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Lee Scott began her involvement with museums in a voluntary capacity when she moved from Sydney to the Armidale area in 1988 to commence an Associate Diploma in Local and Applied History at University of New England.
As secretary at McCrossin’s Mill Museum for a number of years, she became interested in Collection Management and the operational aspect of the Museum. Lee continued her studies, gaining a BA in Archaeology and a MA in Archaeology (Heritage), as well Business qualifications.
She later established her own heritage consultancy, together with a heritage architect, and has undertaken conservation management plans and significance assessments. In 2008 the consultancy received the New England Urban & Heritage Design Award for contribution to heritage.
In 2008 Lee enrolled in the Museum Studies course at Deakin University. She applied for the soon-to-be-vacant position of Manager of the National Office of Museums Australia, as was successfully appointed, commencing in January 2009.
Lee says “All the skills and experience I have acquired over the past 20 years; my knowledge of the heritage industry; my experience with business administration and corporate governance; my interest and newly acquired qualifications in Museum Studies, helped me acquire the position and will be effectively utilised in my new position of Manager of the National Office of Museums Australia.”
Bill Logan was invited to join a UNESCO advisory mission from 24-30 November to the World Heritage listed town of Lijiang in Yunnan Province, southern China. Bill was contracted as a UNESCO expert to provide specific inputs on the improvement of management system at this World Heritage property. The mission was planned in consultation with the Chinese authorities to ensure follow-up of the January 2008 ICOMOS/UNESCO World Heritage Centre Reactive monitoring mission recommendations.
Bill's role included reviewing the consultation process held for the development of the first draft of a comprehensive Management Plan for the World Heritage property. He participated in a stakeholder's consultation workshop on the development of a comprehensive management plan for the WH property and put forward recommendations to the national and local authorities on its further improvement and effective implementation.
Bill also provided guidance to the national and local authorities on the preparation of a clear Statement of Outstanding Universal Value (OUV), based on the understanding of the importance of conserving the OUV of the property and the text articulated in the World Heritage nomination dossier. Finally he assessed proposed modifications to the boundaries of the World Heritage site.
Data collected during the Lijiang visit will augment Bill's research into the management of Asian cultural landscapes. He has already drafted a research paper on the theme, based on his UNESCO/ICOMOS missions to Hue, Vietnam (2006) and Luang Prabang, Laos (2007). With the addition of Lijiang material, this will form the basis of the keynote address he has been invited to present to the 'Forum UNESCO: Universities and Heritage 12th International Seminar' to be held in April 2009 in Hanoi, Vietnam.
Professor William Logan featured in an interview with Richard Aedy for ABC Radio National 'Life Matters' program, broadcast on 24 November 2008.
The interviewer asked what happens to sites where people have endured painful deaths, and spoke to the Bill Logan, about the forthcoming publication Places of Pain and Shame: Dealing with ‘Difficult Heritage’. Logan said the idea for his research came from a visit to a prison in Vietnam called the Hanoi Hilton by prisoners including John McCain, Republican Presidential Candidate, USA.
Logan talked about the effect on tourism at Port Arthur following the atrocity caused by Martin Bryant. Other tourism destinations mentioned included Dubrovnik, World Trade Centre in NY, Karen minority villages on the border of Myanmar and Thailand, and Bali.
The program coincided with the recent visit of Governor-General Quentin Bryce to the French village of Fromelles where a mass grave of Australian servicemen has been found, 90 years after the Armistice.
Transcripts and downloads are available on ABC RN site http://www.abc.net.au/rn/lifematters/stories/2008/2421883.htm
Hansen Landscape Architects recently received the Australian Institute of Landscape Architects (AILA) Victoria Medal in Landscape Architecture. The award was presented for the Viengxay Town Master Plan, Laos PDR at the recent AILA Victorian State Awards Ceremony, and is the highest award for landscape architecture in Victoria. The project also received the AILA Victoria Award for Planning Excellence.
HLA Principal, Roz Hansen, is Adjunct Professor with CHCAP and was invited to collaborate the CHCAP Viengxai team, led by Dr Colin Long, which has been working with the Lao Government, SNV Dutch Aid Agency and the UN World Tourism Organisation to help to develop the cultural tourism assets of this remote district on the Lao-Vietnam frontier.
The Viengxay Town Master Plan confronts critical issues of urban and land management practices in sensitive cultural heritage settings worldwide. The project was funded and managed by the United Nations World Tourism Organization and SNV Netherlands Development Organisation within the framework of the UN’s Sustainable Tourism – Eliminating Poverty program. The area anticipates accommodating approximately 1,400 new households over this period, an additional population of some 12,000 people and requiring the provision of considerable additional urban services and facilities.
‘In most third world countries, a lack of community capacity presents a significant stumbling block on the road to poverty alleviation. Similarly, landscape architects and other professionals face challenges working in historical sites of international interest where local and distinct cultural groups are facing global pressures of various sorts, particularly increasing prosperity through economic and tourism planning.’
- AILA Victoria Project Award Jury Citation
The consultation and capacity building approach taken in this project have been instrumental in articulating and realising the local community’s vision for the town and creating a strong sense of ownership of the plan, and represents a vital step in self-determination.
The commitment and enthusiasm of the project team, evident both during its time in the field and subsequently in presenting and advocating adoption of the plan, is exemplary in its considered approach to conservation planning and management for a developing community.
The project is an exemplar of a participatory approach to landscape planning which has application across towns and cities worldwide where similar ethically sensitive issues are increasingly to be encountered.
In October, Dr Colin Long was joined by students Louise Foxley, Jenny Walker, Matilda Vaughan and Kim Burrell, as well as Andrea Witcomb and Gwenda Davey to document a house in Williamstown before its demolition.
The house was constructed in 1853, and demolition of such an historically important building would not normally be contemplated. However, it was in such poor condition that it was considered impossible to preserve it in anything approximating an authentic state. The owner was required, as a condition of a permit, to allow the documentation of the house prior to its destruction, and heritage consultant Timothy Hubbard organised for CHCAP to carry out the work.
Over the course of four days, the team measured, photographed, sampled and took notes on the construction techniques and materials. The house was a remarkable testament to the conditions existing in Melbourne in the 1850s, at the height of the goldrush. The lack of building materials and shortage of skilled labour was reflected in the “cobbled together” nature of the structure, although multiple renovations throughout its life also added to the patchwork feel of the place.
Stripping away of the 1950s fibrous plaster revealed several layers of wallpaper on hessian and wide, rough lining boards. The wallpaper ranged from the 1860s through to the 1930s. Noted architect and conservationist Phyllis Murphy is examining, dating and conserving samples of the wallpaper.
When the ceiling was stripped of its plaster board, paper was also revealed, covering a timber ceiling that had been painted with rudimentary designs.
A report on the house will be compiled in the coming months and presented to the City of Hobsons Bay, Heritage Victoria, the owner and the Williamstown Historical Society.
Collecting samples for analysis:
(from left to right)
Colin Long, watched by Phyllis Murphy and Matilda Vaughan
Revealed: wallpaper layers on hessian and board
Building on the established relationship between CHCAP and UNESCO through the work of Prof. William Logan, Jonathan Sweet recently met with staff at the UNESCO office in Bangkok to discuss the development of a workplan for a new memorandum of understanding (MOU) between UNESCO and Deakin University to facilitate the development of museum capacity building projects in the Asia-Pacific Region (9/10/08). This MOU recognizes Deakin's special expertise in museology, and is focused on extending the operational framework of the Asian Academy for Heritage Management.
Attending the meeting (from left to right):
Rik Ponne (UNESCO), Margherita Bonomi (a Deakin student currently undertaking a professional internship at UNESCO Bangkok), Montira Horayangura (UNESCO), and Jonathan Sweet (Deakin University).
Deakin University's Cultural Heritage Centre for Asia and the Pacific (CHCAP) is presenting a special seminar from 10:30 am - 12:00 noon on Wednesday, 22 October on the Burwood Campus in room number he1.017.
The seminar will be given by Pascal Trarieux, Director and Conservator in the Musee de Beaux Arts (Fine Arts Museum), Nimes, France, who is in Australia for a brief visit arranged by Simon Klose, Director of the Benalla Art Gallery.
The topic of Pascal's seminar is 'French Culture in regional development, tourism and education'.
We all know how the French love their culture. In fact, on a per capita basis France provides one of the highest levels of funding to culture. It has an enormous national government department devoted to culture (as well as regional and city departments), and the links with education and tourism are strong and important. They have provided France with a massive tourism economy, a high level of national connectedness and an unshakeable national pride.
Between France and Australia there are many differences - but in the differences lie opportunities. This talk will broadly outline one country's cultural strategy providing an opportunity to build enhanced cultural development strategies for Australian cultural organisations.
All welcome. Please RSVP to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Linda Young and Jonathan Sweet both have chapters in a newly published collection: Seize the Day: Exhibitions, Australia and the World, edited by Kate Darian-Smith, Richard Gillespie, Caroline Jordan, Elizabeth Willis. The book comes out of a conference held at Melbourne Museum in November 2006. It is produced as an e-book by Monash University ePress, or in hard copy via print-on-demand by Sydney University Press.
Jonathan Sweet, International exhibition postcards: Tangible reflections of an ephemeral past Linda Young, 'How like England we can be: The Australian international exhibitions in the nineteenth century
ISBN (paperback): 978-0-9804648-0-1
In July 2006 the Australian Research Council awarded a research grant for a four-year, Australia-wide study of primary school children’s playground activities to a consortium of three universities (Melbourne, Deakin and Curtin) and the National Library of Australia and Museum Victoria. The Principal Chief Investigator is Professor Kate Darian-Smith (Melbourne University) and other Chief Investigators are Professor Bill Logan (Deakin) and Professor Graham Seal (Curtin). Other major participants are Principal Researchers Dr Gwenda Davey (Deakin) and Dr June Factor, and Project Officer Dr Nikki Henningham.
As at September 2008, permission has been obtain from Education Departments in every State and Territory for fieldwork to be carried out in government primary schools. A team of eight fieldworkers, experienced in projects for the National Library’s Oral History and Folklore Section, is already working in schools in Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia and the Australian Capital Territory. Fieldwork will commence in other locations shortly. Fieldworkers will carry out observations and produce photographs and sound and video recordings.
A major aim of the Childhood, Tradition and Change project is to compare and contrast findings with earlier projects such as that carried out nationally by American Fulbright scholar Dr Dorothy Howard in 1954-1955 and the study carried out in Brisbane in the 1970s by physical educators Denise Palmer and Peter Lindsay. Several Victorian projects from the 1980s and 1990s will also be revisited for comparative purposes.
Outcomes of the project will include seminars and symposia, journal articles and a book. For further information about this project please visit the project website. If you can provide information or stories that will enrich the project and assist the research effort, please contact Dr Gwenda Davey.
Prof Bill Logan has accepted the invitation from Prof Steffen Lehmann to join the International Advisory Panel set up for the UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Urban Development for Asia and the Pacific that has been created at the University of Newcastle, NSW.
A chance encounter while volunteering in her local Art Museum led Christine Durham to Deakin University and the Graduate Diploma in Museum Studies course. After majoring in Art History in her undergraduate degree and completing a Diploma in Visual Arts, Christine was heading to become a High School Art teacher when she met a curator from the National Archives who told her about Deakin’s Cultural Heritage course. After looking into the range of units offered Christine decided it was the right course for her as it combined her love of art, architecture, design, history, travel and her interest in other cultures. And the fact that she could do the degree by distance made it that much easier.
Although still studying full time Christine has now landed two part times jobs that she attributes to her undertaking Deakin’s Museum Studies course. She has recently been appointed as the Education Officer at the Art Museum and has found the course invaluable in helping her organise and create engaging interpretative tours to school and TAFE groups. In her second job Christine is working for NSW National Trust as a co-ordinator in one of their Historic Houses, Saumarez Homestead. Being in a country town Christine describes this job as a bit of everything, tour guide, administrator and anything else that needs doing but adds that there is plenty of scope to get involved in your own personal area of interest and as her knowledge grows she hopes to get more involved in the educational potential of the property.
‘Deakin’s Museum Studies course has not only widened my professional knowledge and skills but it has also opened doors to employment that I would not have considered possible before.’ Christine plans to finish the Diploma next year and because Deakin’s Cultural Heritage courses are so flexible she will eventually go on to complete the Masters of Cultural Heritage.
CCHAP members Pam MacLean, A/Prof. Andrea Witcomb, A/Prof. Michele Langfield and Dr Linda Young have just received a contract from the Jewish Holocaust Museum and Research Centre to write a book on their history. This project builds from a very successful ARC Linkage project with the Centre in which Pam and Michelle looked at the Centre's extensive video testimonies and analysed the various narratives they contained about Holocaust experiences.
The present project will focus on the origins of the centre, document the importance of its community base and analyse its collections and exhibitions. Of particular interest will be our interpretation of its educational mission as the aim of the book is also to help the Centre plan for its future at a time when many of its founders are passing away. The team brings an interdisciplinary approach to the task, having expertise on the history of the Jewish community in Melbourne, the Holocaust itself, in oral history and in museology. We will also be employing the expertise of Bill Anderson on museum education and Donna Le Frieze on genocide and self-help groups.
This is an exciting project, not only because of the complexity and interest inherent in the JHMRC and their interest in having their history documented and interpreted but because there is always pleasure in being part of a team and gaining from each other's expertise.
Prof Logan was a keynote speaker at the International Small Islands Studies Association 10th International Conference hosted by the Jeju National University, Republic of Korea, 25-29 August 2008. He spoke on 'Cultural Heritage in Asia and the Pacific', highlighting some of the key features of the region's cultural heritage and its conservation and using this to suggest how the development of a professional cultural heritage education might be created. He was also invited to advise the conference and its hosts on the feasibility of nominating the Jeju women divers' skills for inscription under the 2003 UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage.
An article based on an interview with The Korean Times was published on 3 September 2008. Please click on the link below to access the article.
A/Prof Andrea Witcomb recently travelled to Perth to meet with the
National Trust of Australia (WA) and Dr Kate Gregory, the co-author of
her up-coming book 'From the Barracks to the Burrup: A history of the
National Trust of Australia, WA'. Andrea spent two and a half days in
meetings with people who had read the draft manuscript, getting their
responses and finalising any remaining issues. An enjoyable afternoon
was spent looking through a couple of boxes of old photographs, sourcing images
for the book. It is hoped that the book will be published by September
2009, in time for the 50th Anniversary of the Trust at the end of that
While in Perth Andrea also met with the lead Chief Investigator of an ARC Linkage project on which she is a Chief Investigator, "Remembering the Wars: Community Significance of Western Australian War Memorials" and with one of her doctoral students.
The 18th annual Roslyn Lawry Award for outstanding achievement in Deakin’s Museum Studies & Cultural Heritage program was presented to Sally Patfield, Grad.Dip.Mus.Studs, at the Museums Australia (Victoria) Museum Awards on 24 July 2008.
Sally received a University of Newcastle Medal for her degree in teaching, with electives in history, visual arts and music. Her volunteer work at a local art gallery with young children and school groups inspired her to seek qualifications for a career in museums.
She chose the Deakin off-campus program in order to combine work, volunteering and study. As she wrote in appreciation of the professional orientation of the course: ‘Due to my volunteer work at the gallery, I [was] offered consultancy as an education specialist, and was able to use this as the basis for an assignment, to research and write a set of education resources that linked the themes and content of an exhibition to the primary school curriculum’.
After a further consultancy stint in collections management at the National Museum in Canberra, she took up the position of Local Studies Collection Officer at the Marrickville Council History and Archival Research Centre in Sydney. Sally has now re-enrolled to upgrade her Diploma to a Masters degree.
The Roslyn Lawry Award recognises excellence in of Museum Studies, and Cultural Heritage. It commemorates the life of an outstanding graduate, Roslyn Lawry (1962-1987). Recipients of the Award receive a substantial book voucher prize, a certificate and the warm congratulations of Mrs Faye Lawry and University staff.
Jonathan Sweet is going to Italy as the guest of ICCROM (International Centre for the Study for the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property). He been invited to represent Australia at an international workshop being convened at the Herculaneum archaeological site.
The workshop brings together a range of experts from around the world to share information and learn from each other about heritage site management practices. Jonathan has been asked to contribute a discussion paper on visitor management and interpretation. This is in recognition of the training, research and interpretation work he has undertaken in the Asia-Pacific Region. He will also have the opportunity to conduct research in the ICCROM library and archive in Rome, a specialist resource for the conservation of cultural heritage material.
Participation in international forums is one way in which CHCAP lecturers continue to enrich their teaching programs and develop their research projects.
Margherita Bonomi, Master of Cultural Heritage student has been accepted to do an internship with UNESCO Bangkok. After completing her under graduation in Arts Management from IULM University of Milan, Italy she felt she wanted to know more about world heritage, because the idea of being all part of the same “big family” where heritage is shared and protected fascinated her. The reason she came to study in Australia was in order to go outside of Europe to learn more about cultural diversity. Margherita love the idea of travelling as a mean to get to know other cultures and to spread tolerance and respect.
Scrolling through UNESCO world heritage web site Margherita found details about Master of Cultural Heritage offered at Deakin University. This is what she says, “Immediately I checked out the subjects and I was hooked.” She found this masters degree really helpful for her career and very well connected with other international and Australian cultural organizations. Margherita participated in many of the field trip organised as part of the degree, Thai –Burma Railway program, Thailand November 2007, and Sharing our heritage master class, Kakadu National Park, Northern Territory, Australia July 2007. Margherita extends her thanks to a workshop organised by Deakin University through which she was able to meet a person working in the UNESCO Office in Bangkok, through them she was able to gain her entry into UNESCO Bangkok as an intern.
Margherita has previously worked with Tourism Authorities of Thailand and Deakin University as a consultant where her key role involved analysis and interpretation of the cultural site of the Thai-Burma railway and preparation of a proposal for the management plan and the tourism policy. Prior to that she worked as a consultant for Melbourne Water, her typical duties consist of preparing a management plan for a cultural site and to help in the development of heritage policy.
Gary Toone, a recent Master of Cultural Heritage graduate has been appointed a Collections Manager (Australian Archaeology and Ethnography) at the South Australian Museum. Gary’s roles involve the collection, preparation, identification, incorporation, loan, scientific study and interpretation of items in the South Australian Museum’s Humanities Collections, and for facilitating public and research access to the collections. Gary is also responsible for monitoring and maintaining the collections, providing assistance and supervision to visiting researchers and students in accessing the collections, and assisting other collections areas.
Gary is just in the throws of finishing an inventory of the Human Biology collection at the museum. This has been a critical project as Gary is providing consultation and assistance with the repatriation of skeletal material (and objects) as required under the RICP (Repatriation of Indigenous Cultural Property) program.
Gary has also begun a comprehensive inventory of the Australian (Aboriginal) Secret and Sacred stores. Many objects in this category are still an integral part of Aboriginal communities, with Aboriginal Elders coming to the museum to visit them. The museum also has a policy of repatriating objects from this collection if possible.
Shortly Gary will be coordinating the relocation and documentation of the Australian Archaeology Collection to new stores.
Gary completed a Bachelor of Arts (Aboriginal and Intercultural Studies) from Edith Cowan University. He joined Deakin in 2006 to undergo Master of Cultural Heritage and completed in 2008. Gary also participated in our Thai-Burma Railway Field School conducted during October 2007. Gary, a mid level Mandarin speaker, has great interest in other cultures, particularly indigenous cultures, and besides having undertaken university studies in that area, he has sought opportunities to travel, work, and live overseas to broaden his experiences.
Prof Bill Logan has been appointed to the Heritage Council of Victoria, the statutory authority for Victoria's non-Indigenous cultural heritage.
Other new members appointed to the Council in early July were:
Daryl Jackson (Chair).
Shelley Penn (Deputy Chair)
Helen Lardner (Member)
Robert Sands (Alternate Member)
Jim Norris (Alternate Member)
Helen Martin (Alternate Member).
Planning Minister Justin Madden announced: "the new members were selected from a rich field of candidates, and I know they will make a fantastic contribution to the protection and care of Victoria's cultural heritage."
The Heritage Council's functions, as set out in the Heritage Act 1995, include determining which places and objects are included on the Victorian Heritage Register, advising the Planning Minister on heritage issues and promoting public understanding of Victoria's cultural heritage.
CHCAP Centre Director Professor Bill Logan has been invited to the Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore to make a key note address at the Heritage in Asia Converging Forces and Conflicting Values conference to be held on 8-10 January 2009. The conference examines the "interdisciplinary platform necessary for making sense of the broader contexts and forces surrounding heritage in Asia today and, offers an innovative look at the rapid and complex socio-cultural changes now occurring across the region".
Look for more inormation in the conference flyer(pdf 464 KB) .
Former Museums Studies student Cherie McKeich has been published in the prestigious refereed journal Recollections. The article examines Museum Victoria's collection of economic botany products collected by TN Mukharji in the late 1880s.
Cherie McKeich is presenting a seminar in the Museum Victoria 2008 Seminar Series on History & Material Culture: History and the Meaning of Things on Wednesday 6 August 1.00 pm, Infozone, Melbourne Museum.
Title: Botanical Fortunes: TN Mukharji, international exhibitions, and trade between India and Australia,
Free entry, Bookings essential
For RSVP and information contact:
Dr Charlotte Smith
History & Technology Department
Phone 8341 7384
CHCAP member Jonathan Sweet attended a face-to-face meeting of the national committee of Blue Shield Australia at the National Archives Office in Melbounre. Jonathan is the official representative of ICOM Australia.
The committee of Blue Shield Australia held its first ‘face-to-face’ meeting in Melbourne on Tuesday 1 July 2008.
The first seven meetings of the committee were convened by teleconference. The eighth meeting gave members the opportunity to put faces to names, and to develop a forward plan. The meeting was kindly hosted by the National Archives of Australia at the Victorian Archives Centre.
The meeting thanked the committee’s inaugural Chair, Ms Robyn Riddett, for her work since 2005. The meeting agreed that the Chair would be held by each of the Pillar representatives in succession, for a one-year term. The Chair for 2008-2009 will be confirmed later in July.
From left: Mr Detlev Lueth (ICA), Ms Robyn Riddett (ICOMOS), Ms Sue Hutley (IFLA) and Mr Jonathan Sweet (ICOM). These people represent the pillar bodies that comprise all National Committees of the Blue Shield.
For further information about the activities of Blue Shield Australia go to:
Giovanni Boccardi (World Heritage Centre) and Bill Logan (Deakin CHCAP)
undertook a joint UNESCO/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission to the Luang
Prabang World Heritage site from 22 to 27 November 2007. The mission, conducted
at the request of the World Heritage Committee at its 31st Session in Christchurch,
New Zealand, July 2007, considered three main issues:
1) The appropriateness of the mandate of the Heritage House, currently the agency responsible for the management of the World Heritage site, and the need for strengthening local capacities and involvement;
2) The pressures from development around the listed property and orientations for the recommended establishment of a buffer zone (currently missing); and
(3) The impacts of illegal building activities within the inscribed site, notably the demolition and reconstruction of listed properties, over-densification of the urban fabric and use of inappropriate typologies/materials/decorations for new buildings.
City of Buddhist wats
World heritage listing is based on the fusion of Lao and French cultural traditions
Prof Bill Logan attended the 2008 meeting of the Academy of Irish Cultural Heritages International Advisory Board at the University of Ulster on 29-30 November 2007. The board is chaired by Professor Keith Robbins, formerly Vice-Chancellor of the University of Wales, Lampeter. Prof Logan has been a member of the advisory board since the Academy's establishment in December 2000.
Directed by Professor Mairead nic Craith, the Academy is one of five research institutes based in the University of Ulster's Faculty of Arts and is located on the Magee Campus in the city of Derry. It aims to be an internationally recognised centre of excellence for interdisciplinary research on cultural heritages, both material and non-material, in an international context but with a particular emphasis on the cultural heritages connected with the island of Ireland, including those of the Irish diaspora. The Academy's main research themes are currently Oral and written heritages; Cultural encounters; and Environmental heritages.
CHCAP and the Academy of Irish Cultural Heritages, University of Ulster, jointly conducted a two-day research workshop on 'Cultural Diversity, Heritage and Human Rights' at the Magee Campus, Derry, and will incorporate several of the papers in a book of the same name to be co-edited by Prof Mairead nic Craith, A/Prof Michele Langfield and Prof Bill Logan.
Michele presented a paper entitled '"Indigenous peoples are not multicultural minorities": John Howard, cultural diversity and Indigenous human rights in Australia', while Bill's paper was entitled "Protecting the Tay Nguyen gongs: conflicting human rights claims in Vietnam's central plateau'. Mairead spoke on 'Linguistic heritage in Europe: significance and context'.
Other papers were by Dr Jeremie Gilbert, Transitional Justice Institute, U. Ulster, Belfast; Prof Fiona Maclean, Caledonian U, Glasgow; Dr Shalini Panjabi, India, and Dr Tim Winter, U. Sydney; Dr Fiona Magowan, Queens U, Belfast; Dr Ana Vrdoljak, European U Institute; Helen Lewis, INCORE, U. Ulster; Paul Mullan, Heritage Lottery Fund, N. Ireland; Prof H Elkadi, U. Ulster, Belfast.
The three-year Sharing Our Heritages program funded by the EU and Australian Government came to an end with the final set of master classes in December 2007. The program involved a semester's exchange of Masters level heritage students between four European and four Australian universities as well as taking masterclasses at each of Kakadu and Paris.
The four European universities were the Brandenburg Tech Uat Cottbus, Germany; Catholic Uof Leuven (Raymond Lemaire Centre), Belgium; University College Dublin, Ireland; and the Valencia Polytechnic U, Spain. The Australian universities were the UWestern Sydney, Curtin Uin Perth, Charles Darwin Uin Darwin, and Deakin U.
Details of the program can be seen at www.uws.edu.au/heritage.
In previous years the Paris master classes were held at UNESCO Fontenoy. This year, the first five days of the master classes were conducted at the Ecole de Chaillot, Cite de l'architecture et du patrimoine in the Trocadero building by Prof Bill Logan, and A/Prof Michele Langfield, Deakin U, and Prof Robyn Bushell and Dr Russell Staiff, U Western Sydney, with a special guest appearance by Giovanni Boccardi from the UNESCO World Heritage Centre.
The program included several site visits to the Banks of the Seine and Versailles World Heritage sites, the ICOMOS headquarters and the Musee Branly. An extended site visit was held over the weekend when the students and staff travelled to the Catholic U of Leuven where Prof Koen van Balen had arranged inspections of three of the 13 serial site Flemish Beguinages World Heritage inscription. Leading researcher and author on the architectural history of the Beguinages, Suzanne Van Aerschot, generously led the site visits to Lier, Hoogstraat and Leuven.
The final day was held at UNESCO's Fontenoy campus, organised by Marielle Richon and with contributions by WH Centre specialists Christian Manhart, Art Pedersen, Yvette Kaboza, Céline Fuchs and Yi Kyung-Hoon. Head of the WH Centre's Africa Unit, Elizabeth Wangan, represented the Director, Federico Bandarin in the closing ceremony. Prof Maire-Theres Albert, BTU, and Prof Robyn BUshell, UWS, spoke on behalf of the European and Australian consortium partners respectively, particularly in thanking Marielle Richon for her strong support for the Sharing Our Heritage program across its four years of planning and implementation.
Further collaboration between the universities beyond the funding period is planned, with the first event being a research symposium at the Valencia Polytechnic U in February 2008.
Sharing Our Heritages Master Class outside the Trocadero Building, Paris
Jonathan Sweet coordinated the New Museums Across Cultures sessions at the 32nd Congress of the International Committee of the History of Art (CIHA), University of Melbourne, 13th – 18th January 2008.
The issues raised by cross cultural heritage practice have been a feature of CHCAP projects for many years. These have involved research, consultancies and training that have benefited many museum and heritage practitioners. In recognition of CHCAP’s expertise in this field, in 2006 Jonathan Sweet was appointed to the Academic Advisory Committee of CIHA Melbourne 2008. Following this, in partnership with Prof. Gan Zhang, Tsinghua University, Beijing, a museology stream of the conference was developed to focus on the changing roles of art museums.
The New Museums Across Cultures sessions bought together academics and museum professionals from many different countries. Zhang gave an absorbing and informative introduction to the art museum movement in China. Other papers included case studies of particular issues relevant to art museum practice in Eastern Europe and North America. Over-all, the presenters thoroughly engaged the audience and the discussion was lively.
Here are some responses:
‘I have found the new museums session extremely captivating. I think that most of the papers show that there is a pressing need to question the Western national model of art museums, as well as conventional visiting modes.’ Cristina Albu, Romania/USA.
‘I found the New Museums session very informative in terms of issues involving different cultural contexts and realities. Having always dealt with historical interpretations, the papers were all very exciting to me as they dealt with problems of here and now as things constantly change.’ Chiaki Ajioka, Japan /Australia.
The papers presented in the New Museums Across Cultures sessions will be included in the official conference proceedings. These will be published on the first anniversary of CIHA Melbourne in 2009.
‘I think that the CIHA congress in Melbourne was one
of the best in my professional career’ Milan Kreuzzieger, The Czech Republic.
From left to right: Jonathan Sweet, Deakin University, Melbourne, Gan Zhang, Tsinghua University, Beijing, and, Milan Kreuzzieger, Czech Academy of Science, Prague. (Photo courtesy Chiaki Ajioka)
Cultural Heritage Centre Research Assistant Fiona Erskine has taken up a Research
Assistant position with heritage consultancy firm Lovell Chen. Fiona worked
for three years as RA to Prof Logan assisting on a range of projects including
editing of chapters in the forthcoming Places of Pain and Shame publication
and research for the 2007 publication Vientiane: Transformation of a Lao Landscape
and a recent history of Vietnam being authored by Prof Logan and Colin Long
Congratulations to Fiona and we wish her well in her new role.
Deakin cultural heritage student and Melbourne Water employee Paul Balassone was recently the co-recipient of a Planning Institute Award in the heritage category for the Yan Yean Conservation Management Plan.
Melbourne Water worked in partnership with Context Pty Ltd to draft the Yan Yean conservation management plan, in recognition of the historical significance of Yan Yean in the development of Melbourne and the pressing need to integrate heritage management with asset management, particularly for Melbourne Water which has a rich and diverse heritage inherited from its predecessor in the Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of Works.
Paul has been an enthusiastic contributor to projects within the Cultural Heritage Centre, most recently coordinating a collaboration between Deakin and Melbourne Water to enable students of cultural heritage to draft interpretation plans for the former Melbourne Water company town at Cocoroc Township, Werribee.
As a management tool, the Conservation Management Plan sets out plain English policies and guidelines to assist Melbourne Water with conserving and maintaining the significant heritage values of the Yan Yean system. It serves as a valuable planning tool for project managers, identifying potential problems or risks upfront.
The Yan Yean water supply system, constructed in stages between 1853 and 1890,
was Melbourne’s first engineered water supply system and one of the first
Australia. Remarkably, much of the historically significant infrastructure is still in use today for its original purpose of supplying drinking water to Melbourne, and hence the importance of the CMP as an “insurance” policy.
The CMP sets out to achieve integration of heritage management into business planning and asset management for Melbourne Water.
The CMP is believed to be the first in Victoria that has been prepared for a large scale infrastructure system that is still in operation. As such, the PIA Award is recognition that the CMP serves as a model not only for other water supply systems managed by Melbourne Water and other water authorities, but also for other large scale public infrastructure.
The Yan Yean water supply system will be added to Heritage Victoria’s state register.
Worker constructing the Yan Yean water supply system
Cathryn Barr is a field archaeologist and Heritage Team Leader based in Napier, New Zealand. Cathryn enroled to study Deakin’s Master of Cultural Heritage in 2007, and currently completes all units on a part-time basis via the off-campus, on-line delivered mode of learning.
With twenty years’ experience in field archaeology and archaeological site management, Cathryn decided to enrol in the Masters of Cultural Heritage to update her knowledge and expand her understanding of heritage management. Cathryn has worked for New Zealand’s Department of Conservation, The NZ Historic Places Trust and as a private consultant.
Currently Cathryn works for Opus Consultants, an international engineering and planning company which, like many large-scale infrastructure providers, has incorporated a team of heritage staff “to provide technical input into projects “. The company has also developed a business providing services that include impact assessments for projects on heritage assets, and conservation management plans for heritages sites, including built heritage, archaeological sites and cemeteries etc.
Cathryn’s latest project involves developing a conservation management
plan for a pā site (a fortified Māori village from the pre-European
Associate Professor Andrea Witcomb, Senior Lecturer Pam Maclean, Associate Professor Michele Langfield and Dr Linda Young have brokered an agreement with the Jewish Holocaust Museum and Research Centre, Elsternwick, to write a history of the Centre. The study will address the museum's history in the context of Holocaust memorialisation. Assoc Prof Witcomb and Ms Maclean will travel to Kracow, Berlin, Jerusalem and Vienna to undertake a comparative study on representation of the Holocaust.
Details of the project are as follows:
Investigators: Pam Mclean, Andrea Witcomb, Michele Langfield and Linda Young.
This project will produce a history of Melbourne’s Jewish Holocaust Museum and Research Centre. The JHMRC incorporates a museum, video testimony collection, archive, library, education program and support network for survivors and their descendants. Drawing on various methodologies and theoretical perspectives taken from history and museology, the project will analyse the balance between survivor communities needed to validate their experience with the desire to educate others about the importance of preventing genocide. Understanding the practices of memorialisation will be central to our project.
For further information on this project please contact Pam Maclean.
Mr Jonathan Sweet, A/Prof. Andrea Witcomb and Mr Habib Ben Younes, Directeur de recherches, Directeur de la Division Museographique, L’Institut National du Patrimoine
In 2007 CHCAP was approached by the Council for Australia-Arab Relations (CAAR), a committee of the Commonwealth Government’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, to undertake a scoping mission to North Africa.
CAAR had identified a strategy for building cultural relationships with the Arab nations of North Africa through, in the first place, liaising with the museum and heritage profession in Tunisia. It was proposed that a visit by CHCAP museologists would be Stage 1 in the development of an ongoing cultural relationship, and that Deakin University may also have a pivotal role in facilitation of future projects, which might utilize other Australian museum and heritage professionals and organizations.
Inside the Bardo Museum, Tunis
During their visit a series of meetings were held and a number of museums and heritage sites were visited including the Carthage Museum, National Heritage Institute and the Dar Ben Abdallah museum in the Medina of Tunis.
The primary outcome of this mission is a CHCAP report to CAAR that identified issues based upon the discussions in Tunis that can be addressed through the development of a suite of projects. These projects are prioritised according to short, mid and long term possibilities. The rationale underpinning the recommendations includes the National Heritage Institute desire to develop a long term collaboration of mutual benefits, building on a set of initial exchanges. Although the report is currently in a draft form, it offers some exciting possibilities for cultural heritage research, teaching and consultancy.
Associate Professor Andrea Witcomb attended the final event for the Sharing our Heritages Program which was a symposium in Valencia in February. Academic staff from Deakin University, the University of Cottbus, the Catholic University in Van Leuwen and the Politechnical University of Valencia were represented as well as a number of Latin American and Spanish professionals working on World Heritage sites. There were over 80 students from the program in the audience. The program revolved around the pressures for world heritage sites from tourism. A/Prof. Witcomb gave a presentation entitled “Tensions between local and world heritage significance: The case of Fremantle Prison”. An important outcome from Deakin’s representation at this event is that Andrea Witcomb will be one of the editors of the resulting publication which will be published by UNESCO.
The National Trust of Australia (Victoria) presents in association with Deakin University's Cultural Heritage Centre for Asia and the Pacific and Australia ICOMOS
What is intangible heritage? It is a relatively new concept in heritage circles and has all sorts of implications. It involves people and traditions: knowledge, skills, creativity, products, resources, spaces.
What is the appropriate relationship of intangible heritage to other elements of conventional heritage such as tangible objects, monuments and ites? What role do traditional rituals, art forms, and crafts play in the life of individuals and contemporary communities?
Intangible heritage has recently assumed considerable internaitonal prominence following UNESCO's 2003 ICH Convention, reinforced by the 2005 Convention on Cultural Expressions. All national governments have ben invited to contribute to the discussion and the development of a conservation system that will parallel in many ways the system already existing for heritage places under the 1972 World Heritage Convention. The Victorian National Trust is considering if and how it should move into the intangible heritage field.
Speakers include Prof William S. Logan (Ethical Dilemmas), Richard Engelhardt (UNESCO Regional Advisor for Culture in Asia and the Pacific), Prof Kate Darian-Smith (Children's Folklore), Prof Rob Pascoe (Sport), Dr Heather Builth (Australian indigenous heritage), Pam Maclean (Jewish heritage), Herman Kiriama (African heritage), and James Charlwood (Lost Craftsmanship Skills). The MC is Dr Barry Jones AO.
The symposium will be held at St Peter's Hall, Gisborne St, East Melbourne.
We are confident that this initiative will promote wider debate on the issues and implications of formally recognising intangible heritage.
On 3 July 2008 we have scheduled tours of various parts of historic Melbourne.
The Intangible Heritage Symposium is followed by the annual conference 'History in Practice', of the Society of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand (SAHANZ) at Deakin University, Geelong on 3-6 July 2008.
For further information contact Dr Celestina Sagazio, Senior Historian, National Trust (03) 9656 9824; email@example.com.
Symposium Program (pdf 175 KB)
Prof Bill Logan and Dr Colin Long have been engaged by UNESCO to assist the Hanoi People's Committee to prepare a World Heritage submission for the Thang Long-Hanoi citadel. The work is being done in three stages across 2007-8 and the submission will be sent by the Vietnamese Government to UNESCO in January 2009 with the hope of having the site inscribed in time for the 1,000th anniversary of the founding of Thang Long as the capital of the independent Vietnamese state. The site has in fact been a power base for several centuries longer than that, going back to the period in which the Red River area of northern Vietnam was controlled by the Chinese. The site is remarkable for the continuity of this role, which is demonstrated in the rich collection of archaeological vestiges and artefacts, historic buildings and the intangible heritage of literature and other cultural expressions.
Stairs leading down to the bunker under Building D67, the North Vietnamese Army General Headquarters.
The bunker was used during the Vietnam War for meetings of the Politburo of the Vietnamese Communist Party and the general political department of the Vietnam People's Army, as well as for the office of General Vo Nguyen Giap, Minister of Defence and Vietnam's most famous modern military figure.
Former Deakin Masters of Cultural Heritage Scholarship recipient Hoping Au was recently employed as a Heritage Officer with the Heritage Town of Vincent in Western Australia. Congratulations to Hoping!
A Deakin research team to be lead by Professor David Lowe, Dr Christopher Waters, Dr Helen Gardner, and Professor William Logan has been successful in an application for funding of an Alfred Deakin Postdoctoral Fellow to support research being carried out under the theme History, heritage and memory in the nation building of South Pacific states.
The project outline is as follows:
"This project is both a historical analysis of the interaction between Australia
and the Pacific islands nations, and an investigation of the role of Pacific
histories in the public consciousness of contemporary Pacific citizens. Thus
the project is a scholarly investigation of the history of state and nation
building in Pacific Island nations and Australia’s role in the process
through the period of decolonisation, as well as the application and development
of a sense of national identity in Pacific Island states, through the encouragement
of a national memory.
This project is an exploration of the role of Pacific pasts in the public consciousness of contemporary Pacific citizens including the history of the establishment of these states and Australia’s role in the region in the age of decolonisation. The many tangible and intangible dimensions to nation and state building demand an understanding of the history of state constitutions, state institutions, the economy, law and order, good governance, and civil society. This project is directed towards the development of a sense of national identity through the encouragement of a national memory.
The project will have three main dimensions: first, the history of decolonisation in the Pacific from 1962-1982 from the perspectives of Australia and the island nations. Second, the role of heritage, archival holdings and history curricula in developing the national memory of Pacific island citizens. Third, a survey of national identity of students attending the various campuses of the University of the South Pacific. An understanding of these issues will make a significant contribution to contemporary debates both in Australia and in the island nations on the best approaches to resolving the problems of the ‘failing states’ of Melanesia. "
The study will be conducted in collaboration with staff of the University of the South Pacific, the National Archivist of Fiji and AusAid.