Weighted Average Mark

A Weighted Average Mark (WAM) is a calculation of all your relevant unit outcomes within a course.

What is a WAM?

While some institutions use a Grade Point Average (GPA) to provide an overall view of student's academic performance, Deakin uses a Weighted Average Mark (WAM).

The WAM is weighted by taking into consideration the credit points of a unit and the result. Not all grades are used in the calculation of the WAM, relevant grades are listed below.

How to calculate a WAM

To calculate the WAM for your course, you will need the achievable credit points for your passed, failed and withdrawn failed units and the mark for each of those units. A withdrawn late isn't considered an 'achievable' credit point.

If a mark was not given for your unit/s, the default WAM mark (see table below) should be used. Only units with a grade listed in the table below are included in the calculation.

The weighted average mark for your course is calculated in three parts.

  1. Multiply the achievable credit points for a unit by the mark granted (overall mark for your unit), or the default WAM mark (see table below);
  2. Get a total of all the multiplications, and
  3. Divide this total by the sum of the achievable credit points for all your units that have contributed to the calculation of your WAM.

Example of a WAM calculation

Let's say a student has completed 8 units (each worth 1 achievable credit point).

The outcomes for these units are:

  • two Credits (each with a mark of 60),
  • two Distinctions (each with a mark of 75),
  • one High Distinction (mark of 80),
  • two Withdrawn Late (WL grade) and a
  • one Withdrawn Fail (WN grade - default WAM mark of 0),

To calculate the WAM for these outcomes, the student would do the following.

Part 1:

  • 2 Credits (1cp x 60 + 1cp x 60) = 120
  • 2 Distinctions (1cp x 75 + 1cp x 75) = 150
  • 1 High Distinction (1cp x 80) = 80
  • 1 Withdrawn Fail (1cp x 0) = 0
  • 2 Withdrawn Late *** not included in the calculation***

Part 2: Total 120+150+80+0 = 350

Part 3: 350/6 = course WAM of 58.3

Need help?

If you have any queries about your WAM, contact your Faculty enrolment officer/course adviser.

Grades used in WAM calculation

The following table lists all outcomes which are used to calculate a WAM.

The mark range for each grade and the default WAM mark for those grades without a mark are as follows:

Grade Grade Description Mark Range Default WAM Mark *
HD High Distinction 80-100 90
D Distinction 70-79 75
C Credit 60-69 65
P Pass 50-59 55
N Fail 0-49 0
PC Pass Conceded n/a 50
XN Not passed, not assessed                                                    n/a 0
WN Withdrawn - Fail n/a 0

* Default WAM Mark is only used where a student has a Grade without a Mark assigned. This is rarely required.

Grades not used in WAM calculation

The following table lists unit outcomes/grades not used in the calculation of the WAM. Credit for Prior Learning (CPL) from your course is also not part of the calculation.

Grade Grade Description
WE Withdrawn Early
WL Withdrawn Late
EP External Institution Pass (used for cross institutional units)                                                           
ENExternal Institution Fail (used for cross institutional units)
UP Ungraded Pass
UNUngraded Fail
WR Withdrawn, debt remission (no academic penalty)
RI, RIA, RIE Unfinalised results
RW Result withheld
XA Not to be assessed yet
RP Result not applicable
SAA, SAE Pending assessment

Archived Grades

 The following table lists unit outcomes/grades no longer used in the calculation of the WAM.

GradeGrade Description
UPR*Unsatisfactory Progress, discontinued from Trimester 1, 2017
WRN*Withdrawn, debit remission, with academic penalty, discontinued from Trimester 1, 2017

* Grade remains applicable for WAM calculation purposes for unit enrolments prior to Trimester 1, 2017

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