The equipment housed at Carbon Nexus significantly enhances the capacity to deliver real outcomes for researchers and industry in order to capture the enormous market potential of carbon fibre and related composites.
Companies working with Carbon Nexus will have access to:
- a 100 tonne pa commercial grade Carbon Fibre Pilot Line that features four-zone centre-to-end oxidation ovens, multi-zoned low temperature and high temperature carbonisation furnaces, surface treatment, sizing and drying capacity, abatement, and a 30-position creel and winder
- a fully integrated, research carbon fibre line, including an 8-position creel and winder.
The facility also provides an unparalleled opportunity for carbon fibre manufacturers to train their staff in production processes. It offers the capacity to simulate many process scenarios away from the pressures of commercial facilities and client schedules.
The requirement for security during carbon fibre research is essential and Carbon Nexus provides sophisticated protocols and systems to ensure client intellectual property and material remain secure.
For detailed specifications on both carbonisation lines, please contact Carbon Nexus.
+61 3 5227 3369
Quickstep Mod Qs5 Composite Manufacturing Facility
The Quickstep (QS) process uses a hot liquid filled mould to heat and cure composites. As the liquid has a much higher thermal conductivity than the gas used in autoclave cures, QS results in cheaper and much faster cure cycles.
The system uses a simple computer control which is easy to use and allows accurate control of the plant. Highly complex shapes can be achieved using different tool configurations.
- Capable of manufacturing parts up to 5 m2
- Heating temperatures up to 1900 °C
- Standard flat panels 900 x 900 mm2
Favimat (AI) Robot2
Carbon Nexus has taken possession of a Favimat (AI) Robot2, the only one in Australia and one of just 15 in the world. The Favimat robot simultaneously measures the linear density and tensile properties of individual carbon fibres that are less than a tenth of the diameter of a human hair and very difficult to handle.
It can load and test up to 500 samples and removes the need for a highly-trained engineer. This and a number of other characteristics of the Favimat result in a significant reduction in both operator input and associated costs as well as a reduction in possible fibre damage.
- Simultaneous measurement of linear density and tensile strength of single carbon fibres
- Fibre crimp geometry
- Metal-to-fibre friction measurements
Surface Energy Analyser
Carbon Nexus' Surface Energy Analyser (SEA) has the ability to evaluate surface energy and wettability of a fibre.
The SEA is an inverse gas chromatography system that determines fibre surface properties by injecting vapour pulses into a column packed with the sample being examined. These vapour pulses elute through the column and the retention time is measured by a flame ionisation detector.
Varying the vapour probe molecule, flow rate, temperature, or column conditions elucidates a wide range of surface and bulk properties of the sample.
- Dispersive and polar surface energy measurements
- Acid/base interactions
- Micropore and mesopore distributions
- Surface energy heterogeneity mapping
A universal instrument for analysing surfactants and solid surfaces. The principle measuring methods used by the K100 are based on the precise measurement of the force which occurs when wetting a measuring probe or solid sample.
- Measurement of surface tension, interfacial tension, contact angle and density of liquids and solids
- Used for solids, fibres and powders
- Performs high precision, automatic and reliable measurements
- Temperature range of -10 ˚C – 130 ˚C
Electron Microscope Facility
Housed in the Geelong Technology Precinct, our facility supports a wide range of research projects that lead and inspire innovations in materials science and engineering.
The electron microscope facility contains six purpose-built laboratories, featuring a comprehensive collection of instruments used in the characterisation of materials.
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Facility
The Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) facility at Deakin University's Geelong Waurn Ponds campus is equipped with state-of-the-art instrumentation for the detailed characterisation of molecules and materials.
- High-resolution solution-state NMR
- Multinuclear solid-state NMR
- Ultra-fast magic angle spinning
- Pulsed field gradient experiments
Materials Processing Facilities
Carbon Nexus also has a suite of available materials processing, testing and characterisation facilities.
Materials processing facilities
- Lay-up facilities
- Vacuum assisted resin infusion
- Programmable curing oven
- Vacuum oven
- Nitrogen atmosphere oven hot press
Materials testing facilities
- Mechanical testing facilities
- ASTM standard testing
- Stress/strain monitoring
Materials characterisation facilities
- Electron microscope facilities (scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transition electron microscopy (TEM))
- Thermal analysis instruments (differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) and thermogravimetry (TG))
- Surface analysis instruments (atomic force microscopy (AFM), surface energy analysis (SEA) and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS))
- Environmental testing (UV weatherometer)
- Rheology, cure kinetics
- Solid state NMR
Fully automated volume and linear density measurement
Manual density measurement of samples in a mix of two liquids to give a required density range
An electronic instrument that controls the voltage difference between a working electrode and a reference electrode. Both electrodes are contained in an electrochemical cell. Used for electrochemical carbon fibre surface treatments and measurements.
An automatic rapid image analysis system to measure fibre diameter of snippets from 0.5 to 50 microns
Carbon fibre production simulator
Reproduces real time processing of carbon fibre in short lengths for testing and research
Gasmet DX4015 Ambient Multi Gas Analyser with FTIR
Includes high sensitivity sample cell for low detection limits and a built-in pump. Measures up to 50 compounds simultaneously
LANCOM flue gas analyser
A portable combustion and stack emissions gas analyser for checking or testing a boiler system or pollutant process
FTIR (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy)
FTIR identifies chemical species in a molecule by measuring how it absorbs light at different wavelengths. FTIR can be used to chemically characterise solids, liquids and gases, for example fibres and polymers.
DSC (differential scanning calorimetry)
DSC is a thermoanalytical technique where the difference in the amount of heat required to increase the temperature of a sample and a reference is measured as a function of temperature. DSC can be used to characterise thermal transitions usually observed in polymers such as for example melting, exothermal degradation, glass transition, etc.
GDP-C (dry gas permeability tester)
GDP-C is designed for testing of dry gases on films and similar materials.
BI-MwA (molecular weight analyser)
BI-MwA can quickly and easily determine absolute molecular weights of polymers and molecular weight distribution.
Markforged & Robo 3D printers
Markforged printers have two print heads; one for nylon and the other for continuous carbon fibre. The Robo printer prints polylactic acid (PLA) infused with chopped carbon fibre. These two printers allow for high-strength parts to be made.
For heat treatment of fibres. The tube furnace may be used for oxidation and carbonisation research on a lab scale.