Staff profile - Richard Osborne
Prof Richard Osborne
|Position:||Chair in Public Health |
|Faculty or Division:||Faculty of Health|
|Department:||School of Health & Social Development|
|Campus:||BC level 3, Melbourne Burwood Campus|
|Phone:||+61 3 92446999 +61 3 92446999|
Professor Osborne is a National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Senior Research Fellow (SRF-B) and holds the Chair in Public Health at Deakin University. In 2012, his research program, based on a NHMRC Career Development Award, was recognised by the NHMRC as 1 of the Best 10 Research Projects of 2012 from the thousands assessed annually. In 2012-13 he was the Director/Co-Director of the Deakin Population Health Strategic Research Centre, a centre with 55 research-only staff. This centre comprises the WHO Collaborative Centre for Obesity Prevention, Deakin Health Economics, Deakin Epidemiology, Health Services Research Implementation unit, and his own unit, Public Health Innovation. This Centre is within the School of Health and Social Development where from 2011-13 he was Associate Head of School-Research, managing approximately 60 academic staff in their research endeavours. In 2014 he was awarded a NHMRC Senior Research Fellowship (2014-2018) which permitted him to focus on research. The title of his Fellowship is: Using health literacy approaches to develop and apply interventions to improve health services and generate equitable health outcomes.
An epidemiologist and health services researcher, Prof Osborne has a strong track record in initiating and leading large collaborative research projects. He has initiated and maintained successful collaborative projects across multiple disciplines and has a strong track record of project completion, dissemination and implementation of the results, not only in Australia, but internationally. His prominent local, national and international profile is evidenced by frequent invited presentations and active roles in national and international scientific committees and projects. He has supervised 20 higher degree students, including 5 PhDs to completion and currently supervises 1 MPH and 6 PhD scholars.
• 2006-10: NHMRC Population Health Fellowship (Career Development Award) Advancing arthritis public health research and evidence-informed policy in Australia.
• 2010: Arthritis Victoria Inaugural Helen Moran Award.
• 2011: Lorin Prentice Memorial Award for contribution to arthritis research, Arthritis Victoria.
• 2102: NHMRC 1 of the best 10 Research Projects of 2012.
• 2014-18 NHMRC Senior Research Fellow (SRF-B)
Publications and Grants: Prof Osborne has published over 150 original peer-reviewed published or in-press papers (82 in the past 5 years) that have been cited >6,000 times (5 articles cited >200, 3 cited 100-200, 9 cited 50-100). These have been published in major international journals read by a wide range of public health and clinical professionals (including the New England Journal of Medicine, British Medical Journal, The Lancet, Social Science and Medicine, Nature). In the past 5 years he has received over $4 million in competitive funding from NHMRC (CRE, Partnerships, Projects, SRF) and his total research income as a chief investigator is over $18 million. He has had continuous NHMRC funding since 2004 and has received funds from Arthritis Australia, Australian Research Council, Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, Victorian Department of Health, beyondblue, Melbourne University, Department of Veterans’ Affairs, RACGP, German Ministry for Health & Education, Thai Ministry for Health, Canadian Institute of Health Research, and US National Institutes of Health.
- Doctor of Philosophy, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, 1991
- NHMRC Senior Research Fellowship
- NHMRC Population Health Career Development Award Fellowship (2006-10).
- Recognised by the NHMRC in 2012 as producing 1 of the 10 Best Research Projects 2012. Chosen from among the thousands of NHMRC-funded medical research projects in Australia.
- Universitas 21 Solander Fellowship (1996) Lund University, Sweden,
- Arthritis Victoria Lorin Prentice Memorial Award for contribution to musculoskeletal research (2011).
- Developed the Health Education Impact Questionnaire (heiQ) used in 20+ countries
- Developed the Influenza Impact Questionnaire (FluiiQ) used in global trials as a primary or secondary outcome. Available in over 30 languages
- Developed the Multi-Attribute Prioritisation Tool (MAPT) which used with 10s of 1000s of people pa to improve care and equity in the delivery of hip and knee replacement surgery across Victoria and other states.
1992- Australasian Epidemiological Association (Founding Member of the Victorian Chapter)
1996- Public Health Association of Australia
2002- Australian Rheumatology Association
2000- International Society of Quality of Life Research
2005- American College of Rheumatology
2006- Health Services Research Association of Australia & New Zealand
2006- International Union of Health Promotion and Education
Supervises 6 PhD students and 1 Master of Public Health student
Conceptualising the Health Literate Organisation
The aim of this project is to develop a conceptual framework that describes the characteristics of an organisation that is able to identify and respond to the variable and changing health literacy needs and strengths of individuals and communities. The conceptual framework will inform the development of a suite of tools and resources to support organisations identify their strengths and limitations, potential opportunities for reform, prioritise actions, and plan, implement and evaluate strategies for addressing the health literacy needs of their community.
Supervision: Prof Richard Osborne, Dr Sarity Dodson.
Sustainability of Health Promotion Pilots: Towards a Middle-Range Theory
The primary objective is to develop a middle range theory (MRT) of program sustainability. The MRT will comprise a realist analysis of mechanisms that contribute to sustainability of pilot health promotion programs, and an explanation of how these mechanisms play out in different contexts and policy domains. The secondary objective is to examine the utility of modifications that will be made to protocols for conducting realist synthesis.
Supervision: Professor Richard Osborne, Professor Gerald Elsworth
Understanding low back pain to improve patient care.
Supervision: Prof Richard Osborne, Prof Rachelle Buchbinder (Monash), Prof Bob Lewin (UK)
Enhancing health literacy for CaLD communities across Victoria
Working with three culturally and linguistically diverse (CaLD) groups; Chinese, Indian and Somali to develop, in-depth health and sociocultural profiles of each group, make recommendations for the adaption of the HLQ to increase utility in CaLD communities, identify positive deviance behaviours, effective interventions to increase health literacy and re-orient health services to meet the cultural needs of CaLD communities.
Supervision: Prof Richard Osborne, Dr Helen Mavoa, Dr Sarity Dodson.
Drawing of the perspectives of individuals to design health literacy interventions
Louise’s project will focus on interventions to enhance health literacy in rural settings. Phase one of her project involves a systematic review of interventions to enhance health literacy, phase two will profile the health literacy of a rural site/s within the Ophelia study. The final phase will involve working with clinicians and managers to design, implement and evaluate an intervention to enhance health literacy in rural settings.
Supervisors: Prof Rachelle Buchbinder (Monash), Prof Richard Osborne, Dr Alison Beauchamp
Using health literacy to understand and improve hospital quality and safety
Dr Sangrimitra Pati (located in India)
Optimising health literacy interventions for improved self-management in people with multiple chronic conditions (multimorbidity) in primary care settings
Public Health Health Literacy Self-management PROs - Patient reported outcomes Questionnaire development and validation Influenza trials Health inequality Whole systems approaches to healthcare reform Implementation science Intervention development science Clinical trial design
- Public Health
- Health Literacy
- Outcomes assessment and clinical trial design
- Musculoskeletal diseases
- Implementation science
- Whole systems approaches to health care reform
- Co-creation and inclusion of all stakeholders in systems redesign
- South East Asia and European health literacy
Conferences and seminars
Professor Osborne has convened, or been a member of the organising committee for, a number of international conferences: Convener and Chair, Australian Chronic Diseases Self-Management Conference: The Way Forward, Sofitel, Melbourne, July 2007 Member, Organising committee for the International Society for Quality of Life Research (ISOQOL), Toronto, Canada, October 2007. Member, Organising committee (fund raising), Population Health Congress, Brisbane, July 2008 Convener and Chair, International Congress on Chronic Diseases Self-Management Conference: Innovation and evidence of effectiveness, Melbourne, November 2008. Eleventh International Forum on Primary Care Research on Low Back Pain, Melbourne, March 2011 Professor Osborne is frequently invited to give keynote presentations and workshops: Patient centred outcomes by design the identification and incorporation of patient values into outcomes assessment. American College of Rheumatology, Washington DC, USA, 2006. What should an effective whole of system approach to patient education and self-management look like? Insights from Australia. French Prevention Days. French National Institute for Prevention and Health Education. Paris April 2009. Beyond the Burden Developing National Service Improvement Frameworks for musculoskeletal diseases: Global Musculoskeletal Health Initiatives. American College of Rheumatology, Philadelphia, USA 2009. How to Ensure Measures of Personal Life Impact are Valid'? Patient Perspective in Outcomes Research Study Group. American College of Rheumatology, 16 21 October, Philadelphia, USA. Perspectives in Building the World's Best Questionnaire. Eastern Canada Health Outcomes Conference. June 2009, Montreal, QC, Canada. The development of the heiQ (Health Education Impact Questionnaire) and application as quality and monitoring system in Australia. 1st Asia Pacific Conference on Health Promotion and Health Education. 18-19 July 2009, Japan. Health literacy the fundamental element for self-management support program design and evaluation. International Conference on Support for Self Management of Health, Stirling, Scotland, UK 2010. Adding Living to Life: Policy Practice and Prevention of Chronic Conditions- an international perspective on collaboration", Welsh Assembly Government and Public Health, Wales 10-11 Nov 2010
Transforming health services: does health literacy provide the key? The Health Foundation, UK
Using Ophelia to optimise health literacy and equity Public Health Wales, UK
The Health Report Pod cast
The basics on health literacy You-tube video
Awards and prizes
1997-00 NHMRC Public Health Postdoctoral Training Fellowship.
2006 International Bone and Joint Decade Fellow (one of two international awards).
2006 Allied Health Prize, Melbourne Health Medical Research Week.
2006 U21 Solander Fellowship: Advancing arthritis public health research and evidence-informed policy, an Australia-Sweden collaborative.
2006-10 NHMRC Population Health Fellowship (Career Development Award) Advancing arthritis public health research and evidence-informed policy in Australia.
2010 Arthritis Victoria Inaugural Helen Moran Award.
2011 Lorin Prentice Memorial Award for contribution to arthritis research, Arthritis Victoria.
2014 NHMRC Senior Research Fellowship
Chief Investigator: Ophelia (OPtimising HEalth LIterAcy)
"The grounded development of a health literacy response framework for Victoria"
"The development and validation of the Health Literacy Questionnaire"
NHMRC Senior Research Fellowship
The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines health literacy as “the cognitive and social skills which determine the motivation and ability of individuals to gain access to, understand and use information in ways which promote and maintain good health”. Health and social policies identify health literacy as a key determinant of a person’s ability to manage their health and ensure equitable access to and use of services. Low health literacy is associated with higher mortality, frequent hospitalisation, lower use of preventive healthcare (e.g., immunisation), poor adherence to medications, and communication problems. The prevalence of low health literacy in Australia has been estimated at more than half the population. Given ever-increasing demands on the public dollar and for health equity, the vision for this Fellowship is to advance health literacy approaches so the full potential of these can be realised to reduce health inequalities and disease burden.
Poor measurement tools have stymied the field. This Fellowship will improve measurement approaches, characterise health literacy across settings, and empirically define health literacy profiles that are markers for poor outcomes. These will data assist policy development and identify priorities for interventions.
The Fellowship will involve developing and implementing system-wide interventions to improve health literacy and health equity. In partnership with hospitals in Australia and Asia, our large community intervention in Victoria will be redesigned for application in hospitals. The Fellowship will advance public health through combining strong community and organisational engagement with intervention development, and through advancing implementation science. Toolkits will be developed and tested to assist implementation. Durable partnerships with government agencies and the WHO will ensure the outputs of the Fellowship generate transformative and lasting improvements in health and equity across settings.
- Health Literacy
- Methods for questionnaire development and validation
- Influenza - Patient Reported Outcomes (PROs) measurement
- Research methods that create whole of system solutions that maximise both health equality and health outcomes
- Back pain
Public Health Innovation, Deakin University
Health Literacy Questionnaire on LinkedIn
Alison Beauchamp, Rachelle Buchbinder, Sarity Dodson, Roy W. Batterham, Gerald R. Elsworth, Crystal McPhee, Louise Sparkes, Melanie Hawkins and Richard H. Osborne. Distribution of health literacy strengths and weaknesses across socio-demographic groups: a cross-sectional survey using the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ)
Kayser L, Kushniruk A, Osborne RH, Norgaard O, Turner P. Enhancing the Effectiveness of Consumer-Focused Health Information Technology Systems Through eHealth Literacy: A Framework for Understanding Users' Needs. JMIR Human Factors 2;e9
Elsworth GE, Nolte S, Osborne RH. Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance of the Health Education Impact Questionnaire: Does the Subjectivity of the Response Perspective Threaten the Contextual Validity of Inferences? Sage Open 2015.
Batterham R, Buchbinder R, Beauchamp A, Dodson S, Elsworth GE, and Osborne RH. The OPtimising HEalth LIterAcy (Ophelia) process: study protocol for using health literacy profiling and community engagement to create and implement health reform. BMC Public Health 2014 14:694 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-694
Bo A, Friis K, Osborne RH, Terkildsen T. National indicators of health literacy: ability to understand health information and to engage actively with health care providers – a population based survey among Danish adults. BMC Public Health 2014 14:1095 doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-1095
Maunsell M, Lauzier S, Brunet J, Pelletier S, Osborne RH, Campbell S. Health-related empowerment in cancer: Validity of scales from the health education impact questionnaire. Cancer 2014 120(20):3228-36 doi: 10.1002/cncr.28847
Kroon FPB, van Der Burg LRA, Buchbinder R, Osborne RH, Johnston RV, Pitt V. Self-management education programmes for osteoarthritis (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014; Issue 1. Art. No. CD008963. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008963.pub2
Ciciriello, S., Johnston, R.V., Osborne, R.H., Wicks, I., deKroo, T., Clerehan, R., O'Neill, C., Buchbinder, R. Multimedia educational interventions for consumers about prescribed and over-the-counter medications. 2013 The Cochrane database of systematic reviews pp. CD008416