Deakin guide to referencing - Books

Learn about how and why we use sources in academic writing.

Referencing explained:

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Before you browse the guide, first learn about how and why we use sources in academic writing

Referencing explained:

Did you miss an Orientation session on referencing? View the recording in UniStart.

Still have a question? Study Support can help.

Overview

Authors
  • For one to six authors, list all authors.
  • If there are more than six authors, list the first six authors followed by "et al."
  • Authors' family names are followed by their two-letter initials with no space or full stops between initials, e.g. Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL.
  • Commas are used to separate each author's name. Note that "and" is not used to separate the last two names.
  • If there are no author names provided, but an editor/reviser/translator's name is provided, begin the entry with the name of the editor/reviser/translator followed by their role, e.g. Court FG, editor.
  • If relevant, in addition to authors, place the names of editors, revisers, translators or illustrators after the title of the book, followed by their role.
Titles
  • Titles of books and book chapters should only have the letter of the first word is capitalised, other than words that would normally be capitalised, such as proper nouns, acronyms and initialisms.
Editions
  • Include the edition number after the book title for all editions except the first edition.

Fritz MA, Speroff L. Clinical gynecologic endocrinology and infertility. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2005.

Other publication details
  • A relatively unknown city/place of publication is followed by an abbreviation of the state or country in parentheses, e.g. White Plains (NY).
  • Provide the year of publication, e.g. 2005. If the year of publication cannot be found, use the year of copyright with “c” as a prefix, e.g. c2005.
  • For e-books, provide the medium as [Internet], the date cited, and the URL or DOI. Do not add an additional full stop after the URL or DOI.
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Whole book

Author Initials, Author Initials. Title of book. edition number. Place of publication: Publisher; year.

Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.


e-books

When citing an e-book, include the details as for a print book and in addition provide:

  • date last updated
  • date cited
  • URL and/or DOI.

Author Initials. Title of book [Internet]. edition number. Place of publication: Publisher; year [updated year month day; cited year month day]. Available from: URL DOI

Higgins JP, Green S, editors. Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews of interventions [Internet]. Version 5.1.0. London: The Cochrane Collaboration; 2011 [updated 2011 Mar; cited 2014 Feb 03]. Available from: http://handbook.cochrane.org/

Schiraldi GR. Post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook: a guide to healing, recovery, and growth [Internet]. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2000 [cited 2006 Nov 6]. Available from: http://books.mcgraw-hill.com/getbook.php?isbn=0071393722&template=#toc  DOI: 10.1036/0737302658

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Chapter

If citing a chapter from a book with collected chapters by different authors, see the topic Edited Collection.


When citing a chapter in a book with a single author or single set of authors:

  • provide the chapter number, title and page range at the end of the citation
  • do not repeat digits unnecessarily in the page range,  e.g. 124–7 not 124–127
  • place a "p." before the page range of the chapter (Note that the "p." is not used for page numbers of periodicals).

Author Initials. Title of book. edition number. Place of publication: Publisher; year. Chapter number, Chapter title; page range.

Marc AF, Speroff L. Clinical gynecologic endocrinology and infertility. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2005. Chapter 29, Endometriosis; p. 1103-33.

When citing a chapter in an e-book, add:

  • medium as [Internet]
  • date last updated
  • date cited
  • URL and DOI, if available.

Author. Title of book [Internet]. edition number. Place of publication: Publisher; year. Chapter number, Chapter title; [updated year month day; cited year month day]; page range. Available from: URL DOI

National Academy of Sciences (US), Institute of Medicine, Board on Health Sciences Policy, Committee on Clinical Trial Registries. Developing a national registry of pharmacologic and biologic clinical trials: workshop report [Internet]. Washington: National Academies Press (US); 2006. Chapter 5, Implementation issues; [cited 2013 Nov 3]; p. 35-42. Available from: http://newton.nap.edu/books/030910078X/html/35.html

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Edited collection

For a chapter in an edited book collection (a book with chapters written by different authors), provide the details as for a book source and in addition:

  • place the title of the chapter after the author(s), followed by the word 'In' and a colon, then the editor's name and then the book title
  • do not repeat digits unnecessarily in the page range, e.g. 124–7 not 124–127
  • place a "p." before the page range of the chapter. (Note that the "p." is not used for page numbers of periodicals).

Author Initials. Title of chapter. In: Editor Initials, editor. Title of book. edition number. Place of publication: Publisher; year. page range.

Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.

When citing a chapter in an edited e-book collection, add:

  • medium as [Internet]
  • date last updated
  • date cited
  • URL and DOI, if available.

Author Initials. Title of chapter. In: Editor Initials, editor. Title of book [Internet]. edition number. Place of publication: Publisher; year. [updated year month day; cited year month day]; page range.  Available from: URL DOI

Halpen-Felsher BL, Morrell HE. Preventing and reducing tobacco use. In: Berlan ED, Bravender T, editors. Adolescent medicine today: a guide to caring for the adolescent patient [Internet]. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co.; 2012. [cited 2012 Nov 3]; p. 307-18. Available from: http://www.worldscientific.com/doi/pdf/10.1142/9789814324496_0018

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Dictionary or encyclopedia

For online dictionaries or encyclopedias, include:

  • medium as [Internet]
  • the title of the entry (topic)
  • date last updated
  • date cited
  • estimated length of entry if not paginated
  • URL.

Title of dictionary/encyclopedia [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; year. Title of entry; [updated/reviewed year month day; cited year month day]; [estimated length]. Available from: URL

MedlinePlus [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); c1997-2014. Diabetes type 1; [updated 2014 Jan 10; reviewed 2013 Oct 18; cited 2014 Jan 29]; [about 1 screen]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/diabetestype1.html

For print dictionaries or encyclopedias, cite as you would other books with the addition of the entry title:

Author Initials. Title of dictionary/encyclopedia. edition. Place of publication: Publisher; year. Title of entry; page range.

Turkington C, Tzeel A. The encyclopedia of children's health and wellness. New York: Facts on File, Inc.; c2004. Papilloma virus, human (HPV); p. 381-3.

If a dictionary or encyclopedia entry has no named author, begin the reference with the title of the publication.

Title of dictionary/encyclopedia. edition. Place of publication: Publisher; year. Title of entry; page range.

Dorland's illustrated medical dictionary. 30th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders; c2003. Encephalomalacia; p. 609.

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