ARC Discovery Awards for 2007

 

Faculty of Arts

School of International and Political Studies

School of History, Heritage and Society

Faculty of Education

School of Education

Faculty of Science and Technology

School of Engineering and Information Technology

School of Life and Environmental Sciences

Centre for Material and Fibre Innovation

 


Faculty of Arts

School of International and Political Studies

Title: Internal and External Sources of Political Instability in East Timor

Dr D Kingsbury; Dr MP Leach

2007 : $38,774
2008 : $40,006

Category: 3601 - POLITICAL SCIENCE

Administering Organisation: Deakin University

Summary:
This project is of direct relevance to Australia through its bilateral and multilateral provision of police to assist in the maintenance of East Timor's law and order, through its training of and support for the East Timor Border Patrol Unit, and its training and support of the East Timor defence force, Falintil‑FDTL. The project also goes to the core of Australia's concerns with regional state maintenance (or conversely, potential state failure), direct bilateral relations with both East Timor and Indonesia, and the triangular relationship between these three states.

 

Title: Local Governance, Multiculturalism and Active Citizenship: The Case of Arab‑Muslim Diaspora in the West

A/Prof F Mansouri; A/Prof SM Kenny; Prof DR Walker

2007 : $49,000
2008 : $46,000
2009 : $46,000
2010 : $39,000

Category: 3701 - SOCIOLOGY

Administering Organisation: Deakin University

Summary:
This project will advance our understanding of the best practice approaches towards the management of intercultural relationships within multicultural communities. It will generate international benchmark data on the management of multicultural spaces and will lead to a range of practical policies for local city councils, NGOs and state governments. The findings will form a robust empirical basis for understanding the optimal way of formulating government‑NGOs partnerships in the successful implementation of culturally responsive policies. The study will also result in the development of effective policy responses aimed at enhancing active citizenship, social cohesion and intercultural understanding.

 

School of History, Heritage and Society

Title: Managing ethnic tensions and developing religious tolerance in South India and Sri Lanka

A/Prof RN Bastin

2007 : $20,000
2008 : $46,294

Category: 3703 - ANTHROPOLOGY

Administering Organisation: Deakin University

Summary:
The enhanced knowledge of Australia's neighbours, specifically two countries that have provided significant contributions to Australia's multicultural complexion, as well as an enhanced sense of the issues involved in managing ethnic tensions in a secular state will be the benefits of the study. Both sites have been the objects of previous social and cultural studies, but not compared together in terms of religious tolerance and state control. The research will also strengthen ties between scholars in Australia, India and Sri Lanka, while having application to issues of tolerance and mutual respect between communities in all three countries.

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Faculty of Education

School of Education

Title: Redesigning schools and school leadership: an Australian comparative case study

Prof JA Blackmore; A/Prof DN Hayes

2007 : $70,000
2008 : $70,000
2009 : $70,000

Category: 3301 - EDUCATION STUDIES

Administering Organisation: Deakin University

Summary:
This project on school redesign addresses an urgent need identified in Government and OECD reports for schools and systems to redesign in order to be more responsive to multiple social and economic pressures while addressing significant disparities between schools. Longitudinal case studies with a focus on schools in particularly challenging circumstances will reconceptualize the relationship between sustainable school reform, leadership, student learning and school‑community relationships. These are all policy priority areas. Communication strategies aim to inform policymakers, professional associations, the new National Institute for Quality Teaching and School Leadership, and schools about how to conceptualise and sustain reform.

 

Title: The role of representation in learning science

Prof RW Tytler; Prof VR Prain; A/Prof BG Waldrip; Dr PJ Hubber

2007 : $120,000
2008 : $88,000
2009 : $109,000

Category: 3301 - EDUCATION STUDIES

Administering Organisation   Deakin University

Summary:
School science is a core area for the future prosperity and health of Australia. Poor student attitudes to science and low involvement in post compulsory science are of national concern. This project, by taking a fresh perspective on key learning issues in middle years science, when student attitudes and future plans are being forged, has the potential to lay the groundwork for more successful learning, increased retention into post compulsory science, and enhanced public science literacy. By focusing on effective and innovative pedagogies and assessment strategies the project has the capacity to enhance science students' capacity for innovation, potentially laying the groundwork for increased productivity in the longer term.

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Faculty of Science and Technology

School of Engineering and Information Technology

Title: Blind Signal Separation from Unidentifiable Systems

Dr Y Xiang; Dr VK Nguyen

2007 : $50,369
2008 : $50,369
2009 : $50,369

Category: 2802 - ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING

Administering Organisation: Deakin University

Summary:
This project will contribute to the designated national research priority goal on frontier Information and Communications Technology. The outcomes of the project will advance the theory of signal processing and enable performance improvement of a wide range of hi‑tech applications. This project will enhance Australia's research reputation and competitiveness, promote the understanding and applications of advanced signal processing techniques in local industries, and provide excellent training opportunity for PhD and Honours students.

 

Title: Development of methods to address internet crime

Prof W Zhou; Mr Y Xiang

2007 : $74,000
2008 : $74,000
2009 : $74,000

Category: 2801 - INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Administering Organisation: Deakin University

Summary:
If this research accomplishes successfully, it will be a big step forward in terms of traceback scope, accuracy, usability and deployment. This will empower authorities to control and punish Internet crimes more effectively and efficiently. It will also limit the damage caused by Internet crimes quickly. For example, if we can quickly identify the origins of a fast spreading virus, we will be able to prevent its propagation as fast as possible. If we can quickly identify and block a harmful phishing site, then less innocent people will be deceived into disclosing their credit card numbers, bank account information, passwords or other sensitive information.

 

School of Life and Environmental Sciences

Title: The bipolarity of Late Palaeozoic marine faunal distributions: origin, processes and implications for modern global marine biogeography

Prof GR Shi; Dr AS Biakov; Prof S Shen; Prof J Tazawa; Prof CM Henderson; A/Prof K Ueno

2007 : $60,000
2008 : $60,000
2009 : $50,000

Category: 2601 - GEOLOGY

Administering Organisation: Deakin University

Summary:
The fossil record of 'deep‑time' ecological processes provides the only tangible tool and material to probe into the dynamics of past biotic responses to global environmental perturbations at a temporal scale extending well beyond the human impact. It is in this context that the project is linked to the National Research Priority Goal 1.5 (Australia's biodiversity), Goal 1.7 (climate change and variability) and Goal 3.1 (breakthrough new knowledge). In addition, the project will enhance Australia's global research profile through multinational and multidisciplinary research collaborations, and, importantly, also provide a crucial training opportunity for the next generation of Australian palaeobiologists.

 

Title: Omega‑3 fatty acids, appetite and growth in farmed fish

Dr GM Turchini; Prof SS De Silva; A/Prof M Paolucci

2007 : $90,000
2008 : $90,000
2009 : $85,000

Category: 3007 - FISHERIES SCIENCES

APD: Dr GM Turchini

Administering Organisation: Deakin University

Project Summary:
Australia has very limited wild fish supplies, and with the increasing realization of human health benefits of fish (i.e. omega‑3 fatty acid) there is a need to increase availability through aquaculture. However, feeds used in aquaculture contain costly fish oil with limited global supplies. Attempts made to substitute fish oil with vegetable sources in aquaculture feeds have been mixed. This international, comparative and multidisciplinary project aims to reduce the dependence on fish oils through investigation of basic fatty acid metabolism and endocrinology on farmed fish to ensure that human health promoting characteristics in the final product are retained.

 

Centre for Material and Fibre Innovation

Title: A Microstructure Based Approach to Steel Design for Improved Crash Performance

Prof PD Hodgson; Dr I Timokhina

2007 : $145,000
2008 : $135,000
2009 : $135,000
2010 : $100,000

Category: 2913 - METALLURGY

Administering Organisation: Deakin University

Summary:
There is a continual need for the automotive industry to develop vehicles with increased fuel efficiency and safety.  This research will establish how different types of new advanced steels can contribute to improved crash worthiness, while also helping to increase fuel efficiency through lighter weight. This will lead to the development of new steels that offer even better crash performance while also providing more realistic computer models for car designers.

 

Title: Titanium Alloy Scaffolds for Osseointegration Implant Materials

Dr C Wen; Dr W Yan; Prof GC Nicholson

2007 : $110,000
2008 : $110,000
2009 : $110,000

Category: 2914 - MATERIALS ENGINEERING

Administering Organisation: Deakin University

Summary:
Australians' life expectancies are among the highest in the world. Degeneration of load bearing bones in the elderly of age 65 and over often requires the inception of biomaterial implants. For the hip and knee replacements alone, there are over 52,000 operations performed in Australia each year at an estimated cost of over $500 million. The success of these procedures depends on the implant biomaterials. The outcomes of this project are a new category of porous bone implant materials for load bearing applications.

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Deakin University acknowledges the traditional land owners of present campus sites.

1st December 2009