Profile image of Neera Bhatia

A/Prof. Neera Bhatia



Associate Professor


Faculty of Business and Law


Deakin Law School


Melbourne Burwood Campus


Graduate Certificate of Higher Education, Deakin University, 2015
Doctor of Philosophy, Deakin University, 2014
Master of Law, University of Wolverhampton, 2003
Bachelor of Law(s), University of Wolverhampton, 2001

+61 3 924 46594


Dr Neera Bhatia is an Associate Professor.  She holds an LLB (Hons), Masters in Law from the UK, and a Doctorate in Law from Deakin University.

Neera is the author of 'Critically impaired infants and end of life decision making: Resource allocation and difficult decisions', published by Routledge Cavendish (UK). She has published widely on contemporary issues in health law and bioethics. Her research interests are in end-of-life decision-making for critically ill infants and children, organ donation, voluntary assisted dying, determination of death, and emerging health and reproductive technologies.

She teaches Health Law in the undergraduate and postgraduate programs. Neera actively engages with the wider community as an expert commentator in the media on topical issues in health law.

She is the Deputy Chair, Deakin University Human Research Ethics Committee, and the Chair, Faculty Human Ethics Committee. She is also the Deputy Convenor of the Deakin Science and Society Network (SSN). She has previously been a member of a number of clinical ethics committees. 

Read more on Neera's profile

Research interests

  • End of Life Decision Making for Critically Ill Infants and Children
  • Voluntary Assisted Dying (VAD) 
  • Organ Donation
  • Determination of Death & Dying 
  • Emerging Reproductive Technologies 
  • Emerging Health Technologies 
  • Cryonics
  • Health Law (more broadly)
  • Bioethics


  • Deputy Chair, Deakin University Human Research Ethics Committee (DUHREC)
  • Chair - Faculty Human Ethics Advisory Group (HEAG)
  • Deputy Convenor - Deakin Science and Society Network (SSN)
  • Deakin University Human Research Ethics  - Panel Member
  • Clinical Ethics Committee Member, Melbourne City Mission Palliative Care
  • Clinical Ethics Committee Member, Monash Health
  • Health Law Stream Leader, Australasian Association of Bioethics and Health Law (AABHL)

Teaching interests

  • Health Law 
  • Tort Law

Units taught

  • Undergraduate  and Postgraduate - Health Law
  • Undergraduate and Postgraduate  - Tort Law
  • Undergraduate and Postgraduate - Misleading and Economic Torts

Knowledge areas

  • End-of-life decision-making for critically ill children
  • Organ donation and determination/definition of death
  • Voluntary assisted dying
  • Emerging health technologies
  • Emerging reproductive technologies and ART
  • Contemporary issues in Health Law and Bioethics


Can supervise Masters and PhD Students
  • Law


  • Patients behaving badly: AABHL,19/11/2021
  • Crowded House: Making room (for outside influence) in
    paediatric clinical practice encounters:AABHL, 18/11/2021
  • Member of the organising committee of the Australian Association of Bioethics and Health Law Conference:AABHL,18-21/11/2021
  • Early access to superannuation for IVF on the basis of “mental disturbance” Just sign here: The Melbourne Clinic, 04/08/2021 
  • Keynote Speaker: Help, hype or harm? Ethical considerations of the online influence in paediatric healthcare, Sydney Children’s Hospitals Network, 22/07/2021 
  • “Hope or Hype: The emerging challenge of child medical tourism in the care and treatment of critically ill children” - La Trobe Uni, 21/04/2021 
  • From Birth to Death: The future of emerging health technology: The Melbourne Clinic,16/09/2020
  • Child medical tourism: Opportunities and hazards of 21st-century global healthcare: AABHL, 22/11/2019, NZ 
  •  Legal and ethical challenges in emerging technology and innovation in health Law: AABHL, 20/11/2019, NZ
  • ‘Is an ‘opt out’ system of organ donation the way to increase organ donation rates in Australia?’Uni of Melb, Aus, 4/03/2019
  • 'Disagreements in the care of critically ill children’, The Nuffield Council on Bioethics, U.K, 28/11/2018
  • ‘A changing social and medical landscape in the care of critically ill infants and children’,Centre for Ethics and Medicine, Bristol, U.K, 26/11/2018
  • Navigating the interdisciplinary landscape', AABHL, Aus, 23-25/09/2018
  • '#Uncharted Territory: The new era of social media and the impact on the end of life decision-making for critically ill infants', 10th National Paediatric Bioethics Conference, Royal Children's Hospital, Aus, 5/09/2018
  • 'Charlie Gard: How the 'court of public opinion' may influence future end of life decision making', (ICCEC), Oxford Uni, U.K,21/06/2018
  • 'Property rights over cadaveric organs and tissues in an 'opt out' system of organ donation in Australia and New Zealand: How important are the next of kin?', (ICCEC), Oxford Uni, U.K, 22/06/2018 
  • 'Cryonics: Our frozen future or this century’s snake oil?', Invited Speaker, Sydney Health Ethics Centre, Uni of Sydney, Aus,29/03/2018
  • 'Victoria's Voluntary Assisted Dying Legislation: An open dialogue about its function, impact and implementation', Aus,13/12/2017 'Solving the organ crisis ethically',Invited Speaker, Melbourne Uni Public Lecture, Aus,25/08/2015
  • 'Critically Impaired Infants and End of Life Decision Making: Resource Allocation and Difficult Decisions', Australian Lawyers Alliance - Medical Law Conference, Aus,31/07/2015 
  • 'Transplantation of the heart after circulatory death: Time for a change in the law', Grand Round Seminar, Royal Children's Hospital, Aus, 24/06/2015
  • 'Cutting the Cord: Can society over-invest in extremely premature neonates?', Law and Society, U.S.A,29/05/2014

Media appearances

A/P Neera Bhatia regularly engages with the media across all platforms: television, radio, digital and print media on a range of topical issues. She also writes for The Conversation on contemporary issues in health law.

Selected media appearances are listed below

  • ABC Melbourne, Informal sperm donation, 20/04/2023
  • Feed Pray Love Podcast with Shevonne Hunt , A market for breast milk, 13/12/2022
  • Jackson Worthington, Red Cross expands breast milk donation services to WA to help premature babies, ABC News Online,12/12/2022
  • ABC Sydney Drive - Regulation of Human milk, 7/12/2022
  • ABC Radio Canberra, Black market for breast milk, 8/12/2022
  • 6PR Perth Breakfast, Black market from human milk, 8/12/2022
  • Melissa Davey, Boom in Australia breast milk sales and donations a risk to infants, expert says, The Guardian, 7/12/2022
  • 'What happens if you want access to voluntary assisted dying but your nursing home won’t let you?’, The Conversation, 31/05/2022
  • ‘Why IVF is more equal than other healthcare in the pandemic’, AFR, 2/02/2022
  • ‘People are using their super to pay for IVF, with their fertility clinic's blessing. That's a conflict of interest’, The Conversation, 01/07/2021
  • Legal implication of Cryonics, ABC Radio Sydney, 26/02/20
  • Radio Adelaide, ethics of artificial gestation, 13/11/19
  • 'We may one day grow babies outside the womb, but there are many things to consider first' The Conversation 11/11/2019
  • Introduction of Voluntary Assisted Dying Laws in Victoria, Radio:Triple M News Bulletin, 19/06/19
  • Victoria's Voluntary Assisted Dying Legislation, ABC Ballarat, 19/06/19
  • 'More Australians are donating organs but demand is outstripping supply', SBS News, 20/12/18
  • An opt-out system isn't the solution to Australia's low rate of organ donation, The Conversation, 12/12/18
  • 'Diversity still so far away, right across the board', Chris Merritt,
  • 'Opt Out Organ Donation Systems and Property Rights', National Radio News with Katreena Shelley, Australia, 26/01/18
  •  'Organ donations should be decided by next of kin: Deakin University expert', Geelong Advertiser, Australia, 25/01/18
  • Legal Affairs, The Australian, Australia, 27/10/17
  • 'The case of Charlie Gard, Interview with Neera Bhatia', ABC News at Noon with Ros Childs, Australia, 25/07/17
  • Three ways the Charlie Gard case could affect future end-of-life cases globally, The Conversation 25/07/2017
  • Cryonics, Interview with Dr Neera Bhatia and Marta Sandberg', ABC Lateline with David Lipson, Australia, 14/02/17
  • Bhatia, N. and Savulescu, J., 'Cryonics: Are freezing bodies all hype, hope, or is it just logistical and ethical hell?', ABC News: Opinion, Australia, 24/11/16
  • 'Cryonics: Hope, Hype or Hell?', The Conversation, 23/11/16
  • 'Debate over the definition of death, does the law need to change, Jill Margo, The Australian Financial Review, 27/11/15
  • New forms of heart transplant illegal, journal article warns, Craig Butt, Sydney Morning Herald, Canberra Times, The Age, 21/09/15
  • ABC 774 DRive: Radio Interview with Raphael Epstein, 21/09/15
  • 'Change to law needed to ease heart transplant shortfall', Radio National News, 21/09/15
  • Discussion about the legal pitfalls of heart transplantation after circulatory death and the risks for doctors, Medical Journal of Australia Podcast: Episode 28, 21/09/15
  • Withdrawing treatment from premature babies when doctors and parents disagree, The Conversation, 6/02/13


  • New Ideas Grant, Project: 'Unregulated methods of creating non-traditional families and assisted reproductive technology, 2022, $9,446 (with Prof Catherine Mills).
  • SSN Grant, Project: 'Immortalising organs: a feminist study of emerging placental technologies', 2021, $7,500 (with Dr Jaya Keaney, Dr Jacqueline Dalziell, Dr Marnie Winter and A/Prof Dominique Martin).
  • Nuffield Council on Bioethics (U.K.), Project: 'Disagreements in the care of critically ill children: Challenges for policy in changing social and medical contexts', 2018: $4,555 (with Prof Richard Huxtable, Dr Giles Birchley and Dr Jonathan Ives). 
  • Deakin University Research Network (DURN), Project: 'End of Life Care', 2018: $110,000 (with Peter Martin, Rebecca Bartel).
  • Deakin University Research Network (DURN), Project: 'Gen(e)quality', 2018: $110,000 (with Jeffrey Craig, Evie Kendall, Maurizio Meloni, Olga Hogan).


Filter by


Growing Human Organs Inside Animals

Julian Koplin, Neera Bhatia

(2023), Vol. I, pp. 607-623, Handbook of Bioethical Decisions, Berlin, Germany, B1

book chapter

Feasibility of organ donation following voluntary assisted dying in Australia: lessons from international practice

Jan Bollen, Courtney Hempton, Neera Bhatia, James Tibballs

(2023), Medical Journal of Australia, C1

journal article

Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust v WV [2022] EWCOP 9: The Court of Protection: On balancing risks; best interests and kidney transplantation

N Bhatia

(2022), Vol. 19, pp. 357-361, Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, Berlin, Germany, C1

journal article

Heart Transplantation after Circulatory Death: It is time to Redefine Death According to Irreversible Cessation of the Circulation and Reconcile it with Irreversible Cessation of Brain Function

Neera Bhatia, James Tibballs

(2022), Vol. 45, pp. 1-31, University of New South Wales Law Journal, Sydney, N.S.W., C1

journal article

Defining the role of facilitated mediation in medical treatment decision-making for critically ill children in the Australian clinical context

A Preisz, N Bhatia, P Michalson

(2022), pp. 1-13, Clinical Ethics, London, Eng., C1

journal article

White Gold on the Black Market: The Need for Regulation of Banking and Donation of Human Milk in Australia

Neera Bhatia, Julian Koplin, Ainslee Spadaro

(2022), pp. 1-28, Australian Feminist Law Journal, Abingdon, Eng., C1

journal article

Donors and Dads online: Emerging trends and legal implications involving the internet in the creation of non-traditional families in Australia

Neera Bhatia, Lily Porceddu

(2022), Vol. 43, pp. 912-949, Adelaide Law Review, Adelaide, S.Aust., C1

journal article

Lee (a Pseudonym) v Dhupar [2020] NSWDC 717: Failed Sterilization: Should a Healthy Child be Considered a "Compensable Injury"?

L Porceddu, N Bhatia

(2021), Vol. 18, pp. 199-204, Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, Netherlands, C1

journal article

Emptying the Nest Egg to Fill the Nursery: Early Release of Superannuation to Fund Assisted Reproductive Technology

Neera Bhatia, Lily Porceddu

(2021), Vol. 44, pp. 513-547, University of New South Wales Law Journal, Kensington, N.S.W., C1

journal article

New challenges to the legal definition and medical determination of brain death: a multi-jurisdictional approach - cases from the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia

James Tibballs, Neera Bhatia

(2021), Vol. 28, pp. 831-854, Journal of law and medicine, Rozelle, N.S.W., C1

journal article

Deciding For When You Can't Decide: The Medical Treatment Planning and Decisions Act 2016 (Vic)

Courtney Hempton, Neera Bhatia

(2020), Vol. 17, pp. 109-120, Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, Berlin, Germany, C1

journal article

Medical tourism and the best interests of the critically ill child in the era of healthcare globalisation

Neera Bhatia, Giles Birchley

(2020), Vol. 28, pp. 696-730, Medical Law Review, Oxford, Eng., C1

journal article

We Need to Talk About Rationing: The Need to Normalize Discussion About Healthcare Rationing in a Post COVID-19 Era

N Bhatia

(2020), Vol. 17, pp. 731-735, Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, Netherlands, C1

journal article

Whittington Hospital NHS Trust v XX [2020] UKSC 14: The Cost of International Commercial Surrogacy Recoverable as Damages: A Step in the Right Direction?

N Bhatia

(2020), Vol. 17, pp. 455-460, Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, Netherlands, C1

journal article

A human rights-based approach to compulsory treatment of young people experiencing mental disorder

J Kotzmann, N Bhatia, M McMahon

(2018), Vol. 24, pp. 20-43, Australian journal of human rights, Abingdon, Eng., C1

journal article

When is it in a child's best interests to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining treatment? An evolving Australian jurisprudence

L Willmott, B White, N Bhatia

(2018), Vol. 25, pp. 944-972, Journal of law and medicine, New York, N.Y., C1

journal article

Disagreements in the care of critically ill children: emerging issues in a changing landscape

N Bhatia

(2018), London, Eng., A6

research report/technical paper

End of life decision-making for (extremely) premature or critically impaired infants

N Bhatia

(2017), pp. 249-263, Tensions and traumas in health law, Sydney, N.S.W., B1

book chapter

The development of property rights over cadaveric tissues and organs: legal obstructions to the procurement of organs in an "opt-out" system of organ donation in Australia and New Zealand

N Bhatia, J Tibballs

(2017), Vol. 27, pp. 946-974, New Zealand Universities law review, New York, N.Y., C1

journal article

How should Australia respond to media- publicised developments on euthanasia in Belgium?

N Bhatia, B White, L Deliens

(2016), Vol. 23, pp. 835-848, Journal of law and medicine, Sydney, N.S.W., C1

journal article

Critically impaired infants and end of life decision making : resource allocation and difficult decisions

N Bhatia, N Bhatia

(2015), Abingdon, Eng., A1


Deficiencies and missed opportunities to formulate clinical guidelines in Australia for withholding or withdrawing life-sustaining treatment in severely disabled and impaired infants

N Bhatia, J Tibballs

(2015), Vol. 12, pp. 449-459, Journal of bioethical inquiry, Berlin, Germany, C1

journal article

Transplantation of the heart after circulatory death of the donor: time for a change in law?

J Tibballs, N Bhatia

(2015), Vol. 203, pp. 268-271, Medical journal of Australia, Sydney, N.S.W., C1

journal article

Cutting the cord: Can society over-invest in extremely premature and critically impaired neonates?

N Bhatia

(2015), Vol. 23, pp. 443-456, Journal of law and medicine, North Ryde, N.S.W., C1

journal article

Best interests of neonates : time for a fundamental re-think

N Bhatia, M Bagaric

(2013), Vol. 20, pp. 852-865, Journal of law and medicine, Rozelle, N.S.W., C1

journal article

Telesurgery and the law

N Bhatia

(2008), pp. 171-177, Telesurgery, Berlin, Germany, B1-1

book chapter

Telemedicine and the law

N Bhatia

(2006), pp. 61-64, Teleophthalmology, Berlin , Germany, B1-1

book chapter

Funded Projects at Deakin

Industry and Other Funding

Disagreements in the care of critically ill children: Challenges for policy in changing social and medical contexts.

A/Prof Neera Bhatia

Nuffield Council on Bioethics

  • 2018: $4,319


No completed student supervisions to report