation will begin by defining and conceptualising racism before detailing the prevalence of racism across Australia. This will be followed by a review of principles and practices in addressing racism, including specific examples of Australian interventions to combat racism.
Dr Yin Paradies is a Senior Research Fellow at the McCaughey Centre in the School of Population Health, University of Melbourne. Yin¹s research focuses
on the health, social and economic effects of racism as well as anti-racism theory, policy and practice. Dr Paradies teaches professional development short courses on multicultural competence and anti-racism. He has qualifications in mathematics and computing, medical statistics, public health and social epidemiology.
Dr Leonie Rutherford and Dr Adam Brown - School of Communication and Creative Arts, Faculty of Arts and Education
Thursday 11 August 2011, 12pm
This paper examines children’s multiplatform commissioning at the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) in the context of the digitalisation of Australian television. A pursuit of audience share and reach to legitimise its recurrent funding engenders a strategy that prioritises the entertainment values of the ABC’s children’s offerings. Nevertheless, these multiplatform texts (comprising complementary ‘on-air’ and ‘online’ textualities) evidence a continuing commitment to a youth-focussed, public service remit, and reflect the ABC’s Charter obligations to foster innovation, creativity, participation, citizenship, and the values of social inclusiveness. The analysis focuses on two recent ‘marquee’ drama projects, Dance Academy (a contemporary teen series) and My Place (a historical series for a middle childhood audience). The research draws on a series of research interviews and analysis of policy documents. The authors argue that a mixed diet of programming, together with an educative or social developmental agenda, features in the design of both program and online participation for the public broadcaster.
Dr Leonie Rutherford is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Communication and Creative Arts, Deakin University. She is a specialist in media studies, with a particular focus on children and youth. Funded by an Australian Research Council grant, she is currently evaluating the concept of emerging digital literacies using data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. She is also engaged in a project to chart the development of the ABC’s new digital children channel in the context of economic, technological and regulatory changes in Australia.
Dr Adam Brown is a Lecturer in Media, Communication and Public Relations at Deakin University. He holds a PhD in Cultural Studies, focusing on Holocaust representation, and is co-authoring the study, Communication, New Media and Everyday Life, contracted by Oxford University Press. Adam is currently working on research in the areas of children’s television, new media in museums, and Holocaust film.
Dr Yoko Harada - Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Faculty of Arts and Education, Deakin University
In Australia debate on whaling has already been over. Australia as a nation state firmly stands on an anti-whaling position to the extent of bringing the most notable whaling country Japan to the International Court of Justice. Almost every piece of media report in Australia clearly and absolutely shows sympathy towards anti-whaling activists and condemns whatever whaling activity currently been practiced. There is almost no space for pro-whaling arguments to enter and, therefore, the whaling debate does not exist as a debate in this country anymore.
However, very unfortunately from Australia’s point of view, whaling is an ongoing practice. It is still continuing in different parts of the world in different forms and arguments to support the practice are well alive. The debate is far from over for those whaling nations and communities. For them, whales remain as one of natural resources which could be sustainably utilised. Therefore, it is still important and worth for anti-whaling nations like Australia to investigate what is in pro-whaling nations’ mind and try to understand them, if not agree.
This paper will shed light on the Japanese theatre of the whaling dispute and make the complex nature of the whaling dispute in Japan visible and clearer. Consequently, it will attempt to restore the other side of the story to the Australian theatre.
Associate Professor Adam Possamai - Acting Director, Centre for the Study of Contemporary Muslim Societies, University of Western Sydney
The current literature remains silent on the various religious changes and conversion happening among the indigenous population. Using the data obtained from the 2001 and 2006 censuses from Australia and New Zealand, this paper analyses the religious affiliations of Aborigines, Pacific Peoples and Maoris. Among other things, it points out the decline in Christianity and growth in Islam, which is in line with current religious trends in the general population. However, with regards to the 'no religion' category, the growth of indigenous people is faster than that of the non-indigenous population. The results of this paper will feed into the current debate on post-secularism.
Adam Possamai grew up in Belgium where he studied to become a sociologist and a high school teacher. After some exposure to North Africa, he came to La Trobe University to do his PhD where he started to teach an introductory sociology unit. Since the completion of his PhD, which won a national award in 1999, he has worked at the University of Western Sydney and taught many sociology units. His specialities are the sociology of religion, sociological theory and the study of popular culture, and has published widely on these research themes. He is currently the Acting Director of the Research Centre for the Study of Contemporary Muslim Societies, and Associate Professor in Sociology, and the President for the Sociology of Religion Research Committee from the International Sociological Association.
He is the author of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach with James Henslin and Alphia Possamai-Inesedy (Pearsons, 2010), Sociology of Religion for Generations X and Y (Equinox, 2009), Religion and Popular Culture: A Hyper-Real Testament (Peter Lang, 2007), In Search of New Age Spiritualities (Ashgate, 2005) and the fiction book, Perles Noires (Nuit d'Avril, France, 2005). His work has been published in English, French, Spanish, Romanian and Slovakian.
Dr Alexander Naraniecki - Alfred Deakin Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University
This paper argues for an integrative multiculturalism theoretically articulated by Jerzy (George) Zubrzycki (1920–2009) as the foundation for a normative definition and a national policy. This is not a plea for a new version of multiculturalism, but a return to the original definition and ethos of the policy of Australian Multiculturalism set out by the Australian Ethnic Affairs Council (AEAC) in 1977. Integrative multiculturalism (or integrative pluralism) is built upon liberal and humane approaches to cultural maintenance of immigrants in a way that seeks to promote the universal content of their particular cultural ‘cores’. Simultaneously, it seeks to overcome chauvinisms, prejudices and illegal or harmful cultural practices which are normative to the collective ethics (Sittlichkeit) of particular communities. In this way cultural maintenance is not seen as a carte blanche but requires of minorities certain sacrifices particularly where one’s ethno-specific Sittlichkeit is seen to be harmful to another cultural group within society or disrespectful to the majority culture. Such demands constitute the social contract upholding the moral (Moralität) underpinnings of the principles of integration and social cohesion. Not surprisingly such a multiculturalism holds conservative commitment to existing juridical and governmental institutions and certain fundamental cultural forms such as the English language. However, this is balanced by the view that society as a whole ought to evolve new normative inclusive cultural practices and ethical (Sittlich) values supported by universal and non-ethno-particular institutions. I would also make the case in using the term integrative pluralism as it is increasingly likely that the term multiculturalism has gained a normative popular meaning irreconcilable from its original vision. Integrative pluralism best describes the essential features of a Zubrzyckian multiculturalism.
Alex Naraniecki is a newly arrived Postdoctoral Research Fellow in the Centre for Comparative Social Research and the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation in the Faculty of Arts and Education. His current research project is titled ‘New Foundations for Multiculturalism’ and is currently working on various publications focusing on the development of multiculturalism in Australia as well as the role of recognition and dialogue in promoting intercultural relations. Naraniecki is also actively involved in building bridges between the Polish and Jewish communities in Australia through dialogue and intercultural events as a member of the Australian Institute of Polish Affairs.
Professor Damien Kingsbury - Director, Centre for Citizenship, Development and Human Rights Faculty of Arts and Education Deakin University, Melbourne
Academics and policy makers have been and remain inclined to see Indonesia in one of two distinct ways: it is typically said to be either normal or special; that Indonesia conforms to conevtnional international principles of state behaviour or that it does not but needs to be understood in relativist terms. Neither appraoch is accurate and it is now necessary to just deal with Indonesia as it is, as a complex country shaped in part by its historical and physical circumstances but also by the competing influences of reform and regression. Indonesia is experiencing the challenges of reform; as much as it might try to change, there are structural forces and agencies at work that qualify the pace, extent and type of that change.
Post-Suharto, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono emerged as a capable, competent figure after a succession of weak political leaders. But Yudhoyono’s government, especially in its second term, depends on a complex multi-party balance; SBY cannott, by himself, fundamentally reform Indonesian politics and society. His successor, post-2014, will be critical in either confirming the new directions in Indonesian politics or sliding back to old ways of doing business—and many of those old ways still exist in today’s Indonesia.
Indonesia is more interested in external issues than it was a decade ago—still primarily internally focused, but rebalancing its threat perceptions as domestic challenges fade. Some within the leadership are keen for Indonesia to play a larger role in the broader Asia Pacific region and to take a seat at the global table. But the majority continue to concentrate on domestic, developmental challenges and growing Indonesia’s influence Southeast Asia. Within this context, it is important for Australia to build a close and constructive relationship with Indonesia and by so doing to ensure engagement to our north.But for that partnership to unfold, both governments would have to want it to be more than it is now. The path forward will need to be marked by mutual cooperation, democratic and accountable governance supported by equitable and consistent rule of law, and exploration of further collaboration in a range of mutually beneficial areas. Australia should be proactive in exploring new opportunities for cooperation with a reform-minded Indonesia.
Professor David Walker - Chair in Australian Studies, School of History, Heritage and Society, Faculty of Arts and Education, Deakin University.
David Walker’s eyesight deteriorated suddenly at the end of 2004 as a result of macular degeneration. His blindness caused him to reconsider his own relation to the past, and the history of his family, which, like most families, left very few records. Not Dark Yet: a personal history (Giramondo, 2011) is the result. It traces family connections to the mid-north of South Australia (just south of the Goyder Line) from the late nineteenth century to middle class life in the city from the mid-twentieth century.
The book examines how the past is embodied in everyday experience, as much as in extreme events - it makes the small events and day-to-day foibles of ordinary people bear witness to the social forces which have defined the country. In her review of the book for the Sydney Morning Herald, the novelist and critic Kerryn Goldsworthy commented: ‘the book exerts the same powerful grip on the reader as the family chronicles and sagas of good 19th-century fiction and has the same kind of deep, complicated personal appeal.’
David Walker is Professor of Australian Studies at Deakin University and Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences and the Australian Academy of the Humanities. He has been a visiting professor at universities in the US, China and Denmark. His books include Dream and Disillusion: The Search for Australian Cultural Identity, and Anxious Nation: Australia and the Rise of Asia, which was awarded the Ernest Scott prize for History in 2001.
Professor Matthew Clarke - Head of School, Humanities and Social Sciences, Deakin University.
Nation-building remains a key challenge across Melanesian societies, including Vanuatu. From the origins of the new nations of Melanesia following decolonisation in the 1970s and 1980s, it was clear that creating a unifying sense of national identity and political community from multiple languages and diverse traditional cultures would be difficult. Despite an apparent greater success than neighbouring Melanesian states, the legacies of dual Anglo-French colonialism presented additional challenges to the post-independence political elites of Vanuatu. This paper presents new survey and focus group data on attitudes to national identity among tertiary students in Vanuatu, based on research conducted at the University of the South Pacific and other tertiary institutions in Port Vila in 2010. Among other things, this paper argues that despite linguistic ties to political affiliation easing since Independence, there remains a strong ongoing association between the language of education and certain key attitudes towards national identity and different understandings of political community. These findings cast new light on the attitudes of likely future elites towards regional, ethnic, intergenerational and linguistic faultlines in Vanuatu, and the challenges of building a cohesive sense of political community and national identity.
(Research undertaken by Matthew Clarke, Mike Leach and James Scambary)
Professor Clarke is the Head of the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at Deakin University. Professor Clarke has been chief investigator on six national Category 1 research grants valued at $2m during the last five years, and has published or presented over 100 academic journal papers, book chapters and conference papers. Professor Clarke undertakes regular evaluations of community development projects in the Pacific and South-east Asia for various non-government organisations, with a particular interest in HIV/AIDS and health-related projects.
Professor Stephen Castles -
School of Social and Political Sciences, The University of Sydney
International migration is a key aspect of global integration, yet unlike such areas as finance and trade, there is a lack of international institutions to set standards and ensure conformity with international legal norms – migration is characterized by a global governance deficit. State migration policies often fail or have unintended consequences, while for migrants the consequence may be high levels of risk and exploitation. The USA has over 11 million irregular residents, and systematic use of irregular migrant labour can be found throughout the world. In recent years, however, there have been attempts to move towards global governance mechanisms in the migration field. At the same time, migrant associations have grown and linked up with international human rights organizations. The article examines the reasons for these trends, paying special attention to the Global Forum on Migration and Development – an intergovernmental consultation process that has met annually since 2007 – and the efforts of migrant associations and other civil society organizations to bring human rights into the debate.