Reconfiguring Anti-Racism


In our globalised world of increasing racial, ethnic and religious diversity, racism is an enduring phenomenon with a range of pernicious consequences for individuals, communities and societies. Anti-racism encompasses theory and praxis aimed at addressing racism, counteracting its detrimental effects or envisaging its alternatives

The conference will bring together scholars who study anti-racism, intercultural or race relations across a diverse range of disciplines and geographical regions. Participants will debate epistemologies, theories, policies, practices and aporias pertaining to anti-racism as a global phenomenon. Papers will address one of the following multidisciplinary themes:

1. Individual and institutional anti-racism
This theme incorporates scholarship seeking to understand and address internalised, interpersonal and institutional racism via a focus on prejudice reduction, countering stereotypes and reducing discriminatory behavior among individuals as well as race-related organisational diversity, inclusion and equality.

2. Anti-racist collective action and social change
Aimed at addressing inequitable power relations, cultural racism and/or realising racial justice, this theme includes anti-racism ranging from small-scale bystander action to state-based social marketing to worldwide popular movements.

3. Conflict resolution and intercultural understanding
This theme focuses on recognition, acknowledgement and understanding of cultural difference as key to anti-racism beyond 'harmony' in which conflict and dissent are central to viable, sustainable and legitimate race relations.

4. Alter-racist citizenship and cosmopolitanism
Shunning an 'anti-' stance, this theme considers alternatives that are converse rather than inverse to racism. Ranging from post-raciality to ethical humanism to embodied vulnerability, these approaches strive to transcend binary dualisms, dissolve ossified distinctions and transform rather than equalise power relations

Special Guests


Special guest speakers

Dr Tim Soutphommasane, Race Discrimination Commissioner, Australian Human Rights Commission, Australia

Dr Tim Soutphommasane is Race Discrimination Commissioner and commenced his five-year appointment on 20 August 2013. Prior to joining the Australian Human Rights Commission, he was a political philosopher at the University of Sydney. His thinking on multiculturalism and national identity has been influential in reshaping debates in Australia and Britain. During his term, Dr Soutphommasane will be an advocate for a fairer Australia and drive the Commission's efforts to combat racism.

Dr Soutphommasane is the author of three books: The Virtuous Citizen (Cambridge University Press, 2012), Don't Go Back To Where You Came From (New South Books, 2012), andReclaiming Patriotism (Cambridge

University Press, 2009). He has been an opinion columnist with The Age and The Weekend Australian newspapers, and in 2013 presented "Mongrel Nation", a six-part documentary series about Australian multiculturalism, on ABC Radio National. He is a board member of the National Australia Day Council, a member of the Australian Multicultural Council, and a member of the advisory council of the Global Foundation.

A first-generation Australian of Chinese and Lao extraction, Dr Soutphommasane was raised in southwest Sydney. He completed his Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Oxford, from where he also holds a Master of Philosophy degree (with distinction). He is a first-class honours graduate of the University of Sydney.

For those interested in the correct pronunciation of Dr Soutphommasane's surname, the phonetic spelling of it is Soot-pom-ma-sarn.

Professor Jane den Hollander, Vice-Chancellor and President, Deakin University, Australia

Professor Jane den Hollander has been Vice-Chancellor and President of Deakin University since July, 2010. At Deakin, Professor den Hollander has introduced LIVE the future, an aspiration for Deakin to drive the digital frontier in higher education, harnessing the power, opportunity and reach of new and emerging technologies in all that it does.

Professor den Hollander holds a BSc (Honours) First Class in Zoology and a Master of Science degree from Wits University, Johannesburg. Her PhD is from the University of Wales, Cardiff.

Professor den Hollander is currently a board member of Universities Australia, Education Australia Limited, and UniSuper, a member of the Advisory Board of the Office of Learning and Teaching, and a trustee of the Geelong Performing Arts Council. From 2005-2008, Professor den Hollander was a Board member of Graduate Careers Australia, and from 2008-2011 on the Board of the Australian Learning and Teaching Council.

Prior to taking up her appointment as Vice-Chancellor of Deakin University, Professor den Hollander was Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) at Curtin University of Technology in Western Australia.

Professor Ghassan Hage, Professor, The University of Melbourne, Australia

Ghassan Hage is professor of anthropology and social theory at the University of Melbourne. His research and publications are in the fields of comparative nationalism, racism and multiculturalism, in the anthropology of diasporic cultures and in social theory, particularly the work of Pierre Bourdieu. His most recent publications include the edited collectionResponsibility (MUP, 2012).

Plenary Speakers


Invited speakers

Bystander Antiracism:  The Story Thus Far

In recent years, the Challenging Racism Project has been researching bystander antiracism; that is, action taken in response to incidences of racism when not directly involved. Nelson and colleagues started the ball rolling with their review of the enablers and inhibitors of bystander antiracism based on international and Australian research (Nelson, Dunn & Paradies, 2011). Following on from that, we found that bystander action depends on whether it is a low-risk situation (e.g., speaking up at a gathering of acquaintances) or a high-risk situation (e.g., speaking up after witnessing racial abuse on a train). That led us to education: how can we teach people not only antiracism but bystander antiracism? We followed on from the principles outlined in our paper which we wrote on how to reduce racism (Pedersen, Walker, Paradies & Guerin, 2012) as well as empirical evidence following on from the Nelson et al. study. We found that teaching bystander antiracism can not only reduce the reporting of racist attitudes but it can increase the intention to take action, make people more confident about taking action and actively lead to people taking action. This is good for the victim, the person who intervenes, and the nation as a whole. It is early days, but teaching people why it's important to take action, and how to take action, has promise. 

Associate Professor Anne Pedersen, Associate Professor, Murdoch University, Australia
Associate Professor Anne Pedersen has been an asylum seeker advocate for approximately ten years and has a keen interest in the integration of such advocacy with her academic work. Associate Professor Pedersen works as an applied social/peace/community psychologist in the School of Psychology and Exercise Science at Murdoch University, Western Australia. Her main academic interests involve prejudice and anti-prejudice against different cultural groups; in particular, asylum seekers, Indigenous Australians and Muslim Australians.

Defending Racial Tolerance
Tolerance, the non-hindrance of things you object to, is commonly considered to be a virtue. That is, those who behave tolerantly are behaving well and displaying good character. But if this is true, then 'racial tolerance' seems paradoxical. How can it be good to refrain from negative interference (the key feature of tolerance), when the reason for your initial objection (racism) is far from good? Put simply, on this understanding, we should not be tolerant of race because we should not have negative attitudes about race in the first place. Such a view seems to rule out racial tolerance altogether.

In this paper, I argue there several problems with this view, one of which is practical. Rejecting racial tolerance

does not seem to offer much help in actual crisis points where tolerance seems a useful minimum. Indeed, the problem of lack of application can arise from very much the other direction too. 'Transformative' approaches to tolerance which want to get rid of objection altogether may also fail to provide a basic moral minimum. I conclude that in political contexts, at least, it might be better to stop thinking of tolerance as a virtue and simply as a useful practice, and one in which objection is both maintained and not acted upon.

Dr Peter Balint, Lecturer, University of New South Wales, Australia
Dr Peter Balint is a Lecturer in International & Political Studies at The University of New South Wales Canberra, Australia. His research is primarily focussed on the principles for diversity, including respect, toleration, neutrality, and social cohesion. He has published articles in Political StudiesJournal of Applied PhilosophyRes Publica and Educational Philosophy and Theory, and an edited collection (with Sophie Guérard de Latour ) Liberal Multiculturalism and the Fair Terms of Integration (Palgrave MacMillan, 2013). In 2010-11 he was awarded a Senior Research Fellowship at The Goethe University of Frankfurt am Main on the project 'Justitia Amplificata. Rethinking Justice - Applied and Global'. He is a founding member of the Global Justice Network.

Good and Bad Diversity: The Crises of Multiculturalism as a Crisis of Politics

Across the West, something called multiculturalism is in crisis. That it is a failed experiment foisted upon overly tolerant liberal elites is the dominant way in which racism racism is articulated in 'postracial' times. Parallel communities threatening social cohesion, enemies within cultivated by irresponsible cultural relativism, and mediaeval practices subverting national 'ways of life' are evoked.

Choice-based 'diversity' is proffered as a solution to multicultural crisis. Yet, this is attenuated by an implicit understanding that there is good diversity that 'adds value' and bad - excessive - diversity, that dilutes and threatens the supremacy of 'our' way of life. The culturalism upon which social cohesion is now predicated elides other possible foci on the material conditions necessarily undergirding equality, which are sidelined under neoliberalism. In this sense, the crises of multiculturalism lends insight both into the character of contemporary racial formation, but also of politics under (post)racial neoliberalism.

Associate Professor Alana Lentin, Associate Professor, University of Western Sydney, Australia
Dr Alana Lentin is Associate Professor in Cultural and Social Analysis at the University of Western Sydney. She works on the critical theorization of race, racism and multiculturalism. Her current research is on 'Racism and Antiracism in a Digital Age' with Gavan Titley (National University of Ireland Maynooth).

Her publications include The Crises of Multiculturalism: Racism in a Neoliberal Age (with Gavan Titley, 2011); Racism and Ethnic Discrimination (2011); Racism (2008); The Politics of Diversity in Europe (with Gavan Titley, 2008); Race and State (with Ronit Lentin, 2006, 2008); Racism and Anti-racism in Europe (2004). She also publishes extensively in journals such as the Ethnic and Racial Studies, European Journal of Social Theory, the European Journal of Cultural Studies, and Patterns of Prejudice. She is a contributor to The Guardian, OpenDemocracy and Eurozine.

Her personal website is More information on The Crises of Multiculturalism can be found

Absorbing the Agony of Agonism? The Limits of Cultural Questioning and Alternative Variations of Intercultural Civility

Recently the political philosophy of agonism has been applied by urban theorists to model intercultural urban encounters in so called "micro-publics," such as the workplace or the classroom. The paper examines to what extend agonism offers a viable model for dealing with urban diversity in these mundane, social encounters. I will argue that, applied to these lower-level social contexts, agonism takes the vulnerability of citizens with regard to their ethnic, cultural or religious attachments insufficiently into account. The resulting injuries will most likely be counter-productive to the goal of living with diversity. By way of a contrast, I will offer two less demanding, more practicable types of intercultural civility.

Dr Bart van Leeuwen, Assistant Professor, Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands
Dr Bart van Leeuwen is an assistant professor of political theory at the Radboud University Nijmegen (in the Netherlands). He has published on racism, multiculturalism, and cultural diversity in journals such as Political Theory,European Journal of Social TheoryEthnicitiesSocial Theory and PracticeInquiryJournal of Social Philosophy. He is the author of a book and coeditor of a collection (both in Dutch) on issues relating to recognition and identity. His current research focuses on the promises and challenges of city-life for intercultural citizenship and on spatial justice.

Exposing Institutional Racism Within the Public Health System in Aotearoa

Institutional racism is incongruent with public health values of equity, social justice, and the upholding of Te Tiriti o Waitangi. My research findings uncovered entrenched and debilitating institutional racism within public health policy making and funding practices in Aotearoa. Systemic racism was first exposed within the New Zealand public sector in the 1980s with the release of the landmark Puao te Ata Tu report. Deeper historical delving and a review of Waitangi Tribunal claims exposed patterns of state discrimination against Maori dating back to 1840. Racism against Maori has over time become normalised to the point of invisibility.

Using activist scholarship, critical race and kaupapa Maori theory, my research, guided by a Maori research whanau (family), isolated ten distinct sites of institutional racism. These are also potentially potent sites for anti-racism interventions. This presentation will provide an overview of my doctoral findings and share the progress made so far by the public health sector to eliminate institutional racism within the administration of the public health sector by 2017.

Kia kaha, kia toa, kia manawanui

Dr Heather Came, Lecturer, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
Dr Heather Came is a recent graduate at Waikato Management School. She has a background in public health and anti-racism activism. She currently teaches public health at Auckland University of Technology. She is a seventh generation Pakeha New Zealander.

Twelve Months of Sustained Intergroup Bias Reduction: A 3-Year Longitudinal Experimental Field Study

Despite the fact that longitudinal research can track critical periods, test models of causal relationships, and provide evidence on optimal times for interventions to promote positive development (Sanson & Smart, 2011), this type of research had been surprisingly rare in the field of prejudice reduction. The current experiment addresses this gap by highlighting how long-term intergroup bias reduction can be successfully achieved with multiple sessions of a Dual Identity E-Contact (DIEC) intervention. Here, data from Muslim and Christian students attending religiously segregated high-schools was collected across three years: - Time 1 (pre-DIEC intervention) when they were in Year 7, Time 2 (2-weeks post-DIEC intervention) and Time 3 (6-months post-DIEC intervention) when they were in Year 8, and Time 4 (12-months post-DIEC intervention) when they were in Year 9. At each time point, Muslim (n = 92) and 96 Christian (n = 96) students completed measures of affective intergroup bias, intergroup anxiety, and outgroup knowledge. The findings reveal that the intergroup bias reduction observed among DIEC participants, compared to control participants at Time 2, are maintained at Time 4. However, when this main effect finding was investigated further, within religious group, the long-term bias reduction was found only amongst the Muslim DIEC students, and not the Christian DIEC students. Explanations for these interesting findings are evaluated and implications for future research are discussed.

Associate Professor Fiona White, Associate Dean, The Unviersity of Sydney, Australia
Associate Professor Fiona White received her PhD in Social and Developmental Psychology at the University of Sydney in 1997, since then, her work has been recognised internationally for developing new measures of prejudice, identifying sources of prejudice, and developing strategies for the effective long-term prejudice reduction. The quality of her contribution to the field of prejudice reduction is evidenced by her ability to attract competitive grant funding. Specifically, she been awarded funding by the ARC Discovery Project Scheme for a study of "Cooperative dual identity: A new approach to promote ethnic harmony between Muslim and non Muslim Australians." (2009-11). Across her career, Associate Professor White has published over 40 papers in peer-reviewed publications with over 500 citations and 60 conference presentations. These publications appear in high impact psychology journals including Journal of Applied PsychologyJournal of Experimental Social PsychologyJournal of Personality and Social Psychology and Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology. She has also been lead author on three editions of a developmental psychology textbook (White, Hayes & Livesey, 2005; 2010; 2013) that has had substantial national impact with over 14,000 copies sold. Associate Professor White also maintains a research active role in the scholarship of teaching having been awarded six highly competitive research-teaching grants. In recognition of the quality embodied by her contribution to the research scholarship of learning and teaching Associate Professor White was the successful recipient of the 2012 Vice Chancellor's Excellence in Teaching Award.

Contested Spaces and Shaken Identities: Schools as Sites of Racism and Intercultural Tensions

Schools have traditionally been constructed as conduits for learning in a safe and comfortable environment, free of any forms of psychological, verbal or physical abuse.  However, for many schools in multicultural Australia, the ability to create this safe learning environment has been undermined by a recent rise in society-wide intercultural tensions that inevitably permeate the school boundary.  Empirical data from a national project about racism among Australian youth provides evidence that these intercultural tensions are generating an unsettling level of racist attitudes and behaviours in Australian secondary schools. The argument pursued in this paper highlights schools, as (1) sites of intercultural relations that reflect wider societal tensions and cultural attitudes; and (2) as being paradoxically the optimal social microcosms with the potential to change social attitudes in particular in relation to diversity, culture and race. The paper will discuss some of the key intervention processes required for this transformative task to be undertaken successfully.

Alfred Deakin Professor Fethi Mansouri, Director, Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, Australia
Professor Fethi Mansouri holds a research chair in migration and intercultural studies and is the Director of the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation. He is the editor of the Journal of Intercultural Studies (Routledge) and founding co-editor of the International Journal of Social Inclusion (Librello). Professor Mansouri is a global expert advisor to the United Nations (Alliance of Civilisations) on cultural diversity and intercultural relations and UNESCO Chair in comparative research on 'Cultural Diversity and Social Justice'. He is a leading research in the University and a prominent scholar nationally and internationally.

Anti-Racism in the Real-World: The Challenges of Developing and Evaluating Anti-Racism Interventions 
The Localities Embracing and Accepting Diversity (LEAD) Project is a 4-year pilot. LEAD aims to build positive attitudes towards cultural diversity in the wider community and support local organisations to create fairer, more welcoming and inclusive environments. LEAD is particularly focussed on the benefits associated with implementing multiple anti-racism strategies within the same localities.

The evaluation of this intervention has been particularly challenging because of the need to develop practical strategies and tools based on research that is primarily theoretical in nature. The approach to the evaluation and the findings are discussed in terms of:

  • developing consensus understanding of racism in the local area
  • getting organisations to engage with anti-racism
  • developing an achievable anti-racism action plan
  • implementing anti-racism strategies
  • the impacts of anti-racism strategies

These findings have important implications for advancing scholarship on the development and delivery of anti-racism interventions.

Associate Professor Margaret Kelaher, Deputy Director, Centre for Health Policy, Programs and Economics, The University of Melbourne, Australia
Associate Professor Margaret Kelaher is Deputy Director of the Centre for Health Policy Programs and Economics, School of Population Health University of Melbourne. Margaret's work is at the forefront of research addressing the impact of anti-racism interventions on health. Margaret has established an international reputation research to improve health equity. Her work has a unique focus, bringing an action oriented and intervention based approach to understanding complex social issues and informing theory and health policy. She has attracted over $20 million in funding through competitive grants and tenders since starting at Centre for Health Policy, Programs and Economics (CHPPE) and has published over 90 peer reviewed journal articles.

Resisting Reconciliation? Keeping Conflict in View

Is reconciliation a process of masking conflict in order for it to be eradicated from the view, consciousness and responsibility of the state? Or should reconciliation be concerned with giving the conflict a sharper focus so that it may be addressed? Why do we focus on solutions rather than managing and embracing the issues that generate 'conflict'? This paper draws on the politics of 'post-conflict' societies to highlight the dangers that emanate from political efforts to bring about reconciliation and conflict resolution. Similar dangers are also apparent in approaches to social inclusion which want to assimilate the excluded to prevailing understandings of appropriate social, economic and cultural behaviour. Through analysis of the experiences of societies like South Africa and Northern Ireland, we contend that uncritical advocacy of reconciliation and the resolution of conflict risks losing sight of the centrality of conflict to the maintenance of identity and contestation around racial and cultural inequalities. The implications of this approach for Australia are profound. It suggests that approaches to indigenous politics focused on reconciliation are too concerned with making demands on the settler population many of which can be seen as irrelevant to the experiences and concerns of Indigenous people. Moreover, they neglect the significance of maintaining indigenous differences and the conflict that indigenous inequality engenders. A political narrative around keeping conflict in view potentially provides greater legitimacy to the need to highlight inequities around race and identity than approaches that are more focused on harmonious social and racial relations.

Professor Adrian Little, Head of School, Social and Political Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Australia
Professor Adrian Little is Professor of Political Theory and the Head of the School of Social and Political Sciences at the University of Melbourne. In addition to many articles and chapters, he is the author of several books including, most recently, Democratic Piety: Complexity, Conflict and Violence (Edinburgh University Press 2008), Democracy and Northern Ireland: Beyond the Liberal Paradigm? (Palgrave, 2004), The Politics of Community: Theory and Practice(Edinburgh University Press, 2002), and The Politics of Radical Democracy (co-edited with Moya Lloyd, Edinburgh University Press, 2009). His latest work is entitled Enduring Conflict: Challenging the Signature of Peace and Democracy(New York: Bloomsbury) will be published in 2014.

Dr Mark McMillan, Senior Lecturer, The University of Melbourne, Australia
Dr Mark McMillan is a Wiradjuri man from Trangie, NSW. He joined the faculty of Melbourne Law School as a Senior Lecturer in 2011 - being the first Indigenous Australian to be appointed to the faculty. Before he commenced at the Melbourne Law School, Mark was a Senior Researcher at the University of Technology, Sydney and a staff attorney at the Indigenous Peoples Law and Policy Program at the James E. Rogers College of Law at the University of Arizona. He served as an Appellate Judge, pro-tempore of the Pascua Yaqui Court of Appeals, Pascua Yaqui Tribe in Tucson, Arizona until his return to Australia in June 2011. He is currently working on a number of ARC grants relating to Indigenous nation building; one relating to reconciliation processes in South Africa and Northern Ireland to determine whether there are lessons for Australia as Australia moves to a federal constitutional amendment that might recognise Indigenous Australians in the document; and another relating to the 'Coranderrk' enquiry of 1881 - looking at how Australia's federation was influenced by particular Indigenous and non-Indigenous voices in Victoria. He recently received the National NAIDOC Scholar of the Year award for 2013.

Moving Beyond Diversity and Integration Discourses and Practices: The Many Faces of Contemporary Racisms and Insights From Intersectionality

In this paper I maintain that contemporary discourses of diversity and integration are boundary and hierarchy making, and constitute a significant face of contemporary racisms. As such they reproduce the very exclusions that they purport to deal with. Current uses of diversity and integration share a culturalisation of social relations (forestalling concerns with structures of inequality) and posit hierarchical difference (signalling good and bad difference), which stigmatises particular social categories, requiring their elimination either through exclusion or assimilation. The governmentality of the racialised subject found in imperial domination lies in the dehumanisation of the other as 'species', whether articulated through biological or culturally determined ascriptions and attributions. The figurations of the diverse can include the racialised which cannot be fully assimilated on the premise that they can never demonstrate their ability to be 'one of us'. Some of the 'diverse' can become assimilable but some are regarded as incapable, a danger or threat, deviant and deficient. It is in the tropes of 'diversity' and integration, that we can excavate some of the primary faces of contemporary racism. The paper explores anti racist strategies and perspectives which build on insights from intersectionality and move away from the boundary and hierarchy making of diversity and integration discourse and policies.

Professor Floya Anthias, Professor of Sociology, University of East London, United Kingdom
Professor Floya Anthias is Professor of Sociology at University of East London, Professor of Sociology and Social Justice (Emeritus) at Roehampton University and Visiting Professor at City Universiry, London. Among her books are the following: Racialised Boundaries (Routledge1993), Ethnicity, Class, Gender and Migration (Ashgate1992), Gender and Migration in Southern Europe: women on the move, (Berg 2000), Rethinking antiracisms: from theory to practice(Routledge 2002), Paradoxes of Integration (Springer 2012) and Contesting Integration, Engendering Migration, (Palgrave, forthcoming). Her most recent work has been developing the concept of translocational positionality, and new approaches to anti-racisms and social stratification.

The Role of Identity in the Everyday Politics of Anti-Racism

This paper argues that at the heart of anti-racism, collective action and social change is a complex dynamic between social identities and representations of difference that both produces and unsettles 'race' (and so racism) as a meaningful and consequential social category. We discuss the ways in which racialising categories, expectations about difference and fears about cultural diversity are incorporated, sustained and sometimes challenged and transformed in the on-going production of identity - and so consider the possibilities for unsettling 'race', producing more politicised identities and enabling productive social change. We draw on social representations theory to examine the connections between identity, representation and possibilities for social change, and illustrate this with empirical material from research in community and school contexts. We argue that rather then look for 'racist' OR 'anti-racist' discourses and practices in the everyday, we seek a more dialectical understanding of the ways in which the some seemingly 'anti-racist' strategies may actually sustain 'race' and essentalising representations of difference. Hence racist and anti-racist practices do not simply appear as a tidy binary, but are part of a complex, contextually bound dialectic that produces and challenges the production of race, racialised identities and possibilities for social and political change.

Associate Professor Caroline Howarth, Associate Professor, London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom
Associate Professor Caoline Howarth believes her search for a critical Social Psychology has its roots in her childhood growing up in the culturally divided contexts of Australia, Fiji, Papua New Guinea and Kenya. However it was living and teaching in apartheid South Africa that really shaped her quest for a Social Psychology that is theoretically and methodologically rigorous enough to ask and answer the important questions of our time: what are the social and psychological conditions for social change, political engagement and constructive intercultural relations? How can we use Social Psychological studies not only to understand the complexities of the worlds we live and produce, but also to promote social change and improved social conditions? Associate Professor Howarth debates, teachs and undertakes research in these issues at the London School of Economics and Political Science in courses on multiculturalism, racism, community, research methods and Social and Political Psychology.

Intergroup Dialogue: Facilitating Restorative Communication for Conflict Engagement

In this presentation, Dr Nagda will focus on the theory, practice and research of intergroup dialogue.  Building on and extending the tradition of intergroup contact, intergroup dialogue seeks to engage participants from diverse backgrounds to explore, understand and transform intergroup conflicts. Participants meet in sustained, facilitated, face-to-face interactions with an explicit purpose of grounding their learning and conversations in issues of societal conflict.  Participants meet in sustained, facilitated, face-to-face interactions with an explicit purpose of grounding their learning and conversations in issues of societal conflict. I argue that intergroup dialogue is one method of restorative conflict engagement by embracing four principles: conflict is embedded in social structures - systems of power and privilege - that affect individuals, groups, and interpersonal relationships; the macro-level injustices manifest in intergroup interactions and coalitions; intergroup conflict engagement is a potentially positive experience; and to leverage the positive potential, attention must be paid to specific ways of engaging conflicts constructively. Thus, rather than conflict management or resolution, intergroup dialogue takes a conflict transformation approach promoting restorative justice.

I will share results from a multi-university, mixed methods field study to test the intergroup dialogue model. College students applying to intergroup dialogue courses were randomly assigned to dialogue groups and control groups. Quantitative data from the project showed young people engaged in intergroup dialogue increased more in their skills in working with conflict immediately after the intergroup dialogue and a year later when compared to a matched control group of non-participants. Furthermore, facilitative guidance and engagement in dialogic and critical communication processes predicted the increase in skills in working with conflict. Qualitative data speak to how young people translate their learning about conflict to social change actions.
The presentation will end with a discussion of implications for both practice and research, focusing especially on more deeply understanding the quality of social interactions as restorative justice processes that facilitate conflict transformation and collaborative social change.

Professor Biren (Ratnesh) A. Nagda, Director, Intergroup Dialogue, Education and Action Centre, University of Washington, USA
Profesor Ratnesh Nagda is Professor of Social Work at the University of Washington, Seattle. He is the Director of the Bachelor of Arts in Social Welfare (BASW) Program and the Director of the Intergroup Dialogue, Education and Action (IDEA) Center. Professor Nagda is of Indian descent, born and raised in Kenya, East Africa, before going to the United States for undergraduate and graduate studies. He received his BS and MA in psychology, MSW in social work, and PhD in social work and psychology, all from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He has been on faculty at the University of Washington School of Social Work since 1996. He has been a Visiting Scholar at the Desmond Tutu Peace Center (2005), the Global Development for Peace and Leadership (2007) and the University of Cape Town, all in South Africa, and at the University of Michigan Program on Intergroup Relations (2011-2012) in Ann Arbor, Michigan.


ThemeIndividual and institutional anti-racism

The Inadequacies of Legal System's Approach to Tackling Racism

The law has prohibited discrimination on the basis of race in Australia for over 30 years. The law perceives race discrimination as a one-off event and provides an individual who experiences race discrimination with redress, usually compensation. However, there are problems with the way the law has been interpreted and how it is enforced. These problems discourage people from using the law to obtain redress, particularly people who have experienced race discrimination. Further, the law's perception of discrimination as an isolated event means it can only have a limited effect on targeting institutional race discrimination or the causes of racism. In this paper, I will outline the law's approach to addressing race discrimination and present reforms which would increase its ability to tackle institutional discrimination and promote equality.

Dr Dominique Allen, Senior Lecturer, School of Law, Deakin University, AustraliaDr Dominique Allen is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Law at Deakin University. She has published widely on Australian anti-discrimination law. Dr Allen completed her doctoral thesis at Melbourne Law School which evaluated Australia's existing anti-discrimination protections and proposed a series of reforms for improving the law's effectiveness at tackling discrimination and promoting equality. With Neil Rees and Simon Rice, she is the co-author of Australian Anti-Discrimination Law Texts, Cases and Materials (Second edition, Federation Press, forthcoming 2013).

One Parramatta - Addressing Racism in Western Sydney

One Parramatta is a project managed by All Together Now to address interpersonal racism in Parramatta. It provides people with information about how to speak up when they witness racism and encourages them to reflect on their behaviour towards people of different ethnicities. The project achieves this through creating seven one-minute voxpops by interviewing passers-by on the street about their understanding of racism, multiculturalism and diversity. These films are screened at Parramatta Event Cinema over 12 months.

With an initial investment of $50,000 from the Department of Immigration and Citizenship, we quadrupled this to $250,000 of project value by leveraging the credibility provided by the grant to secure business, community and volunteer support. From this investment we helped raise the racial literacy of people in the Parramatta region of NSW. People who were interviewed on the street and subsequently involved in the project reported that they had a better understanding of what racism is and increased confidence in speaking up (demonstrated by them speaking up when they've witnessed racism).

In addition, as a result of simply watching an episode of One Parramatta at the cinema:

  • 80% of survey respondents said they understand racism more
  • 85% of survey respondents said they are more likely to be welcoming of other cultures.

Ms Priscilla Brice, Managing Director, All Together Now, AustraliaMs Priscilla Brice is the founder and Managing Director of All Together Now, Australia's only national charity that has a sole focus of addressing racism. Ms Brice was recently awarded a University of Western Sydney Community Award for establishing the One Parramatta project and All Together Now more broadly. Ms Brice is also a NSW finalist for a 2013 Churchill Fellowship to investigate and learn from antiracism NGOs in Europe and North America.  Ms Brice has several years of experience managing social marketing projects, with a particular focus on online social media. She completed a Graduate Certificate in Social Impact at the University of NSW in 2011 and the Sydney Leadership Program in 2008.

Evaluating the Mental Health Impacts of An Anti-Racism Intervention for Children and Young People

The Building Bridges initiative was designed to promote positive cross-cultural interactions among young people and improve the mental health of migrant populations by addressing race-based discrimination. The evaluation examined characteristics of participants, the environment for intercultural contact, attitudes to people from other cultures and psychological factors. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected.

The analysis showed that attitudes to intercultural relationships remained the same or improved marginally for people who self-identified as 'other than Australian' over the course of the intervention. However, attitudes to intercultural relationships declined for people with self-identified Australian identity bringing them in closer alignment with the attitudes of participants with nationalities other than Australian. There was also evidence of positive effects on mental wellbeing with particular improvements for people with ethnicities other than Australian. Overall, the results suggest of a shift in power relations between the populations involved, which had positive health effects.

Overall, Building Bridges was a pilot program that benefited the individuals, organisations and community involved and yielded important lessons about the implementation of pro-diversity programs for young people. The evaluation findings challenged assumptions about the impact of living in a multicultural society on intercultural relations and contribute to our understanding of pro-diversity interventions.

Ms Angeline Ferdinand, Research Fellow, The University of Melbourne, AustraliaMs Angeline Ferdinand's main interests lie in the health of disadvantaged populations. She is particularly interested in the health and well-being of refugee and other immigrant populations as well as the effects of and approaches to intersectional systems of discrimination and oppression. She has strong research skills in both quantitative and qualitative research methods as applied to the areas of health inequities and inequalities, program evaluation and knowledge translation and exchange.

Associate Professor Margaret Kelaher, Deputy Director, Centre for Health Policy, Programs and Economics, The University of Melbourne, Australia
Associate Professor Margaret Kelaher has internationally recognised expertise in the design, conduct and evaluation of complex interventions, including an action oriented and intervention based approach to understanding complex social issues and informing theory, health policy and social change projects.

Associate Professor Yin Paradies, Deputy Director, Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, AustraliaAssociate Professor Yin Paradies is an Australian Research Council Future Fellow and Deputy Director of the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation at Deakin University. He was formally head of the Anti-racism and Diversity Studies Program at the McCaughey Centre in the School of Population Health, University of Melbourne. Associate Professor Paradies conducts interdisciplinary research on the health, social and economic effects of racism as well as anti-racism theory, policy and practice.

Dr Deborah Warr, VicHealth Research Fellow, The University of Melbourne, Australia
Dr Deborah Warrs's research focuses on settings of place-based disadvantage and includes inquiry-based, evaluation and community driven projects. This work considers the area effects of poverty and place-based disadvantage for health-related outcomes, socio-spatial polarisation and fragmentation in urban environments, associations between place and access to social capital and vulnerability to social exclusion.

Cyber Racism as an Emerging Policy Challenge: Australia's Approaches Within an Comparative International Context

The spread of racism through the use of the Internet and social media in particular is accelerating markedly. Australia has seen the emergence of a series of ad hoc and disconnected responses, and lack of response, that reflect the many layers of challenge in policy the area provokes. This paper reviews the Australian responses to date set against initiatives developed by international and regional organisations of government, NGOs, and civil society networks. By categorising the types of issues, the types of responses, and the challenges left outstanding, the paper contributes to understanding racism as a contemporary trans- national phenomenon. In particular the multi-disciplinary analytical framework points to a multi-dimensional set of responses, some of which in Australia, North America and Europe will be reviewed.

Professor Andrew Jakubowicz, Professor of Sociology, University of Technology Sydney, AustraliaProfessor Andrew Jakubowicz is Professor of Sociology and Co-director of the Cosmopolitan Civil Societies Research Centre at the University of Technology Sydney. He is the editor with Dr Christina Ho of "For those who've come across the seas...:Australian Multicultural Theory Policy and Practice, Australian Scholarly Press, Melbourne 2013. He currently works with SBS on the development of multicultural documentaries, and advises and appears in the series Once Upon a Time in Cabramatta (with other places to follow), which won the 2013 NY Film and TV Festival aUNDPI gold award. He writes regularly for The Conversation  and his own blog is at

'Racial Literacy': Reflections on Race Pedagogy and the Classroom - or 'What do you mean I'm white'

When it comes to race education and anti-racism, what would be required to create potentially transformative pedagogy? This paper draws on personal experiences of creating a subject around racial literacy theory and implementing it in university classrooms.

Currently there is a significant gap between critical race and whiteness scholarship and understandings of race and racism in the wider community. Comprehensive work on studying and theorising race has yet to become effectively integrated into our education systems.  Racial literacy research attempts to decode the 'discursive and performative systems' of race. It offers an approach for articulating informed critiques, providing a potential framework for effective ways to teach and talk about race. Skills involve learning and communicating through images, language and texts, with an awareness of power relations influencing identity formation, society and institutions.  Racial literacy speaks to multi-modal teaching specifically designed to ask why racism persists and how it operates in contemporary contexts. This paper examines the strategies and challenges of engaging with racialised representations, pop culture, social media, theory and historical archives to 'open' debate and elicit critical questions. It explores student responses, positionality, privilege and the emotions which can trigger in attempting to get 'real about race'.

Dr Odette Kelada, Lecturer, The Univesity of Melbourne, Australia
Dr Odette Kelada is a lecturer in Australian Indigenous Studies at the University of Melbourne. Dr Kelada researches and publishes on whiteness, race and gender in Australian writing and the arts. Key interests include the constructions of nation, body and identity in creative representations and the teaching of racial literacy. She has presented jointly with Nyungar artist Dianne Jones in the U.S. on race pedagogy and Indigenous art in the classroom to promote antiracist learning and is currently forging networks on racial literacy. She has recently co-edited a special issue of the Journal of Intercultural Studies on transnational and cross cultural performance and publications include 'The Urban Frontier and the Abduction of the Racialised Body' (Journal of Postcolonial Studies), 'The Stolen River: Possession and Race Representation in Grenville's Colonial Narrative (JASAL), 'Opening the Wild Room: Encounters with the National Galleries' (Artlink Indigenous Issue), and 'White Blindness: A National Emergency' (ACRAWSA Journal).

The National Anti-Racism Stategy

The National Anti-Racism Strategy 2012-15 is led by the Race Discrimination Commissioner at the Australian Human Rights Commission and supported by a partnership of government and community bodies

The Strategy's objectives are to:

> create awareness of racism and how it affects individuals and the broader community

> identify, promote and build on good practice initiatives to prevent and reduce racism, and

> empower communities and individuals to take action to prevent and reduce racism and to seek redress when it occurs.

A key initiative of the Strategy is the "Racism. It Stops with Me" campaign. To date, over 180 organisations in business, sport, education, government and civil society have become signatories to the campaign and committed to taking a stand against racism.

Ms Rivkah Nissim, Principal Adviser (Race Discrimination) Australian Human Rights Commission, Australia

Ms Rivkah Nissim is the Principal Adviser, Race Discrimination at the Australian Human Rights Commission where she manages the National Anti-Racism Strategy and the 'Racism. It Stops with Me' campaign. She came to the Commission from a senior policy advisory role at the Victorian Equal Opportunity and Human Rights Commission with a particular focus on racial discrimination and vilification. Ms Nissim has previously worked in policy and project management roles in the non-government sector in areas including disability, family violence and housing.

Talking Culture? Egalitarianism, Colour-Blindness and Racism in Australian Primary Schools

A widespread approach to issues of ethnic-racial diversity is colour-blindness. Such an approach is often linked to fears of being considered racist and uncertainty about whether noticing or discussing racial/ethnic differences is appropriate within everyday contexts. Although found to increase prejudice in some studies (Pahlke et al. 2012), colour-blindness is a key anti-racist strategy used in schools as a way to demonstrate that everyone is equal regardless of race, ethnicity or culture. However, little is known about how different colour-blind approaches relate to egalitarian messages in the context of children's ethnic-racial socialisation. Drawing on focus groups and classroom observations with 8-12 year old children in four primary schools across metropolitan Melbourne, this paper considers how colour-blindness (Knowles et al. 2004) and 'colour-muteness' (Pollock 2004) intersect with egalitarian messages about racism and cultural diversity used by teachers. We conclude that understanding how colour-blind and egalitarian approaches are used by teachers to discuss race, racism and cultural diversity is crucial for developing school-based interventions that support teachers to counter racism and promote positive intercultural relations.

Dr Jessica Walton, Research Fellow, Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, Australia
Dr Jessica Walton is a Research Fellow in racism, anti-racism and diversity studies. She received her B.A. (Honours) in anthropology at the University of Virginia (USA) and completed her Ph.D. at the University of Newcastle (NSW). Her current research involves developing approaches to promote intercultural understanding and reduce racism in schools and examining how race and culture are learnt and conceptualised in everyday contexts. Her research interests also include identity, belonging, migration and the lived experience of transnational adoption.  

Dr Naomi Priest, Senior Research Fellow, University of Melbourne, Australia
Dr Naomi Priest is a Senior Research Fellow and program leader in racism, child public health and health inequalities at the University of Melbourne. Her disciplinary background is in public health and her current research is focused on addressing child health inequalities through combating racism and promoting diversity and inclusion. She is also conducting research to understand how school-aged children are socialised to think about race and culture.

Associate Professor Yin Paradies, Deputy Director, Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, Australia
Associate Professor Yin Paradies is an Australian Research Council Future Fellow and Deputy Director of the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation at Deakin University. He was formally head of the Anti-racism and Diversity Studies Program at the McCaughey Centre in the School of Population Health, University of Melbourne. Associate Professor Paradies conducts interdisciplinary research on the health, social and economic effects of racism as well as anti-racism theory, policy and practice.

Taking Action Against Racism: Restorative Justice or Unjust Responsibility?

Some research has indicated that taking action in the face of discrimination can be protective for health, and a key plank of anti-racism policy and practice has been the provision of mechanisms for people to act on and make complaints about their experience of discrimination. However, this can place the responsibility at the feet of the person experiencing unfair treatment to identify and highlight sources of discrimination, and there is some evidence that as well as positive outcomes, there can also be negative health and other consequences for those who take action in the face of discrimination. This paper will drawing on interviews with 142 Aboriginal people who report experiencing racism, and will discuss the actions taken by people in response to their experiences. It will explore barriers and facilitators to taking action, and the health and wellbeing and other effects of taking this action.  The paper will conclude with a discussion of the implications of these findings for anti-racism policy and practice.

Dr Anna Ziersch, Senior Research Fellow, Southgate Institute for Health, Society and Equity, Flinders University, AustraliaDr Anna Ziersch is a Senior Research Fellow in the Southgate Institute for Health, Society and Equity at Flinders University and is an Australian Research Council Future Fellow currently exploring the links between stigma and discrimination, social inclusion and health and wellbeing. She has published qualitative and quantitative papers on the experience of racism by Aboriginal people living in urban areas and the health and wellbeing effects of these experiences. She is also working on research relating to stigma and discrimination on the basis of other characteristics including housing tenancy, refugee status, disability, and HIV status.

Dr Gilbert Gallaher, Senior Research Fellow, Flinders University, Australia
Dr Gilbert Gallaher is an Aboriginal man with over 15 years experience as a clinician, administrator, teacher and researcher within the Australian health care industry. Dr Gallaher's research interests employ psycho-analytic theories of 'race' and 'whiteness' to deconstruct and interrogate racialised discourses, ideologies and experiences. Dr Gallaher is especially interested in the concept of internalized racism. Dr Gallaher holds full academic status as a Senior Research Fellow at Flinders University

Professor Fran Baum, Matthew Flinders Distinguished Professor, Flinders University, AustraliaProfessor Fran Baum is Matthew Flinders Distinguished Professor and an ARC Federation Fellow at Flinders University, Adelaide. She is also Foundation Director of the Southgate Institute for Health, Society and Equity. She is a member of the Global Steering Council of the People's Health Movement (www. also served as a Commissioner on the World Health Organisation's Commission on the Social Determinants of Health from 2005-08. She is a Fellow of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia and of the Australian Health Promotion Association. She is a past National President and Life Member of the Public Health Association of Australia.

Dr Katheryne Browne-Yung, Research Associate, , Southgate Institute for Health, Society and Equity, Flinders University, AustraliaDr Kathryn Browne-Yung is a research associate in the Southgate Institute for Health, Society and Equity at Flinders University. Her research interests include exploring neighborhoods as social determinants of health and the impact of capital resources on the health, wellbeing and life opportunities of disadvantaged groups.

Associate Professor Wendy Edmondson, Deputy Director, Poche Centre for Indigenous Health and Wellbeing, AustraliaAssociate Professor Wendy Edmondson, a Badimia Aboriginal woman, is the Deputy Director of the Poche Centre for Indigenous Health and Wellbeing. She has worked in the Indigenous arena for a total of 35 years, in the areas of educations, the arts, and for the last 15 years, in Indigenous medical education and the Aboriginal community controlled health sector. Associate Professor Edmondson is the former CEO of the Aboriginal Health Council of South Australia, and Wirraka Maya Aboriginal Medical Service, in the Pilbara. In 2010, she was awarded a Churchill Fellowship to investigate factors contributing to improved life expectancy in Indigenous populations in Canada and the USA.

The 'Hollow' Subject of Islamophobia

In this paper, I look at the emergence of the English Defence League (EDL) and its declaration that it is not a racist organisation, through its verbal championing of multiculturalism and its promoting of its coloured and Asian members. However, the EDL is deeply Islamophobic and articulates a racial hierarchy between Europe and Muslim non-Europe. This allows it to reaffirm racial pathologies via describing the targeted Muslim. The Muslim comes to stand in for racism's inferior Other who represents a threat to social order, and is savage, dim and incapable of integration. Despite its attitudes towards Muslims, the EDL claims to traverse today's racism through its anti-racist rhetoric, claiming that it only targets an ideology and that Muslims are not a race. The EDL's Islamophobia thus contradictorily chooses, at any ideal moment, the point of its criticism. It can highlight the Muslim's ethnicity, religion, values, and location or population. It is all tacked together as one un-decidaded subject within an ideological narrative that constitutes age-old racist discourses without the racial body. This particular form of racism, via Islamophobia, is able to be done because the Muslim subject of their Islamophobe is neither purely ethnic or purely religious. It is, as stated, an 'undecided' entity. It can thus participate in both racist and anti-racist rhetoric befitting what Howard Winant sees as the persistence of racism in a post-racial and globalised twenty-first century. I ask the question how our continual attempts to counter stereotypes about Muslims, and curb discriminatory practices, can take into the account the persistent nature of racism and its adaptability.

Mr Yassir Morsi, International Centre for Muslim and Non-Muslim Understanding, University of South Australia, Australia
Mr Yassir Morsi recently submitted his PhD at the University of Melbourne in political science and Islamic studies where he looked at contemporary liberal thought and its dealings with/production of the 'Muslim question'. His research engaged with a broad range of critical theorists to question whether liberalism's 'ontological' assumptions of an abstract subject creates an irrational excess that is projected onto the Muslim Other. Using Nietzsche's Birth of tragedy, Mr Morsi's thesis examined the culturally formed discursive of the 'war on terror', and its narrating of September 11. He describes September 11 as a Dionysian event. Its terror was an surplus of colonial violence and the global market's unarticulated 'drunkenness'. However, western mainstream media, in film and documentaries, commonly represses the Dionysian qualities of September 11. Instead, they often see September 11 as an Apollonian event where terrorism becomes an articulation of clean binaries, and the rationalisation of a clash between caricatures: the liberal self against the religious other. Mr Morsi is currently working on defining Islamophobia by looking at the political problem Muslims pose as ambivalent citizens of a liberal state, due to Islam's ontological potential to create new political actors. Mr Morsi's academic influences come from critical theories - with a stress on psychoanalysis and postcolonial theory - and orthodox sufi thought. He deals mostly with Muslim minority struggles within liberal majorities. He looks at how traditional Muslim articulations, imaginations, or representations of Islam's struggle against democratic and progressive narratives.

Theme: Anti-racist collective action and social change

Antiracism 'From Below': The Significance of Infrapolitics in Understanding Racism and Resistance

Everyday antiracism continues to be an underdeveloped area in racism and antiracism research that tends to focus on formal institutional antiracism projects. There is little work being conducted on the modes of resistance undertaken by individuals victimised by racism and who are unaffiliated with activist organisations; missing the complex manner in which racism is negotiated and managed in everyday life. In this paper I discuss findings from my ethnographic research, conducted between 2008 and 2012, with Filipino migrants living in Sydney that examined their experience of everyday racism and everyday antiracism. Specifically, the findings advance research into the ways individuals cope with racism in quotidian routine experiences of racist domination and marginalisation. This paper shares the range of material and discursive coping mechanisms employed by Filipino migrants, including socio-economic capital like money and consumption practices, education, intergenerational and transnational mobility; to more social forms like language and claiming citizenship rights; or those classified as modes of popular culture like dress, body tattooing, sport, and discourses of love. I argue that such infrapolitics - the daily confrontations, evasive actions, and repositioning of identities outside of a victimhood status - have important implications for understanding the manner in which racism injures in the most personal ways but, moreover, can contribute to better grasping processes of resistance against racism and the transformation or maintenance of power relations.

Dr Kristine Aquino, Department of Sociology, Macquarie University, Australia
Dr Kristine Aquino recently completed her PhD in Sociology at Macquarie University. Her research interests include migration and multiculturalism, race and ethnicity in everyday life, and antiracism. She currently lectures and tutors in sociology at Macquarie University and undertakes research consultations with the community and NGO sector in Western Sydney.

Talking Back: Journalism Training as a Response to Media Racism

Can journalism training enable disadvantaged communities to develop an effective media voice? Sudanese peoples have been represented in a systematically negative way in Melbourne newspapers (Nolan et al. 2011). This paper reports the results of a journalism training project for Sudanese Australians conducted in Melbourne over a three year period, and aimed at enabling participants to develop a media voice through engagement with the mainstream media and also through alternative media practices. Recent work addressing concepts of voice stressed the necessary relationship between 'speaking' and 'listening', and such work has proved highly relevant to this project. This paper explores how participants felt negative media representations affected their everyday lives, and their desire to develop resources to counter perceived racism. The project found participants in the training felt empowered to engage with mainstream media in new ways, and on their own terms, using strategies that included producing media, engaging with mainstream practitioners, and strategically disengaging with media approaches. While voice is important, this paper also explores how participants in this project also placed strong emphasis of the importance of being listened to, and considers the importance of the interrelationship, for public representation of racialised minority groups, of speaking and being heard.

Ms Aisling Bailey, Tutor, Faculty of Life and Social Sciences, Swinburne University,Australia
Ms Aisling Bailey is a Tutor of Sociology in the Faculty of Life and Social Sciences at Swinburne University of Technology in Melbourne and Research Assistant in the Centre for Advancing Journalism at the University of Melbourne. Her research interests include community, wellbeing, reciprocity and environmentalism.

Associate Professor Karen Farquharson, Associate Dean (Research), Faculty of Life and Social Sciences, Swinburne UniversityAustralia
Associate Professor Karen Farquharson is Associate Dean (Research) and Associate Professor of Sociology in the Faculty of Life and Social Sciences at Swinburne University of Technology in Melbourne, Australia. Her research interests lie in the areas of race, ethnicity, media and sport.

Dr David NolanSenior Lecturer, The University of MelbourneAustralia
Dr David Nolan is Senior Lecturer in Media and Communications at Melbourne University. He researches in the area of journalism and media studies, and his work particularly on the role of shifting media discourses, environments and practices in contemporary social politics.

Professor Tim Marjoribanks, Head, Department of Management, La Trobe University, Australia
Professor Tim Marjoribanks is Head of the Department of Management in the La Trobe Business School at La Trobe University. His research interests lie in the areas of organisational transformation across a range of industries.

Dr Denis Muller, Research Fellow, Centre for Advancing Journalism, The University of Melbourne, Australia
Dr Dennis Muller is a leading expert on media ethics and worked as a journalist for 27 years including Assistant Editor at The Sydney Morning Herald and Associate Editor at The Age. Since 1995 he has conducted independent social and policy research across education, health, environment and media fields. Dr Muller is a Fellow at Melbourne University's Centre for Advancing Journalism.

Is Upholding Human Rights Economically Viable? Anti-racism as a Case Study

Racial discrimination is a violation of human rights as specified by the U.N. Charter for the elimination of all forms of racial discrimination. However, it continues to exist in many countries. Although most nations have ratified the charter, compliance has been limited by economic and political considerations. This has led to increasing debate among rights groups, policy makers, and academics. In the human rights literature, freedom from discrimination is considered an integral part of the self-evident rights of a person; the enforcement of which requires no further argument. In economics, the emphasis has been on the utilitarian aspect, with rights treated as institutional instruments for an economic end, (e.g. happiness or satisfaction). In this paper, we argue that freedom from discrimination requires reasonable consideration and its realisation is of serious relevance to society. Drawing on Amartya Sen's (2004) ethics framework, which divides the elements of human rights into 'perfect' and 'imperfect' obligations, we develop an efficiency argument for anti-racism policy. The purpose is to formulate a strategy that assesses the extent to which anti-racism policy can be furthered to prevent violation of the right to freedom from discrimination.

Mr Amanuel E. Habtegiorgis, PhD Candidate, Deakin University, Australia
Mr Amanuel Habtegiorgis has a Masters in Economics (from Monash University) and BA in Economics (from Asmara University). He is currently completing a PhD thesis in health economics and am working as a research assistant at the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University. Mr Habtegiorgis' research interests are on the quantitative methods of measuring labour market outcomes for minority groups, the economic impacts of racism/racial discrimination in relation to health outcomes.  He is currently doing research in an ARC-linkage project on racial discrimination which will involve the relationship between racial discrimination and labour market outcomes; the estimation of the economic cost of racial discrimination to the Australian economy; and cost-benefit analysis of anti-racism intervention (Localities Embracing and Accepting Diversity (LEAD), a VicHealth  program in Victorian). Other projects include the development of methods to assess diversity and labour market performance of immigrants, analysis of empirical and measurement issues in labour market discrimination as well as investigation of discrimination in different sectors based on race, ethnicity and gender.

Associate Professor Yin Paradies, Deputy Director, Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, AustraliaAssociate Professor Yin Paradies is an Australian Research Council Future Fellow and Deputy Director of the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation at Deakin University. He was formally head of the Anti-racism and Diversity Studies Program at the McCaughey Centre in the School of Population Health, University of Melbourne. Associate Professor Paradies conducts interdisciplinary research on the health, social and economic effects of racism as well as anti-racism theory, policy and practice.

Associate Professor Margaret Kelaher, Deputy Director, Centre for Health Policy, Programs and Economics, The University of Melbourne, Australia
Associate Professor Margaret Kelaher has internationally recognised expertise in the design, conduct and evaluation of complex interventions, including an action oriented and intervention based approach to understanding complex social issues and informing theory, health policy and social change projects.

Dr Alan Shiell, Chief Executive Officer, The Centre of Excellence in Intervention and Prevention Science, AustraliaAlan Shiell is the Chief Executive Officer of the Centre of Excellence in Intervention and Prevention Science (CEIPS): a new public health research capacity in Melbourne, Australia. CEIPS was established to work with the Victorian Department of Health to help in the design, implementation and evaluation of the state's efforts to build a prevention system. The Centre is pioneering the use of systems theory and systems methods to promote population health. Alan is an economist with degrees from the Universities of London, York and Sydney. He has a long-standing interest in the economics of health promotion and a research agenda that combines efforts to expand the evidence base to support investment in public health with work that interrogates the assumptions economists bring to the evaluation of public health interventions. Prior to returning to Australia he was Professor of Public Health Economics at the University of Calgary, where he held a Health Scientist award from the Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research and an Applied Chair in Public Health co-funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Public Health Agency of Canada.

The Quest for Justice: Young Men of African Background Responding to Racial Profiling

The young police accountability clients of Flemington Kensington Community Legal Centre have courageously undertaken anti-racist action to challenge and change discriminatory policing practices in Victoria. These courageous young men of African background embarked on legal action to change things for their and future generations, even when others told them it was not possible.

This paper will discuss how six brave young men from Flemington held individual police officers, the Chief Commissioner of Victoria police and the State of Victoria to account for racial profiling and in doing so exposed systemic issues within the policing practices in the inner northern suburbs of Melbourne. It will also discuss what we learnt through the litigation process, including evidence of racially profiling and disturbing trends in cross cultural training. The outcome of the court proceedings has provoked much needed discussion on the importance of remaining ever vigilant and courageous in our quest for a society free of racism.

Ms Chantelle Higgs, Youth Engagement Officer, Flemington Kensington Community Legal Centre, AustraliaMs Chantelle Higgs has ten years of experience working with young people experiencing marginalization, including newly arrived young people of refugee background as well as second and later generation Australians. During this time she has delivered, developed and coordinated innovative programs that increase young people's social capital, thereby empowering them to engage positively with the wider community.

At Flemington Kensington Community Legal Centre Chantelle's role has involved supporting the brave police accountability clients in their quest to uphold human rights and to address systemic racism and racial discrimination in the Victoria Police force. She also recently completed her Sociology Masters (by research) on how young people in Melbourne's inner west negotiate visible difference, whiteness, gender and class.

Rethinking Online Racism: Racist Provocation and Acts of Cultural Citizenship on YouTube

While social media tools enable new kinds of creativity, cultural expression and forms of public, civic and political participation, we often hear more about the harms that arise from instances of trolling and 'aberrant' online participation, including racist provocation. In this paper, we will contend that whilst racism remains an issue in social media platforms such as You Tube, this focus often overshadows the platform's productive potential, its capacity to generate agonistic publics from which expressions of cultural citizenship and solidarity might emerge. We examine these issues through a case study of a Maori 'flash mob' haka performed in a New Zealand shopping centre in 2011 and uploaded to YouTube. Through qualitative analysis of the video's comments field over a three month period, we discuss the prevalence of vitriolic exchange and racial bigotry, but also, and more importantly, the productive defence of Maori and Polynesian cultural identification. Drawing on theories of networked publics, Isin and Nielsen's concept of 'acts of citizenship', and the political theory of Chantal Mouffe, we argue that an 'agonistic' public is formed, where acts of racism and hatred provoke counter-formations which support and celebrate cultural difference.

Dr Anthony McCosker, Lecturer, Faculty of Life and Social Sciences at Swinburne University, AustraliaDr Anthony McCosker, lectures in Media and Communications in the Faculty of Life and Social Sciences at Swinburne University, Melbourne, Australia. His research explores media affect, conflict, digital and visual cultures and social media practices and publics. He is author of the book Intensive Media: Aversive Affect and Visual Culture (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), and he has published a number of book chapters and articles in journals such as Information, Communication and SocietySexualitiesContinuum and Transformations.

Dr Amelia Johns, Research Fellow, Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, Australia
Dr Amelia Johns completed a PhD in Cultural Studies at the University of Melbourne in 2012. Her PhD explored experiences of intercultural contact between youth in multicultural urban space, and how these encounters produce racism, intolerance and violent conflict alongside 'hybrid' identifications and expressions of belonging. Her work has been published in the journals Continuum: Journal of Media and Culture, and will also be appearing in a forthcoming book,Critical Youth Studies for the 21st Century. Her current research reflects an interest in young people's experiences of new media as spaces where social and cultural identity, citizenship and experiences of embodiment are resituated and transformed. She is also interested in exploring the role that religiosity might play in these processes.

Bringing Population-Environment Debates into Australian Anti-Racism Research and Practice

Immigrants have long been blamed for contributing to the socio-economic challenges facing 'Australians', including unemployment and housing affordability. However, environmentalism is emerging as an increasingly prominent, but under-explored, premise for anti-immigration sentiments and racism. Advocates of reduced immigration on environmental grounds have been accused of racism - or at least of playing into the hands of groups with openly racist agendas. Meanwhile academics and commentators concerned by the potential for racism to flourish in the name of environmentalism have been charged with inappropriately playing the 'racism card' in what should be an 'objective' environmental debate. This already heated topic will no doubt become even more significant in the future. Climate change places considerable pressure on Australian households to consume resources more modestly, raising the question: could Australians keep consuming at current levels, if we closed the immigration gates? Immigrants are thus being confronted with the additional burden of blame for environmental woes and for a perceived new threat to Australian lifestyles. A resurgent Australian nationalism and contemporary population-environment debates are inherently linked. In this paper, I argue that Australian anti-racism scholars need to engage more fulsomely with environmental debates.

Dr Natascha Klocker, Lecturer, Australian Centre for Cultural Environmental Research, University of Wollongong, AustraliaDr Natascha Klocker is a lecturer in human geography at the Australian Centre for Cultural Environmental Research (AUSCCER), University of Wollongong. Her research seeks to challenge the 'numbers' focus of contemporary population-environment debates, and to better understand the environmental knowledges and skills possessed by diverse migrant groups.

Uneasy Alliances: Historical and Emergent Solidarity with Indigenous Struggles in Southeast Australia

This paper discusses the history of collective action in solidarity with Indigenous struggles in Australia, with a focus on the southeast and the land rights movement. Drawing together the observations of other scholars as well as presenting new analysis based on original interviews, this paper highlights some of the anti-racist activist groups whose efforts have been relatively neglected in existing literature, particularly in relation to their relative contributions or noteworthy practices. At the outset the paper makes note of the importance of Indigenous people's solidarity with each other's struggles within Australia and internationally. It then relates those parts of the history of non-Indigenous solidarity in southeast Australia which are instructive for contemporary activists. This includes aspects of the work of the Communist Party of Australia, church-related groups, unionists, civil rights organisations, university students, feminists, 'white' support and 'reconciliation' groups and environmentalists and touches on emerging areas of support such as anti-corporate globalisation and anarchist groups. This history includes numerous instances in which Indigenous people contested the nature of non-Indigenous support. Often without newly involved activists being aware of it, this history impacts on the terms for solidarity relationships today.

Dr Clare Land, Research Associate, Deakin University, Australia
Dr Clare Land is an Anglo-identified non-Indigenous person living and working in southeast Australia. She has a PhD from Deakin University, where she has since worked as a Research Fellow and tutor. Her engagement since 1998 with the history and present of settler colonialism in Australia is inspired by Indigenous struggles and has taken the form of community-based organising. This practice generates questions which Clare has pursued through critical studies in history and sociology. For the last nine years Clare has collaborated with Gunai/Maar man Robbie Thorpe to co-present a radio program on 3CR in Fitzroy, Melbourne, which focuses on colonialism and resistance.

Race Lines and New Spaces of Political Action Among Migrant Youth

Recently proposed Anti-Racism Strategy established within the framework of the Government's new multicultural policy, People of Australia (2011), identifies 'youth engagement' as one of the key areas of effort. Young people have been invited to join youth councils and youth forums and participate in national, state and local institutions. Some have taken up the proposed challenge and became active members of youth-based institutions; others, however, formed their own spaces of political action. They have been organising forums and round tables and identified areas where they feel discriminated and voiceless. The aim of the paper is to discuss the ways 'race' is constructed and used among migrant youth to form and establish new spaces of political action. It argues that whilst experiences of racism can contribute to lowering the levels of trust and inter-connectedness vis-à-vis the dominant social groups, race can also be used as a categorical tool to counter every day and institutional forms of racism. The paper is based on the ARC Linkage project on social networks, belonging and active citizenship among migrant youth in Australia. The data used in the paper is obtained primarily from the interviews and focus groups collected among African, Arabic speaking and Pacific Islander youth in Melbourne.

Dr Masha Mikola, Research Fellow, Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, AustraliaDr Masa Mikola is a Research Fellow at the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation at Deakin University, where she works in the area of migrant youth and citizenship. She also teaches in international studies, sociology and anthropology at RMIT University and the University of Melbourne. Her research interests are in urban anthropology, spatiality of political interventions, and theories of power and citizenship.

Alfred Deakin Professor Fethi Mansouri, Director, Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, AustraliaProfessor Fethi Mansouri is an Alfred Deakin Research Professor in 'Migration and Intercultural Studies' Professor Mansouri is the Director of the strategic research Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, the editor of the Journal of Intercultural Studies (Routledge) and founding co-editor of the international journal of Social Inclusion (Librello). Professor Mansouri is a global expert advisor to the United Nations (Alliance of Civilisations) on cultural diversity and intercultural relations. He was recently appointed UNESCO Chair in comparative research on 'Cultural Diversity and Social Justice'.

Bystander Anti-Racism as a Vehicle for Normative Social Change

Bystander anti-racism involves ordinary people taking prosocial action when witnessing racism. This action need not necessarily be confrontational, but is most usefully conceptualised as wide ranging, encompassing responses that seek to distract a perpetrator, report an incident to an appropriate authority or simply counter an uncivil act with a civility. Bystander anti-racism, particularly from the social psychological perspective, is an individual level anti-racist practice. While bystander action is politically significant, shifting the burden of responding to racism away from the target and toward other individuals that may hold positions of relative power, a focus on bystander anti-racism risks positioning anti-racism as the remit of individuals and shirking systemic action. This paper examines the broader political potential of bystander anti-racism, looking at possibilities for the production of anti-racist social norms. In order to explore normative processes, the paper draws on an analysis of an online incident report form, whereby individuals who had witnessed racism provided a detailed account of the experience and their response (or lack thereof). The analyses focus on the outcomes of the incident and extant social pressure to respond, or not respond, to explore the potential for bystander anti-racism as a vehicle for normative social change.

Dr Jacqueline K. Nelson, Senior Research Officer, University of Western Sydney, AustraliaDr Jacqueline K. Nelson (BLibStud, Sydney; MSc, Trinity College; PhD, UWS) is a Senior Research Officer on the Challenging Racism Project in the School of Social Sciences and Psychology at the University of Western Sydney. Her research interests include local anti-racism, bystander anti-racism, multiculturalism and ethnic discrimination in housing and employment. She has recently published articles in Discourse & Society, Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy and Journal of Intercultural Studies, and a book chapter in the edited collection Migration, Citizenship and Intercultural Relations: Looking through the Lens of Social Inclusion.

Theme: Conflict resolution and intercultural understanding

Building Bridges and Tackling Racism in Melbourne: The Jewish Experience

This paper will  examines anti-racist and intercultural education practices in Australia. The presentation will specifically explore the work of the B'nai B'rith Anti- Defamation Commission, a Melbourne based Jewish human rights organisation whose mandate and core mission is to ensure a safe and fair society for Australians of all faiths and cultures by combating Anti-Semitism and racism in all its forms. Discussed will be the organisation's anti-racism and programs such as the Multi Faith Future Leaders interfaith initiative and the school based Click Against Hate, as well as other intercultural strategies employed to tackle bigotry such as theBuilding Bridges program The paper will present its findings about the importance of ethnic communities acknowledging and understanding that intercultural differences are often a key to combatting prejudice and to building sustainable faith and race relations.

Dr Dvir Abramovich, Director, Program in Jewish Culture & Society, The University of Melbourne, AustraliaDr Dvir Abramovich is a Director of the Program in Jewish Culture & Society at The University of Melbourne. He is the editor and author of three books and numerous articles and book chapters. Dr. Abramovich served for two terms as President of the Australian Association of Jewish studies and was the editor of the Australian Journal of Jewish Studies. He has been involved in interfaith work and anti-racism education for more than a decade and has written about the conciliation and interfaith initiatives between Jews and Muslims, Israelis and Palestinians.

Beyond 'Harmony'? Scope and Limits of Intercultural Understanding in Regional and Rural Victoria

This paper explores intercultural  understanding as multi-facetted  'work in progress' in many regional locations where Local Settlement Planning Committees and other local stakeholders are involved in the settlement of former migrants and refugees. This paper critically examines the varied manifestations of recognizing, acknowledging and understanding cultural difference among a range of professionals working locally in a settlement-related area including settlement service providers, employers and local government representatives.  Drawing on recently completed research on the regional settlement of visible migrants and refugees, the analysis focuses in particular on qualitative data from focus groups with local Settlement Planning Committee members and interviews with former migrants and refugees in Victoria. Narratives of conflict and transformation are common in the accounts of professionals involved in settlement, while the reflections of recently arrived residents reveal their investment in one-way adjustment and experiences of exclusion. I will argue that the relative lack of explicit engagement with racism and anti-racism and the treatment of difference indicate significant limitations to the ongoing processes of social transformation.

Dr Martina Boese, Research Fellow, RMIT University, Australia
Dr Martina Boese is a Research Fellow at the Centre for Applied Social Research at RMIT University. She previously held research positions at The University of Melbourne, the Research and Policy Centre of the Brotherhood of St. Laurence, and the University of Vienna. Her research and publications are on employment experiences of former migrants, refugees and racialised minorities, the cultural economy, third sector agency, racism and exclusion.

Dialogues at the Boundaries: The Facilitation of Intercultural Dialogue and the Construction of Meaning

This paper reports on a project which specifically looks at the social factors which facilitate and hinder intercultural dialogue as experienced by African people of refugee backgrounds in multicultural Australia. Such people are members of the most marginalised of ethnic groups in contemporary multicultural Australia from a social, cultural and linguistic perspective. They face challenges not only in terms of integration in the broader society but also in terms of reconstructing their own sense of identity. Eclectic notions of dialogue utilising understandings of Freire (1993) and a knowledge based perspective to culture are utilised as a means to construct a socially orientated conceptual positioning of ICD. Freire is particularly useful in terms of situating learning in the dialogue process. A knowledge based approach to ICD supports an understanding of culture in terms of dynamic and hybrid identities rather than fixed positions. A methodology based on Narrative Inquiry which focuses on the exploration of participants' experiences, understandings and views was used to guide the research and inform the data analysis. Early results from the research are discussed with particular emphasis on the manner in which people learn through understanding their own cultural difference and re-configuring their own sense of self.

Mr Michael Atkinson, PhD Candidate, Deakin University, Australia
Mr Michael Atkinson is an adult ESL teacher and PhD student at the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation. His current research focus is on the processes which support intercultural dialogue between members of minority cultures and the mainstream community within Australia. As well as teaching ESL to adult learners and his PhD studies Michael is also involved in researching the debate around asylum seekers against a backdrop of human rights and cosmopolitanism.

Remembering and Forgetting: Race, Racism in White Settler Nations

This paper engages with racism and anti-racism in the process of building reconciliation as a living and dynamic process. In particular I am interested in practices of collective remembering and forgetting as part of the culture of race and racism in the Australian nation and this paper reflects an extension of my work in relation to whiteness, power and racism. I have had at the centre of this work Bhabha's reflection on whiteness that "...the subversive move is to reveal the histories of trauma and terror that it [whiteness] must perpetrate and from which it must protect itself; the amnesia ... the violence ... in the process of becoming a transparent and transcendent force of authority." (Bhabha, 1998:21).

From this starting point, the paper examines the processes of remembering and forgetting that underscore colonial discourses and practices of racism and anti-racism as they surface at the micro and macro levels today. Recent incidents of racism (and anti-racism) on public transport demonstrate the enactment of daily racism; similarly, the Northern Territory National Emergency Response in June 2007 (NTER) provides a current and ongoing example of colonialism and racism at work.  Drawing on the literature on collective memory, and whiteness studies, the paper develops a framework for understanding and deconstructing discourses and practices of (post)colonial racism and anti-racism so as to understand what a dynamic and living reconciliation could look like.

Dr Jane Durie, Senior Lecturer, University of Western Sydney, Australia
Dr Jane Durie teaches and researches in the School of Social Sciences and Psychology at the University of Western Sydney. A long time commitment to anti-racism has been reflected in more recent years in her research and teaching within the academy. Her research/teaching interests include theorising and analysing whiteness as a structure of authority; Indigenous/non-Indigenous relations; culture, difference and power relations; challenging racialised discourses and practices.

Collective Singularity of Institutionalized and Non-Institutionalized Anti-Racist Action

The paper aimed at critics of collective anti-racist action from the perspective of collective singularity of Jorge Luis Borges on the case study of the marginalized Roma minority in the Czech Republic. Collective singularity is a concept in which the values and norms of group constituting its practices make impossible to exceed own group's definition but denial of constitutive elements. "Dissolution" of collective singularity leads to the deconstruction of the collective and its rules and characteristics. Actors of anti-racist collective action comes from the majority society who replicating its standards of actions, goals and demands of the majority. The concept of anti-racism contains the message of definition of "the Others". "The Others" perceive not only as the object of protection, integration, assistance, interest, but also as the object pressured to find their own (anti-)concept. Object requirement is based on integration in norms and rules of the dominant culture/society, or on creation of "favorable" conditions for object. The presence of minorities standing completely outside the norms creates a mirror image of the dominant society, because their existence challenges the meaningfulness of values and "order" of the dominant society. Collective singularity operates mutually and includes both discriminated minority, and paradoxically anti-racist actors, for which it is impossible to recognize that their action is based on the dominant culture/system, although from the opposite positions. The anti-racist actors refuse to accept that their action is conditioned by inherent collective singularity. From their collective singularity are willing to manipulate by collective singularity of "the Others"."Anti-racism" in that form is unable to follow radical pluralism, which could undermine the basis of the dominant culture/system. Anti-racism becomes essentially a "hidden" form of disciplination because it is incapable of self-deconstruction and reproduces forms of oppression, thereby contributing to the destruction of collective singularity of marginalized minorities refusing their sovereignty as a subject but also creates conditions for mutual and deep-rooted divergence of both (/all) collective singularities.

Mr Petr Husek, PhD Candidate, Masaryk university, Czech Republic
Mr Petr Husek (1980) graduated from the Faculty of Social Studies, Masaryk University, Brno (degree in Political Science), the Czech Republic. He is a PhD. student of Political Science at present. The topic of his dissertation is "Democratic regimes between utopia and dystopia". He participates in the research assignment "Collective Action and Protest in East-Central Europe". In his research, he focuses on political philosophy and democratic and authoritarian regimes from the perspective of the power analysis.

Katerina Tvrdá, PhD Candidate, Masaryk university, Czech Republic
Ms Katerina Tvrdá, (1985) graduated from the Faculty of Law, Masaryk University, Brno and from the Faculty of Social Studies, Masaryk University, Brno (degree in Political Science, Security and Strategic Studies section), the Czech Republic. She is a PhD. student of Political Science at present. The topic of her dissertation is "Comparative analysis of internal security policy in Central Europe". She is also a member of the Centre of Security and Strategic Studies. In the past she had been working at the Czech Ministry of Interior. In her research, she focuses on issues related to collective violence, creation of internal security, and organized crime.

Wearing the Hijab as a 'Flag for Islam': How Young Muslim Women are Contesting the Racialisation of the Veil in the National Imaginary

Since September 11, there has been a notable rise in Islamophobia in Australian public discourse, matched by a growth of racialised attacks on those visibly identified as muslims in public space (Dunn et al, 2007, 2009). These cultural racisms have largely arisen in a context where Islamic religious signifiers and practices have come to be read as signs of fundamentalism, terrorism and threat to national political traditions and cultural values (Hage, 2003; Noble et al, 2009). In particular, the hijab has become a symbol of these tensions, with the veiled woman being read as the embodiment of a 'repressive and fundamentalist religion' (Dwyer, 1998; Dreher & Ho, 2005; Pardy, 2011). However, as Dwyer points out, these operations of power have limited the agency of muslim women to articulate the multiple reasons why they choose to wear the veil, and what meaning it has for them. In this paper I will draw on theoretical and empirical sources, including interviews I conducted with young muslim women in Sydney in 2007, to show how young veiled women are contesting these norms of representation by recoding the veil as an expression of the democratic and multicultural values of the nation, and as a tool enabling intercultural dialogue and participation in the public life of Australia's multifaith, multicultural communities.

Dr Amelia Johns, Research Fellow, Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, Australia
Dr Amelia Johns completed a PhD in Cultural Studies at the University of Melbourne in 2012. Her PhD explored experiences of intercultural contact between youth in multicultural urban space, and how these encounters produce racism, intolerance and violent conflict alongside 'hybrid' identifications and expressions of belonging. Her work has been published in the journals Continuum: Journal of Media and Culture, and will also be appearing in a forthcoming book, Critical Youth Studies for the 21st Century. Her current research reflects an interest in young people's experiences of new media as spaces where social and cultural identity, citizenship and experiences of embodiment are resituated and transformed. She is also interested in exploring the role that religiosity might play in these processes.

Dr Michele Lobo, DECRA Research Fellow, Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, Australia
Dr Michele Lobo is a DECRA Research Fellow at the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia. Her research focuses on whiteness, belonging and the lived experience of citizenship in Australian cities.

Alfred Deakin Professor Fethi Mansouri, Director, Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, AustraliaProfessor Fethi Mansouri is an Alfred Deakin Research Professor in 'Migration and Intercultural Studies' Professor Mansouri is the Director of the strategic research Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, the editor of the Journal of Intercultural Studies (Routledge) and founding co-editor of the international journal of Social Inclusion (Librello). Professor Mansouri is a global expert advisor to the United Nations (Alliance of Civilisations) on cultural diversity and intercultural relations. He was recently appointed UNESCO Chair in comparative research on 'Cultural Diversity and Social Justice'.

Identity, Pluralism and Global Justice: International law and the Institutionalisation of Racism

A principle of self-determination has been central in international law for close to a century. But the orthodox understanding of the basis  for self-determination, which refers to collective identity, is problematic for a number of reasons. Legal and political philosophers such as Jeremy Waldron, and political scientists such as Sergei Prozorov, have warned about identity politics as a basis for international settlement. Unilateral declarations of independence, such as that made by leaders of Kosovo in 2008, and other claims to territorial sovereignty made on behalf of a 'people', interconnect with nationalist and with racist thinking to significant extents. The status of indigenous populations is also an important factor in many settler states. The possible contribution of a future form of international law will be examined.

Dr John Morss, Senior Lecturer, Deakin University, AustraliaDr John R Morss is the author of three sole-authored books the first of which was published in 1990 and the most recent in 2013: International Law as the Law of Collectives: Toward a Law of People (Ashgate), which he describes as 'an antidote to Rawls.' He is in the Deakin Law School and is also a member of Deakin University's Centre for Citizenship and Globalization. John has also been a researcher and teacher in universities in the North of Ireland and in Aotearoa/New Zealand as well as a visiting researcher in the European University Institute in Florence, the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law in Cambridge and his first alma mater, Sheffield University.

Performing Stories: A Youth-Led Approach to Talking About Racism

This paper will discuss the role of theatre within culturally diverse communities, as a method of examining issues of racism and cultural discrimination and for building intercultural awareness. This paper will draw on the findings from the author's PhD research project, which focused on using participatory methods of theatre and storytelling with multi-ethnic young people, to critically engage with social issues related to racism and cultural discrimination. Drawing on reflections from the author and the young people involved, it will be considered how this creative framework produced a series of rich and complex stories that emanated from the real world issues and experiences of the young people involved. This process of storytelling created a vehicle for the young people to discuss their own cultural narratives and explore issues of racism and discrimination within their community, thus generating an intercultural awareness within the group, and later amongst the audiences who watched the young people's performances. The use of characters also enabled the young people to explore these issues in depth and facilitated their understanding beyond a series of stereotypes, permitting them to create and take ownership of several narratives that bore witness to their own experiences as young people from culturally diverse backgrounds.

Ms Jennifer Penton, PhD Candidate, Griffith University, AustraliaMs Jennifer Penton is a PhD candidate in Applied Theatre at Griffith University, QLD. Her research investigates the purpose of theatre with young people in sites of cultural diversity, and she seeks to examine the role of this work in mitigating racial and cultural discrimination within these communities. Jennifer spent 2012 delivering her PhD research project in Melbourne. This saw a group of young people devise their own performance and develop a peer-led workshop around themes of cultural awareness, exclusion and identity. Jennifer also has a strong professional background as an applied theatre practitioner and has worked extensively across Australia and the UK.

Theatre as Strategic Intervention into Racist Discourses Affecting Australian Cultural Relations - Big hART Inc.'s Namatjira

The award-winning theatre production Namatjira has been part of a 5 year creative community development project conducted in Central Australia by descendants of the late Western Aranda watercolor artist Albert Namatjira and the arts and social change company Big hART Inc. Among the project's manifold aims are the strengthening of community ties by countering internalised negative self-images as well as providing a counter narrative to racist discourses pervading the Australian public. As it's most visible product, the theatre show has provided audiences with an opportunity to engage with the complexity of Indigenous and non-Indigenous relations in Australia through the prism of Albert Namatjira's life-story and legacy from an ethically humanist perspective.

The show and its outreach program, this presentation argues, intricately direct this engagement towards a recognition, acknowledgement and understanding of cultural difference and seek to reduce negative typecasting of Aboriginal people. The presentation will focus on how this production reconfigures discourses on Indigeneity, Australianess and the dynamics of intercultural contact by way of close analysis of the performance text. It will trace the complex narrative and emotive strategies, which are employed to direct audiences to arrive at a critical reflection of and a rebuking of racist attitudes towards Aboriginal people. It will unravel the show's reflections on modes of human perception, image creation and its concurrent impact on identity constructions, while critically examining the parameters and limits of representation dictated by its intercultural production context.

Ms Susanne Thurow, PhD Candidate, Christian-Albrechts-Universitäet zu Kiel (Germany) & University of Melbourne, Australia
Ms Susanne Thurow holds a 'Staatsexamen' degree from the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel (CAU), Germany. In 2004/5, she returned to Sydney, where she had previously worked in print media and public broadcasting, to study for two semesters at Macquarie University's Warawara Department of Indigenous Studies. She completed an additional certificate in arts administration and, after graduating, worked for the Thalia Theater (Hamburg) communicating the company's new focus on intercultural relations and building respective networks. In October 2010, she resumed her postgraduate studies on 'Negotiations of Identity in Contemporary Australian Indigenous and Intercultural Drama' with Prof. Dr. Horatschek as her mentor at the CAU. In October 2011, she permanently relocated to Melbourne, has worked in education and the arts, and completes her PhD degree bi-nationally in conjunction with the University of Melbourne's Associate Professor Eckersall as external co-supervisor.

ThemeAlter-racist citizenship and cosmopolitanism

Putting Cosmopolitanism to the Test!: Applying Cosmopolitan Theory to the Challenge of Combating Racism and Increasing Acceptance of Cultural Diversity in Schools

In light of students' experiences of racial discrimination in schools and wider societal racial tensions, schools are increasingly being called upon to directly engage with issues of racism, cultural diversity, identity and belonging. This paper critically explores cosmopolitanism as an approach to education which aims to foster anti-racist, interculturally competent, socially responsible students and teachers. The limitations and possibilities of normative cosmopolitanism have been hotly debated and raise two central questions for research. First, does cosmopolitan education offer an effective alternative lens to approach 'Intercultural Understanding' in schools, as opposed to approaches such as interculturalism, multiculturalism, anti-racism, pluralism and democracy/civil society? Second, is a cosmopolitan orientation likely to be effective in producing cosmopolitan action - effecting change in attitudes and behaviours towards difference and cultural diversity in practice. An in-depth, ethnographic study of how cosmopolitan education is operationalisedin schools aims to provide insight into whether a cosmopolitan approach to ICU can and does enable schools to create meaningful change, and may inform the design of more responsive, effective anti-racist/cosmopolitan education suited to the complex socio-political realities of school life. This paper reports on the issues raised in cosmopolitan studies, anthropology and education in preparation for fieldwork in two Victorian Secondary Schools.

Ms Melinda Herron, PhD Candidate, University of Melbourne, Australia
Ms Melinda Herron is a PhD student in Anthropology at the University of Melbourne, as part of the ARC linkage project 'Using museums to counter racism and increase acceptance of diversity among young people'. She has a background in applied linguistics, holding a Master of English as an International Language. Her master's thesis explored culturalist and racist attitudes underlying teachers' approaches to rapport building in multicultural classrooms. Melinda has worked at the Maldives National University developing curriculum on intercultural communication as well as issues of racism, gender and tourism. She also has experience in not-for-profit organisations in corporate social responsibility and Indigenous health.

Intercultural Encounters and Cosmopolitan Predilection

Intensified intercultural encounters and everyday interactions of diverse ethnic identities, cultural patterns and knowledge traditions prompt unprecedented intercultural knowledge flows which have become more visible in the contemporary period of globalization and internationalization of education. This paper examines intercultural encounters and international interactions in the context of an ever growing global academic mobility which suggests a widely accepted promise of cosmopolitanism as an alternative to anti-racism. Global scale of academic mobility opens up prosperous opportunities for transforming intercultural relations and intercultural knowledge interchange, all leading to the broadening of cultural imagination and envisioning the cosmopolitan alternatives which have the capacity to transcend conflicting interracial relations.

According to Ulrich Beck, cosmopolitan perspective calls for "dialogic imagination", i.e., reciprocal appropriation and internalisation of distinct cultures within one's own culture. Cosmopolitan logic is redefining our understanding of intercultural encounters by advancing three important cultural dispositions: globality, plurality and civility. I propose to analyse empirical manifestations of evolving cosmopolitanism in everyday encounters traced in my ethnographic fieldwork at the internationally renowned Australian and European universities. My aim is to explore academic interactions of diverse cultures as rising opportunities for altering our understanding of the processes of intercultural inclusion. I am interested in the positive dynamics of intercultural encounters and focus on emanating cosmopolitan perceptions of cultural inclusion.

Dr Liudmila Kirpitchenko, Research Fellow, Centre for Citizenship and Gloablisation, Deakin Univesity, Australia
Dr Liudmila Kirpitchenko is Research Fellow at the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University. Previously, she was awarded a prestigious Erasmus Mundus Postdoctoral Research Fellowship and was Visiting Scholar at LUISS University in Rome, Italy. Liudmila co-edited (with L.Voloder) a book Insider Research Methods on Migration and Mobility: International Perspectives on Researcher Positioning which is to be published in December 2013 (UK: Ashgate). She authored a book entitled Academic Mobility and Intercultural Dialogue: Eastern European Migrants in Australia, Canada and Italy based on her doctoral research in 2011 (Berlin: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing). In 2013-2014, Liudmila is co-convenor of the Migration, Ethnicity and Multiculturalism Thematic Group of The Australian Sociological Association (TASA).

Welcome to Country as an Anti-Racist Ritual

The Welcome to Country (WTC) ceremony and its twin, Acknowledgement of Traditional Owners, have become prominent anti-racist rituals in the Australian settler colony. These rituals are rich in meaning: they are simultaneously symbols of colonisation and dispossession; of recognition and reconciliation; and a periodic focus of political posturing. This paper explores the politics of belonging elicited by WTC and Acknowledgement rituals. Welcome to Country ceremonies have been criticised by conservatives because they make them feel unwelcome. They experience them as a challenge to their (white) identities. In contrast, those who support the ceremonies describe them as deeply moving. Drawing on ethnography of non-indigenous people who work in Indigenous affairs, I argue that widespread enjoyment of these rituals among white anti-racists is explained because they paradoxically experience belonging through a sense of not belonging. I suggest that WTC and Acknowledgement rituals can most usefully be thought of as a device to encourage reflection on belonging. This approach would acknowledge the challenge to white belonging posed by WTC rituals and keenly felt by conservative Australians. It would suggest more productive response to conservative attacks than that currently offered - a response that promotes mutual understanding between progressives and conservatives, and between Indigenous and non-indigenous Australians.

Dr Emma Kowal, ARC Senior Research Fellow, University of Melbourne, Australia
Dr Emma Kowal is a cultural anthropologist of white anti-racism and Indigenous governance in Australia. She has previously worked as a doctor and public health researcher in Indigenous health settings. She is the co-editor of Moving Anthropology: Critical Indigenous Studies and her work has been published in journals including American Anthropologist,Social Science and MedicineCultural Studies, Postcolonial Studies, Ethnicities, Social Studies of Science and in national and international medical journals. She is currently a Senior Research Fellow in the School of Social and Political Sciences at the University of Melbourne supported by an Australian Research Council Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (DECRA).

Geopower and Anti-Racism: Negotiating Phenotypical Racism

This paper explores how phenotypical racism unfolds in encounters in public spaces of Darwin, a north Australian city with a visible Indigenous and migrant population. Such practices of coding, labelling and judging bodies are precognitive and sensory and saturate particular spaces with fear, anxiety, aversion and alienation. The embodiment and circulation of such emotions and affects are more difficult to address through anti-racism agendas that focus on small-scale bystander action or state strategies, particularly when the focus is on interpersonal relationships rather than our shared inhabitation of the urban commons. This paper argues that the coding of bodies has the potential to mutate through attention to affects in the urban commons that are self-refreshing. My argument is informed by understandings of Geopower and contemporary conceptualisations of racism as an event and a felt identity rather than a discursive construct. The paper reports the results of ethnographic work conducted in Darwin in 2011-2012 to think about the potential of bodies to affirm the world that has implications for reconfiguring anti-racism agendas.

Dr Michele Lobo, DECRA Research Fellow, Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, Australia
Dr Michele Lobo is a DECRA Research Fellow at the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia. Her research focuses on whiteness, belonging and the lived experience of citizenship in Australian cities.

Moderating the Contrarian Tendencies in Aboriginal Politics

In the contemporary world ethno-religious and other cultures that were once distinct now routinely intersect and change each other. Strangely, as they become less actually distinct, they discursively re-create cultural and identity distinctiveness, and with that a potential drift to intolerance and resistance to inclusion and so social division. In this paper I argue that the public policy settings that have prevailed in the human rights era have, by over-emphasising particularity, much to do with this eventuality in the Aboriginal case.

In this case, policy settings have fetishised difference and neglected what is shared with others, and so nurtured ideal types, performative difference and the grounds of fundamentalism. I work to conceive an approach that can manage the tensions of pluriculturality without inciting radicalism. The key in the Aboriginal case is to focus on everyday simultaneous difference and sameness as the critical issue. The aim is to develop policy that acknowledges difference but undermines the grounds of fundamentalist difference, in part by focusing on the nuances of individuals' multiple, dialogical and fluid distinctions. The intent is to improve the capacities, among the majority to include, and among the minority to engage. The paper considers Aboriginal Studies as an illustrative dimension of the approach, highlighting its universal relevance.

Dr Terry Moore, Honorary Research Associate, University of Tasmania, AustraliaDr Terry Moore is a sociologist attached to the University of Tasmania. His original career was as in Indigenous education: as classroom teacher, curriculum developer, teacher trainer and school Principal, largely in Far North Queensland and with an instructive stint in central Australia. The bulk of his tertiary work has been in the discipline of Aboriginal Studies, and in cultural competence training in nursing and teacher training degree programs. His core interest is in public policy in respect of cultural difference.

Re-Kindling Stories: Examining the Role of Community Arts in Anti-Racism

A large body of work has highlighted the need to examine and disrupt the taken for granted power, privilege and normativity of whiteness in postcolonising contexts such as Australia, in order for approaches to anti-racism to be effective, socially responsive and responsible. Whiteness studies challenges traditional understandings of, and approaches to racism/anti-racism within social psychology, as well as dominant lay understandings of what constitutes racism. If racialised exclusion is understood as an everyday experience, and as perpetuated by an epistemology of ignorance, that is, the willful denial of and blindness to an ongoing history of colonisation and racism; then what are the implications for anti-racism? In this paper, I discuss the possibilities that the contact zones created by community arts practice provide for showing up and contesting whiteness. By retrieving cultural memories that highlight different histories, different positioning's and different representations of self, other and society, the re-kindling of Aboriginal stories entails a shifting of standpoint which is central to the process of de-racialising practices and identities in postcolonising contexts. I discuss preliminary findings from my PhD research, undertaken with Community Arts Network Western Australia.

Ms Amy Quayle, PhD Candidate, Victoria University, Australia
Ms Amy Quayle has her Masters in Applied Psychology (Community), and is currently completing her PhD, which examines the role of community arts in de-racialising practices and identities. This research involves two case studies of different community arts projects in different settings, both aimed at challenging racialised exclusion. Her previous research explored the construction of Muslims in the mainstream media following the Cronulla Riots, and the symbolic barriers to Aboriginal and non-Indigenous partnership in the context of the longer history of colonisation and racism. Both research projects used discourse analysis.

The Red Face of Blackface: The Multi-Valence of Racist Events and the Possibilities of Humour for Anti-Racist Action

Among incidences of everyday racism, offensive jokes are writ large as a way of establishing and maintaining social norms and policing the boundaries of who is and is not welcome within the social body. In light of the use of humour as a normalizing force, its possible deployment toward anti-racist ends constitutes an important research problem. This paper examines an incident of 'humorous' everyday racism in the form of a blackface performance on the family variety television show, Hey, Hey It's Saturday. The incident was notable because it was an occasion where humour was also used in an anti-racist action. It is a common assumption that the serious nature of racism as an empirical problem necessitates a serious response and 'speaking out' against racism is assumed to be the best way to ensure racism's social unacceptability. But are the only options between the morally good action of speaking out unequivocally or the morally suspect one of prevaricating and thereby risking condoning the incident of racism? This paper draws attention to the ambivalence inherent in humour and how this might be utilized to execute less confrontational but no less powerful forms of anti-racist action.

Dr Scott Sharpe, Senior Lecturer, University of NSW Canberra, Australia
Dr Scott Sharpe is a cultural geographer in the School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, at the University of New South Wales at Canberra. His research focuses on the embodied and affective dimensions of social and cultural life, with particular interests in humour, habit, resistance and the politics of thinking.

Dr Maria Hynes, Lecturer, Australian National University, Australia
Dr Maria Hynes researches and teaches at the Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University. Her current research interests include affect and anti-racism, biopolitics, resistance and the relationship between aesthetics, science and ethics. They are currently working on an ARC Linkage project on Bystander Anti-Racism (LP110200495) and together have written various articles relating to humour and social, cultural and political change, published in journals such as Parallax, Continuum, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, Sociology, Borderlands and Fibreculture.

Re-Constructing Religious Diversity: De-constructing Multiculturalism, Difference and Belonging

Although Australians who define their religious identity as Christian remain the majority, increasing numbers either identify with a multiplicity of religion groups, or have no religious affiliation. This paper interrogates the ways in which prominent religious groups (Christian, Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim, Jewish) were spoken about within two Melbourne newspapers and considers the implications of this interrogation for alter-racist pedagogy in globally interconnected local contexts. Methodologies of social cultural theory (Hall, 2006, Giroux, 2000) and Critical Discourse Analysis (Kramsch, 1998, Gee & Green, 1998) are used to investigate newspaper discussions from the different viewpoints of their experiential, systemic and normative focus as a way to explore the ways that religious diversity and the changes that underpin its manifestation, have been reported in the popular media I find that notions of religious identity described within the media are stylized in form and made within a crucible of race, identity, belonging through which an almost-silent normative self-identify defines itself through clichéd typologies of those they are not.

Rizvi (2005, p.168) argues that the conceptual, ethical and practical issues that underpin the representation of diaporic religions need to be explored. Schools committed to diversity and justice have a special responsibility, both to understand the ways that the discursive terrain which operates in a range of historical and politically specific ways has worked to represent religious identities as other, and to provide moral leadership to challenge this.  Alter-racist pedagogy in school demands that the changes to Australia's population be described, their place in globally interconnected world be understood and the 'whiteness discourse' which frames these notions be made transparent and then dismantled. Teachers can uncover the silences that help produce misleading and harmful representations of religious identities and can implement responsive pedagogies to counter these. This analysis of Australian newspaper articles suggests public discussions about diversity are underpinned by a discourse of 'whiteness', which describes the dimensions of identity and difference, and the ways that 'others' can belong within an Australian culture (Arber,2010, Rizvi &Lingard, 2010). It is this narrative, which needs to be introduced to and explored in schools as a foundation move towards the development of a cosmopolitan and alter-racist Australian citizenship.

Dr Ruth Arber, Senior Lecturer, Deakin University, Australia
Ruth Arber is Senior Lecturer (TESOL) at Deakin University, Australia. Her research extends her interest in identity and difference in education, its implications for understanding how discourses of race and ethnicity are played out in schools and its consequences for critical and inclusive education. Her most recent application of this work focuses on the study of internationalization and cosmopolitanism in education systems which are becoming increasingly globalised. Her long experience as a teacher and lecturer of English as a second and foreign language is concerned with the application of this work for education in diverse contexts worldwide. Recent publications include articles in Discourse, Journal of Intercultural Education, Race, ethnicity and Education, Globalisation, Societies and Education. Journal of Inclusive Education, Journal of Curriculum Studies, Journal of Educational Change, book chapters and a book Race, ethnicity and education globalised times (Springer: Netherlands)

Building Inclusive Organisations: Moving From Evidence to Practice in Reducing Racism and Supporting Diversity

Racism is a complex phenomenon that operates on a number of levels in society. Much research has focused on how racism operates at the individual level in terms of racist attitudes and behaviours. There is less research and theory on the concept of institutional racism. Current definitions have focused on the role of institutional racism in contributing to ongoing racial inequality and disadvantage. However, there is a need for more research and theory into the mechanisms and processes that contribute to institutional forms of racism and inequity, including improved understanding of the link between individual racism and systemic issues. This paper draws on an ethnographic study of the process of organisational change through the implementation of an anti-racism and diversity program in Victoria. It will be argued that organisations, such as workplaces, are places where racism occurs as well as important settings where anti-racism and diversity can be supported. However, this change process requires more than just a stated commitment to diversity, but a reconfiguration of the social and institutional norms, rules, processes and practices and 'normal' ways of doing things that together work to disadvantage people from some racial, ethnic, cultural and religious backgrounds and advantage others.

Ms Brigid Trenerry, PhD Candidate, University of Western Sydney, AustraliaMs Brigid Trenerry has a Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Political Science from the University of Melbourne and is currently undertaking her PhD at the University of Western Sydney in the area of workplace anti-racism and diversity. Prior to commencing her PhD, Brigid worked on a national Indigenous Youth Leadership Program with the Foundation for Young Australians. She has also worked with ANTaR (Australians Working for Land Justice and Reconciliation) Victoria, where she still remains active as a committee member.



Organizing committee

Alfred Deakin Professor Fethi MansouriDirector, Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University

Professor Fethi Mansouri holds a research chair in migration and intercultural studies and is the Director of the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation. He is the editor of the Journal of Intercultural Studies (Routledge) and founding co-editor of the International Journal of Social Inclusion (Librello). Professor Mansouri is a global expert advisor to the United Nations (Alliance of Civilisations) on cultural diversity and intercultural relations and UNESCO Chair in comparative research on 'Cultural Diversity and Social Justice'. He is a leading research in the University and a prominent scholar nationally and internationally.

Professor Mansouri has published fourteen books, ten major research monographs, more than sixty refereed research articles and book chapters.

His recent publications include: Political Islam and Human Security (2008); Islam and Political Violence: Muslim Diaspora and Radicalism in the West, (2007); Identity, Education, and Belonging: Arab and Muslim Youth in Contemporary Australia (2008); Youth Identity and Migration: Culture, Values and Social Connectedness (2009); Australia and the Middle East: A Frontline Relationship (2011, second edition); Migration, Citizenship and Intercultural Relations: Looking Through the Lens of Social Inclusion (2011), Muslims in the West and the Challenges of Belonging (2012) and The Arab Revolutions in Context: Socio-Political Implications for the Middle East and Beyond (2012). His forthcoming book is entitled Reframing Multiculturalism for the 21st Century (2013). His 2004 book Lives in Limbo: Voices of Refugees under Temporary Protection was short-listed for the 2004 Human Rights Medals and Awards.

Associate Professor Yin ParadiesDeputy Director (Research Training), The Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, Australia

Associate Professor Yin Paradies is an Australian Research Council Future Fellow and Deputy Director of the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation at Deakin University. He was formally head of the Anti-racism and Diversity Studies Program at the McCaughey Centre in the School of Population Health, University of Melbourne. Associate Professor Paradies conducts interdisciplinary research on the health, social and economic effects of racism as well as anti-racism theory, policy and practice.

Dr Michele LoboAlfred Deakin Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University

Michele Lobo is an Australian Research Council Early Career Research Fellow at the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia. Her research focuses on whiteness, belonging and the lived experience of citizenship in Australian cities

Ms Cayla Edwards, Executive Assistant, Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University

Ms Edwards is the Executive Assistant for the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation. She also provdes executive support for the UNESCO Chair, Cultural Diversity and Social Justice.


Professor Yin Paradies
Phone: +61 (0)3 924 43873

Administration and Registration
Ms Cayla Edwards
Phone: +61 (0)3 924 46658

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