Faculty news archive
27/06/2013 Push for the winning edge in competition
26/06/2013 Fellowship helps maggot research fly
27/05/2013 Project to catalogue web security threats
21/05/2013 LES researchers finding out what's Pozible
25/03/2013 New engineering labs spark new opportunities
21/03/2013 Ending the wildlife Catastrophe
12/03/2013 Deakin researchers on the road with Catalyst
Final year Mechatronics Engineering students recently put their skills to the test designing and developing autonomous robots to compete in a Sumorobot Competition at Deakin University's Geelong Waurn Ponds Campus.
The competition forms part of the students' assessment. Dr Ben Horan and Dr Matthew Joordens from Deakin's School of Engineering have been running the class for the last five years.
'The competition is part of a final year Mechatronic Engineering subject which employs a design based approach to engineering education. The competition is seen by many students as the pinnacle of their degrees, and provides them with a project they can show prospective employers as a demonstration of their engineering ability,' Dr Horan explains.
'The robots need to be designed according to specific design criteria and it is up to students to use their creativity and imagination to design their robot to outwit, outmanoeuvre, and overpower other students' robots,' Dr Horan says.
'This year's robots needed to weigh less than one kilogram which is of course an important consideration for a Sumorobot which is designed to push other robots out of the competition ring.
'We are continually surprised by the imagination, creativity, and out-of-the-box thinking of our students. Just when you think you have seen all possibilities, a student will completely surprise you.'
This year's winner was Benjamin Champion.
'The secret to his robot's success was to keep his design simple, mechanically robust and to use powerful motors and a lot of wheel traction,' Dr Horan says.
'Within the School of Engineering we have long valued design-based approaches to teaching Engineering, and often hear from students how effective it can be to complement theoretical concepts and really enforce students' understanding.'
See the robots in action on Deakin's YouTube channel: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dnP8bsA-nyY&feature=youtube_gdata
Dr Michelle Harvey, a forensic entomologist in Deakin University's School of Life and Environmental Sciences, will be travelling to the USA to further research the relationship between blowflies, maggots and bacteria after recently being named as a recipient of a 2013 Churchill Fellowship.
These prestigious Fellowships are awarded annually in Australia by the Winston Churchill Memorial Trust. The Fellowships each have an average value of $20,000 and are described as giving recipients 'the opportunity to travel overseas to further their passion and return to Australia to implement their findings and share them with others'.
For Dr Harvey, this means the opportunity to travel to two research facilities in the USA - including the University of Tennessee's Anthropology Research Facility where she has done research previously - to seek to better understand bacteria associated with the blowfly, Lucilia sericata.
'These are the same blowflies that are found on decomposing corpses, as we also find in flystrike on sheep and we also use in maggot debridement therapy to clean up wounds,' Dr Harvey explains.
'What we're interested in is how maggots actually deal with bacteria, because they obviously live in these really disgusting environments and we want to know how they manage to do that.
'We know that [maggots] have chemical potential - they produce these excretions and secretions that kill off bacteria and help to clean up the wounds.
'What we really don't understand is what does a fly bring with it when it comes into a wound, because we know they're carrying certain types of bacteria and it seems these bacteria might actually be quite important in creating certain compounds and things that can work against other bacteria. As an example, could they potentially be critical in the fight against emerging antibiotic resistant superbugs.'
The intention underpinning the Churchill Fellowships of recipients using the knowledge they gain to benefit the wider Australian community is something Dr Harvey strongly believes in.
'That's really important to me, because everything that I do is aimed towards having some kind of social impact, that's why I went into forensics because I felt like I could make a difference.
'What you really want to see as a researcher is that the work you are doing has as much impact as possible, measurable impact... I don't want to be collecting data that could help someone, but it doesn't get there because they're not informed about what is going on.'
Investigating the potential benefits of maggots is an area Dr Harvey is already working in. With colleague Dr Melanie Thomson, from Deakin's School of Medicine, she is working on a project to trial maggot debridement therapy (MDT) to improve patient outcomes in Bairnsdale Ulcer cases. The project was recently successfully funded through Deakin's 'Research My World' initiative with crowd funding site Pozible.com.
2Loud? is a research project developed by Deakin University in partnership with the City of Boroondara. Through the project, researchers Dr Simone Leao and Dr Adam Krezel, School of Architecture and Built Environment, and Dr Kok-Leong Ong, School of Information and Business Analytics, have developed a mobile phone application called 2Loud? that allows citizens to monitor traffic noise in their environment.
'The World Health Organization has recently focused attention on guidelines for night noise in urban areas, based on significant medical evidence of the adverse impacts of exposure to excessive traffic noise on health, especially caused by sleep disturbance. This includes serious illnesses, such as hypertension, arteriosclerosis and myocardial infarction,' Dr Leao explains.
'The 2Loud? project starts from the understanding that traffic noise pollution is a very complex issue, and that a healthier environment would come from the integration of multiple actions from multiple stakeholders.
'Citizens, communities, transport agencies, local and state government, and scientists are all part of the solution for the problem.'
Dr Leao says the features of today's mobile phones have enabled them to be used as a tool for engagement.
'Numerous international reports have expressed the importance of public participation to help move cities and regions towards sustainable development,' she says.
'Several features of mobile phones make them a special and unprecedented tool for engaging participants in sensing their local environment. Ubiquitous smart-phones come with a growing set of powerful embedded sensors.'
Dr Leao says there are also demonstrated benefits in taking a participatory approach to environmental monitoring.
'Scientific literature and practice has demonstrated that participatory processes in environmental monitoring lead to important benefits such as increasing environmental democracy, scientific literacy, social capital, cost-effective provision of data, and potential improvement of environmental conditions,' she says.
'In the case of university-based research projects, like 2Loud?, it can make environmental science and expertise more accessible to the public while also making scientists more aware of local knowledge and expertise.'
The positive experience of the use of the 2Loud? application by the Community of Boroondara in 2013 sets the basis for further research. Next steps will follow three interrelated streams centred respectively on community, health, and technology.
For more information visit the 2Loud? project website: www.2loud.net.au.
Two were better than one this year when it came to Science and Engineering Challenges, with the School of Engineering hosting its ninth Geelong region event and teaming with the School of Life and Environmental Sciences to present the inaugural Warrnambool event.
The Science and Engineering Challenge is a program conducted nationally by the University of Newcastle, with participation last year reaching almost 20,000 students from more than 600 schools around Australia. It provides Year 10 students with the chance to take part in fun and practical activities aimed at igniting their interest in science, engineering and technology.
Competing in teams, students are challenged to apply their understanding of physics and engineering concepts in order to build, construct and design things that fly in the air, hover above or drive on land, use simulators, electricity, plastic, foam, balsa, rubber, tape and other items.
Once again, the Geelong Challenge was a great success. Students from 14 schools in the Geelong region and beyond competed at the Geelong Waurn Ponds Campus on Thursday 30 May and Friday 31 May, with honours going to Whitefriars College for Thursday's competition and Oberon High School for Friday's.
On Tuesday 18 June, five schools took part in the first Great South Coast Challenge at Deakin's Warrnambool Campus. On the Monday evening, an event was held at the Warrnambool City Centre to celebrate the Challenge coming to Warrnambool, with a welcome from Professor Gerry Quinn (LES).
Brauer College took out Challenge honours on the day as the winning school. Feedback from teachers from the competing schools was very positive and all indicated they would compete in next year's Challenge.
Thank you to all the Engineering, Life and Environmental Sciences, and faculty staff who were involved with the Challenges and helped make both events such a success.
See a video about the Great South Coast Challenge on the Warrnambool Standard website.
Work by researchers from Deakin University's Centre for Chemistry and Biotechnology, School of Life and Environmental Sciences (LES), into the use of nanomaterials in plants has been highlighted with the publication of papers in two highly regarded journals.
A paper by LES PhD candidate Pavani Nadiminti was published online by ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces in February this year: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/am303208t.
Titled 'Nanostructured Liquid Crystalline Particles as an Alternative Delivery Vehicle for Plant Agrochemicals', the paper was co-authored by Professor David Cahill and Dr James Rookes from LES together with colleagues from Monash University and Nufarm Limited.
It discusses the use of nanostructured liquid crystalline particles (NLCP) as an alternative to surfactant-based agrochemical delivery.
'Lipid-based nanoparticles have been around for quite a while especially in the pharmaceutical industry but they have not been used for delivering molecules to plants,' explains Mr Nadiminti.
'Here we have used them to replace the surfactant chemicals that have been traditionally used to enable penetration of agrochemicals into plant leaves. The benefit of this is that surfactants can be toxic to the environment and cause leaf damage to the plant, but NLCPs do not.'
In May, a paper by Dr Hashmath Hussain, Associate Research Fellow LES was published online in the Journal of Nanoparticle Research: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11051-013-1676-4. Co-authors on the paper are PhD candidate Zhifeng Yi and Professor Lingxue Kong from Deakin's Institute of Frontier Materials and Professor David Cahill and Dr James Rookes from LES.
The paper is titled 'Mesoporous silica nanoparticles as a biomolecule delivery vehicle in plants' and discusses the potential of these nanoparticles to be used to successfully deliver agrochemicals or biomolecules to plants.
'The mesoporous silica nanoparticles were used for the first time - to our knowledge - in a direct uptake mechanism by plants,' explained Dr Hussain. 'They have been used in isolated plant cells, but the delivery of these nanoparticles to intact plants without any damage to the plants was very good novel work in this area.'
Although the research is in its very early stages, Dr Hussain said using the mesoporous silica nanoparticles as a targeted delivery mechanism to plants could have a number of potential benefits.
These include more efficient use of agrochemicals through limiting the amount applied to the amount the plant can take up, and restricting the agrochemicals to the target plant, helping to prevent them reaching the environment.
Professor David Cahill, Associate Dean (Research) in Deakin's School of Life and Environmental Sciences and a co-author on the two papers, says the work demonstrates the potential of research collaborations.
'The research being undertaken by Pavani, Hashmath and their colleagues is at the forefront of research on the application of nanoparticles to plants. Even though we still have much to learn, these two papers show the clear advantages interdisciplinary and novel approaches can bring to addressing real world problems.'
Photo: Pavani Nadiminti (left) and Dr Hashmath Hussain
Professor Yang Xiang, School of IT, is leading a three-year project which has the primary objective of identifying and fighting Australia's most prevalent malware attacks.
The project is being done in in collaboration with Macquarie University and Trend Micro and has ARC Linkage Project funding. It will see large-scale analytics techniques used to analyse massive volumes of Trend Micro malware sensor data.
In an online interview with security website CSO, Professor Xiang said that Australia was a 'remarkably internet dependent country', so improving the security of the current Australian internet is 'fundamentally important'. He said the goal of the project is to use 'complementary knowledge and skills from both sides to work together and analyse the Web threats specifically targeting Australia'.
The article also quoted Professor Xiang as saying that while one project can't be expected to secure the 'whole Australian cyberspace', he hoped it could make significant contributions in this field.
Read the full article on the CSO website.
Ladies in Engineering At Deakin - or LEAD - is a fun networking group for Deakin University's female engineering students. The group is in its first year and runs alongside the Deakin Engineering Society (DES) group.
The idea for LEAD came from final year student Rachael Rollinson.
'I was Vice President for Professional Development in DES last year and I noticed that there were no real networking opportunities available for girls [in engineering] at Deakin... and I had the idea to do something about that,' Rachael explains.
After discussing it with others, Rachael says the idea 'just snowballed' and LEAD was born.LEAD's aim is to 'increase opportunity through social connections and professional development, and to encourage women to get into the field of study'. The group is planning a variety of activities through the year, some just for fun - such as pizza and trivia nights - and others with a career focus, including networking with industry.
'We've been going up to the Women in Engineering Group events through Engineers Australia as a group too, helping us to network and get to know some professionals,' Rachael says.
Virginia Martin, also in her final year at Deakin, is another of the group's organisers. She says that while the group currently has a lot of senior students involved, it also has plenty to offer girls in their first and second year, especially as they're settling into university.
'It's really handy to speak to a girl who's done the same subject as you or had that lecturer or knows the best way to get that assignment done,' Virginia explains. It's a point Rachael agrees with.
'I know engineering can be quite full on at times, so it's about having someone to talk to, who has been through that,' she says.
Photo: LEAD organisers: (l to r) Virginia, Rachael, Gabi and Steph.
Researchers from the School of Life and Environmental Sciences are involved with five of the eight projects recently launched as part of Deakin University's Research My World initiative, in conjunction with crowdfunding site Pozible.com.
The projects provide a great snapshot of the diversity of research taking place in the school. They range from uncovering new information about endangered species in Papua New Guinea, to investigating seaweed as a food source, to mapping Victoria's ocean floor, to using maggots in the treatment of Bairnsdale Ulcer, to the impact of changing ocean salt concentration on marine invertebrates.
Under the Pozible funding scheme, members of the public have the opportunity to make tax-deductible donations to a range of unique research projects that appeal to their interests and concerns. The Deakin-Pozible project is believed to be the first time an Australian university has used crowdfunding to pursue research funding.
In launching the initiative, Deakin's Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research), Professor Lee Astheimer, said crowdfunding had been successfully used to foster innovation in a number of entrepreneurial fields and the question had been asked why weren't universities trying it.
'Well now we are,' she said.
Professor Astheimer said that the Pozible experiment is consistent with Deakin's reputation as an innovator in higher education.
Use the links below to visit the Pozible site to find details and a video about each of the projects involving LES researchers:
- Discovering Papua New Guinea's Mountain Mammals - Euan Ritchie (with Jim Thomas)
- Mighty Maggots v Flesh Nom Bugs - Michelle Harvey and Mel Thomson, School of Medicine
- Would you like seaweed with that? - Alecia Bellgrove (with Giovanni Turchini, Fernando Norambuena and Russell Keast, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences)
- Voyages of discovery - Daniel Ierodiaconou
- How salty is your seafood? - Julie Mondon
The ability to replicate a 300 kilometre transmission line or perform research using an on-campus commercial wind turbine connected to the national electricity grid are just some of the features of two new engineering laboratories at Deakin's Geelong Waurn Ponds Campus.
'These are the latest additions to a suite of refurbished engineering laboratories and equipment that ensure facilities for engineering at Deakin are world class,' says Professor Guy Littlefair, Head of the School of Engineering. 'They are part of a number of exciting developments in engineering at Deakin, including our $55 million Centre for Advanced Design in Engineering Training (CADET) currently under design in the school.'
The Renewable Energy laboratory and Electrical laboratory will provide undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as PhD students and researchers, with exciting new opportunities, says Professor Alex Stojcevski, the school's Deputy Head.
As well as the commercial wind turbine - likely to become a campus landmark with its location on the roof of the Engineering building - a bank of twelve solar panels has also been installed as part of the new facilities. Both are connected to Australia's electricity grid, which means the power being generated can be used or sold back to the grid. An important aspect of being connected to the grid, Professor Stojcevski says, is the ability it gives researchers and students to conduct experiments and research that are not just using a local 'micro-grid', but at a 'real-world level'.
In addition to students and researchers being able to monitor in the laboratory how much power is being generated, interested passers-by will be able to see that information on screens in the corridors outside.
'The Renewable Energy lab has equipment that allows students and researchers to not only simulate computer applications of what wind turbine or solar panel or solar wind or solar thermal power generation can do, it allows them to use real equipment,' Professor Stojcevski explains.
'This means our students can replicate what a real engineer would do, such as feel the equipment, set up the equipment and so on. For example, in the lab we can replicate a 300 kilometre transmission line, so students will be able to learn to detect faults and potentially come up with mechanisms to prevent them.'
Professor Stojcevski says the new labs have also been designed to encourage interdisciplinary learning and research.
'For instance, in the Renewable Energy lab, our mechanical engineering students can study the gears and shafts and mechanical instruments within a wind turbine, while our electrical engineering students can examine the energy that's being produced, the power and energy efficiency.'
The benefits and opportunities provided by the new labs are likely to flow on to Deakin's off-campus engineering students too, with the school looking to provide remote access to equipment as well.
Australian researchers, including biomedical scientist Dr Richard Williams, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, have taken the first step in using bioactive peptides as the building blocks to help 'build a new brain' to treat degenerative brain disease.
Dr Williams is working in a team with Dr David Nisbet from the Australian National University and Dr Clare Parish at the Florey Neuroscience Institute to develop a way to repair the damaged parts of the brain that cause Parkinson's disease.
Parkinson's disease develops when the brain cells (or neurons) that produce the chemical dopamine die or are damaged. Dopamine neurons produce a lubricant that helps the brain transmit signals to the body that control muscles and movement. When these cells die or are damaged the result is the shaking and muscle stiffness that are among the common symptoms of the disease.
'We are looking at a way of helping the brain to regenerate the dead or damaged cells that transport dopamine throughout the body,' Dr Williams said.
'Peptides help the body heal itself, providing many positive benefits for health, particularly in regenerative medicine; this is why the sports people were using them to recover more quickly in the current doping scandal.'
Peptides are both the building blocks and the messengers of the body; the team has used them to mimic the normal brain environment and provide the chemical signals needed to help the brain function.
'Peptides stick together like Lego blocks, so in the first stage of the project we have been able to make a three dimensional material or tissue scaffold that provides the networks cells need to grow; but the peptides also carry instructions in the form of chemical signals which tell the cells to grow into new neurons,' Dr Williams explained.
'Importantly, this material has the same consistency as the brain, does not cause chronic inflammation and is non-toxic to the body.
'Our aim is to use this scaffold material to support the patient's own stem cells that could be turned into dopamine neurons and implanted back into the brain. We expect that when implanted the material and stem cells would be accepted by the brain as normal tissue and grow to replace the damaged or dead cells.'
The results of the first stage of this Australian Research Council funded project will be published in the international journal Soft Matter.
According to Dr Euan Ritchie, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, the dingo may have a real role to play in helping reduce the feline impact on Australia's wildlife.
Talking to renowned science commentator Robyn Williams on The Science Show, Dr Ritchie said: 'Well, it's a strange situation I guess to use one predator to fix a problem that of course is with another predator, but what we know from around the world is that top predators or apex predators as some people call them are quite useful in controlling other species.'
The Thursday March 14 episode of ABC TV's Catalyst: On The Road features not one, but two stories highlighting the work of Deakin researchers from the School of Life and Environmental Sciences.
Marine scientist Dr Daniel Ierodiaconou (Warrnambool Campus) gives an insight into what lies beneath Victoria's coastal waters through the research project he is leading to map the ocean floor.
Back on dry land, it's into the field at the Great Otway National Park for a look at the research wildlife biologist Dr Desley Whisson (Melbourne Burwood Campus) is doing into koala-habitat systems and developing ways to conserve the koalas and the habitat they depend on.
The Catalyst: On The Road episode airs Thursday 14 March at 8.00pm. For more information including episode repeat times visit the ABC website.