Faculty of Business and Law

Legal Resources

Research by Country

Other Jurisdictions

Canada

Access to Justice Network - Canadian Law and Justice
Available in English or French. Includes legislative materials and more.

American Law Sources Online
US, Canadian and Mexican law links. Divided into Law, Commentary and Practice sections for each country and further divided into States or Provinces. According to the site: 'American Law Sources On-line (ALSO!) provides a comprehensive, uniform, and useful compilation of links to all on-line sources of American law that are available without charge. [It] contains additional links to sources of commentary and practice aids that are available without charge (or available at a reasonable charge from governmental and nonprofit providers).'

Canadian Bar Association
Includes news, conference information, CLE information, links to provincial and territorial branches, links to subject areas, legal links and much more.

CanLII
Canadian Legal Information Institute. Still in prototype form. Great resource for federal and provincial statutes, regulations, cases, courts and more. Fully searchable.

Department of Justice - Canada
Contains an overview of the DOJ, news from DOJ, laws of Canada, Government initiatives, public consulting, publications, recruitment and links to other resources (French and English).

Doing Legal Research in Canada
By Ted Tjaden Ted Tjaden - Published at LLRX 1 May 2000 and updated 1 June 2002 and 19 January 2004

JURIST Canada
Search engine, subject and country guides, course pages, resource pages, online articles, presentations, exeminations, JURIST worldwide, Dean's list, books on law, conferences, calls for papers, positions available, reference desk, post office, faculty lounge, student lounge and media center.

LexUM - Canada
University of Montreal Faculty of Law legal resources. Divided into sections on: Law Resources of Canada and Quebec, Law Library of Canada and Quebec, International Law Resources, Other useful resources and news.

Overview of Sources of Canadian Law on the Web
Article by Louise Tsang, LLRX.com, 1 March 2001 and updated 22 December 2003. Includes the following sections: introduction, some Canadian Meta Sites or Comprehensive sites, sources of law (statutes and regulations, case law and governments).



China

A Complete Research Guide to the Laws of the People's Republic of China
Article by Wei Luo and Joan Liu at LLRX.com published on 15 January 2003. Includes introduction, outline of basic laws, detailed information on Sources of Law in the PRC and links to online resources in various cateogries.

AsianLII - China section
Laws and links by category

Beyond the Border: The Construction of the Chinese Legal Information System in Cyberspace
Feature article at Legal Engine by Joan Liu published on 5 July 2000. Includes an Introduction (Basics of the laws of the PRC and Legal information access in China), Major Online Chinese Legal Resources (in English and Chinese) and a summary of the features of the online Chinese legal resources.

China - Law Justice and Legal Services
Laws and Regulations, the National People’s Congress, the Supreme People’s Courts, People’s Procuratorate, and the Provisional Legislative Council of HKSAR.

LawInfoChina
Includes laws and regulations, cases, legal forum (including speeches and articles), government watch, news and a legislative brief. Some information free (over 200 select pieces of legislation for free) - other available by subscription only.

Laws of the People's Republic of China
At AsianLII - alphabetically listed

Hong Kong Legal Information Institute
In the format of AustLII, this site includes news, court databases, legislation, treaties and links to law related information the following subject areas: China, Hong Kong, SAR Macau, SAR Taiwan, Human Rights and the WTO



European Union

A Lawyer's Guide to Doing Business in the EU
Current to April 1993 by Pierre Bos, Esq. Trenite Van Dorne, The Netherlands. This article contains some useful information about the EU in the following sections: The EU at a glance; General characteristics of Community Law; Institutions and the legislative process; Markets; Competition Policy and State Aids, Sectoral Policies; Private Remedies; Jurisdiction and enforcement of judgement and Useful Resources.

Europa
Home page of the European Union - everything you need!

Guide to European Legal Database
This is an article (revised and updated 1 July 1999 which includes the following sections: introduction, search engines, search tips, indices, guides, journals, dictionaries, library catalogs, European legal databases on the internet (constitutions, copyright, environment, main jurisdictions - Austria, Belgium, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland - and Transnational/International Organisations. Great starting point

Jusline
Portol to European Union law - great resource divided into the following categories: institutions, law (divided into law, databases, documents, treaties and journals), lawfirms, case-law, countries, forms, forums, links and various others.



Fiji

PacLII - Fiji
Fiji cases, legislation and other legal links and information (Pacific version of AustLII)



Finland

Finnish Law on the Internet
Article by Sami Sarvilinna at LLRX.com (1 March 2001). Includes section on: background, constition, sources of law - public domain, sources of law - commercial, the court system, Parliamentary information, Government information, the legal profession, legal education, legal publishers and citation of Finnish legal materials.

Update to Finnish Law on the Internet
Article by Sami Sarvilinna, published at LLRX on 1 January 2002. Includes the following sections: Background, Constitution, Sources of Law -- Public Domain Sources of Law -- Commercial, The Court System, Parliamentary Information, Government Information, The Legal Profession, Legal Education Legal Publishers, Citation of Finnish Legal Materials. This is an update to Finnish Law on the Internet



France

Researching French Law
Article by Stephane Cottin and Jerome Rabenou, published at LLRX.com on 15 February 2001. It includes the following sections: Basic Structure of the French Legal System, Parliament, Official Websites, Ministries, Local Communities, Other Semi Government Institutions, Legislation, Case Law (including English Translations), Law Faculties, Law Libraries, Literature, Law Dictionaries, Citation, Discussion Lists and Miscellaneous Legal Sites.



Hungary

Introduction to Hungarian Legal Research
Article by Zsuzsanna Antal at LLRX.com, published on 3 December 2001



India

Guide to Indian Law
Article published at LLRX.com by V. Ramakrishnan on 15 January 2003.  Includes information about the law and judicial system, the Constitution, fundamental rights in India, information about judicial practitioners, sources of law and various links to other relevant Indian legal sites.



Indonesia

Indonesianlaw.com
News, legal guide, newsletter, directory, library and a features section



Ireland

British and Irish Legal Information Institute (BaiLII)

Irish Law Site
Great site with sections on the Irish Constitution (links to the official and other online texts of the constitition and referendums), Irish and Northern Irish Legal Systems and Courts (links to Irish Acts, cases and summary of constititon and government), Irish and Northern Irish Government Information, Legal Academics and Practitioners, The Peace Process, European Law, Miscellaneous Irish Legal Links (including associations and publishers), Finding Law on the Web (links to other indexes) and General Irish Information. There is also an Irish and Northern Irish Law discussion list - IrishLaw - which you can join or search through.

Law Library of Ireland
Updated - Includes a section on "The Irish Court System", "What Barristers Do", Code of Conduct and Complaints Procedure, Technology and the Bar, Qualifying as a Barrister, other legal associations on the web and legal research sites on the web.

Government

Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform
Contains contact information, welcome from the Minister, mission statement, freedom of information section, citizenship information, press releases, speeches, publications and links.

Government of Ireland
Government offices and departments and other government sites.

University

University College Dublin, School of Law
Information about the school, undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate programs, "The Irish Jurist" legal periodical, staff exchange programs and other links.



Italy

Italian National Research Council - Institute of Legal Information Theory and Techniques (ITTIG)
Includes sections on organization, activities, researches, training, databases, pulications, guides, news, events and more.

Overview of the Sources of Italian Law
This is an article by Raffaele Ladu, 19 March 2001 at LLRX.com. It includes sections on: the interplay of international and national legal sources, how to find Italian national legislation (offline and online), free online Italian legal resources, hints to understanding Italian case law, government regulations, regional legislation, sources of Labour Law, citing Italian laws and more.



Japan

Japanese law links
This site is available in English or Japanese. It contains links to Japanese law, legal publishers, law schools, legal organisations, links to legal scholars, research institutions, government and universities.

Update to Japanese Law Via the Internet
Article by Makoto Ibusuki, published at LLRX.com, 15 February 2002. Includes the following sections: Introduction, Basic Structure of Japanese Legal System, Finding Japanese Legislation via the Internet, Finding Japanese Cases via the Internet, Finding Governmental Resources via the Internet, Secondary Sources, Legal Research Guides and Conclusion



Kiribati

PacLII - Kiribati
Cases, legislation and other legal links and information (Pacific version of AustLII)



Korea (South)

Korean Legal Research at the University of Washington
Great resource



Kyrgyzstan

Overview of the Legal System of the Kyrgyz Republic and Web Resources
Article by Sania Battalova posted at LLRX on 18 March 2002. Provides information about the country, the legal system, the judiciary, various areas of law and links to other general information sites on Kyrgyzstan



Liechtenstein

Mini Research Guide to the Law of Liechtenstein
LLRX article by Ted Metzler Ted Metzler. Published June 28, 2002. Includes a powerpoint presentation and links to relevant resources



Lithuania

A Guide to the Lithuanian Legal System - update
Update of original guide, published 2 January 2002 at LLRX

A Guide to the Lithuanian Legal System
Article by Elona Norvaisaite, published at LLRX on 17 December 2001. Includes the following sections: 1. The Lithuanian Legal System 2. Sources of Law (including Free Internet Sources) 3. Lithuanian Courts and Case Law 4. Parliamentary Information 5. Presidential Information 6. Government Information 7. Local Authorities Information 8. Lithuania and European Union 9. Legal Education 10. Legal Profession 11. Law Libraries 12. Law Journals 13. Law Textbooks, Monographs 14. Law Dictionaries 15. Legal Publishers 16. Legal News 17. Legal Centers and Other Organizations

Legal Information Centre - Lithuania
Includes legal bases and other legal information. Most is in Lithuanian but some information is available in English.



Malaysia

Lawyerman - The Malaysian Online Legal Resources
Great portal for information on laws and related material in Malaysia.

CLJ Law - Malaysian Law
Lots of resources

Malaysian court homepage
Court information, legislation, cases etc



Marshall Islands

PacLII - Marshall Islands
Cases, legislation and other legal links and information (Pacific version of AustLII)



Mexico

American Law Sources Online
US, Canadian and Mexican law links. Divided into Law, Commentary and Practice sections for each country and further divided into States or Provinces. According to the site: 'American Law Sources On-line (ALSO!) provides a comprehensive, uniform, and useful compilation of links to all on-line sources of American law that are available without charge. [It] contains additional links to sources of commentary and practice aids that are available without charge (or available at a reasonable charge from governmental and nonprofit providers).'

Electronic Guide to Mexican Law
Article by Francisco Avalos and Elisa Donnadieu. Published at LLRX.com on 1 March 2002. Includes the following sections: A Brief History of the Mexican Legal Government, Federal Government, Major Primary Federal Legislation, State Governments, Mexico's Legal System, Mexico Government, Legislative Sources,. NAFTA, Overall Coverage of Mexico and Free Translation Sites



Federated States of Micronesia

Legal Information System of the Federated States of Micronesia
Lots of information about the government, laws and the four states of Micronesia

PacLII - Federated States of Micronesia
Cases, legislation and other legal links and information (Pacific version of AustLII)



Nauru

PacLII - Nauru
Fiji cases, legislation and other legal links and information (Pacific version of AustLII)



Netherlands

Researching Dutch Law
Online article by Oswald Jansen and George Middledorp - at LLRX.com - published on 2 January 2001. It includes the following sections: The Dutch Legal System, Government: General, Parliament, Ministries, Provinces, Local Communities, Water Boards, Trade and Product Boards, Agencies, Other (Semi) Government Institutions, Legislation, Case Law, Solicitors/Attorneys, Law Faculties, Law Libraries, Literature, Law Dictionaries, Citation, Discussion List, Miscellaneous Legal Sites.



New Zealand


Auckland District Law Society
Contains information about the Law Society, community agencies, legal topics, media releases, northern law news, services for the profession and legal sites on the web.

New Zealand Legal Information Centre
Contains about 15 links to various New Zealand sites including the Law Society and Ministry of Justice.

New Zealand Ministry of Justice
Contains an introduction, publications, questions, contacts a search engine and various other items.

New Zealand Law Society
Contains a members' email directory, information about the New Zealand Law Society, general information, law talk, press releases, news, continuing legal education, links and NZ law conference papers.

Subject Specific

New Zealand's Criminal Justice System
Article from the 'Lectric Law Library



Nigeria

Nigeria Law Home Page
Includes virtual law library with links to constitution, courts and more



Niue

PacLII - Niue
Fiji cases, legislation and other legal links and information (Pacific version of AustLII)



Norway


Norwegian Law on the Internet - The Lovdata Foundation
Contains new Supreme Court Cases, Consolidated Statutes, Central Regulations, recommendations, local regulations, legal gazette, links to other web sites and more.

Courts of Norway
Information about the courts - available in English

Online Legal Information in Denmark, Norway and Sweden
Article by Suzanne Thorpe, published at LLRX.com on 16 April 2001.

Translated Norwegian Legislation
Search acts and regulations. From the University of Oslo Faculty of Law Library



Papua New Guinea

PacLII - Papua New Guinea
Fiji cases, legislation and other legal links and information (Pacific version of AustLII)



Philippines

Chan Robles Law Firm - Philippines On-Line Legal Resources
The Law Firm of Chan Robles & Associates provide this excellent service of Philippines legal resources. It contains a virtual law library with links to the constitution of the Republic of the Philippines, other significant laws and codes, Philippine Supreme Court Decisions, an overview of the judicial system, government links, general law links, an on-line law update and much more. It also contains thousands of links to worldwide law resources.



Poland

Commercial Law Centre Foundation
Includes information about the foundation as well as legislation

Update to an Overview of Polish Law
Update by Piotr Rakowski and Robert Rybicki published at LLRX on 17 December 2001.



Romania

Doing Legal Research in Romania
At LLRX.com. Provides a guide which includes links about how to conduct research in Romania by Dana Neacsu, a reference librarian at Columbia Law School and former Romanian judge. This was published 4 September 2000. Fantastic guide to Romanian law.



Russia

A Guide to Russian Legal Research
By Marina Konioukhova on LLRX.com - last updated 30 June 2003. Includes links to relevant English and Russian web sites

Material on Russian Federation Law in English: Selection of Sources
Article by Lucy Cox published at LLRX.com on 15 January 2003.  Includes the following sections: Research and Bibliographic Guides; Legal Dictionaries; Texts: Overview and Background; Compilations of Translated Legal Material (General); Journals; Constitutional Law; Codes; Courts; Commercial Law (including Treatises/Guides/Current Awareness, Compilations of laws on Business, Arbitration (International), Banking, Bankruptcy, Company Law, Joint Stock Companies, Monopoly, Privatization and Tax); Criminal Law; Human Rights; Intellectual Property Law; International Law; Media Law; Property Law and World Wide Web Sources



Samoa

PacLII - Samoa
Fiji cases, legislation and other legal links and information (Pacific version of AustLII)



Solomon Islands

PacLII - Solomon Islands
Fiji cases, legislation and other legal links and information (Pacific version of AustLII)



Scotland


Scottish Law Online
Contains various subsites for Scottish Legal Resources including: Scots Law Online Resource Centre, A-Z of the Law of Scotland, Scots Law Student Zone, Scottish Law Firm Directory, Scots Law Student General and a search tool.

Scots Law Student Zone
Inlcudes academic links, advice and tips, bulletin boards and chat rooms



Singapore

AsianLII - Singapore Page
Includes cases and legislation, treaties, as well as links by category

LawNet Singapore
Great singapore resources for legal professionals. Some resources are limited to members. There are, however, free resources, including select statutes, law reform committee reports, some practice pamphlets and more.

Law Online - Singapore Legal Portal
Great resource for Singapore law - statutes, journals, links to other sites etc

Singapore Academy of Law
Announcements, About the Academy, membership, restaurant, special events, legal education and studies, publications, law links and more.

Singapore Law online
From the Singapore Academy of Law - news, legislation and other resources - great starting point

Singapore's Criminal Law and Justice System
Article from the 'Lectric Law Library



South Africa


Arbitration Foundation of Southern Africa
Introduction to arbitration, members and membership, panelists, services, national and international links.

Attorneys.co.za
Lawyers and Law Firms in South Africa

Bills of the South African Parliament
Includes 1995-1999 bills and amendments to current bills.

Constitutional Court of South Africa
Official Home Page

South African Government Online

Legal City
Contains articles by legal experts, articles categorised into subject, attorney finder, "You and the Law", contact details and links by subject.

Southern African Legal Information Institute
Cases, legislation and other legal information

The Pretoria Bar Association
History of the bar, list of members, advocacy as a career, contact details and useful links.



Spain

A Guide to the Spannish Legal System
Article by Olga Cabrero, published at LLRX on 15 January 2002. Divided into sections on the Political System, Legal System, Legal Profession, Bibliography and Internet Resources.

Portigo Legal.com
Spanish legal portal.



Sweden

A Guide to the Swedish Legal System
Article by Ingrid Kabir published at LLRX.com on 1 November 2000 (law librarian Stockholm University). This includes background to the Swedish legal system and the Swedish Constitution, information about sources of laws (including electronic sources of statutes), the Court System and reports of cases (including electronic sources), indexes and digests, parliamentary information, information about the legal profession, legal education, legal publishers, legal news and introductory texts in English.

Online Legal Information in Denmark, Norway and Sweden
Article by Suzanne Thorpe, published at LLRX.com on 16 April 2001



Switzerland

Introduction to the Swiss Legal System: A Guide for Foreign Researchers
Article by Fridolin M.R. Walther at LLRX.com (15 November 2000). Includes history and overview of the Swill Legal System, Doing Research Concerning Swiss Law (including primary information, law journals, parliaments, executives, the legal profession, libraries, publishers and electronic research) as well as a bibliography of standard swiss texts in various areas (many of which are available online).



Tajikistan

Researching Tajik Law: A Guide to the Tajik Legal System
Article published at LLRX on 1 April 2002 by Nargis Bozorova. Includes general information about Tajikistan plus sections on The Basic Structure of the Tajik Legal System, Types of Legislation, The Governance Structure, The Parliament, The Executive Branch, The Court System, Legislation and more.



Tonga

PacLII - Tonga
Fiji cases, legislation and other legal links and information (Pacific version of AustLII)



Tokelau

PacLII - Tokelau
Fiji cases, legislation and other legal links and information (Pacific version of AustLII)



Tuvalu

PacLII - Tuvalu
Fiji cases, legislation and other legal links and information (Pacific version of AustLII)



Uzbekistan

A guide to Uzbekistan Legal Research
Article by Maria S. Stalbovskaya, published at LLRX, 1 January 2002. Includes the following sections: Introduction, The History of Uzbekistan, Legal System, The Principal Sources of Uzbekistan Law, Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Cabinet of Ministers, Judicial Authority in the Republic of Uzbekistan, Lawyer,s Main Constitutional Laws, Market Laws, A System of Social Legislation, Parliamentary Information, Governmental Information, Legal Web Sites and Pages, Issuing and Law Education



Vanuatu

PacLII - Vanuatu
Vanuatu cases, legislation and other legal links and information (Pacific version of AustLII)

Deakin University acknowledges the traditional land owners of present campus sites.

7th June 2013