Her primary research interest is in improving clinical decision making. With over 100 publications in the field she has concentrated on understanding how individuals make decisions routinely and in uncertainty, understanding the environmental and social influences in health care. Based in a hospital, Professor Bucknall has three programs of research. One program focuses on issues concerning patient safety, particularly identifying and managing deteriorating patients, improving inter-professional communication and preventing medical error. The second program focuses on symptom management across clinical settings, predominantly in pain management. The third program concentrates on the implementation of research evidence into practice or the science of knowledge translation, studying different approaches to increase the uptake of research by clinicians to improve patient outcomes.