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Title: The second World War and Australian memory
Prof J Beaumont & Prof D Walker
Summary: This project examines the way in which the experience of the Second World War has been remembered in Australia. By researching the fictional and documentary literature about combat and captivity, studying the commemoration of, and discourse about, the war and Australia's former enemies, and exploring individual memories, it will trace the evolution of national, collective and individual memories of the war, the interaction between these and the role of memory of the Second World War in public and private life.
Title: Percy Spender: a biography with special attention to his contributions to conservative politics and to Australia's role in world affairs
Dr D Lowe
Summary: This study is a biography of Percy Spender, a prominent Australian politician from the late 1930s to the early 1950s before becoming Australia's Ambassador to the United States for seven years and then a Justice on the International Court of Justice for nine. It will examine Spender's political and intellectual contributions to conservative politics, adding substantially to our Menzies-dominated understanding of conservatism. It will also devote special attention to his major contributions to Australian overseas policy in the 1950s. One feature was Spender's promotion of the closest possible US-Australian relations, a goal he was well-placed to pursue as Australia's longest serving Ambassador in Washington.
Title: The influence of islamic neo-modernism on islamic thought and social attitudes in Indonesia
Dr G Barton & Dr A Saeed - The University of Melbourne
Summary: This project will investigate the extent to which, and the mechanisms by which, neo-Modernist Islamic thought has been able to exert a significant influence over the development of Islamic thought and thinking about citizenship amongst youger Islamic intellectuals and activists in Indonesia. In particular, it will focus on the process of reform that has taken place in the state Islamic Institutes (IAIN) and on the influence of neo-Modernist NGOs such as Nurcholish Madjid's Paramadina, LSAF/Ulum'ul Qur'an and progressive, youth oriented NGOs associated with the large traditionalist Islamic organiatin Nahdlatul Ulama, such as LKiS and P3M, that support the views of Abdurrahman Wahid.
Title: Language, subjectivity and the unconscious: a critical study of the published and unpublished work of Jacques Lacan
Dr RA Grigg
Summary: This project is a critical study of the published and unpublished seminars andwritings of the French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan. It examines the development of his thought, focusing on the key issues of language, subjectivity and the unconscious, from the 1950s to the end of the 1970s. A number of important philosophical issues will be addressed, concerning self-identity, the nature of language, and the ontology of the unconscious. This work will also have important implications in a wide range of disciplines in the humantites. The project will further international collaboration psychoanalytic theory.
Title: Voluntary associations and active citizenship - welfare, democracy and the market in Australia, Russia, and Sweden
Prof B Turner,Dr S Kenny, & Dr K Brown
Summary: Welfare provision in advanced societies is undergoing profound change. While centralised state and market mechanisms offer oppositional choices, a third path lies in the community sector. Hirst (1994) identifies the potential in developing voluntary (non volunteer) associations for providing welfare and strengthening citizenship and democracy. This project will investigate voluntary associations in Australia, Russia and Sweden. All three societies face crucial choices affecting welfare in the medium to long-term. Through a comparison of case study and survey research in each country, the project will provide findings of wide-ranging significance for future welfare and democratic practice.
Title: Developing a world competition code: a legal and economic analysis
Prof J Waincymer, Prof PH Clarke, & Prof P Sgro
Summary: The project comprises an assessment of the desirability of developing codifiedinternational or regional competition laws and policies. This involves an identification of international trade activities that constitute anti-competitive practices, an evaluation of the trade distorting effects of those activities and the impact on them of domestic competition laws, and identification of defects in those laws, a consideration of the conceptual value and practicability of developing inter-governmental agreements to remove those distortions and finally, an identification of the optimal elements of any such agreements.
Title: Sustaining best practice in Australian manufacturing organisations
Prof M Rimmer, Prof R Chenhall, & Ms J Macneil
Summary: Best practice' comprises a set of business practices intended to improve origanisational competitiveness. These practices appear to be widely understood and implemented in Australian manufacturing organisations. However, evidence from the US suggests that returns on 'best practice' investment may take three to seven years: in Australia best practice has rarely been sustained to this point. Through longitudinal case study research, this project will distinguish the variables causing best practice to be prematurely abondoned. In particular it will build upon existing research regarding the critical role of change leadership, employee empowerment and performance measurement, and examine the effect of environmental variables.
Title: Rethinking postgraduate pedagogy - on the history and praxis of the PhD in Australia
Dr A Lee - University of Technology Sydney
Dr B Green, & Prof LR Johnson - University of Technology Sydney
Summary: This project seeks to make a major contribution to understanding and impoving the quality of postgraduate education in Australia. Drawing on contemporary cultural and curriculum theory, it asks questions about (a) the type of person or identity being shaped by this teaching and (b) the role of this pedagogy in the evolving boundaries of three specific disciplinary areas in the humanities and social sciences. The project builds on extensive research that has been conducted in recent years into factors that influence completion rates of postgraduate research students but it seeks to go beyond the patterns documented to date to explore the subtle and complex processes involved.
Title: Stories of ageing: a longitudinal study of women's self-representation
Dr B Kamler, Prof T Threadgold - Monash University
Ms S Feldman - The University of Melbourne
Summary: This project is a longitudinal case study which investigates change in the lives and concerns of women aged 70-85 living outside institutional care. The project team will work collaboratively with ageing women to explore the ways in which their stories of ageing contribute to new understandings of later life and an active sense of citizenship. The project will bring new theoretical perspectives to the study of ageing which challenge existing research and policy directions. The innovative pedagogies developed for working with ageing women will have practicl applications for health care professionals, service providers and literacy educators.
Title: The marketisation of education: implications for gender construction, relations and reform
A/Prof JE Kenway
Summary: This project will: (1) enhance the emerging feminist research on the marketisation of education by (a) developing a critical analysis of it, (b) develop a more robust theoretical framework for it and (c) by critically connecting it to the mainstream research on this topic - thereby widening its focus considerably; (2) enhance the mainstream research on the marketisation of education by connecting it to the emerging feminist research; (3) enhance both the above by connecting them to broader feminist research and theory on globalisation, the restructuring of the state and the role of consumption in culture and society; (4) enhance our knowledge base thereby contributing to the development of policy at government, school and corporate levels and also to gender equity.
Title: An investigation of perceptual grouping in normal and spatially- degraded visual systems
Dr AJ Mussap, Prof BU Crassini, & Prof DM Levi
Summary: Local features that are aligned along one axis perceptually group together to form a coherent whole, while simultaneoulsy segregating from neighbouring features that do not lie along this axis. We propose a series of experiments on human observers designed to elucidate the role of feature alignment, spacing, density, and closure on perceptual grouping. The data obtined will be used to test predictions of two alternative types of model of perceptual grouping: Spatial filter models and association models. With regards to clinical applications, we aim to use perceptual grouping as a tool to explore high-level deficits in the visual systems of human amblyopes.
Title: Abscisic acid and cell signalling in plant-pathogen interactions
Dr DM Cahill
Summary: This research will examine the role of the plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) in the interaction of the soybean-rot pathogen, Phytophthora sojae, with its host. It is proposed that ABA is a key regulatory molecule that acts as a signal to determine the outcome of the interaction. The role of ABA will be analysed using an immunological and pharmacological approach and microinjection of ABA into single cells will enable the fate of ABA to be determined. The research will contribute to our understanding of host-pathogen interactions and increase our knowledge of plant hormone and cell biology.
Title: Chirotechnology - organotinhydrides in enantioselective synthesis
Prof D Dakternieks, Dr CH Schiesser - The University of Melbourne
Dr J Lusztyk
Summary: Organotin hydrides are widely used as hydrogen transfer agents in organic synthesis involving free radical chain reactions. Despite this widespread use, organotin hydrides capable of enantioselective hydrogen delivery are unknown. This project will develop chiral organotin hydride reducing agents which would find application in synthetic chemistry, such as preparation of pharmacological compounds, whose activity depends on their enantiomeric purity. The world enantiomeric pharmaceutical market was estimated at US$18 billion in 1992, forecast to rise to US$40 billion by the end of this century.
Title: Isolation of DNA repair genes from arabidopsis thaliana
Prof BA Kunz
Summary: The overall aim of this proposal is to isolate plant genes responsible for controlling the repair of DNA damage caused by physical or chemical agents that produce bulky lesions in DNA, with ultraviolet light being the agent used. We expect to recover and characterise genes that are involved either in reversing the damage or excising the damage as a prelude to replacing the affected region with new, intact DNA. The availability of these genes will make it possible to begin biochemically analysing the repair mechanisms involved, and will facilitate future genetic engineering of plants with enhanced DNA repair capabilities.
Title: Theoretical studies of collisional energy transfer in combustion-model and atmospheric-model systems at high vibrational excitation
Dr KF Lim
Summary: Chemical reaction rates are to a large extent determined by intermolecular collisional energy transfer (CET). Despite intensive theoretical and experimental study, the detailed mechanism of CET is still not fully understood. Time-dependent simulations will be used to study the dynamics of model hydrocarbon fuel molecules and halogenated molecules of relevance to atmospheric chemistry at high vibrational excitation. The dependence of CET on molecular size, shape and related factors will be of particular interest, as will the interdependence of vibrational and rotational energy transfer.
Title: Novel therapeutics for the activation of adenosine receptors
Dr PJ Scammells
Summary: Heart disease is the major cause of death in Australia with one person dying every 10 minutes from a cardiovascular related condition. This problem will increase as a function of the predicted rise in the proportion of the population over 65. This research proposal focuses on the development of new drugs which will assist in the understanding and treatment of cardiac arrhythmia's. Furthermore, such compounds offer the hope of protecting the heart against oxygen debt associated with myocardial infarction and strokes, which are of particular relevance in the elderly.
Title: Perturbations of difference equations
Dr AF Ivanov
Summary: Difference equations, a part of contemporary nonlinear dynamics, are frequently used as models of a wide variety of the real life phenomena. Continuous time difference equations and their perturbation appear in various applications, e.g. in physics (transmission lines/Chua's circuits) and in partial differential equations (boundary value problems for hyperbolic equations). Their study is based on the development and use of the corresponding theory of discrete maps and of the new perturbation methods.
Title: Gondwanan-Eurasian Permian bio- geographical links: a comparative study of permain brachiopoda from eastern Australia and northern Russia
Dr GR Shi & Prof NW Archbold
Summary: This project will clarify the spatial and temporal characteristics of the long-acclaimed bipolar distribution of Permian marine faunas and taxa between the Gondwana and Boreal Realms. Results from this investigation will add significantly to the understanding of the palaeogeoographical and plate tectonic relationships of northern Eurasia with Gondwana during the Permian, which is essential for the interpretation of the subsequent geological historyof the Asian-W. Pacific region. This region is of critical importance in the exploration for economic hydrocarbon and mineral deposits and for Australian industry which is increasing its collaborative exploration and development programmes offshore throughout the region.
Title: Modelling and monitoring preferential solute transport
Dr F Stagnitti
Summary: Recent experiments suggest that farm chemicals such as fertilisers and pesticides may reach groundwater in much shorter times than current models predict. These findings indicate we may be significantly under-estimating the risk of groundwater contamination. A new and innovative experimental program is proposed to study heterogeneous transport in soils. The data will be mathematically modelled for the purposes of understanding the key-physical mechanisms controlling transport and developing predicitive tools for practical applications. This research will have important implications for the sustainable environmental management of soils and for improving chemical application and irrigation schedules.
Title: Negatively buoyant vertical jets striking a surface
Dr C Lemckert & Dr S Armfield - Sydney University
Summary: Negatively buoyant jets (or fountains) striking a surface and falling back occur in many situations. For instance, heating a room with a warm air current from the ceiling, and mixing reservoirs using deep-draw aerators. The efficiency of the mixing in these processes depends critically on the structure of the flow within the resultant fountain. A combined experimental and numerical investigation of such fountains will be carried out with the intention of determining the engineering parameters of the flow, such as the total dilution and lateral spread, and assessing the suitability of currently available turbulence models for predicting their behaviour.