Dr Salma Ahmed





Faculty of Arts and Education


Alfred Deakin Institute


Melbourne Burwood Campus


Doctor of Philosophy, Monash University, 2013
Master of Philosophy, Monash University, 2008


Salma Ahmed, a visiting research fellow at ADI, is a development economist whose work focuses on gender and labour market, maternal and child health, access to education, evaluation of welfare policies and development finance programs. She completed her PhD in Economics in 2013 and an MPhil with distinction in Economics in 2008, both at Monash University. She has previously worked at ADI as a post-doctoral research fellow in International Development.

Read more on Salma's profile

Research interests

Gender and violence

Wage inequality

Maternal and child health

Determinants of education

Labour market policies

Development Finance


Global Labor Organisation Fellow, Germany

American Economic Association (member)

Economic Society of Australia (member)

Association for Economic and Development Studies on Bangladesh (member)

Teaching interests

Economics of Labour Markets

Economics of Developing Countries

International Development

Units taught

ADS733 The Economic Development Record

Master of International and Community Development, School of Humanities and Social Sciences

Knowledge areas

Development Economics

Labour Economics

International Development


  1. Australian Development Studies Association Conference (virtual, Sydney), 2022
  2. Australian Health Economics Conference (virtual, Hobart), 2021
  3. 23rd Biennial Asian Studies Association of Australia Conference, Melbourne, July 2020
  4. Australian Health Economics Conference, Melbourne, September 2019
  5. Singapore Economic Review Conference, Singapore, August 2019
  6. Australian Gender Economics Workshop (AGEW), Melbourne, Februrary 2019
  7. Aii-SASAA First Annual ECR "South Asia as Practice" Conference Workship, Melbourne, November 2018
  8. Australian Health Economics Conference, Hobart, September 2018
  9. Australian Gender Economics Workshop (AGEW), Perth, Februrary 2018
  10. Asian and Australian Society of Labour Economics (AASLE) Inaugural Conference, Canberra, December 2017
  11. 6th Annual Conference on Economic Research, Economic Research Group, Dhaka, Bangladesh, December 2016
  12. Northeast Universities Development Consortium Conference, Brown University, USA, November 2015
  13.  44th Australian Conference of Economists, Queensland University of Technology, July 2015
  14. Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (invited), Australia, July 2015
  15. E-conference on Abortion Research (invited), LSE, UK, June 2015
  16. Econometric Society Australasian Meeting (invited session), University of Tasmania, Hobart, July 2014
  17. Australasian Development Economics Workshop, University of Western Australia, June 2014
  18. Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, University of Melbourne, May 2014
  19. Econometric Society Australasian Meeting, University of Sydney, July 2013
  20. Australasian Development Economics Workshop, The Australian National University, June 2013
  21. Applied Microeconometrics Brown Bag, Monash University, April 2012
  22. 24th  PhD  Conference  in  Economics  and  Business,  University  of  Queensland, November 2011
  23. 33rd Australian Conference for Health Economists, Melbourne, September 2011
  24. Econometric Society Australasian Meeting, University of Adelaide, July 2011
  25. 40th Australian Conference of Economists, The Australian National University, July 2011
  26. Australasian Development Economics Workshop, University of Western Australia, June 2011
  27. 39th Australian Conference of Economists, Sydney, September 2010

Professional activities

  1. Member, PhD confirmation panel (Deakin Business School)
  2. Course Co-ordination (Economic Development Record, School of Humanities and Social Sciences)
  3. Examiner of MPhil and PhD theses (external)
  4. Survey Reviewer (Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network–post survey 2015, OPHI, University of Oxford, UK)
  5. Invited discussant
  6. Journal Referee

Media appearances

1. S Ahmed "Abortion rates don’t go down when the procedure is criminalised”, Deakin Research Communications, 14 (August), 2019.
2. S Ahmed, R Ranjan, A Dasgupta “Comparison between Bangladesh and India on Child Health, Fertility, and Sex Ratio”, Ideas for India, 22 (November), 2018. http://www.ideasforindia.in/topics/human-development/child-health-fertility-and-sex-ratio-india-vs-bangaldesh.html
3. S Ahmed “The demographic impact of extended paid maternity-leave in Bangladesh”, International Growth Centre, LSE, London, 19 (May) 2017. https://www.theigc.org/blog/demographic-impact-extended-paid-maternity-leave-bangladesh/
4. Reprint “The demographic impact of extended paid maternity-leave in Bangladesh”, Ideas for India, 14 (June), 2017. http://www.ideasforindia.in/article.aspx?article=The-demographic-impact-of-extended-paid-maternity-leave-in-Bangladesh-
5. S Ahmed, R Ranjan “Quality of governance and welfare outcomes”, Ideas for India, 27 (April), 2016. http://www.ideasforindia.in/article.aspx?article_id=1619

Research groups

  1. Governance, Development and Peace
  2. Gender and Sexuality Studies Network


  1. Alfred Deakin Institute Publication Excellence Scheme, October 2018
  2. Royal Economic Society (UK) Conference Award Scheme, September 2015
  3. Postgraduate Publications Award, Monash Institute of Graduate Research, Monash University, August–October 30, 2012
  4. MPhil Thesis Award (High Distinction), Monash Institute of Graduate Research, 2008


Current Projects 

1. S Ahmed “Women’s employment, mental health and the risk of domestic violence in Australia,” In progress

2. S Ahmed “Expansions in paid maternity leave coverage and women’s labour market outcomes in Bangladesh.” In progress

3. S Ahmed “Employment, mental health, and divorce: Are there reciprocal effects?” In progress

4. S Ahmed “Labour market effects of maternity leave length in low- and middle-income countries”. In progress

5. M McGillivray, S Ahmed, D Lowe “Changing times, changing priorities: Determinants of the geographic allocation of Australian bilateral aid 1960-2015.” Under review

6. S Ahmed “The impact of China’s official finance: The aid-growth nexus revisited” Under review

7. S Ahmed “Hindu-Muslim earnings differentials in changing economic and political events: Evidence for Bangladesh” R&R


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Does Health-related Aid Really Matter? Evidence from South Asia

Salma Ahmed, Debajyoti Chakrabarty, Kishor Sharma

(2023), Vol. 71, pp. 452-472, Indian Economic Journal, London, Eng., C1

journal article

China's Global Finance Footprint 2005-2014: Comparing AidData and CGIT

S Ahmed, B Rasmussen, P Sheehan

(2022), Vol. 00, pp. 1-12, The Australian Economic Review, London, Eng., C1

journal article

China's Official Finance in the Global South: What's the Literature Telling Us?

Salma Ahmed

(2022), Vol. 73, pp. 223-252, Review of Economics, Warsaw, Poland, C1-1

journal article

Aid, growth, remittances and carbon emissions in Nepal

Kishor Sharma, Badri Bhattarai, Salma Ahmed

(2019), Vol. 40, Energy journal, Cleveland, Oh., C1

journal article

Higher education enrolment in Bangladesh: does the wage premium matter?

S Ahmed, M McGillivray

(2019), Vol. 51, pp. 6497-6516, Applied economics, Abingdon, Eng., C1

journal article

Changes in maternity leave coverage: Implications for fertility, labour force participation and child mortality

S Ahmed, D Fielding

(2019), Vol. 241, pp. 1-14, Social science & medicine, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal article

Do in utero shocks have adverse effects on child health outcomes and can welfare schemes ameliorate such effects? Evidence from Andhra Pradesh, India

S Ahmed, R Ray

(2018), Vol. 50, pp. 770-799, Journal of biosocial science, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal article

What firm characteristics determine women's employment in manufacturing? evidence from Bangladesh

S Ahmed, S Feeny, A Posso

(2016), Vol. 35, pp. 99-122, Equality, diversity and inclusion : an international journal, Bingley, Eng., C1

journal article

Human capital, discrimination, and the gender wage gap in Bangladesh

S Ahmed, M McGillivray

(2015), Vol. 67, pp. 506-524, World development, London, England, C1

journal article

A distributional analysis of the gender wage gap in Bangladesh

S Ahmed, P Maitra,

(2015), Vol. 51, pp. 1444-1458, Journal of development studies, London, Eng., C1

journal article

Health consequences of child labour in Bangladesh

S Ahmed, R Ray

(2014), Vol. 30, pp. 111-150, Demographic research, Rostock, Germany, C1

journal article

Determinants of pregnancy, and induced and spontaneous abortion in a jointly determined framework: Evidence from a country wide district level household survey in India

S Ahmed, R Ray

(2013), Vol. 46, pp. 480-517, Journal of biosocial science, Cambridge, England, C1

journal article

Trade-off between child labour and schooling in Bangladesh: the role of parents' education

S Ahmed, R Ray

(2011), Vol. 21/11, pp. 1-40, Monash University Department of Economics discussion papers, Melbourne, C1-1

journal article

A distributional analysis of the gender wage gap in Bangladesh

S Ahmed, P Maitra

(2011), Vol. 20/11, pp. 1-35, Monash University Department of Economics discussion papers, Melbourne, Vic., C1-1

journal article

Gender wage discrimination in rural and urban labour markets of Bangladesh

S Ahmed, P Maitra

(2010), Vol. 38, pp. 83-112, Oxford development studies, Oxford, England, C1-1

journal article

The investment scenario in Bangladesh - problems and prospects

M Muttakin, S Ahmed

(2005), Vol. 3, pp. 534-540, Pakistan journal of social sciences, Faisalabad, Pakistan, C1-1

journal article

Reviving the role of regulators in Bangladesh capital market

S Ahmed

(2005), Vol. 3, pp. 549-553, Pakistan journal of social sciences, Faisalabad, Bangladesh, C1-1

journal article

Funded Projects at Deakin

No Funded Projects at Deakin found


No completed student supervisions to report