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Title: The role of soccer in modern Australian society: Immigration, ethnicity and nationalism.
Mr James Hay - Deakin University
Dr William Murray - La Trobe University
Summary: The aim is to complete the first scholarly social history of soccer in Australia and to demonstrate the role that the sport has played in the processes by which successive generations of migrants have come to terms with Australian society. It will provide a more comprehensive account than is available in the work of Blainey, Pascoe, Hess and Stewart for football in Australia and in that of Mason for soccer in England. This history will provide a sound basis for revising scholarly and popular opinion, and for policy development by federal and state governments and Soccer Australia
Title: Prospects for international civil society: Australian NGOs in interaction with their counterparts in New Zealand, Indonesia and the Philippines
Dr Michael Muetzelfeldt - Deakin University
A/Prof Gary Smith - Deakin University
Summary: This project examines how national states and international regimes support or inhibit inter-country non-government organisations that seek to contribute to a potential international civil society. It aims to identify features of these states and regimes that generally support international civil society, and others that inhibit it. It examines Australian NGOs' political interaction with their counterparts in New Zealand, Indonesia and the Philippines, focussing on political issues connected to APEC. It relates these inter-country interactions and their effects to the analysis of national citizenship by Putnam, Krygier and others, extending their work to the analysis of international citizenship.
Title: Great Neighbours: Australian Perceptions of Asia, 1939 to 1972
Prof David Walker - Deakin University
Summary:Volume two of an interdisciplinary cultural history of Australian perceptions of Asia: volume one (Anxious Nation, UQP, April 1999) covers 1850 to 1939. Between 1939 and 1972 Australia established diplomatic missions in Asia; major Asian studies programs and collections were initiated, new trade agreements were signed, 'Asia' was invoked, reported and visited as never before. In the period under review, Australia sought to re-define itself as an Asia-Pacific nation while speculating upon its growing proximity to Asia. This will be the first cultural history of Australia's multiple representations of and adjustments to an increasingly decolonised Asia.
Title: Science, Technology and Nation-Building in the Caribbean, 1800-1920
A/Prof David Chambers - Deakin University
Prof James McClellan - Stevens Institute of Technology
Summary: The Caribbean presents an exceptionally useful microcosm for study of the social role of science and technology in the nation-building process. Working within a diverse array of colonial and national power structures, European settlers wielded scientific authority and technical know-how in areas such as agricultural technology, transportation, health, race relations, natural history, and astronomy. Patterns of institutionalisation began to emerge. This project, by taking a cross-cultural and regional approach as opposed to a single national perspective, identifies differing national strategies for establishing scientific infrastructure and also provides entree to the dynamics of competing imperial influence: Spain, France, and the U.K.
Title: Masculinity, Sexuality, Culture, and AIDS in India: Systems of Knowledge and Sites of Practice.
Dr Sanjay Srivastava - Deakin University
Dr Patricia Uberoi - Delhi University
Summary: The project seeks to investigate the socio-cultural contexts of sexual behaviour in India in order to explore ways of developing anti-AIDS strategies in a region where it is expected to have great impact. The medicalisation of aetiological knowledge can overlook the fact that sex-related diseases proliferate in socially and culturally determined contexts. Hence, an effective preventative strategy must take account of the locally specific ways in which risky behaviour might be practised and tolerated; and, we must also understand the various long-standing therapies and remedies resorted to in such contexts. An ethnographic understanding of local notions of masculinity, sexuality, and the body will contribute to such a goal.
Title: Developing an evaluative model of transplanted commercial law: Vietnamese law reform as a case study
Mr John Gillespie - Deakin University
Summary: The project will explore legal transplanting in Vietnam and develop a predictive model explaining why only some commercial laws take root and flourish in foreign legal terrain. The Asian economic crisis has precipitated massive legal reforms through out South East Asia and the predictive model will enable law-makers and foreign aid donors to more efficiently select and adapt legal transplants. Research findings will also inform the wider debate concerning the convergence and equivalence of domestic laws presupposed by globalisation theories. Findings will be published in a series of international refereed articles and a monograph.
Title: Transition from school: a qualitative, longitudinally-based study of gender/class identities, school effects and educational pathways (Project administered at Latrobe University)
A/Prof Lyn Yates - La Trobe University
Dr Julie McLeod - Deakin University
Summary: This project will provide new findings on young people's subjectivities, post-school choices, educational progress and social values. The cohort, selected to enable gender, class and school-type comparisons, was previously interviewed by the researchers through each year of their secondary schooling. The distinctive methodology combines a focus on identities over time and the production of different educational experiences and outcomes. The project will show close-up the development of success and failure in different forms of education and training and extend broader understanding of class and gender today. Its outcomes will have significance for theory, policy and for teachers and careers advisers.
Title: Regulation of skeletal muscle carbohydrate oxidation during exercise
Prof Mark Hargreaves - Deakin University
Dr Mark Febbraio - The University of Melbourne
Prof Lawrence Spriet - University of Guelph
Summary: A major question in exercise physiology and metabolism is how mitochondrial respiration increases during exercise. Our contention is that substrate availability to the mitochondria is a critical factor in determining the magnitude of oxygen deficit at the onset of exercise and our aims are to examine the effects of increased glycolytic flux on the metabolic events within contracting skeletal muscle at the onset of exercise. The information we generate will enhance our understanding of these mechanisms and potentially identify novel metabolic strategies (nutritional and/or pharmacological) that enhance skeletal muscle function during exercise
Title: The Search for Chiral Selectivity and Reaction Intermediates in Analytical Chemiluminescence
A/Prof Neil Barnett - Deakin University
Dr Kieran Lim - Deakin University
Prof Richard Russell - Deakin University
Summary: Through fundamental chemical investigation, this project seeks to enhance the performance of two analytically important chemiluminescent reactions. The overall aim is to improve selective identification and quantification of molecules using chemiluminescent analysis. Many priority biological molecules exist in a pair of enantiomeric (mirror-image) forms, each having vastly different biochemical properties. This project will investigate the underlying chemistry of the chemiluminescent reactions and has potential to discriminate between different enantiomers of the same compound. The outcomes will find extensive applications within biomedicine, forensic science, pharmaceutical manufacturing and industrial process control.
Title: Isolation and Characterisation of Plant Nucleotide Excision Repair Genes
Prof Bernard Kunz - Deakin University
Dr Margaret Ackland - Deakin University
Summary: The aim of this project is to isolate plant genes responsible for controlling the repair of DNA damage caused by physical or chemical agents that produce bulky lesions in DNA. We expect to recover and characterise genes that are involved in excising the damage as a prelude to replacing the affected region with new, intact DNA. The availability of these genes will make it possible to begin biochemically analysing the repair mechanisms involved, and will facilitate eventual genetic engineering of plants with enhanced DNA repair capabilities.
Title: Novel mechanisms of atrial natriuretic peptide signalling in fish gills
Dr Tes Toop - Deakin University
Dr John Donald - Deakin University
Summary: The hormone, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), regulates salt and fluid balance via proteins that change the concentration of specific chemicals inside cells; this phenomenon is called cell signalling. We will examine novel ANP-mediated cell signalling in fish gills because the gill is the key organ for the exchange of oxygen and salt, and ANP is an important regulator of these exchanges. This research will provide new information on the evolution of ANP signalling, establish the gill as an excellent model for studying ANP signalling in all vertebrates, and examine the effects of environmental salination on hormone function in freshwater fish.
Title: Ionic Basis of Blue Light Control of Plant Elongation and Bending (Project administered at University of Tasmania)
Dr Sergey Shabala - University of Tasmania
Dr Chris Gehring - Deakin University
Dr Ian Newman - University of Tasmania
Summary: Blue light perception is crucial for plant photomorphogenesis. Despite recent progress in molecular cloning of blue light receptors, little is known about how the blue light signal is trafficked to ion transporters mediating plant elongation and phototropism. In this project, we will elucidate the ionic basis of these processes by comparative and comprehensive electrophysiological studies on Arabidopsis photomorphogenetic mutants. A unique and novel combination of experimental techniques will be applied to reveal plasma membrane effectors involved in blue light perception and second messengers mediating this process, leading to better understanding of the mechanisms of plant growth and morphogenesis.
Prof Geoffrey Webb - Deakin University
Prof Michael Pazzani - University of California, Irvine
Dr Zijian Zheng - Blue Martini Software
Summary: Knowledge is a critical asset in the modern economy. 'Semi-nave' Bayesian classifiers infer knowledge from the types of data routinely collected by all modern organisations. These techniques have potential application in many domains, including commerce, public health, science, and public administration. This proposal will refine these techniques to improve the accuracy and comprehensibility of the knowledge they infer, reduce the computational resources that they require, and extend the types of data to which they may be successfully applied. The resulting refined techniques will help Australian organisations effectively utilise the untapped knowledge implicit in their vast data repositories.
Title: Modelling and Monitoring Nutrient Dynamics in Water Repellent Soils
Dr Frank Stagnitti - Deakin University
Dr Graeme Allinson - Deakin University
Prof Tammo Steenhuis - Cornell University
Dr Coen Ritsema - DLO Winand Staring Centre for Integrated Land, Soil & Water Management
Summary: Water repellency causes agricultural production losses of millions of dollars annually in Australia. This innovative study will (1) develop experimental procedures to quantify chemical transport through non-wetting soils, (2) determine what percentage of the soil is typically affected, (3) test new mathematical models that explicitly incorporate preferential flow of nutrients and water repellency. Expected outcomes (1) fundamental knowledge of key factors associated with transport of nutrients in unmodified and ameliorated non-wetting soils, (2) new protocols for assessing the risk of groundwater contamination by surface applied fertilisers, (3) new mathematical models and decision support tools that will improve land management.
Title: Investigation into Antoni Gaud's Final Design Models for the Sagrada Famlia Church
Prof Mark Burry - Deakin University
Prof Josep Gomez Serrano - Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya
Summary: This project will create a new scholarly understanding of the Sagrada Famlia Church in Barcelona, the greatest work of the architect Antoni Gaud, a major building in the history of architecture and a building that remains under construction today. It will do this by adapting a computer-aided design technique known as parametric design to create designs that are consistent with all of the available historical information on the church. A practical outcome is that the project results will be used to specify how the Church will actually be completed, thus making the church itself a statement of Gaud's design intent.
Title: Constitutive Behaviour of Porous Materials at High Strain Rate
Dr Bin Wang - Deakin University
Dr Guoxing Lu - Swinburne University of Technology
Summary: Porous materials are widely used as structural and packaging components. Most of applications, research and development have been restricted to those with porosity ratio above 70%. Recent studies show that newly developed materials of a lower porosity appear to be superior in a broader range of applications. But their behaviour is not fully understood. We propose to investigate these materials under various loading conditions. The finding will help to bridge an existing gap in our knowledge of solid and highly porous materials. New concepts and models will be established to address the problem of designing new materials for specific applications.