Centre for Sustainable and Responsible Organisations (CSaRO)

We work on various research grants, partnering with academic institutions and leaders within the industry to advance the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) agenda. Our work is both local and international – where we strive to provide cutting-edge solutions for more sustainable outcomes.

What we do

We bring together researchers from a range of disciplines to better understand and promote long-term sustainable and responsible organisational behaviour. We do this by engaging with various stakeholders including the research community, business leaders, governments at all levels and the public at large.

Research themes

Arts And Culture For Social Inclusion And Peace

Research under this theme explores the potential of arts and culture as a soft and strategic approach in promoting sustainable development and social inclusion. Our research projects focus on the power of arts to promote social inclusion, as arts breaks all barriers and brings people from all walks of life together. Our research suggests that arts can be instrumental in improving people’s lives, strengthening communities, reducing crime and creating a socially inclusive society.

Sustainable Development Goals addressed: SDGs 16, 17 and 10

Australia Awards 2017–2018: Arts and culture as a strategic approach to address extremism in Bangladesh

CSaRO team members, Dr Fara Azmat, Dr Ahmed Ferdous and Professor Ingrid Nielsen, successfully secured DFAT funding of AU$ 125,690 in 2017 for the project titled: Arts and culture as a strategic approach to address extremism in Bangladesh.

The innovative program brought 13 Bangladeshi public and private sector officials to Australia to exchange ideas, skills and expertise on how arts and culture can work as a soft strategic approach to prevent extremism and foster social harmony.

Visiting a range of arts and cultural organisations through a two-week long training run by Deakin University in Melbourne and Sydney in 2017, the fellows were provided with examples of how to co-create value to empower, include and engage young people and build their confidence, resilience and self-esteem through arts and culture, with follow-up activities in Bangladesh to apply these learnings.

The program has led to a number of initiatives undertaken by fellows with far reaching implications to engage socially excluded youth who run the risk of being radicalised. Some of these initiatives include:

  • establishing 4883 adolescent clubs country-wide, with one of the objectives being preventing extremism through arts and culture
  • establishing Bhatoi Bazar Cultural Club in Jhenaidah district to promote local heritage and reviving traditional local culture on the verge of extinction engaging idle youth
  • creating awareness among the teachers and parents to identify and work with withdrawn and isolated children and include them through cultural events such as Meena bazars, cultural programs, music, painting, literature, poetry, and cooking.

Dr Azmat says the program is a small but important contribution towards the problem of rising radicalisation and social exclusion. ‘Our project is a small step but we are confident that it will have rippling and far-reaching effects in our fight against the evils and promote peace and stability.'

Some other broad outcomes of the program included:

  • exchanging skills and expertise among the fellows and their Australian peers about the use of arts and culture to prevent extremism to help engage, empower and include young people
  • contributing to the development of a strong generation of leaders who are able to influence policies, educational curriculum and organising inclusive arts events that foster social harmony.

The funding from DFAT reflects the team's commitment for advancing SDG 16 (Peace, Justice and Strong Institution), as well as promoting social inclusion and reducing inequality through arts and culture (SDG 10), and building positive partnership with stakeholders both nationally and internationally (SDG 17), thus contributing towards the Faculty of Business and Law's internationalisation agenda.

This project has been added to the Australian Government's Voluntary National Review (VNR) as a case study.

Asia TOPA: A Cultural Impact Project

Andrea North-Samardzic partnered with the Arts Centre Melbourne and the Australia Council on the Asia TOPA: A Cultural Impact Project, to investigate the impact of Melbourne's inaugural Asia TOPA festival on the Victorian arts sector cultural leadership, philanthropic leadership, and sector and audience development.

Refugees' Work And Careers

Researchers at Deakin Business School are conducting research with the aim of supporting refugees to find work and maintain their careers on arrival in Australia.

This research has been published in premier journals in the careers and migration fields including the Journal of Vocational Behavior and International Migration. Existing projects look at the factors that shape refugees' psychological capital, improve their work attitudes and wellbeing and act as barriers to refugee employment.

In the coming years researchers will work with a leading social enterprise, Career Seekers, to examine the effectiveness of training and internship programs aimed at assisting refugees to find meaningful employment in Australia.

Deakin Business School has also provided internships to refugees as part of their relationship with Career Seekers, and accepted students from a refugee background on humanitarian scholarships.

Sustainable Development Goals addressed: SDGs 8 and 10

Environmental Marketing

The Role Of Carbon Foot-Printing In Shaping Environmental Impact

This is an ongoing project involving members of CSaRO (Professor Polonsky and Associate Professor Andre Vocino, with external partners) that examines how the act of carbon foot printing might help to in reduce consumers’ environmental impact.

The research involves 2800 consumers, half of who undertook a carbon foot printing intervention. The aim is to assess if the process of systematically evaluating a person’s consumption influences their attitudes and behavioural intentions in regard to environmental behaviour.

The research is important as most of the literature focuses on examining consumer responses to individual behaviours, however, carbon foot printing captures consumers’ overall environmental impact.

Given that research suggests consumers are often inconsistent across activities, it's their total environmental impact that is important. If intervention is effective, it means that policy makers can shift consumer behaviour by encouraging consumers to actively engage in evaluating the environmental impact.

Such an initiative is a cost-effective strategy for linking into the governmental direct action plan for addressing global warming. Therefore, the results are expected to have a significant impact on governmental policy development.

Sustainable Development Goals addressed: SDGs 12 and 13

Employee Volunteering And Responses To CSR

Research from Volunteering Victoria has found that ‘Corporate Volunteering is a win:win:win scenario. It’s good for the community, good for the employees and good for the company’. Our research under this theme aims to have a better understanding of corporate volunteering and its different types, the role of leadership in driving corporate volunteering efforts, and designing effective corporate volunteering programs.


Professor Alex Newman and Dr Heather Round are working with Australian organisations and multinationals to examine the effectiveness of their volunteering programs.

This research highlights the benefits of volunteering programs to the community, employees and the organisation. Employee volunteering positively influences the work attitudes and wellbeing of employees by increasing their meaning at work. Employees who volunteer are more trusting and proud of the organisation they work for and have lower intentions to leave.

Prof. Newman and Dr Round also work closely with colleagues in the US and China to examine the effects of employee volunteering across cultures. Based on this research the team is involved in consulting to organisations about their employee volunteering programs, and how to establish these to be as effective as possible for the employees, the organisation and also the target communities who benefit from the volunteering.

Sustainable Development Goals addressed: SDGs 3, 8, 10 and 13

PRME Initiative

Our research aims to globally inspire and champion responsible management education, research and thought leadership, including:

  • creating educational frameworks, materials, processes and environments to support effective learning experiences for responsible leadership
  • engaging in conceptual and empirical research to help us understand the role, dynamics and impact of corporations in the creation of sustainable social, environmental and economic value.

Sustainable Development Goals addressed: All

Comparative corporate governance

Comparative corporate governance combines mandatory corporate law rules with voluntary corporate governance codes, and has a particular focus on ‘the purpose of the corporation’ and what is meant by the fact that directors have a duty ‘to act in the best interests of the corporation’.

Comparative corporate governance focuses on which other interests form part of ‘the interests of the corporation’. In particular, how the interests of all stakeholders, not only the interests of shareholders, should be recognised in a meaningful way and how these interests could be enforced if ignored. It also focuses on corporate social responsibilities and how it interacts with stakeholder interests.

Our team

Advisory Board

Estelle Vorster (Chair),  Super Retail Group

Jean du Plessis, Professor (Corporate Law), Deakin School of Law

Daizy Maan, SPARK Program Manager

Ivan Tandyo, Board of Directors, Navanti Holdingsvi

Sue Noble


Department of Finance

Dr Ameeta Jain
Dr Robert Xiao

Department of Management

Department of Marketing

Associate members

Deakin Law School


Professor Gillian North

Seminars and events

CSaRO Seminar: Contemporary Developments in Corporate Law and Governance

CSaRO was delighted to host a seminar on contemporary developments in the area of corporate law and corporate governance on Monday 4 November.

Professor Jean du Plessis, Deakin Law School and Professor Michael Adams, Head of School, School of Law, University of New England, addressed issues around the impact of technology on corporate governance and the effect of recent changes to corporate governance laws in the US on Australia corporations.

CSaRO Seminar: Ethics and Corporate Governance

The Centre was delighted to host a well-attended seminar on Ethics and Corporate Governance at Deakin Downtown on Tuesday, 30 April.

The opening address was given by Mr John Stanhope AM, Chancellor, Deakin University. Professor Michael Polonsky, Alfred Deakin Professor and Chair in the Department of Marketing, Professor Jean du Plessis, Deakin Law School, Associate Professor Luckmika Perera, Director, Pathways and Partnerships, Dr Zivit Inbar, Adjunct Professor and Mr Michael Bray, KPMG Fellow in Integrated Reporting, Faculty of Business and Law, gave practical insights into the board’s role in corporate ethics and how boards may gain strategic advantage from ethical leadership by using the Ethical Kaleidoscope, a framework to support better ethical decision making in the board room.

CSaRO Seminar: Implicit/explicit CSR’ revisited with Dirk Matten

On 27 February, CSaRO was delighted to host a research seminar on the dynamics of CSR in a comparative perspective: Convergence towards divergent hybrids, with Dirk Matten, the Gourlay Visiting Professor of Ethics in Business for 2018-19 at Trinity College, University of Melbourne. Matten and Moon (2008) won the Academy of Management Review Best Paper of the Decade Award (2008-18) and in this seminar Prof Dirk Matten presented an update of this ground-breaking paper on its tenth anniversary.

CSaRO Seminar: Corporate Political Sustainability Leadership

On 31 July, CSaRO was delighted to host a research seminar on Corporate Political Sustainability Leadership (CPSL) with Associate Professor Ben Neville from the University of Melbourne.

Professor Ben Neville is working to define CPSL and establish it as distinct from similar concepts, to provide a strategic framework for understanding the conditions for managing CPSL, and seeking to identify mechanisms for governing the ‘democratic gap’ of CPSL, for while government is accountable for its political leadership through the democratic electoral process, corporations are not.

YIPAA Annual Address: Sustainable Development Goals and the Victorian Public Sector

CSaRO co-sponsored the highly successful YIPAA Annual Address on Sustainable Development Goals and the Victorian Public Sector on Tuesday 3 July at Deakin Downtown. Over ninety attendees were addressed by a distinguished panel consisting of public sector leaders who worked across environment, social, and economic policy areas discussed how Sustainable Development Goals will influence young professionals working in the public sector. The speakers and panellists included:

  • Gavyn Tellis, MC
  • Dr Fara Azmat, co-Director, CSaRO
  • Nina Cullen, Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning
  • Dr Scott Rawlings, Commissioner for Environmental Sustainability
  • Gul Khan, PwC
  • Leeora Black, Deloitte
  • Daizy Maan, Advisory Board Member, CSaRO, Deakin University

Panellists from the YIPAA Annual Address including (from left to right): Daizy Mann, Dr Fara Azmat, Leeora Black and Gavyn Tellis.

CSaRO Seminar: A Framework For Intersectional Ethics

On Tuesday 19 June, CSaRO hosted a research seminar on Intersectional Ethics with Robbin Derry, Associate Professor in Strategy at the Dhillon School of Business at the University of Lethbridge in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Intersectional Ethics draws on intersectional theory and analysis to propose key questions for ethical reasoning. Associate Professor Derry proposes the development of a new framework for intersectional ethics to create a bridge between black feminist theory and social constructions of gender, and critical business ethics, resulting in tools for ethical analysis of cultural power and for understanding the systemic reproduction of privilege and injustice.

Opportunities and Challenges in Integrating Sustainable Development Goals across Research and Curriculum

CSaRO hosted the successful Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Colloquium on Monday 4 December 2017 at the Deakin Downtown centre in Melbourne, with selected presentations published in Social Business Journal. Academics, early-career researchers and doctoral students discussed and shared their research ideas, approaches and experiences of integrating SDGs across research, curriculum and within the broad field of business.

Sustainable Development Goals addressed: all

Journal of Business Ethics Workshop

CSaRO co-hosted a successful research seminar with the Journal of Business Ethics on 2 October 2017, which was attended by academics and practitioners across Australia. The workshop focused on:

  • designing research projects underpinned by ERS principles
  • trends in published research underpinned by ERS principles
  • publishing ERS-focused research in JBE.

Sustainable Development Goal addressed: SDG 17

Speaker Prof. Alex Newman
Associate Dean (International) Faculty of Business and Law
Section Editor, Journal of Business Ethics

How employee friendly is your workplace?

CSaRO hosted a successful lunchtime volunteering event with Volunteering Victoria on 25 September 2017. Attendees included Alfred Deakin Professor Michael Polonsky, Dr Fara Azmat and Dr Heather Round from Deakin University, and Roz Wollmering and Sue Noble from Volunteering Victoria. The purpose of this workshop was to explore issues of corporate volunteering and the role of leadership in driving corporate volunteering efforts.

Sustainable Development Goals addressed: SDGs 3, 8, 10, 13

Our publications

CSaRO researchers have written and contributed to a range of publications as a result of their research.


Azmat, F, Ferdous, A, Rentschler, R and Winston, 2018, ‘Arts-based initiatives in museums: creating value for sustainable development’, Journal of business research, vol. 85, pp. 386-395, doi: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2017.10.016.

Collins, A, Azmat, F and Rentschler, R 2018, 'Bringing everyone on the same journey’: revisiting inclusion in higher education, Studies in higher education, pp. 1-13, doi: 10.1080/03075079.2018.1450852.

Jadhav, A, Orr, S and Malik, M 2018, ‘The role of supply chain orientation in achieving supply chain sustainability’, International journal of production economics, pp. 1-14, doi: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2018.07.031.

Kamalnath, A 2018, ‘Defining ‘diversity’ in corporate governance: a global survey’, Journal of legislation, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 1-8.

Kamalnath, A 2018, ‘Corporate diversity 2.0 - lessons from Silicon Valley's missteps’, Oregon review of international law,’ vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 113-172.

Kamalnath, A 2018, ‘The corporate governance case for board gender diversity: evidence from Delaware cases’, Albany law review, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 101-197, doi: 10.2139/ssrn.3128272.

Kamalnath, A 2018, ‘Submission for the Corporate Governance principles and recommendations’, 4th edition, ASX Corporate Governance Council, Sydney, N.S.W.

McQuilken, L, Robertson, N, Abbas, G and Polonsky, M 2018, ‘Frontline health professionals’ perceptions of their adaptive competences in service recovery’, Journal of strategic marketing, pp. 1-25, doi: 10.1080/0965254X.2018.1511630.

Orr, S, Menzies, J, Zheng, SM and Maddumage, S 2018, ‘Innovation and internationalisation successful SMEs Ventures into China’, Routledge, Abingdon, Eng.

Polonsky, MJ, Ferdous, A  Shahriar, R, Andre MN, Waters, N and McQuilten, Z 2018, ‘Factors leading to health care exclusion among African refugees in Australia: the case of blood donation’, Journal of public policy and marketing, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 306-326, doi: 10.1177/0743915618813115.

Puncheva-Michelotti, P, Vocino, A, Michelotti, M and Gahan, P 2018, ‘Employees or consumers? The role of competing identities in individuals' evaluations of corporate reputation’, Personnel Review, vol. 47, no. 6, pp. 1265-1288, doi: 10.1108/PR-04-2017-0116.

Renzaho, AMN,  Green, J, Smith, BJ and Polonsky, MJ 2018, ‘Exploring factors influencing childhood obesity prevention among migrant communities in Victoria, Australia: a qualitative study, Journal of immigrant and minority health’, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 865-883, doi: 10.1007/s10903-017-0620-6.

Vora, D, Martin, L, Fitzsimmons, SR, Pekerti, AA, Lakshman, C and Raheem, S 2018, ‘Multiculturalism within individuals: a review, critique, and agenda for future research’, Journal of international business studies, pp. 1-26, doi: 10.1057/s41267-018-0191-3.

Wang, Z, Lee, A and Polonsky, MJ 2018, ‘Egregiousness and boycott intensity: evidence from the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill’, Management Science, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 149-163, doi: 10.1287/mnsc.2016.2577.

Zutshi, A, Creed, A and Connelly, B 2018, ‘Education for sustainable development: emerging themes from adopters of a declaration’, Sustainability, vol. 11, no. 1, doi: 10.3390/su11010156.

Zutshi, A and Creed, A 2018, ‘Declaring talloires: profile of sustainability communications in Australian signatory universities’, Journal of cleaner production, vol. 187, pp. 687-698, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.03.225.


Ayşen, C, Vocino, A, & Polonsky, MJ 2017, 'Mediating effect of environmental orientation on pro-environmental purchase intentions in a low-involvement product situation', Australasian Marketing Journal, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 115–125, doi: 10.1016/j.ausmj.2017.04.008

Azmat, F, & Rentschler, R 2017, 'Gender and ethnic diversity on boards and corporate responsibility: the case of the arts sector', Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 141, pp. 317–336.

Azmat, F, Ferdous A, Rentschler R, & Winston E 2017, 'Arts-based initiatives in museums: creating value for sustainable development', Journal of Business Research, pp. 1–10, 10.1016/j.jbusres.2017.10.016.

Bridson, K, Evans, J, Varman, R, Volkov, M, & McDonald, M 2017, 'Questioning worth: selling out in the music industry', European Journal of Marketing, vol. 51, pp. 1650–1668.

Cokun, A, Vocino, A, & Polonsky, M 2017, 'Mediating effect of environmental orientation on pro-environmental purchase intentions in a low-involvement product situation', Australasian Marketing Journal, vol. 25, pp. 115–125.

Cyril, S, Nicholson, JM, Agho, K, Polonsky, M & Renzaho, AM 2017, 'Barriers and facilitators to childhood obesity prevention among culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities in Victoria, Australia, Australian and New Zealand', Journal of Public Health, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 287–293, doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12648

Cyril, S, Polonsky, M, Green, J, Agho, K, & Renzhao, A 2017, 'Readiness of communities to engage with childhood obesity prevention initiatives in disadvantaged areas of Victoria, Australia', Australian Health Review, vol. 41, pp. 297–307.

du Plessis, JJ 2017, 'Corporate social responsibility and "contemporary community expectations"', Company and Securities Law Journal, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 30–46.

Sullivan-Mort, G, Polonsky, M, Kilbourne, W, D'Souza, C, & Hartmann, P 2017, 'Introduction to the special issue on sustainability', Australasian Marketing Journal, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 83–174.

Huong, L, Koo, FK, Arambewela, R, & Zutshi, A 2017, 'Voices of dissent: unpacking Vietnamese international student experience', International Journal of Educational Management, vol. 31, no. 3, pp.280–292,

Jain, A 2017 Department Of Finance in India, a legislative reform Is needed to push corporate social responsibility, The Conversation, <>.

Keneley, M, Wines, G, & Jain, A 2017, 'The collapse of unlisted mortgage companies: a regulatory dilemma', Accounting Research Journal, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 1–27, doi: 10.1108/ARJ-12-2014-0108

Kamalnath, A, 2017, A memo to Google – firing employees with conservative views is anti-diversity, The Conversation, <>.

Kumar, P & Polonsky, M 2017, 'An analysis of the green consumer domain within sustainability research: 1975 to 2014', Australasian Marketing Journal, vol. 25, 10.1016/j.ausmj.2017.04.009.

Mathiopoulos, J, Hogan, K, & du Plessis, JJ 2017, 'Whistleblowing reforms: a critical analysis of the current law and the new "bells and whistles" proposed', Company and Securities Law Journal, vol. 35, pp. 261–276,

McClaren, N,  and Vocino A 2017, 'The direct and indirect effect of NFC on marketers’ work norms, vocational socialization, individual ethical position, and ethical perceptions', Journal of Business and Industrial Marketing, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 109–123.

Michelotti, M, Vocino, A, Gahan P, & Roloff, J 2017, 'Non-wage benefits, corporate ownership and firm performance in post-communist economies: evidence from Ukraine', The International Journal of Human Resource Management, vol. 28, no. 20, pp. 2861–2892.

Newman, A, Round, H, Bhattacharya, S, & Roy, A 2017, 'Ethical climates in organizations: a review and research agenda', Business Ethics Quarterly, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 475–512, doi:10.1017/beq.2017.23

North, GL 2017, Supporting vulnerable households to achieve their housing goals: the role of impact investment, Australian Housing And Urban Research Institute Limited, Melbourne, doi:10.18408/ahuri-821031

North GL 2017, 'Corporate sustainability practices and regulation: existing frameworks and best practice proposals' in du Plessis J., Low C. (eds), Corporate governance codes for the 21st century, Springer, Cham.

Kay, P., Polonsky MJ, & Ingliss, J 2017, 'Understanding managerial perspectives of volunteering at nonprofit leisure events: a comparison of typologies within Open Gardens Australia, Journal of Nonprofit & Public Sector Marketing, vol. 29, no. 1,  pp 64–97,

Polonsky MJ 2017, 'The role of corporate social marketing', Journal of Social Marketing, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 268–279,

Polonsky MJ, Ferdous, AS, Renzaho, AMN, Waters, N, & McQuilten, Z 2017, 'Factors leading to health care exclusion among African refugees in Australia: the case of blood donation, Journal of Public Policy & Marketing (In-Press).

Renzaho, A, Green, J, Smith, B & Polonsky, M 2017,  'Exploring factors influencing childhood obesity prevention among migrant communities in Victoria, Australia: a qualitative study', Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, pp. 1–19.


Courvisanos, J, Jain, A, & Mardaneh, KK 2016, 'Economic resilience of regions under crises: a study of the Australian economy', Regional Studies, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 629–643, doi: 10.1080/00343404.2015.1034669

Cyril, S, Polonsky, MJ, Green, JB, Agho, KE, & Renzaho, AMN 2016, 'Readiness of communities to engage with childhood obesity prevention initiatives in disadvantaged areas of Victoria, Australia', Australian Health Review, vol. 41, no. 3, 297–307. doi:10.1071/AH16069

Fujimoto, Y & Azmat, F, & Subramaniam, N 2016, 'Creating community-inclusive organizations: managerial accountability framework, Business and Society, 10.1177/0007650316680060.

Huang, W, Boateng, A & Newman, A 2016, 'Capital structure of Chinese listed SMEs: an agency theory perspective', Small Business Economics, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 535–550.

King, Danielle D, Newman, A & Luthans, F 2016, 'Not if, but when we need resilience in the workplace', Journal of Organizational Behavior, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 782–786.

McQuilken, L, Robertson N, & Polonsky, M 2016, 'Recovering from other-customer-caused failure: the effect on focal customer complaining', Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management, vol. 26, no. 1, pp.83–104.

Newman, A, Prajogo, D, & Atherton, A 2016, 'The influence of market orientation on innovation strategies', Journal of Service Theory and Practice, vol. 26, no. 1, pp.72–90,

Newman, A, Rose, P, & Teo, S 2016, 'The role of participative leadership and trust-based mechanisms in eliciting intern performance: evidence from China', Human Resource Management, vol. 55, no. 1, pp.53–67.

Polonsky, MJ, Landreth Grau, S, & McDonald, S 2016, 'Perspectives on social impact measurement and non-profit organisations', Marketing Intelligence and Planning, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 80–98, doi: 10.1108/MIP-11-2014-0221

Rafiq, S, Salim, R, & Nielsen, I 2016, 'Urbanization, openness, emissions, and energy intensity: a study of increasingly urbanized emerging economies', Energy Economics, vol. 56, pp. 20–28, doi: 10.1016/j.eneco.2016.02.007

Renzaho, AN, Polonsky, M, Mellor, Da & Cyril, S 2016, 'Addressing migration-related social and health inequalities in Australia: call for research funding priorities to recognise the needs of migrant populations', Australian Health Review, vol. 40, pp. 3–10, doi: 10.1071/AH14132

Shahriar, AZM, Schwarz, S, & Newman, A 2016, 'Profit orientation of microfinance institutions and provision of financial capital to business start-ups', International Small Business Journal, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 532–552.

Taufique, MRH, Vocino A, & Polonsky, MJ 2016, 'The influence of eco-label knowledge and trust on pro-environmental consumer behaviour in an emerging market', Journal of Strategic Marketing, vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 511–529.

Azmat, F & Haque, MZ 2016, Corporate social responsibility in the ready made garments industry in Bangladesh. In Örtenblad, Anders (ed.), Research handbook on corporate social responsibility in context, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, England, pp.207–227.


Arambewela, R, Le, TKH & Polonsky, M 2015, 'Social inclusion through cultural engagement among ethnic communities', Journal of Hospitality Marketing and Management, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 375–400.

Azmat, F, Ferdous, A & Couchman, P 2015, 'Understanding the dynamics between social entrepreneurship and inclusive growth in subsistence marketplaces', Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 252–271.

Creed, A & Zutshi, A 2015, 'An international review of environmental initiatives in the construction sector', Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 98, pp. 92–106.

Higgins, C, Milne, M & Van Gramberg, B 2015, 'The uptake of sustainability reporting in Australia', Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 129, no. 2, pp. 445–468.

Higgins, C, Milne, M & Stubbs, W 2015, 'Is sustainability reporting becoming institutionalised? The role of an issues-based field', Journal of Business Ethics, pp. 1–18.

Newman, A, Schwarz, G, Cooper, B & Sendjaya, S, 2015 'How servant leadership influences organizational citizenship behavior: the roles of LMX, empowerment and proactive personality', Journal of Business Ethics, pp. 1–14.

Newman, A, Allen, B & Miao, Q 2015, 'I can see clearly now the moderating effects of role clarity on subordinate responses to ethical leadership', Personnel Review, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 611–628.

Nielsen, I, Miao, Q & Newman, A 2015, 'The impact of employee perceptions of organizational corporate social responsibility practices on job performance and organizational citizenship behavior: evidence from the Chinese private sector', International Journal of Human Resource Management, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1226–1242.

Stubbs, W & Higgins, C 2015, 'Stakeholders’ perspectives on the role of regulatory reform in integrated reporting', Journal of Business Ethics, pp. 1–20.

Haque, MZ and Azmat, F 2015, 'Corporate social responsibility, economic globalization and developing countries: a case study of the ready made garments industry in Bangladesh', Sustainability Accounting, Management and Policy Journal, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 166–189, doi: 10.1108/SAMPJ-04-2014-0028


Azmat, F 2014, 'Migrant women entrepreneurs: exploring the barriers' in Kelly, L (ed.), Entrepreneurial women: new management and leadership models [2 volumes], ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara, California, pp.199–217.

Azmat, F 2014, 'Exploring the potential of social entrepreneurship in developing countries' in Fukukawa, K (ed.), Corporate social responsibility and local community in Asia, Routledge, Abingdon, England, pp. 98–110.

Azmat, F Rentschler, R & Fujimoto, Y 2014, 'Walk through the doors. Be our guest: how important are partnerships to enable multicultural groups to attend arts events?' in O'Reilly, D, Rentschler, R and Kirchner, T (eds.), The Routledge companion to arts marketing, Routledge, Abingdon, England, pp.132–141.

Alevras & Du Plessis JJ 2014, 'The payment of dividends: legal confusion, complexities and the need for comprehensive reform in Australia', Company and Securities Law Journal, vol. 32, pp. 312–333.

Azmat, F & Roxas, H 2014, 'Community social capital and entrepreneurship: analyzing the links', Community Development, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 134–149.

du Plessis JJ, O’Sullivan & Rentschler 2014, 'The multiple layers of gender diversity on corporate boards: to force or not to force diversity, Deakin Law Review, vol. 18, pp. 1–50.

Newman, A, Borgia, D & Schwarz, S 2014, 'How does microfinance enhance entrepreneurial outcomes in emerging economies? The mediating mechanisms of psychological and social capital', International Small Business Journal, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 158–179.

Newman, A & Hofman, P 2014, 'The impact of perceived corporate social responsibility on organizational commitment and the moderating role of collectivism and masculinity: evidence from China', International Journal of Human Resource Management, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 631–652.

Newman, A, Kiazad, K, Miao, Q & Cooper, B 2014, 'Examining the cognitive and affective trust-based mechanisms underlying the relationship between ethical leadership and organisational citizenship: A case of the head leading the heart?', Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 123, no. 1, pp. 113–123.

Vocino, A, Polonsky, M & Kilbourne, WE 2014, 'Relationship between the dominant social paradigm, materialism and environmental behaviours in four Asian economies', European Journal of Marketing, vol. 48, no. 3/4, pp. 522–551.

Vocino, A, Polonsky, M, Grimmer, M & Miles, M 2014, 'The interrelationship between temporal and environmental orientation and pro-environmental consumer behaviour',. International Journal of Consumer Studies, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 612–619.

Fujimoto,Y & Azmat, F 2014, 'Organizational justice of work-life balance for professional/managerial group and non-professional group in Australia: creation of inclusive and fair organizations', Journal of Management and Organization, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 587–607.

Contact us

Centre for Sustainable and Responsible Organisations
Email the Centre for Sustainable and Responsible Organisations

Faculty of Business and Law
Deakin University
Melbourne Burwood Campus 
221 Burwood Highway
Burwood, Victoria, 3125