janedenhollanderProfessor Jane Den Hollander has been Vice-Chancellor and President of Deakin University since July, 2010. At Deakin, Professor den Hollander has introduced LIVE the future, an aspiration for Deakin to drive the digital frontier in higher education, harnessing the power, opportunity and reach of new and emerging technologies in all that it does. Professor den Hollander holds a BSc (Honours) First Class in Zoology and a Master of Science degree from Wits University, Johannesburg. Her PhD is from the University of Wales, Cardiff. Professor den Hollander is currently a board member of Universities Australia, Education Australia Limited, and UniSuper, a member of the Advisory Board of the Office of Learning and Teaching, and a trustee of the Geelong Performing Arts Council. From 2005-2008, Professor den Hollander was a Board member of Graduate Careers Australia, and from 2008-2011 on the Board of the Australian Learning and Teaching Council. Prior to taking up her appointment as Vice-Chancellor of Deakin University, Professor den Hollander was Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) at Curtin University of Technology in Western Australia.


garysmithProfessor Gary Smith has been Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Global Engagement) at Deakin University since May 2013. In this role he provides strategic leadership for:

> the development, nurturing, monitoring and reporting of domestic and international teaching and research partnerships;

> the branding, marketing and positioning of the University globally;

> the recruitment of domestic and international students.

Prior to this appointment he held positions at the University of Western Sydney (Pro Vice-Chancellor-Engagement and International), the College of Arts (Executive Dean) and Deakin University (Professor of International Relations). He has a BA (Hons) and PhD from Monash University. He is widely published in the area of Australia's foreign policies and expanding engagement with Asia, and international relations in the Asia Pacific. He has been a visiting professor at Renmin University of China in Beijing. For several years he was academic program director at the Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies in Canberra, the senior executive college of the Department of Defence.


matthewclarkeProfessor Matthew Clarke is Head of the School of Humanities and Social Sciences in the Faculty of Arts and Education. He has worked in the aid sector for 20 years and his areas of research are international development, aid, religion and development, and aid in the Pacific.
Professor Clarke has been chief investigator on six national Category 1 research grants valued at $2m during the last five years and has published or presented over 100 academic journal papers, book chapters and conference papers. He has also authored six books and edited another seven. Professor Clarke undertakes regular evaluations of community development projects in the Pacific and South-east Asia for various non-government organisations, with a particular interest in HIV/AIDS and health-related projects.


davidProfessor David Walker is BHP Billiton Chair of Australian Studies at Peking University and Alfred Deakin Professor of Australian Studies at Deakin University. He is a leading cultural historian with a special interest in the history of Australian representations of Asia. His influential book - Anxious Nation: Australia and the Rise of Asia, 1850 to 1939 (UQP, 1999) won the Ernest Scott prize for History in 2001. Anxious Nation has been translated into Chinese and was published by China Renmin University Press in 2009. An Indian edition was published in the same year and translated into Hindi in 2012. He is co-editor with Agnieszka Sobocinska of Australia's Asia: From Yellow Peril to Asian Century, (UWA Press, October 2012). Asian themes also appear in his recent book Not Dark Yet: a Personal History (Giramondo publishing, 2011). Professor Walker has extensive experience in the development of Australian Studies programs in the People's Republic of China, India, Japan and Indonesia. He is a Visiting Professor in the School of Foreign Studies, Renmin University of China, Beijing and a Fellow of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia and the Australian Academy of the Humanities.

fethimansouriProfessor Fethi Mansouri is the Director of Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation and Alfred Deakin Chair in Migration and Intercultural Studies, Deakin University
In 2013 Professor Mansouri was awarded a UNESCO Chair in comparative research on 'Cultural Diversity and Social Justice'. He is the editor of the Journal of Intercultural Studies (Routledge) and founding co-editor of the International Journal of Social Inclusion (Librello). Professor Mansouri is a global expert advisor to the United Nations (Alliance of Civilisations) on cultural diversity and intercultural relations. He is a leading researcher in the University and a prominent scholar both nationally and internationally. Professor Mansouri has published fourteen books, ten major research monographs, more than seventy refereed research articles and book chapters, and many book reviews and media pieces. His 2004 book,'Lives in Limbo: Voices of Refugees under Temporary Protection' was short-listed for the 2004 Human Rights Medals and Awards. He has presented more than 150 invited conference and seminar papers and many other invited presentations at national and international symposia.


zhangyongxianProfessor Zhang Yongxian is a Professor of English, and Director, Australian Studies Centre, Renmin University of China. Born in Inner Mongolia, Zhang Yongxian studied at the Inner Mongolia Teacher's University before he received support from ADAB, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Australia to study at the University of Melbourne, gaining a GDIESE (Graduate Diploma in Inter-Ethnic Studies and Education). Subsequently he joined the Education Section of the Chinese Embassy in Canberra. After a further period of study at the Beijing University of Language and Culture, Zhang completed his Dip.Ed. at Melbourne University, returning to China to join the academic staff at Renmin University (RUC), Beijing. At present, Zhang Yongxian holds several positions at RUC which include: Party Secretary of the School of Foreign languages; and Director of the Australian Studies Centre.

Images and Realities: China's Past, Present and Potentials
China's role has to be considered when we discuss peace and progress in the Asia-Pacific region. However, some people in the West tend to over-estimate China's engagement and some even go further to argue that China is a rival of America. The image of China as a new power is often skewed in the media, and China's reality is often neglected when experts and strategic analysts come to examine "power balance" in the Asia-Pacific region. Apart from China's growing military strength, other factors such as history, mentality, social and cultural realities should also be included when examining the so-called "power balance" in the new century in Asia.


colinmackerrasEmeritus Professor Colin Mackerras (FAHA, AO) has a PhD in China studies from the Australian National University. He worked at Griffith University in Queensland, Australia, from 1974 to his retirement in 2004. He is currently professor emeritus at Griffith University. His many research areas include modern Chinese history, Chinese theatre, ethnic minorities, past and present, Western images of China and Australia-China relations, and he has written widely on all of these. His many books include The Rise of the Peking Opera (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1972), Western Images of China, Revised Edition (Oxford University Press, Hong Kong, 1999), China's Ethnic Minorities and Globalisation (Routledge Curzon, London, 2003), and China in Transformation 1900-1949, 2nd Edition (Pearson Education, Harlow, London, 2008. He has edited numerous books on a variety of subjects relating to China, most notably the four-volume Ethnic Minorities in Modern China, Critical Concepts in Asian Studies (Routledge, London and New York, 2011). He is a fellow of the Academy of the Humanities of Australia and an Officer in the Order of Australia

An evaluation of Australia-China relations under the Rudd/Gillard Labor Government
Of the two prime ministers of the Australian Labor Party government between 2007 and 2013, Kevin Rudd is far better versed in Chinese affairs than Julia Gillard. This paper takes up two aspects of Australia's relations with China during this period.

Politico-strategic relations: Factors to cover include Rudd's speech at Peking University in April 2008; his Defence White Paper of May 2009; the visit of the Uighur Rebiya Kadeer to Australia in August 2009; the visit of Chinese Deputy Prime Minister Li Keqiang (October 2009); and Rudd's Morrison lecture of April 2010. For the Gillard period, coverage includes her main visits to China (April 2011 and April 2013), and the Defence White Paper of May 2013.

Economic relations: Trade expanded greatly between 2007-2013, in 2011-2012 reaching A$120 billion, or 24 per cent of Australia's total trade. Chinese investment proved controversial, involving accusations of takeover by Chinese state enterprises. In mid-2009, a high profile attempt by the state-owned Aluminium Corporation of China to invest in the Anglo-Australian mining giant Rio Tinto, ended in failure. Shortly afterwards Rio Tinto's top executive in China, Stern Hu, was detained and later sentenced to a long prison term for bribery and stealing state secrets. This caused sourness in relations, because most Australians regarded Hu's treatment as unjust.
This paper argues that relations were in most respects better under Gillard than Rudd. While Rudd had to deal with a more difficult situation than Gillard, he did not behave with particular sensitivity. Moreover, the 2009 Defence White Paper was not well thought through. Gillard's strategy of focusing on trade and education, as well as the 2013 Defence White Paper, showed her as more effective in handling relations, which reached a high point shortly before the government's defeat.


johnfitzgeraldProfessor John Fitzgerald joined Swinburne University in 2013, as Director of the Asia Pacific Centre for Social Investment and Philanthropy. Prior to that he served for five years as China Representative of The Ford Foundation in Beijing where he directed the Foundation's operations in China. Before that, he was Head of the School of Social Sciences at La Trobe University and, before that again, Director of the International Centre of Excellence in Asia-Pacific Studies at the Australian National University. While in Canberra he served as Chair of the Education Committee of the Australia-China Council of the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, as Chair of the Committee for National and International Cooperation of the Australian Research Council, and as International Secretary of the Australian Academy of the Humanities. His book, Big White Lie: Chinese Australians in White Australia (UNSW 2007) was a finalist in the Prime Minister's History Prize in 2008 and awarded the Ernest Scott Prize of the Australian Historical Association for the most distinguished book on Australian history published that year. His publications have also won international recognition, including the Joseph Levenson Prize of the American Association for Asian Studies.

The Place of the Chinese-Australian Community in Australia-china relations
This presentation traces the contributions, opportunities, and challenges for Chinese-Australian communities in playing a constructive role in Australia-China relations across the fields of trade and investment, education and research, cultural and social exchange, and political, diplomatic and security relations.


sarahpaddleProfessor Sarah Paddle teaches History at Deakin University and is Associate Dean - Teaching and Learning in the Faculty of Arts and Education. Her research interests include Australian women's history, and writing cross-cultural histories on women in Australia, Britain and China. Her recent research includes studies of Australian women and China, western feminists, colonisation and international citizenship, and the Chinese 'slave girl' campaigns of the 1920s. Sarah Paddle has also edited a collection of post-war journalism articles titled There's a Woman in the House - A 1950's Journey. The Australia-China Council has funded joint research with several Chinese scholars. From 2008-2012 Sarah has led developmental and scholarly projects totalling $1.4 million.

Cross-cultural encounters in history: Australian women in China
Writing the histories of Western women in China provides a rich trajectory through which to explore the Australia-China transnational experience. This paper focuses specifically on encounters between Australian women and Chinese women and children historically, through an investigation of the architecture of race and gender in their reciprocal exchanges. The paper will highlight the transnational space of encounters where new cultures formed as hybrid, relative and unstable. Australian women worked with the women and children of China in the early years of the twentieth century, in a period of unprecedented social and political revolution. Alongside all Europeans they were forced to reconceptualise their work against a changing experience of Chinese womanhood. In this context emerging models of the 'Chinese new woman' and the 'new girl' challenged older constructions of gender. The Chinese reformation also provided Australians with troubling reflections on their own roles as independent young women, against debates about modern women at home, and the emerging rights of white women as newly enfranchised citizens in the new nation of Australia.


jackysunMr Yanchen (Jacky) Sun recently graduated with a Master of Business Law degree from Monash University. He also holds a Bachelor of Commerce, majoring in Accounting, from Macquarie University. During his time at Monash, Jacky was the International Student Representative for the Monash Faculty Board and Graduate Representative for the Faculty's Education Committee. Additionally, he heavily participated in student clubs, co-founding and serving as President of 'Proud To Be International Students' (PTBIS) club, which aims to improve international students' public image, social recognition, education quality and welfare through organised events and campaigns. In the last four months, Jacky has been working part-time as a Finance Officer for O Group Limited (formerly known as Monash Student Union). Jacky also has a great interest in Sino-Australian bilateral political, economic and trade relations, in addition to China's domestic democracy and social justice, Earlier this year he joined the Australia-China Youth Association (ACYA) National Communications Committee as Chinese social-media manager.

Australia-China Youth Dialogue
The Australia-China Youth Association (ACYA) is a not-for-profit, apolitical youth organisation that caters to young Australians with an interest in China and young Chinese with an interest in Australia. As a member of ACYA's National Communications Committee since early 2013, I have worked closely with the National Communications Director and National President to devise strategies to grow our social media presence. Managing ACYA's Chinese social media channels forms part of my responsibilities, including the thousands of followers we have across Weibo and Renren. As a committee member, I have the unique opportunity to explore exciting news and events run by ACYA Chapters in Australia, China and Hong Kong. ACYA is part of ACYA Group, which also includes the Australia-China Youth Dialogue, Australia-China Young Professionals Initiative and Engaging China Project.


guoqingminAssociate Professor Guo Qingmin is Associate Professor at the School of Foreign Languages, RENMIN University of China. His major study areas cover linguistics, applied linguistics, discourse and politics. His recent publications include a book titled Language, Human Nature and Freedom (2011), 4 sets of coursebooks for undergraduate students, and some journal articles including, among others, "An exploration into the philosophical basis of new ideas" (2011) and "A critical review of Chomsky's linguistically-based idea of freedom" (2009). He also translated some books, the latest of which, The Meaning of Truth (2013), will be published soon by FLTRP. At present, he teaches Intensive Reading to undergraduate English majors, and Discourse Analysis and Translation Method to graduate students. His teaching has been highly commended by both students and colleagues. Recently, his research interest has shifted to the role of language or discourse in social and political communication. For this conference, he will present an extensive study of the attitudinal resources used by the American mainstream media in their discourse about China's rise in the world.

A Critical Analysis of Semantic Prosody in the Media Discourses about China's Rise
The study explores the semantic prosody and the ideological perspectives reflected in the U.S. media discourse on the rise of China. Semantic prosody is defined as "the discourse function of a unit of meaning" and "the functional choice which links meaning to purpose". According to J. M. Sinclair, semantic prosody is attitudinal and evaluative in that the analysis of it often reveals the speaker's/writer's stance or attitude. The present authors selected 144 media discourses from six mainstream U.S. media agencies. The analysis of the semantic prosodies in the media discourse indicates that the rise of China is regarded as a source of threat, causing great anxiety to other countries and leading to possible confrontation. Even when China is admitted to be the world's No. 2 economy, the authors of these discourses mean to stress the negative consequences, rather than possible opportunities such a rise offers to the world, because China is portrayed as an autocratic country. The study provides insightful information as to how the American media perceive China's rise and how China's image has been misrepresented.


wudiMs Wu Di is a PhD candidate from Renmin University of China. She is also a lecturer in the department of English at Beijing University of Chemical Technology.  Her areas of study are western culture and Australian studies. She has an M.A. in English Studies from the Faculty of Arts, Histories, and Cultures at the University of Manchester, and has a B.A. in English from the School of Foreign Languages at Renmin University of China. She has translated several books about Australian and Chinese cultures, including ‘Western Images of China’ by famous Australian expert on China, Professor Colin Mackerras.

Australia-China cultural relationships under the ALP Government of Rudd and Gillard
Cultural relationships have always been an indispensable part of Australia-China relations, but generally speaking they are much less developed than economic or strategic relationships. The current paper focuses mainly on the cultural exchanges between Australia and China under the ALP governments of Rudd and Gillard, in the context of globalization and the rise of China. By examining relations between the two countries in education, academic research, science collaboration, tourism and art performance, the paper argues that the cultural exchange has become more equitable, reciprocal and multi-dimension under Rudd's and Gillard's prime ministerships. It also argues that improved cultural relations between Australia and China may deepen mutual-understanding and further overall relations. The reasons behind these improvements under ALP governments are also analysed.


zhangleiMr Zhang Lei is a third-year MA candidate from Renmin University of China. His research interests include the relationship between Australia and the Asia-Pacific, Sino-Australia relations and Australian Post-modern literature. His current interests include re-positioning Australia in the Asia-Pacific in the new century, the implications of America's rebalancing toward Asia on Australia, transnational Australian studies and transpacific studies. In the past five years, Zhang Lei has participated in international forums and conferences in South Korea, America and Europe. He finds it a great pleasure to meet new friends and share cutting-edge ideas.

No more like a rolling stone-repositioning Australia in the Asia-Pacific through cross-cultural literacy
In recent years, Australia has been diverging between the American alliance and its Asian neighbours, following the former's political and military stance, while integrating its economy into the latter. Australia's Europe-America-Asia shift over the last century and its current realpolitik approaches make it look like a rolling stone. Even the Asia-Oriented White Paper is shadowed by Australia's embracing attitude to America's pivot/rebalancing toward the Asia-Pacific. Therefore, while acknowledging that a firm sense of history in approaching Australia in the Asian Century matters, we also need to examine and adjust Australia's cognitive mapping of itself in the Asia-Pacific at present and in the future. This paper is predicated upon the idea that a region such as the Asia-Pacific is not a natural given but rather a conceptualization of a complex set of political, economic, cultural and security imperatives, a site of both domination and resistance. By reading some chapters of the newly issued White Paper-Australia in the Asian Century - as literature, and drawing upon the meta-geography of the Asia-Pacific, I intend to reposition Australia in the Asian context through cross-cultural literacy. We need to be wary that Asia-literacy itself does not necessarily guarantee a fruitful relationship and may even fall into Orientalism. Not only a critical self-reflection is very necessary, but also a critical regionalism needs to be adopted when dealing with the Australia-Asia relationship and in their double-way of cross-cultural literacy. In doing so, we may achieve the ultimate purpose of cross-cultural literacy which goes far beyond knowing each other and reaches to an end of harmonious co-existence and hybridity.


duniMs Du Ni is a second-year MA candidate from Renmin University of China (RUC). Her areas of study are cultural studies and Australian studies. In 2010, Du Ni participated in a summer course held by Oklahoma State University and Southwest Jiaotong University (SWJTU) and learned English writing and American culture, especially American society and Indian culture. She finished her undergraduate study at the English Department of SWJTU in 2012. The same year, Du Ni became a master's student with the Australian Studies Centre of RUC, focussing on Sino-Australia relations.

Does the balancing strategy still work? Australia's choices between China and the United States in the Asian Century
China and Australia are both important powers in the Asia-Pacific region. Therefore, the bilateral relationship is significant for the two countries, as well as with other nations such as the United States. Australia has established a close alliance with the United States since the Second World War. From that time on, Australia's China policy was largely influenced by the US policy toward China. Since the later stage of John Howard's term of office, the Australian government implemented a well-balanced strategy between China and the U.S. In the 21st century, with the rise of China, the power structure in Asia has changed in subtle ways. Australia, China and the United States have all had to adjust to this change. A significant question for Australia, when making foreign policy, is to decide whether to continue to be an intermediary between China and the US or to choose one side. The paper aims to discuss Australia's possible choices in the Australia-China-U.S. trilateral relations in the future.


heguanxiongMr He Guanxiong is an MA candidate from Renmin University of China. His master's degree is focused on the cultural studies of English-speaking countries, including Australia. He graduated from the English department of Renmin University of China in 2012. In 2011, he published a paper on the Inspirations on Foreign Language Teaching from the Learning Motivation (Journal of Sichuan International Studies University). He also attended the conference, Cross-Cultural Literacy: China and Australia in the Asian Century, held at Renmin University of China in 2012. His main research interests are cultural sociology and associated Australian studies, with a specific focus on the relationship between culture and politics.

The importance of economy in Australia-China Relations
Politics and economics are two major elements that affect Australia's foreign policy towards China. With regard to economics, China has become the largest trade partner of Australia in bilateral imports and exports; this relationship is foreseeably going to be enhanced. However, Australia has been one of the most loyal allies to the U.S in both politics and international relationships since the formulation of the Australia, New Zealand and the United States Pacific Security Treaty. In the early period of Australia-China relations, politics dominated the development of the economy. However, after the establishment of official diplomatic relations between Australia and China, the relative influence of politics and economy appeared to switch, such that the economy now has a more significant influence on politics. At the present time, although the Australian government still tends to be more closely aligned to the U.S, the attraction of China's prosperous economy and the associated trade benefits seem to be loosening the Aus-US partnership. As a result, there is hope of a much more solid relationship between Australia and China.


liushaoguangMr Liu Shaoguang is an MA candidate from Renmin University of China. His areas of study are translation and Australian studies. He presented a paper on China's Strategy in North-East Asia from Angle of Game Theory at the Pacific and Asian Studies (SPAS) Graduate Student Conference held at the University of Hawaii in 2012. He was also a presenter at the 13th International Conference of Australian Studies in China in 2012. His research interests mainly focus on the history of China's links with Asia-pacific countries, especially Australia. He is currently working on the history of Sino-Australia diplomatic relations in the 1960s and 1970s.

The analysis of the Sino-Australian diplomatic relations in the late 1960s and the early 1970sThis paper analyses the reasons why Australia's government changed its foreign policy towards China in the late 1960s and the early 1970s, using the help of the relevant documents and statesmen's recollections. The paper also reviews the process of establishing Sino-Australian diplomatic relations and bilateral relations development since the establishment of diplomatic ties between the two countries. Although there were some difficulties and a great number of hard choices in the process, the establishment of diplomatic relations has its historical significance and meaning. The paper also attempts to explain Gough Whitlam's independent diplomatic thinking by comparing Chinese foreign policy under his Labour government with that of the Coalition government led by William McMahon. In a sense, Gough Whitlam broke new ground for Australian foreign policy strategy, and further established the independence of Australian diplomatic policy. Thanks to the establishment of Sino-Australian diplomatic relations, Australia has extended its diplomatic scope and plays a more positive and influential role on the international stage.


liushuangMs Liu Shuang is an MA candidate from Renmin University of China. Her areas of study are English and American literature, creative writing and Australian studies. She is especially interested in American drama and script writing. As an MA candidate, she has finished two scripts during the past two years, one is for drama and the other is for film. Liu Shuang also focuses on 19th and 20th century English poetry. Her research topics include Imagination, Visions, Supernatural and the Witches in Shakespeare's Macbeth, On the Artistic Effect of Robert Browning's Dramatic Monologue, and Isolation, Menace and Identity -An analysis on the Themes of Harold Pinter's The Caretaker.

Seek the redemptive love out of survival tragedy - on the theme of The Sound of One Hand Clapping
The Sound of One Hand Clapping is a truly extraordinary work: vivid, passionate and utterly compelling, written by Richard Flanagan. It is about the dark underbelly of Australia and the difficulty of adjusting to life in a new country. It is a story about redemptive love, a celebration of the resilience of individuals and of their power to change. Flanagan has crafted a book of immense beauty which holds within it love, grief and a dissection of the anatomy of hurting that is haunting and unforgettable. This paper will focus on the underbelly of Australia and the barbarism of Europe as exposed in the novel, and will interpret the destiny of those in the country beyond hope who seek to redeem themselves through love. It will discuss the value and significance of the theme of the novel and unveil the unique charm of Flanagan's literary creation.


suntongleMs Sun Tongle is an MA candidate from Renmin University of China. Her areas of study are applied linguistics, language teaching and Australian studies. She presented her paper on teaching CSL in classroom settings at Maryland International Conference on Chinese as a Second Language held at University of Maryland in November 2012. She was also a presenter at the 13th International Conference of Australian Studies in China in May 2012. Tongle studied at the Department of Applied Linguistics, University of Massachusetts Boston as a visiting student last year, during which time she carried out a study on the assessment and analysis of the weaknesses and needs of Chinese postgraduate learners in the US.

The assessment and analysis of the weaknesses and needs of Chinese graduate learners in the U.S.
This paper intends to assess and analyse the weaknesses and needs of Chinese graduate learners in the US. The subjects of the study are students who finished their undergraduate study in universities in China and who are in the early stages of graduate study in the US. The aim of the study is to identify the weaknesses and needs of Chinese graduate students and to explore how they can be helped during undergraduate study in China as well as how they can be better prepared to adjust to the academic environment in the US. Areas such as language skills, learning strategies, cognitive strategies, affective factors and adaptivity to the academic environment will be investigated. Semi-structured interviews with Chinese graduate students and surveys based on the interviews are carried out to collect data. Interviews with American teachers are also carried out to assess how teachers' assessments might match students' own assessments. The findings of the study will provide feedback on undergraduate education in Chinese universities in general, and they will also provide implications for American teachers to better understand their Chinese graduate students.


tangzhenyingMs Tang Zhenying is an MA candidate from Renmin University of China. Her areas of study are linguistics and Australian studies. In August 2012 she attended The Global Politics Summer School China - a joint program of Freie Universitaet Berlin and Fudan University Shanghai - and presented a paper on international politics. In July 2012, she presented a paper titled The image of the horse in Australians' eyes at the 13th International Conference of Australian Studies in China. Her recent focus has been the international issues surrounding Diaoyu Island. This study aims to explore public opinion of the diplomatic measures employed by the USA and Australia on this issue.

A corpus-based comparison of media attitudes in the USA and Australia towards the Diaoyu Island issues in the East China Sea
As the government of Japan claimed to buy Diaoyu Island, the tension in the East China Sea has been greater than ever before. This issue has drawn a lot of attention from the media. For geographical and political reasons, the USA and Australia are attached to Asia-Pacific issues such as this. Media, as a mirror of public attitudes and opinion, is a direct way for people to understand the country's major response to a certain issue. The present study focuses on media outlets in the USA and Australia, namely, CNN, the New York Times, The Australian and The Age. By the method of corpus-based analysis, which shows the word frequency, collocate, semantic prosody about the wording in the news writing, the author tries to find similarities and differences between US and Australian attitudes towards the international issue the East China Sea. The corpus is built by the author after a strict selection of the materials from the newspapers mentioned above. By comparing the attitude, the author also wants to explore the public opinion for the diplomatic measures in the USA and Australia.


zhangandongMs Zhang Andong is an MA candidate from Renmin University of China and a member of its Australian Studies Centre. Her areas of study are translation theories, interpreting and Australian studies. Andong presented her paper on the issue of Australian Aboriginals at the 13th International Conference of Australian Studies in China held at Xihua University in July 2012. Her main study interest is to explore ideas of ethnicity and cultural imperialism between Australian Aboriginals and White Australians through film analysis.

Exploration of ideas of Ethnicity and Culture Imperialism between Australian Aboriginals and the White - elaborated by the films Rabbit-proof Fence and Bran Nue Dae.
Racism is an historical and complex societal problem among settler societies. Contemporary Australian society is often characterized as increasingly multicultural, but still struggles to disengage from a legacy of Anglo privilege and cultural dominance. While the Indigenous Australian people are a part of a contemporary multicultural society, nevertheless, their place in Australian society is distinctive. The documentary film adapted from the book 'Rabbit-proof Fence' is a record of a real story that happened in the 1930s - that is, eighty years ago when Australia was definitely very Anglo-Celtic and not multicultural. The government at the time was implementing an 'assimilation policy' to purify the 'half-caste' under the pretext of 'civilization'. By illustrating and analysing the film Rabbit-proof Fence, using Werner Sollors' ideas about defining difference, the thesis points out that the behaviour of the West Australian government at that time was a form of cultural imperialism aiming to eliminate the very nature of difference between the Aboriginal people and the Anglo-Celtic settlers. Bran Nue Dae first appeared in 1990 as a stage show and then was released as a film in 2009. Set in 1969, in West Australia, it provides a more contemporary view of the experience of Aboriginal people in Australia. The people in the film confront continuing forms of racism but they resist the imperatives of cultural imperialism and its denigration of difference.


zhaoxingyuMr Zhao Xingyu is an MA candidate studying the culture of English speaking countries at Renmin University of China. Zhao Xinyu studied at RUC and gained his Bachelor of Arts degree in English Literature in 2012. His research interests lie in American literature and Sino-Australia relations. He presented his paper on Herman Melville's Bartleby the Scrivener at the 4th Renmin- FJU Graduate Student Conference in 2013.

Australia's education export industry and its inspirations for China in the Asian Century
This paper intends to examine Australia's export of educational services in the 1980s from the perspectives of its impact, cultural connotations and its revelations on China. The paper firstly studies the significance of the transition of Australia's international education policy to the nation's economy, society and Australia's relations with other countries; additionally it looks at the aftermath, particularly the consequences on immigration and education quality of the short-term English courses targeted at China. The paper also points out the cultural meanings behind the popularization of the export of educational services in Australia, marked by Australians' acceptance of multiculturalism. Lastly, the paper puts forward its implications for China in terms of international education policy in the Asian century. The research regards the study of Australia's education policy as a key to probing and understanding the Sino-Australian relationship since 1972 and a practical model that enlightens China in the 21st century.


janedenhollanderProfessor Jane Den Hollander has been Vice-Chancellor and President of Deakin University since July, 2010. At Deakin, Professor den Hollander has introduced LIVE the future, an aspiration for Deakin to drive the digital frontier in higher education, harnessing the power, opportunity and reach of new and emerging technologies in all that it does. Professor den Hollander holds a BSc (Honours) First Class in Zoology and a Master of Science degree from Wits University, Johannesburg. Her PhD is from the University of Wales, Cardiff. Professor den Hollander is currently a board member of Universities Australia, Education Australia Limited, and UniSuper, a member of the Advisory Board of the Office of Learning and Teaching, and a trustee of the Geelong Performing Arts Council. From 2005-2008, Professor den Hollander was a Board member of Graduate Careers Australia, and from 2008-2011 on the Board of the Australian Learning and Teaching Council. Prior to taking up her appointment as Vice-Chancellor of Deakin University, Professor den Hollander was Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) at Curtin University of Technology in Western Australia.

Deakin’s engagement with higher education in China, and future directions
The coming decades will see the world economy shift from west to east and north to south bringing new opportunities, new export markets, new business models and new cultural ties.  In a flat connected world, Australian universities must become globally capable and our graduates must be Asia literate.  In order to be relevant, Australians will need to adapt the way they think about and engage with the region.  Universities will have a particularly important role to enable and accelerate this engagement.


rowancallickMr Rowan Callick grew up in England, graduating with a BA Honours from Exeter University. He worked for a daily newspaper in the north east before moving in 1976 to Papua New Guinea, where he became general manager of a locally owned publishing, printing and retail group. In 1987 he moved to Australia, working for almost 20 years for The Australian Financial Review, finally as Asia-Pacific Editor. He was China Correspondent for the AFR, based in Hong Kong, from 1996-2000. From 1990-1992 he was a senior writer with Time magazine. He joined The Australian at the start of 2006, as China Correspondent. After three years in Beijing, he became The Australian's Asia-Pacific Editor in 2009.  He was appointed in 2013 a Fellow of the Australian Institute of International Affairs. He was a member of the National Advisory Council on Aid Policy from 1994-96, a board member of the Australia Indonesia Institute from 2001-2006, and a member of the Foreign Minister's Foreign Affairs Council from 2003-2006. He has published two books:  Comrades & Capitalists: Hong Kong Since the Handover in 1998 by the University of NSW Press, and Party Time: Who Runs China and How in February 2013 by Black Inc. in Australia, then internationally in September 2013 by Palgrave Macmillan. He won the Graham Perkin Award for Journalist of the Year for 1995, and two Walkley Awards, for Asia-Pacific coverage, for 1997 and 2007.

Great expectations
Australia and China each hold out great expectations from their relationship. The inevitable misunderstandings have led to disappointments on both sides, in part because of a failure to realise the limitations imposed by the unique features of the Chinese party-state. But more patient efforts are beginning to bear fruit, economically and socially.


baogangheProfessor Baogang He is currently Head of the Public Policy and Global Affairs Programme at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.  He is also Chair in International Studies at the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at Deakin University (currently on leave).  Professor He has published five single-authored books, five co-authored or co-edited books and numerous international refereed journal articles, book chapters and Chinese publications. He received the Mayer prize from the Australian Political Science Association in 1994 and has been the recipient of ARC, Fulbright Commission and Ford Foundation grants. His publications deal with a wide range of issues such as civil society, democracy, deliberation, participation, citizenship, federalism, multiculturalism, civil society and national identity.  Professor He is a member of the editorial board of New Political Science, China: An International Journal, Political Science Forum, Intellectual Series and Rural Studies. He has held various visiting or research positions at Huazhong Normal University, Suzhou University, the University of NSW, the National University of Singapore, the National Endowment for Democracy, the University of Cambridge, the International Institute for Asian Studies (Leiden), and the Sejong Institute in South Korea.

How to mitigate the potential conflicts between China and Australia
As China's power increases it can upset existing regional relationships and lead different parties to recalibrate their strategic position. The relationship between China and Australia is vulnerable to rising regional tensions because Australia remains a close ally of the United States, China's major strategic rival in the region. Australia and China are also culturally very different, which creates greater potential for misunderstanding than might otherwise be the case. There are, however, a number of positive features in the relationship, that make such tensions far from inevitable. China and Australia are close trading partners and their economies are largely complementary, rather than competitive. This is in contrast to the relationship between China and some of the export-led economies of the Asian region. The strategic threat from China is also far less for Australia than it is for many others in the region, such as Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, or states that have territorial claims in the South China Sea. Although some tensions may arise, there is still an opportunity to take action to mitigate potential conflicts between Australia and China.


lipingDr Li Ping has been teaching at Renmin University of China since 1995. Her research interests include Australian Literature, Women's Studies and Comparative Literature. She undertook an ACC project of 'Australian Women Writers on China' with Professor Sarah Paddle at Deakin University, Australia in 2003. She has also presented papers on the literary works of Australian women writers at Australian Studies Conferences in 2002 (Hefei), 2004(Beijing), 2010 (Shanghai) and 2012 (Chengdu).

The immortals' roles in the land rights 'war' in Carpentaria
The fictional novel - Carpentaria - traces the encounter of Indigenous tribes with white people in the Gulf of Carpentaria and ultimately sings highly of the former's traditional culture in a contemporary world. The novel reveals different consequences brought about by different attitudes towards beliefs and traditions: discarding tradition, the impious white people are abandoned by God; however, by honouring their tradition, the indigenous people win the support of their spirits, who play important roles in the land rights movement. With the depiction of the 'immortal' and their relationship with the 'mortal', an epic dimension is added to the novel. While exploring the land rights 'war', the novel embraces the promise of reconciliation between different people, as well as between the 'mortal' and the 'immortal'.


tianliliAssociate Professor Tian Lili is a Lecturer at School of Foreign Languages, Renmin University of China. She gained her doctoral degree in Applied Linguistics and Second Language Acquisition at University of Oxford in 2009. Her doctoral thesis examined the effects of teachers' code switching on the English vocabulary learning outcome of Chinese university students. Her research interests include vocabulary acquisition, code switching and English language teaching. She has published four journal articles and two book chapters in these research areas.

Learning Australian-English vocabulary: incidental or intentional?
There have long been heated discussions over the intentional and incidental learning of Australian-English vocabulary (Krashen, 1989; Ellis, 1994, 1995; Schmidt, 1994; Paradis, 1994). There has also been debate about whether incidental or intentional instruction is better for the acquisition of Australian-English words with a deep cultural and historical background (Zhang Chenxiang, 2006; Yao Jianpeng, 1999). Should their cultural and historical origin be taken into account in order to promote learners' acquisition of such words? Two groups of university students with mixed subjects participated in this exploratory study. The incidental-learning group read an authentic English passage containing the target Australian-English words with their Chinese meanings provided on the margin. The intentional-learning group read a Chinese introduction on the meanings of the Australian-English words and the origin of their meanings. A vocabulary test on the twelve target Australian-English words was administered after the 30-minute training sessions. A delayed test was administered two weeks later. Although the results of Independent Samples T-test show no significant difference between the Intentional-learning group and the Incidental-learning group in the immediate post-test (p=.112), on average the group which received a forms-oriented (intentional) vocabulary instruction recalled more words (M=5) than the group which received the meaning-oriented (incidental) vocabulary training (M=3.95). The sample is too small to make any further conclusions, but the results suggest that for Australian-English words with a deep cultural and historical origin, a more forms-oriented intentional vocabulary teaching method may result in better learning outcomes. In addition, no significant difference was found between the two groups in the delayed post-test two weeks later, both groups forgot most of these words.


wangxiaoluAssociate Professor Wang Xiaolu is Deputy Chairperson of the Department of English, in the School of Foreign Languages, Renmin University of China. She studied applied linguistics at Tsinghua University in China from 1986-1988 and was a visiting fellow at Reading University in England from 1999-2000 (sponsored by the Chinese Ministry of Education). She has been teaching and conducting research at Renmin University since 1988. Specific courses Xiaolu has taught include English speaking, reading, writing, translating and intercultural communication. She has researched and published in the following areas: teaching and learning of English as a foreign language; intercultural communication; and sport and culture in Britain and the United States.

Contemporary Australian sport consumption and its implications for China
Sport in Australia is a constant, organic and creative force. According to the statistics released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in 2012, 65% of Australians aged 15 years and over participated in physical activities for recreation, exercise or sport. The role of sport in ethnic communities is not to be neglected either. For many players of ethnic descent, one’s social progress can be measured by success in sports, hence can help them gain acceptance within mainstream Australian society. Besides the strong sense of sport consumption on the part of the citizens, governmental investments in sports and the extensiveness of related sport industries have contributed to the high level of sport consumption in the country. Australian contemporary sport, so to speak, is a representation of how social, economic and political power come together making sport the way it is and encouraging it to be profitable for both the citizens and the country. Contemporary Australian sport consumption has profound implications for China’s construction of health service system and the implementation of the mass body-building movement. Encouraging the consumption of leisure sport provides an ideal approach to the business of life, thus will help promote national happiness, health growth, harmony and stability.



mobogaoProfessor Mobo Gao is Professor of Chinese Studies and Director of the Adelaide Confucius Institute at the University of Adelaide. He has working experience at various universities in China, UK and Australia and has been a visiting fellow at some of the world's leading universities, including Oxford and Harvard. His charismatic style of lecturing was considered 'legendary' at the University of Tasmania where he worked prior to his appointment at the University of Adelaide in 2008. Professor Gao's research interests include studies of rural China, contemporary Chinese politics & culture, Chinese migration to Australia and Chinese language. His publications include four monographs and numerous book chapters and articles. One of his books, the critically acclaimed Gao Village, is a case study of the village that he came from. His latest book The Battle of China's Past: Mao and the Cultural Revolution is a reassessment of the Mao era and the Cultural Revolution.

Is value diplomacy real or is it a cover for realism?
This paper refers to two ideas about Australia's diplomacy in relation to China. The first idea is that Australia should take up the human rights discourse with the Chinese government. The second idea is that Australia should not only ally with the USA, but also ally with democracies such as India and Japan, as leverage against China, if not outright containment. The paper aims to examine the question of whether this kind of 'value' vernacular serves the national interest of Australia and if so how. By taking the constructivist realism approach the paper argues that on the one hand 'value diplomacy' serves realism, i.e., value talk is not just talk but real and that on the other value talk may contradict economic and interest, at least in short-terms. Finally, the paper argues that the dynamic between the Australian electoral democracy and mainstream media can lead to not only international misunderstanding, but also a 'value' dichotomy that can pave the way for serious conflicts.


guoqiangliuAssociate Professor Guo-qiang Liu is Associate Professor in Chinese studies in the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at Deakin University in Australia. His current research interests include language and identity, China's ideological transformation, and language policy in the reconstruction of national identity in China.

Confucius Institutes and China's national identity
China's Confucius Institute Program, a significant language policy and planning initiative will be examined from a political perspective, focussing on its inception and its role in reconstructing national identity in the context of China's rise and international relations. This paper will explore the background against which the Confucius Institute initiative was formed, and analyse how it was received in the West and how China responded to it. It will be argued that the initiative is a major part of the reconstruction of national identity currently underway in China. It will also be argued that such a reconstruction is an interactive process, with an outcome being dependent upon China's negotiation with the international community, China stating a new position and listening to international responses. Clarifying and elaborating upon this new position will be an essential part of the process in order for China's new position to be accepted by the international community.


KeliProfessor Diao Keli is a professor of English and Associate Dean of the School of Foreign Languages, Renmin University of China, Beijing. He teaches English literature and critical theory, and his research interests are the author theory, comparative literature, and translation. His principal publications include monographs such as Western Critical Theory of the Author (2005), and papers such as 'Death of the Author' and the 'Resurrection of the Writer' (Journal of Renmin University of China, Vol. 4 2010),

The Making of the Writer and Creative Writing
The 'making of the writer' contends that the writer is an image in a constant formation and dynamic system. This is also the basic conception of the 'ecology of the writer', which is a theoretical construct that is centred on the writer and refers to the whole process of the writer's formation, growth, maturity and acceptance. The 'ecology of the writer' can be described with four terms: the making of the writer, the writing of the writer, the being of the writer and the acceptance of the writer. The interaction of the four aspects makes a whole system of the writer's ecology. The making of the writer is worthy of special concern. The development of 'creative writing' brings new concepts and a theoretical extension of literary education and writer training. It can serve as a case study to illustrate the idea of the 'ecology of the writer', and can benefit China's literature education and writer training.


christinehalseProfessor Christine Halse is lead author of the recently released national study on 'Asia literacy and the Australian Teaching Workforce' conducted for the Australian government. She has published extensively on Australia's engagement with the countries, cultures and languages of Asia through schooling, and is editor of the forthcoming book, Asia literate schooling in the Asian Century (Routledge, 2014). Professor Halse is the Chair of Education at Deakin University, President of the Asia-Pacific Education Research Association, and Immediate Past President of the Australian Association for Research in Education.

Can Australian schools ever be Asia Literate?
After more than two centuries of ignoring or resisting engagement with Asia, Australia's new national curriculum requires all school students to learn about the languages and cultures of Asia. The problem with this desirable curriculum initiative is that it builds on decades of similar but spectacularly unsuccessful government efforts to build an Asia literate citizenry in Australia. This presentation addresses the key challenges unpinning this new curriculum policy agenda: What does Asia Literacy mean in Australia? Why have prior efforts to establish Asia literate schooling failed? What does the research evidence tell us about the Asia literacy of teachers and principals and their capacities to meet this new national agenda? The presentation will draw on the findings from the largest national, mixed method study conducted of the Asia-related capabilities of Australian teachers, principals and schools. The findings provide an evidence base of the characteristics and enablers of an Asia literate teaching workforce, but also document some of the challenges to achieving the Asia-related goals of the new Australia Curriculum for primary and secondary schooling.


davidProfessor David Walker is BHP Billiton Chair of Australian Studies at Peking University and Alfred Deakin Professor of Australian Studies at Deakin University. He is a leading cultural historian with a special interest in the history of Australian representations of Asia. His influential book - Anxious Nation: Australia and the Rise of Asia, 1850 to 1939 (UQP, 1999) won the Ernest Scott prize for History in 2001. Anxious Nation has been translated into Chinese and was published by China Renmin University Press in 2009. An Indian edition was published in the same year and translated into Hindi in 2012. He is co-editor with Agnieszka Sobocinska of Australia's Asia: From Yellow Peril to Asian Century, (UWA Press, October 2012). Asian themes also appear in his recent book Not Dark Yet: a Personal History (Giramondo publishing, 2011). Professor Walker has extensive experience in the development of Australian Studies programs in the People's Republic of China, India, Japan and Indonesia. He is a Visiting Professor in the School of Foreign Studies, Renmin University of China, Beijing and a Fellow of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia and the Australian Academy of the Humanities.

Getting engaged
In 2004 Professor Zhang Yongxian invited David Walker to give a lecture on Australia/Asia relations to staff and students at Renmin University. That proved to be the beginning of a mutually rewarding collaboration that has since led to an MOU between Deakin University and Renmin University. In the period since 2004 David Walker has been made a Visiting Professor in the School of Foreign Studies at Renmin University and has made annual visits to the Australian Studies Centre. He has worked closely with MA students in the Australian Studies Centre and participated in several of the annual Australian Culture Week festivities hosted by the Centre. Professor Zhang led the translation of David Walker's Anxious Nation which was published by China Renmin University Press in 2009. Professors Zhang and Walker will draw upon their close collaboration and knowledge of the Australian Studies in China in a wide-ranging discussion of Australia/China educational ties, Chinese perceptions of Australia and Australia's of China, the opportunities for scholarly collaboration, translation and staff and student exchanges. They will address, but fail to resolve, what it means for Australians to know China and for the Chinese to know Australia.

 

 


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