Dr Salma Ahmed



Associate Research Fellow


Faculty of Arts and Education


Alfred Deakin Institute


Geelong Waurn Ponds Campus


Doctor of Philosophy, Monash University, 2013
Master of Philosophy, Monash University, 2008


Salma Ahmed, associate research fellow at ADI, is a development economist whose work focuses on gender inequality, child labour, education, health and fertility in developing countries. She completed her PhD at the Department of Economics at Monash University in 2013 and also completed MPhil at the Department of Economics at Monash University in 2008. She has previously worked at ADI as a post-doctoral research fellow in International Development.

She is also a lecturer in the Master of International and Community Development course in the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at Deakin University.

Read more on Salma's profile

Research interests

Gender Inequality, Child Labour, Education, Health, Domestic Violence, Fertility, and Welfare Policies


Global Labor Organisation Fellow, Germany

American Economic Association (member)

European Economic Association (member)

Regional Studies Association (member)

Economic Society of Australia (member)

Association for Economic and Development Studies on Bangladesh (member)

Teaching interests

Economics of Labour Markets

Economics of Developing Countries

Units taught

ADS733 The Economic Development Record

Master of International and Community Development, School of Humanities and Social Sciences

Knowledge areas

Development Economics

Labour Economics


Experience with research in labour economics and social policy issues in developing countries, particularly in India and Bangladesh.


  1. Australian Health Economics Conference, Melbourne, September 2019
  2. Singapore Economic Review Conference, Singapore, August 2019
  3. Australian Gender Economics Workshop (AGEW), Melbourne, Februrary 2019
  4. Aii-SASAA First Annual ECR "South Asia as Practice" Conference Workship, Melbourne, November 2018
  5. Australian Health Economics Conference, Hobart, September 2018
  6. Australian Gender Economics Workshop (AGEW), Perth, Februrary 2018
  7. Asian and Australian Society of Labour Economics (AASLE) Inaugural Conference, Canberra, December 2017
  8. 6th Annual Conference on Economic Research, Economic Research Group, Dhaka, Bangladesh, December 2016
  9. Northeast Universities Development Consortium Conference, Brown University, USA, November 2015
  10.  44th Australian Conference of Economists, Queensland University of Technology, July 2015
  11. Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (invited), Australia, July 2015
  12. E-conference on Abortion Research (invited), LSE, UK, June 2015
  13. Econometric Society Australasian Meeting (invited session), University of Tasmania, Hobart, July 2014
  14. Australasian Development Economics Workshop, University of Western Australia, June 2014
  15. Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, University of Melbourne, May 2014
  16. Econometric Society Australasian Meeting, University of Sydney, July 2013
  17. Australasian Development Economics Workshop, The Australian National University, June 2013
  18. Applied Microeconometrics Brown Bag, Monash University, April 2012
  19. 24th  PhD  Conference  in  Economics  and  Business,  University  of  Queensland, November 2011
  20. 33rd Australian Conference for Health Economists, Melbourne, September 2011
  21. Econometric Society Australasian Meeting, University of Adelaide, July 2011
  22. 40th Australian Conference of Economists, The Australian National University, July 2011
  23. Australasian Development Economics Workshop, University of Western Australia, June 2011
  24. 39th Australian Conference of Economists, Sydney, September 2010

Professional activities

  1. Member, PhD confirmation panel (Deakin Business School)
  2. Course Co-ordination (Economic Development Record, School of Humanities and Social Sciences)
  3. Examiner of MPhil and PhD theses (external)
  4. Survey Reviewer (Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network–post survey 2015, OPHI, University of Oxford, UK)
  5. Invited discussant
  6. Journal Referee

Media appearances

1. S Ahmed "Abortion rates don’t go down when the procedure is criminalised”, Deakin Research Communications, 14 (August), 2019.
2. S Ahmed, R Ranjan, A Dasgupta “Comparison between Bangladesh and India on Child Health, Fertility, and Sex Ratio”, Ideas for India, 22 (November), 2018. http://www.ideasforindia.in/topics/human-development/child-health-fertility-and-sex-ratio-india-vs-bangaldesh.html
3. S Ahmed “The demographic impact of extended paid maternity-leave in Bangladesh”, International Growth Centre, LSE, London, 19 (May) 2017. https://www.theigc.org/blog/demographic-impact-extended-paid-maternity-leave-bangladesh/
4. Reprint “The demographic impact of extended paid maternity-leave in Bangladesh”, Ideas for India, 14 (June), 2017. http://www.ideasforindia.in/article.aspx?article=The-demographic-impact-of-extended-paid-maternity-leave-in-Bangladesh-
5. S Ahmed, R Ranjan “Quality of governance and welfare outcomes”, Ideas for India, 27 (April), 2016. http://www.ideasforindia.in/article.aspx?article_id=1619

Research groups

  1. Governance, Development and Peace
  2. Gender and Sexuality Studies Network


  1. Alfred Deakin Institute Publication Excellence Scheme, October 2018
  2. Royal Economic Society (UK) Conference Award Scheme, September 2015
  3. Postgraduate Publications Award, Monash Institute of Graduate Research, Monash University, August–October 30, 2012
  4. MPhil Thesis Award (High Distinction), Monash Institute of Graduate Research, 2008


Current Projects

  1. Changes in paid maternity leave coverage: Implications for fertility, labour force participation and child mortality (Social Science and Medicine, forthcoming)
  2. Conflict and earnings differences between the religious groups in Bangladesh (Under review)
  3. Does health related aid really matter? Evidence from South Asia (Under review)
  4. Changing times, changing priorities: Determinants of the geographic allocation of Australian Bilateral Aid, 1960-2015 (Draft is available on request)
  5. Expansions in paid maternity leave coverage and women's  labour market outcomes (Draft is available on request)
  6. National minimum wage and the gender wage gap in Bangladesh (Data collection completed)
  7. Early-life shocks and child development in rural Andhra Pradesh of India (Data collection completed)
  8. The impact of intimate partner violence on women’s job status in Australia (Project proposal is available on request)
  9. Risk-taking activities and employment contract type (Data collection completed)
  10. Birth order, fertility, and sex ratio (Data collection completed)


Filter by


Aid, growth, remittances and carbon emissions in Nepal

Kishor Sharma, Badri Bhattarai, Salma Ahmed

(2019), Vol. 40, Energy journal, Cleveland, Oh., C1


Higher education enrolment in Bangladesh: does the wage premium matter?

S Ahmed, M McGillivray

(2019), pp. 1-21, Applied economics, Abingdon, Eng., C1


Do in utero shocks have adverse effects on child health outcomes and can welfare schemes ameliorate such effects? Evidence from Andhra Pradesh, India

S Ahmed, R Ray

(2018), Vol. 50, pp. 770-799, Journal of biosocial science, Cambridge, Eng., C1


What firm characteristics determine women's employment in manufacturing? evidence from Bangladesh

S Ahmed, S Feeny, A Posso

(2016), Vol. 35, pp. 99-122, Equality, diversity and inclusion : an international journal, Bingley, Eng., C1


A Distributional Analysis of the Gender Wage Gap in Bangladesh

S Ahmed, P Maitra

(2015), Vol. 51, pp. 1444-1458, Journal of Development Studies, C1-1


Human capital, discrimination, and the gender wage gap in Bangladesh

S Ahmed, M McGillivray

(2015), Vol. 67, pp. 506-524, World development, London, England, C1


A distributional analysis of the gender wage gap in Bangladesh

S Ahmed, P Maitra,

(2015), Vol. 51, pp. 1444-1458, Journal of development studies, London, Eng., C1


Determinants of pregnancy and induced and spontaneous abortion in a jointly determined framework: Evidence from a country-wide, district-level household survey in India

S Ahmed, R Ray

(2014), Vol. 46, pp. 480-517, Journal of Biosocial Science, C1


Health consequences of child labour in Bangladesh

S Ahmed, R Ray

(2014), Vol. 30, pp. 111-150, Demographic research, Rostock, Germany, C1


Trade-off between child labour and schooling in Bangladesh: the role of parents' education

S Ahmed, R Ray

(2011), Vol. 21/11, pp. 1-40, Monash University Department of Economics discussion papers, Melbourne, C1-1


Gender wage discrimination in rural and urban labour markets of Bangladesh

S Ahmed, P Maitra

(2010), Vol. 38, pp. 83-112, Oxford development studies, Oxford, England, C1-1


The investment scenario in Bangladesh - problems and prospects

M Muttakin, S Ahmed

(2005), Vol. 3, pp. 534-540, Pakistan journal of social sciences, Faisalabad, Pakistan, C1-1


Reviving the role of regulators in Bangladesh capital market

S Ahmed

(2005), Vol. 3, pp. 549-553, Pakistan journal of social sciences, Faisalabad, Bangladesh, C1-1


Funded Projects at Deakin

No Funded Projects at Deakin found


No completed student supervisions to report