Prof Paul Francis

STAFF PROFILE

Position

Professor

Faculty

Faculty of Sci Eng & Built Env

Department

School of Life & Env. Sciences

Campus

Geelong Waurn Ponds Campus

Qualifications

Bachelor of Science, Deakin University, 2001
Doctor of Philosophy, Deakin University, 2003

Biography

A/Prof. Paul Francis’s research is focussed on the development of highly sensitive luminescence-based detection systems for important clinical diagnostic, food science and forensic science applications. He leads a large program of research that encompasses Honours, PhD and postdoctoral research projects within several major streams of investigation, conducted within multiple laboratories at Deakin University and/or external research facilities.


A/Prof. Francis’s research in analytical chemistry and luminescence spectroscopy has been recognised through honours such as the Victoria Young Tall Poppy Science Award (2010) from the Australian Institute of Policy and Science; the Robert Cattrall Medal (2007) from the Analytical Chemistry Division of the RACI; and the Gordon F. Kirkbright Bursary Award (2005) from the Association of British Spectroscopists.

Read more on Paul's profile

Career highlights

2011 - present: Australian Research Council Future Fellow
2010 - 2011: Lecturer in Chemistry, Deakin University, Australia.
2004 - 2010: Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Deakin University, Australia.

Research interests

Assoc. Prof. Francis's current research includes investigations into: (i) the chemistry, spectroscopy and analytical application of chemical reactions that produce light (chemiluminescence); (ii) rapid screening of illicit drugs using flow-analysis and microfluidics; (iii) new methodology to determine the antioxidant status of foods and biological fluids; and (iv) the development of new ruthenium, iridium and other metal complexes for highly sensitive chemical detection in clinical diagnostic applications.

Affiliations

Associate Professor at Deakin University

Member of Centre of Chemistry and Biotechnology at Deakin University

Honorary Visiting Scientist at La Trobe University (2007-)

Teaching interests

Chemistry

Analytical Chemistry

Forensic Science

Knowledge areas

Analytical Chemistry

Molecular Luminescence Spectroscopy

Chemiluminescence

Electrogenerated Chemiluminecence (Electrochemiluminescence, ECL)

Conferences

Recent invited presentations Invited speaker, 12th International Conference on Flow Analysis (Flow Analysis XII; Thessaloniki, Greece, 2012). Invited speaker, Dionex Visiting Lecturer (University of Tasmania, Australia, 2012; Sponsored by Dionex). Invited speaker, Max O'Connor Research Lecture (La Trobe University, Australia, 2011). Keynote speaker, Royal Society of Chemistry Analytical Research Forum (University of Manchester, U.K., 2011). Invited speaker, International Chemical Congress of Pacific Basin Societies (Pacifichem; Hawaii, U.S.A., 2010). Keynote speaker, 13th RACI National Convention (Melbourne, Australia, 2010).

Professional activities

2014- Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (FRSC).

2013- Fellow of the Royal Australian Chemical Institute (FRACI).

2011- Division Secretary, Australian National RACI Analytical and Environmental Chemistry Division.

2011- Editorial Advisor for Analytica Chimica Acta.

2008- Member of the American Chemical Society.

2004- Member of the Royal Society of Chemistry.

2004- Member of the Royal Australian Chemical Institute.

Awards

2012 Dionex Visiting Lectureship (University of Tasmania)

2011 Max O'Connor Research Lecture Award (La Trobe University).

2011 Future Fellowship (Australian Research Council).

2010 Victoria Young Tall Poppy Science Award (The Australian Institute of Policy and Science).

2007 Robert Cattrall Medal (Analytical Chemistry Division, Royal Australian Chemical Institute).

2005 Gordon F. Kirkbright Award (Association of British Spectroscopists).

Projects

  • Rapid screening of illicit drugs using flow-analysis, separation science and microfluidic devices.
  • The chemistry, spectroscopy and analytical application of chemiluminescence and electrochemiluminescence reactions.
  • New methodology to determine the antioxidant status of foods and biological fluids.

Publications

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2017

Application of 2D-HPLC coupled with principal component analysis to study an industrial opiate processing stream

P Stevenson, N Burns, S Purcell, P Francis, N Barnett, F Fry, X Conlan

(2017), Vol. 166, pp. 119-125, Talanta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Evaluation of coloured materials in microfluidic flow-cells for chemiluminescence detection

K Spilstead, R Alexander, E Doeven, S Haswell, N Barnett, P Francis

(2017), Vol. 968, pp. 66-73, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Electrochemical surface modification of carbon fibres by grafting of amine, carboxylic and lipophilic amide groups

L Servinis, K Beggs, C Scheffler, E Wolfel, J Randall, T Gengenbach, B Demir, T Walsh, E Doeven, P Francis, L Henderson

(2017), Vol. 118, pp. 393-403, Carbon, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Co-reactant electrogenerated chemiluminescence of iridium(III) complexes containing an acetylacetonate ligand

L Chen, E Doeven, D Wilson, E Kerr, D Hayne, C Hogan, W Yang, T Pham, P Francis

(2017), Vol. 4, pp. 1797-1808, Chemelectrochem, London, Eng., C1

journal

Tailoring the fibre-to-matrix interface using click chemistry on carbon fibre surfaces

L Servinis, K Beggs, T Gengenbach, E Doeven, P Francis, B Fox, J Pringle, C Pozo-Gonzalo, T Walsh, L Henderson

(2017), Vol. 5, pp. 11204-11213, Journal of materials chemistry A, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal
2016

Considering the chemical energy requirements of the tri-n-propylamine co-reactant pathways for the judicious design of new electrogenerated chemiluminescence detection systems

E Kerr, E Doeven, D Wilson, C Hogan, P Francis

(2016), Vol. 141, pp. 62-69, Analyst, London, Eng., C1

journal

A comparison of novel organoiridium(III) complexes and their ligands as a potential treatment for prostate cancer.

S Hockey, G Barbante, P Francis, J Altimari, P Yoganantharajah, Y Gibert, L Henderson

(2016), Vol. 109, pp. 305-313, European journal of medicinal chemistry, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Overcoming solvent mismatch limitations in 2D-HPLC with temperature programming of isocratic mobile phases

B Holland, X Conlan, P Francis, N Barnett, P Stevenson

(2016), Vol. 8, pp. 1293-1298, Analytical methods, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal

Analytically useful blue chemiluminescence from a water-soluble iridium(iii) complex containing a tetraethylene glycol functionalised triazolylpyridine ligand

Z Smith, E Kerr, E Doeven, T Connell, N Barnett, P Donnelly, S Haswell, P Francis

(2016), Vol. 141, pp. 2140-2144, Analyst, London, Eng., C1

journal

Blind column selection protocol for two-dimensional high performance liquid chromatography

N Burns, L Andrighetto, X Conlan, S Purcell, N Barnett, J Denning, P Francis, P Stevenson

(2016), Vol. 154, pp. 85-91, Talanta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

N-acetylcysteine modulates glutamatergic dysfunction and depressive behavior in Huntington's disease

D Wright, L Gray, D Finkelstein, P Crouch, D Pow, T Pang, S Li, Z Smith, P Francis, T Renoir, A Hannan

(2016), Vol. 25, pp. 2923-2933, Human molecular genetics, Oxford, Eng., C1

journal

Copper as a target for prostate cancer therapeutics: copper-ionophore pharmacology and altering systemic copper distribution

D Denoyer, H Pearson, S Clatworthy, Z Smith, P Francis, R Llanos, I Volitakis, W Phillips, P Meggyesy, S Masaldan, M Cater

(2016), Vol. 7, pp. 37064-37080, Oncotarget, Albany, N.Y., C1

journal

New perspectives on the annihilation electrogenerated chemiluminescence of mixed metal complexes in solution

E Kerr, E Doeven, G Barbante, C Hogan, D Hayne, P Donnelly, P Francis

(2016), Vol. 7, pp. 5271-5279, Chemical science, London, Eng., C1

journal

N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in schizophrenia resistant to clozapine: a double blind randomised placebo controlled trial targeting negative symptoms

S Rossell, P Francis, C Galletly, A Harris, D Siskind, M Berk, K Bozaoglu, F Dark, O Dean, D Liu, D Meyer, E Neill, A Phillipou, J Sarris, D Castle

(2016), Vol. 16, pp. 1-9, BMC psychiatry, London, Eng., C1

journal
2015

Protocols for finding the most orthogonal dimensions for two-dimensional high performance liquid chromatography

D Bassanese, B Holland, X Conlan, P Francis, N Barnett, P Stevenson

(2015), Vol. 134, pp. 402-408, Talanta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Annihilation electrogenerated chemiluminescence of mixed metal chelates in solution : Modulating emission colour by manipulating the energetics

E Kerr, E Doeven, G Barbante, C Hogan, D Bower, P Donnelly, T Connell, P Francis

(2015), Vol. 6, pp. 472-479, Chemical Science, Cambridge, United Kingdom, C1

journal

N-Acetylcysteine improves mitochondrial function and ameliorates behavioral deficits in the R6/1 mouse model of Huntington's disease

D Wright, T Renoir, Z Smith, A Frazier, P Francis, D Thorburn, S McGee, A Hannan, L Gray

(2015), Vol. 5, pp. 1-10, Translational psychiatry, New York, N. Y., C1

journal

Iridium(III) N-heterocyclic carbene complexes: an experimental and theoretical study of structural, spectroscopic, electrochemical and electrogenerated chemiluminescence properties

G Barbante, E Doeven, P Francis, B Stringer, C Hogan, P Kheradmand, D Wilson, P Barnard

(2015), Vol. 44, pp. 8564-8576, Dalton transactions, London, Eng., C1

journal

Potential-resolved electrogenerated chemiluminescence for the selective detection of multiple luminophores

E Doeven, G Barbante, C Hogan, P Francis

(2015), Vol. 80, pp. 456-470, ChemPlusChem, London, Eng., C1

journal

Chemiluminescence detection of MDMA in street drug samples using tris (2,2'-bipyridine) ruthenium (III)

A Theakstone, Z Smith, J Terry, N Barnett, P Francis

(2015), Vol. 7, pp. 428-432, Drug testing and analysis, London, Eng., C1

journal

Photoredox catalysis of intramolecular cyclizations with a reusable silica-bound ruthenium complex

G Barbante, T Ashton, E Doeven, F Pfeffer, D Wilson, L Henderson, P Francis

(2015), Vol. 7, pp. 1655-1658, ChemCatChem, London, Eng., C1

journal

Mobile phone-based electrochemiluminescence sensing exploiting the 'USB On-The-Go' protocol

E Doeven, G Barbante, A Harsant, P Donnelly, T Connell, C Hogan, P Francis

(2015), Vol. 216, pp. 608-613, Sensors and actuators, b: chemical, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Development of a resin based silica monolithic column encapsulation

K Spilstead, S Haswell, N Barnett, X Conlan, P Stevenson, P Francis

(2015), Vol. 7, pp. 4908-4911, Analytical methods, London, Eng., C1

journal

Probing the tunable surface chemistry of graphene oxide

Z Liu, J Liu, D Li, P Francis, N Barnett, C Barrow, W Yang

(2015), Vol. 51, pp. 10969-10972, Chemical communications, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal

Blue electrogenerated chemiluminescence from water-soluble iridium complexes containing sulfonated phenylpyridine or tetraethylene glycol derivatized triazolylpyridine ligands

E Kerr, E Doeven, G Barbante, T Connell, P Donnelly, D Wilson, T Ashton, F Pfeffer, P Francis

(2015), Vol. 21, pp. 14987-14995, Chemistry, Weinheim, Germany, C1

journal

Electrogenerated chemiluminescence of tris(2,2' bipyridine)ruthenium(II) using common biological buffers as co-reactant, pH buffer and supporting electrolyte

N Kebede, P Francis, G Barbante, C Hogan

(2015), Vol. 140, pp. 7142-7145, Analyst, London, Eng., C1

journal
2014

Advances in the use of acidic potassium permanganate as a chemiluminescence reagent : a review

J Adcock, N Barnett, C Barrow, P Francis

(2014), Vol. 807, pp. 9-28, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Determination of neurotransmitters and their metabolites using one- and two-dimensional liquid chromatography with acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence detection

B Holland, X Conlan, P Stevenson, S Tye, A Reker, N Barnett, J Adcock, P Francis

(2014), Vol. 406, pp. 5669-5676, Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, Berlin, Germany, C1-1

journal

Understanding electrogenerated chemiluminescence efficiency in blue-shifted iridium(III)-complexes : an experimental and theoretical study

G Barbante, E Doeven, E Kerr, T Connell, P Donnelly, J White, T Lopes, S Laird, D Wilson, P Barnard, C Hogan, P Francis

(2014), Vol. 20, pp. 3322-3332, Chemistry : a European journal, Berlin, Germany, C1

journal

The importance of chain length for the polyphosphate enhancement of acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence

B Holland, J Adcock, P Nesterenko, A Peristyy, P Stevenson, N Barnett, X Conlan, P Francis

(2014), Vol. 842, pp. 35-41, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Chemiluminescence detection with water-soluble iridium(III) complexes containing a sulfonate-functionalised ancillary ligand.

J Truong, K Spilstead, G Barbante, E Doeven, D Wilson, N Barnett, L Henderson, J Altimari, S Hockey, M Zhou, P Francis

(2014), Vol. 139, pp. 6028-6035, Analyst, London, Eng., C1

journal

Enhancing permanganate chemiluminescence detection for the determination of glutathione and glutathione disulfide in biological matrices

Z Smith, J Terry, N Barnett, L Gray, D Wright, P Francis

(2014), Vol. 139, pp. 2416-2422, Analyst, London, Eng., C1

journal

Red-green-blue electrogenerated chemiluminescence utilizing a digital camera as detector

E Doeven, G Barbante, E Kerr, C Hogan, J Endler, P Francis

(2014), Vol. 86, pp. 2727-2732, Analytical chemistry, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

A review of recent advances in chemiluminescence detection using nano-colloidal manganese(IV)

J Adcock, Z Smith, N Barnett, G Barbante, E Doeven, P Francis

(2014), Vol. 848, pp. 1-9, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

Ethanol as an alternative to formaldehyde for the enhancement of manganese(IV) chemiluminescence detection.

Z Smith, J Terry, N Barnett, P Francis

(2014), Vol. 130, pp. 221-225, Talanta, Amsterdam , Netherlands, C1

journal

3D-printed and CNC milled flow-cells for chemiluminescence detection

K Spilstead, J Learey, E Doeven, G Barbante, S Mohr, N Barnett, J Terry, R Hall, P Francis

(2014), Vol. 126, pp. 110-115, Talanta, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

Control of excitation and quenching in multi-colour electrogenerated chemiluminescence systems through choice of co-reactant.

G Barbante, N Kebede, C Hindson, E Doeven, E Zammit, G Hanson, C Hogan, P Francis

(2014), Vol. 20, pp. 14026-14031, Chemistry, London, Eng., C1

journal
2013

Generating different profiles of gradient concentrations inside a gel-filled chamber : design and simulation

M Tehranirokh, A Kouzani, P Francis, J Kanwar

(2013), Vol. 19, pp. 623-628, Microsystem technologies, Berlin, Germany, C1

journal

Autocatalytic chemiluminescence sheds new light on the classic permanganate-oxalate reaction

C Hindson, Z Smith, N Barnett, G Hanson, K Lim, P Francis

(2013), Vol. 117, pp. 3918-3924, Journal of physical chemistry A, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

On-line generation of a colloidal manganese(IV) reagent for chemiluminescence detection

Z Smith, J Terry, C Hindson, N Barnett, P Francis

(2013), Vol. 111, pp. 67-73, Microchemical journal, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

A potential-controlled switch on/off mechanism for selective excitation in mixed electrochemiluminescent systems

E Doeven, E Zammit, G Barbante, P Francis, N Barnett, C Hogan

(2013), Vol. 4, pp. 977-982, Chemical science, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Chemiluminescence detection of heroin in illicit drug samples

J Terry, Z Smith, J Learey, R Shalliker, N Barnett, P Francis

(2013), Vol. 116, pp. 619-625, Talanta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Chemiluminescence detection of piperazine designer drugs and related compounds using tris(2,2?-bipyridine)ruthenium(III)

R Waite, G Barbante, N Barnett, E Zammit, P Francis

(2013), Vol. 116, pp. 1067-1072, Talanta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Electrochemiluminescent ruthenium(II) N-heterocyclic carbene complexes : a combined experimental and theoretical study

G Barbante, P Francis, C Hogan, P Kheradmand, D Wilson, P Barnard

(2013), Vol. 52, pp. 7448-7459, Inorganic chemistry, Washington, D. C., C1

journal

Comprehensive sample analysis using high performance liquid chromatography with multi-detection

S Pravadali, D Bassanese, X Conlan, P Francis, Z Smith, J Terry, R Shalliker

(2013), Vol. 803, pp. 188-193, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Chemiluminescence evidence supporting the selective role of ligands in the permanganate oxidation of micropollutants

M Roderick, J Adcock, J Terry, Z Smith, S Parry, S Linton, M Thornton, C Barrow, P Francis

(2013), Vol. 117, pp. 10286-10293, Journal of physical chemistry A, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

Microfluidic devices for cell cultivation and proliferation

M Tehranirokh, A Kouzani, P Francis, J Kanwar

(2013), Vol. 7, pp. 1-32, Biomicrofluidics, Melville, N.Y., C1

journal

Parallel segmented outlet flow high performance liquid chromatography with multiplexed detection

M Camenzuli, J Terry, R Shalliker, X Conlan, N Barnett, P Francis

(2013), Vol. 803, pp. 154-159, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal
2012

Electrochemiluminescent monomers for solid support syntheses of Ru(II)-PNA bioconjugates : multimodal biosensing tools with enhanced duplex stability

T Joshi, G Barbante, P Francis, C Hogan, A Bond, G Gasser, L Spiccia

(2012), Vol. 51, pp. 3302-3315, Inorganic chemistry, Washington, D. C., C1

journal

Chemiluminescence detection flow cells for flow injection analysis and high-performance liquid chromatography

J Terry, S Mohr, P Fielden, N Goddard, N Barnett, D Olson, D Wolcott, P Francis

(2012), Vol. 403, pp. 2353-2360, Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, Heidelberg, Germany, C1

journal

Chemiluminescence from osmium(ii) complexes with phenanthroline, diphosphine and diarsine ligands

E Zammit, G Barbante, B Carlson, E Doeven, N Barnett, C Hogan, M Richter, P Francis

(2012), Vol. 137, pp. 2766-2769, Analyst, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Selective excitation of concomitant electrochemiluminophores : tuning emission color by electrode potential

E Doeven, E Zammit, G Barbante, C Hogan, N Barnett, P Francis

(2012), Vol. 51, pp. 4354-4357, Angewandte chemie - international edition, Weinheim, Germany, C1

journal

Chemiluminescence detection of 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohexane (RDX) and related nitramine explosives

D Donaldson, N Barnett, K Agg, D Graham, C Lenehan, C Prior, K Lim, P Francis

(2012), Vol. 88, pp. 743-748, Talanta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

The use of parallel segmented outlet flow columns for enhanced mass spectral sensitivity at high chromatographic flow rates

M Camenzuli, T Goodie, D Bassanese, P Francis, N Barnett, H Ritchie, J Ladine, R Shalliker, X Conlan

(2012), Vol. 26, pp. 943-949, Rapid communications in mass spectrometry, New York, N. Y., C1

journal

Chemiluminescence detection of cannabinoids and related compounds with acidic potassium permanganate

B Holland, P Francis, B Li, T Tsuzuki, J Adcock, N Barnett, X Conlan

(2012), Vol. 4, pp. 675-679, Drug testing and analysis, West Sussex, England, C1

journal

Chemiluminescence detection of amino acids and related compounds using acidic potassium permanganate, manganese(IV) or tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(III)

J Terry, Z Smith, G McDermott, R Waite, N Barnett, L Henderson, J Altimari, P Francis

(2012), Vol. 99, pp. 1051-1056, Talanta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal
2011

Chemiluminescence detectors for liquid chromatography

J Adcock, J Terry, C Barrow, N Barnett, D Olson, P Francis

(2011), Vol. 3, pp. 139-144, Drug testing and analysis, West Sussex, England, C1

journal

Chemiluminescence and electrochemiluminescence detection of controlled drugs

J Adcock, C Barrow, N Barnett, X Conlan, C Hogan, P Francis

(2011), Vol. 3, pp. 145-160, Drug testing and analysis, West Sussex, England, C1

journal

Liquid-Phase chemiluminescence detection for HPLC

P Francis, J Adcock

(2011), pp. 221-250, Hyphenated and alternative methods of detection in chromatography, Boca Raton, Fla., B1

chapter

Accumulation and excretion of morphine by Calliphora stygia, an Australian blow fly species of forensic importance

S Parry, S Linton, P Francis, M O'Donnell, T Toop

(2011), Vol. 57, pp. 62-73, Journal of insect physiology, Oxford, U. K., C1

journal

Any old radical won't do : an EPR study of the selective excitation and quenching mechanisms of [Ru(bipy)3]2+ chemiluminescence and electrochemiluminescence

C Hindson, G Hanson, P Francis, J Adcock, N Barnett

(2011), Vol. 17, pp. 8018-8022, Chemistry, Weinheim, Germany, C1

journal

Confirmation of the classic tris(2,2?-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) and oxalate electrochemiluminescence mechanism using EPR spectroscopy

C Hindson, P Francis, G Hanson, N Barnett

(2011), Vol. 47, pp. 7806-7808, Chemical communications, Cambridge, U. K., C1

journal

Determination of intracellular glutathione and glutathione disulfide using high performance liquid chromatography with acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence detection

G McDermott, P Francis, K Holt, K Scott, S Martin, N Stupka, N Barnett, X Conlan

(2011), Vol. 136, pp. 2578-2585, Analyst, Cambridge, United Kingdom, C1

journal

Direct detection of biologically significant thiols and disulfides with manganese(IV) chemiluminescence

G McDermott, J Terry, X Conlan, N Barnett, P Francis

(2011), Vol. 83, pp. 6034-6039, Analytical chemistry, Washington, D. C., C1

journal

Enhanced permanganate chemiluminescence

P Francis, C Hindson, J Terry, Z Smith, T Slezak, J Adcock, B Fox, N Barnett

(2011), Vol. 136, pp. 64-66, Analyst, Cambridge, U. K., C1

journal

Green chemiluminescence from a bis-cyclometalated iridium(III) complex with an ancillary bathophenanthroline disulfonate ligand

E Zammit, N Barnett, L Henderson, G Dyson, M Zhou, P Francis

(2011), Vol. 136, pp. 3069-3072, Analyst, Cambridge, U. K., C1

journal

Screening for antioxidants in complex matrices using high performance liquid chromatography with acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence detection

G McDermott, X Conlan, L Noonan, J Costin, M Mnatsakanyan, R Shalliker, N Barnett, P Francis

(2011), Vol. 684, pp. 134-141, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

Simultaneous control of spectroscopic and electrochemical properties in functionalised electrochemiluminescent tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) complexes

G Barbante, C Hogan, D Wilson, N Lewcenko, F Pfeffer, N Barnett, P Francis

(2011), Vol. 136, pp. 1329-1338, Analyst, Cambridge, United Kingdom, C1

journal

Solution mixing and the emission of light in flow-cells for chemiluminescence detection

J Terry, E Zammit, T Slezak, N Barnett, D Olson, D Wolcott, D Edwards, P Francis

(2011), Vol. 136, pp. 913-919, Analyst, Cambridge, United Kingdom, C1

journal

Stable tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(III) for chemiluminescence detection

G McDermott, P Jones, N Barnett, D Donaldson, P Francis

(2011), Vol. 83, pp. 5453-5457, Analytical chemistry, Washington, D. C., C1-1

journal

Kinetics and selectivity of permanganate chemiluminescence : a study of hydroxyl and amino disubstituted benzene positional isomers

T Slezak, Z Smith, J Adcock, C Hindson, N Barnett, P Nesterenko, P Francis

(2011), Vol. 707, pp. 121-127, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

Electrochemiluminescent peptide nucleic acid-like monomers containing Ru(II)-dipyridoquinoxaline and Ru(II)-dipyridophenazine complexes

T Joshi, G Barbante, P Francis, C Hogan, A Bond, L Spiccia

(2011), Vol. 50, pp. 12172-12183, Inorganic chemistry, Washington, D.C., C1

journal
2010

Determination of intracellular glutathione and cysteine using HPLC with a monolithic column after derivatization with monobromobimane

X Conlan, N Stupka, G McDermott, P Francis, N Barnett

(2010), Vol. 24, pp. 455-457, Biomedical chromatography, West Sussex, England, C1

journal

Determination of citrus aurantium protoalkaloids using HPLC with acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence detection

D Percy, J Adcock, X Conlan, N Barnett, M Gange, L Noonan, L Henderson, P Francis

(2010), Vol. 80, pp. 2191-2195, Talanta, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

The assessment of ??-?? selective stationary phases for two-dimensional HPLC analysis of foods : application to the analysis of coffee

M Mnatsakanyan, P Stevenson, D Shock, X Conlan, T Goodie, K Spencer, N Barnett, P Francis, R Shalliker

(2010), Vol. 82, pp. 1349-1357, Talanta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

The analysis of café espresso using two-dimensional reversed phase-reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography with UV-absorbance and chemiluminescence detection

M Mnatsakanyan, P Stevenson, X Conlan, P Francis, T Goodie, G McDermott, N Barnett, R Shalliker

(2010), Vol. 82, pp. 1358-1363, Talanta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

High-performance liquid chromatography with post-column 2,2?-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging assay : methodological considerations and application to complex samples

G McDermott, L Noonan, M Mnatsakanyan, R Shalliker, X Conlan, N Barnett, P Francis

(2010), Vol. 675, pp. 76-82, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Correlation between acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence and in vitro cell culture assay : physiologically meaningful antioxidant activity

X Conlan, N Stupka, G McDermott, N Barnett, P Francis

(2010), Vol. 2, pp. 171-173, Analytical methods, London, England, C1

journal

High performance liquid chromatography with two simultaneous on-line antioxidant assays : evaluation and comparison of espresso coffees

M Mnatsakanyan, T Goodie, X Conlan, P Francis, G McDermott, N Barnett, D Shock, F Gritti, G Guiochon, R Shalliker

(2010), Vol. 81, pp. 837-842, Talanta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

A rapid antioxidant assay based on acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence

P Francis, J Costin, X Conlan, S Bellomarino, J Barnett, N Barnett

(2010), Vol. 122, pp. 926-929, Food chemistry, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

Chemiluminescence reactions with cationic, neutral, and anionic ruthenium(II) complexes containing 2,2'-bipyridine and bathophenanthroline disulfonate ligands

P Francis, D Papettas, E Zammit, N Barnett

(2010), Vol. 82, pp. 859-862, Talanta, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

Autocatalytic nature of permanganate oxidations exploited for highly sensitive chemiluminescence detection

T Slezak, J Terry, P Francis, C Hindson, D Olson, D Wolcott, N Barnett

(2010), Vol. 82, pp. 2580-2584, Analytical chemistry, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

Mechanism of permanganate chemiluminescence

C Hindson, P Francis, G Hanson, J Adcock, N Barnett

(2010), Vol. 82, pp. 4174-4180, Analytical chemistry, Washington, D.C., C1

journal

Monolithic column chromatography coupled with chemiluminescence detection

P Francis, J Adcock

(2010), pp. 319-337, Monolithic chromatography and its modern applications, St Albans, England, B1-1

chapter
2009

Evaluation of tris(4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthrolinedisulfonate)ruthenium(II) as a chemiluminescence reagent

G McDermott, E Zammit, E Bowen, M Cooke, J Adcock, X Conlan, F Pfeffer, N Barnett, G Dyson, P Francis

(2009), Vol. 634, pp. 222-227, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Chemiluminescence from the reaction of tin(II) with tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(III)

M Gange, S Parratt, P Jones, P Francis, N Barnett

(2009), Vol. 134, pp. 2397-2399, Analyst, Cambridge, England, C1

journal

Comparison of homoleptic and heteroleptic 2,2' -bipyridine and 1,10-phenanthroline ruthenium complexes as chemiluminescence and ectrochemiluminescence reagents in aqueous solution

M Cooke, E Doeven, C Hogan, J Adcock, G McDermott, X Conlan, N Barnett, F Pfeffer, P Francis

(2009), Vol. 635, pp. 94-101, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

Chemiluminescence from reactions with bis-cyclometalated iridium complexes in acidic aqueous solution

R Kiran, E Zammit, C Hogan, B James, N Barnett, P Francis

(2009), Vol. 134, pp. 1297-1298, Analyst, Cambridge, England, C1-1

journal

Chemiluminescence spectra for the oxidation of sulphite in the presence of fluorescent and non-fluorescent enhancers

J Adcock, P Francis, N Barnett

(2009), Vol. 652, pp. 303-307, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1-1

journal

Emitting species in chemiluminescence reactions with acidic potassium permanganate : a re-evaluation based on new spectroscopic evidence

J Adcock, P Francis, N Barnett

(2009), Vol. 19, pp. 867-874, Journal of fluorescence, New York, N.Y., C1-1

journal

Precision milled flow-cells for chemiluminescence detection

S Mohr, J Terry, J Adcock, P Fielden, N Goddard, N Barnett, D Wolcott, P Francis

(2009), Vol. 134, pp. 2233-2238, Analyst, Cambridge, England, C1-1

journal

Selectivity and potential interference from phenolic compounds in chemiluminescence methods for the determination of synephrine

P Francis, A Brown, S Bellomarino, A Taylor, T Slezak, N Barnett

(2009), Vol. 24, pp. 90-95, Luminescence, West Sussex, England, C1-1

journal
2008

Luminescence

P Francis, C Hogan

(2008), pp. 343-373, Comprehensive analytical chemistry : advances in flow injection analysis and related techniques, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, B1

chapter

Development of an automated DNA purification module using a micro-fabricated pillar chip

B Hindson, D Gutierrez, K Ness, A Makarewicz, T Metz, U Setlur, W Benett, J Loge, B Colston, P Francis, N Barnett, J Dzenitis

(2008), Vol. 133, pp. 248-255, Analyst, London, England, C1

journal

A screening test for heroin based on sequential injection analysis with dual-reagent chemiluminescence detection

L Hill, C Lenehan, P Francis, J Adcock, M Gange, F Pfeffer, N Barnett

(2008), Vol. 76, pp. 674-679, Talanta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

The characteristic red chemiluminescence from reactions with acidic potassium permanganate : further spectroscopic evidence for a manganese(II) emitter

J Adcock, P Francis, T Smith, N Barnett

(2008), Vol. 133, pp. 49-51, Analyst, London, England, C1

journal

Manganese (III) and manganese (IV) as chemiluminescence reagents : a review

A Brown, P Francis, J Adcock, K Lim, N Barnett

(2008), Vol. 624, pp. 175-183, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Chemiluminescence detection of opium poppy (papaver somniferum) alkaloids

P Francis, J Adcock, J Costin, S Purcell, F Pfeffer, N Barnett

(2008), Vol. 48, pp. 508-518, Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, Netherlands, C1

journal

Chemiluminescence detector with a serpentine flow cell

J Terry, J Adcock, D Olson, D Wolcott, C Schwanger, L Hill, N Barnett, P Francis

(2008), Vol. 80, pp. 9817-9821, Analytical chemistry, USA, C1

journal
2007

Acidic potassium permanganate as a chemiluminescence reagent - a review

J Adcock, P Francis, N Barnett

(2007), Vol. 601, pp. 36-67, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

Rapid determination of papaver somniferum alkaloids in process streams using monolithic column high-performance liquid chromatography with chemiluminescence detection

J Costin, S Lewis, S Purcell, L Waddell, P Francis, N Barnett

(2007), Vol. 597, pp. 19-23, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

Soluble manganese(IV) as a chemiluminescence reagent for the determination of opiate alkaloids, indoles and analytes of forensic Interest

A Brown, C Lenehan, P Francis, D Dunstan, N Barnett

(2007), Vol. 71, pp. 1951-1957, Talanta, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

Determination of synephrine in weight-loss products using high performance liquid chromatography with acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence detection

T Slezak, P Francis, N Anastos, N Barnett

(2007), Vol. 593, pp. 98-102, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

Tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) chemiluminescence enhanced by silver nanoparticles

B Gorman, P Francis, D Dunstan, N Barnett

(2007), Vol. 4, pp. 395-397, Chemical communications, London, Eng, C1

journal

Determination of opiate alkaloids in process liquors using capillary electrophoresis

B Hindson, P Francis, S Purcell, N Barnett

(2007), Vol. 43, pp. 1164-1168, Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, New York, NY., C1

journal

Determination of urea using high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection after automated derivatisation with Xanthydrol

S Clark, P Francis, X Conlan, N Barnett

(2007), Vol. 1161, pp. 207-213, Journal of chromatography A, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

A hybrid FIA/HPLC system incorporating monolithic column chromatography

J Adcock, P Francis, K Agg, G Marshall, N Barnett

(2007), Vol. 600, pp. 136-141, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

Conversion of urea to hydrazine: Hofmann reaction or Favorskii analogue? Exploring reaction mechanism through isotopic labeling studies

P Francis, K Lim

(2007), Vol. 12, pp. 307-313, Chemical educator, Boise, Ind., C1

journal
2006

Tris(2,2´-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) chemiluminescence

B Gorman, P Francis, N Barnett

(2006), Vol. 131, pp. 616-639, Analyst, London, Eng., C1

journal

Near-ultraviolet chemiluminescence from the reaction of ammonia with hypobromite in aqueous solution

P Francis, J Adcock, N Barnett

(2006), Vol. 65, pp. 708-710, Spectrochimica acta. Part A, molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

A rapid test for heroin (3,6-Diacetylmorphine) based on two chemiluminescence reactions

K Agg, A Craddock, R Bos, P Francis, S Lewis, N Barnett

(2006), Vol. 51, pp. 1080-1084, Journal of forensic sciences, West Conshohocken, Pa, C1

journal

The determination of urea in wine - a review

P Francis

(2006), Vol. 12, pp. 97-106, Australian journal of grape and wine research, Milton, Qld, C1

journal

Lecturing: a practical guide

P Francis

(2006), Vol. 6, pp. 24-24, Physical sciences educational reviews, Hull, England, C1-1

journal
2005

Chemiluminescence detection of arginine-containing peptides seperated with monolithic high-performance liquid chromatography

P Francis, J Adcock, J Costin, K Agg

(2005), Vol. 336, pp. 141-143, Analytical biochemistry, United States, C1

journal

Chemiluminescence methods for the determination of ofloxacin

P Francis, J Adcock

(2005), Vol. 541, pp. 3-12, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

The determination of urea with hypobromite: a theme for the discussion of numerous fundamental concepts in chemistry

P Francis, K Lim, S Lewis

(2005), Vol. 10, pp. 419-423, The chemical educator, Boise, Ind., C1

journal

Determination of selected neurotransmitter metabolites using monolithic column chromatography coupled with chemiluminescence detection

J Adcock, N Barnett, J Costin, P Francis, S Lewis

(2005), Vol. 67, pp. 585-589, Talanta, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

Determination of arginine in dietary supplements

M Gange, P Francis, J Costin, N Barnett, S Lewis

(2005), Vol. 85, pp. 1217-1221, Journal of the science of food and agriculture, Milton, Qld, C1

journal

Near-infrared chemiluminescence from the oxidation of ammonia in aqueous alkaline solution

P Francis, N Barnett, T Smith, P Spizzirri, X Wang, E Krausz

(2005), Vol. 20, pp. 442-444, Luminescence, Milton, Qld, C1

journal

Chemiluminescence detection of arginine-containing peptides separated with monolithic high-performance liquid chromatography

P Francis, J Adcock, J Costin, K Agg

(2005), Vol. 336, pp. 141-143, Analytical biochemistry, Philadelphia, Pa., C1-1

journal
2004

Hypohalites and related oxidants as chemiluminescence reagents: a review

P Francis, N Barnett, S Lewis, K Lim

(2004), Vol. 19, pp. 94-115, Luminescence, Milton, Qld, C1

journal

Chemiluminescence from the oxidation of urea and ammonia with hypobromite and N-bromosuccinimide

P Francis, N Barnett, S Lewis, K Lim

(2004), Vol. 64, pp. 283-289, Talanta, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

The emitting species formed by the oxidation of hydrazides with hypohalites or N-halosuccinimides

P Francis

(2004), Vol. 19, pp. 205-208, Luminescence, Bognor Regis, England, C1

journal

Chemiluminescence from the Sakaguchi reaction

P Francis, N Barnett, R Foitzik, M Gange, S Lewis

(2004), Vol. 329, pp. 340-341, Analytical biochemistry, Amsterdam, Netherlands, C1

journal

The determination of urea in soil extracts and related samples - a review

D Lambert, J Sherwood, P Francis

(2004), Vol. 42, pp. 709-717, Australian journal of soil research, Collingwood, Vic., C1

journal
2003

Selective determination of amino acids using flow injection analysis coupled with chemiluminescence detection

J Costin, P Francis, S Lewis

(2003), Vol. 480, pp. 67-77, Analytica chimica acta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal
2002

Flow analysis based on a pulsed flow of solution: Theory, instrumentation and applications

P Francis, S Lewis, K Lim, K Carlsson, B Karlberg

(2002), Vol. 58, pp. 1029-1042, Talanta, C1

journal

Monitoring urea levels during haemodialysis with a pulsed-flow chemiluminescence analyser

S Lewis, P Francis, K Lim, G Jenkins

(2002), Vol. 461, pp. 131-139, Analytica Chimica Acta, C1

journal

Analytical methodology for the determination of urea: Current practice and future trends

P Francis, S Lewis, K Lim

(2002), Vol. 21, pp. 389-400, Trends in Analytical Chemistry, C1

journal
2000

Pulsed flow chemistry : a new approach to solution handling for flow analysis coupled with chemiluminescence detection

S Lewis, P Francis, K Lim, G Jenkins, X Wang

(2000), Vol. 125, pp. 1869-1874, Analyst, London, Eng., C1-1

journal
1999

Determination of a,4-dihydroxy-3-methoxybenzeneacetic acid (vanilmandelic acid) by flow injection analysis coupled with luminol-hexacyanoferrate(III) chemiluminescence detection

N Barnett, P Francis, S Lewis, K Lim

(1999), Vol. 36, pp. 131-134, Analytical communications, London, Eng., C1

journal

Funded Projects at Deakin

Australian Competitive Grants

New strategies for highly sensitive chemical detection based on luminescent ruthenium and iridium complexes

Prof Paul Francis

ARC Fellowships - Future Fellowships

  • 2014: $99,726
  • 2013: $193,600
  • 2012: $186,324
  • 2011: $267,739

Identification and Isolation of New Pharmaceutical Opiate Analogues: Today's Problems Tomorrow's Products

Prof Neil Barnett, Dr Xavier Conlan, Prof Paul Francis, Dr Paul Stevenson, A/Prof Ross Shalliker

ARC Linkage - Projects

  • 2016: $23,226
  • 2015: $55,341
  • 2014: $65,261
  • 2013: $32,193

Microfluidic Separation Science: Innovative Technology for Characterising Complex Chemical Systems

Prof Neil Barnett, Prof Paul Francis, Dr Xavier Conlan, A/Prof Ross Shalliker, Prof Peter Fielden, Dr Paul Stevenson, Prof Nicholas Goddard, Dr Gillian Greenway

ARC - Discovery Projects

  • 2016: $107,314
  • 2015: $104,867
  • 2014: $108,324

Multi-Colour Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence

Prof Paul Francis, Dr Conor Hogan, Prof Neil Barnett, Dr David Wilson, Prof Stephen Haswell

ARC - Discovery Projects

  • 2017: $107,595
  • 2016: $103,024

N-Acetyl Cysteine In Schizophrenia Resistant To Clozapine: A Double-Blind Randomised Placebo Controlled Trial Targeting Negative Symptoms

Prof David Castle, Prof Paul Francis

NHMRC Project Grant

  • 2017: $29,915
  • 2016: $15,170

Other Public Sector Funding

NHMRC Equipment Grant 2012

Prof Paul Francis

  • 2013: $15,000

Industry and Other Funding

Identification and Isolation of Impurities in the Opiate Extraction Process: Today's Problems Tomorrow's Products

Prof Neil Barnett, Prof Paul Francis, Dr Xavier Conlan, Dr Campbell Scott

  • 2012: $20,000
  • 2011: $20,000

Identification and Isolation of New Pharmaceutical Opiate Analogues: Today's Problems Tomorrow's Products

Prof Neil Barnett, Dr Xavier Conlan, Prof Paul Francis, Dr Paul Stevenson, A/Prof Ross Shalliker

  • 2016: $102,000
  • 2015: $92,000
  • 2014: $92,000

Supervisions

Principal Supervisor
2017

Emily Maria Kerr

Thesis entitled: Electrochemical and Luminescence Studies of Ruthenium and Iridium Metal Chelates

Doctor of Philosophy (Life & Env), School of Life and Environmental Sciences

2014

Zoe Smith

Thesis entitled: Investigations into Reactions with Manganese Based Chemiluminescence Reagents

Doctor of Philosophy (Biol & Chem), School of Life and Environmental Sciences

David Donaldson

Thesis entitled: Detection of nitro-explosive compounds using derivatisation and tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) chemiluminescence

Doctor of Philosophy (Biol & Chem), School of Life and Environmental Sciences

2013

Elizabeth Maree Zammit

Thesis entitled: Evaluation of Selected Platinum Group Metal Complexes as Chemiluminescence Reagents

Doctor of Philosophy (Biol & Chem), School of Life and Environmental Sciences

2012

Jessica Michele Terry

Thesis entitled: Enhancing the Chemiluminescence Determination of Biologically and Forensically Important Molecules

Doctor of Philosophy (Biol & Chem), School of Life and Environmental Sciences

Associate Supervisor
2015

Brendan Holland

Thesis entitled: Exploring Two-Dimensional Chromatography and Chemiluminescence Selectivity for Complex Sample Analysis

Doctor of Philosophy (Life & Env), School of Life and Environmental Sciences

2014

Masoomeh Tehrani Rokh

Thesis entitled: A 3D CELL-CULTURE AND GRADIENT-GENERATOR MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE

Doctor of Philosophy (Engineering), School of Engineering

Rebecca Waite

Thesis entitled: Chemiluminescence from reactions of tris(2,2¿-bipyridyl)ruthenium(III) with benzyl and phenylpiperazines

Doctor of Philosophy (Biol & Chem), School of Life and Environmental Sciences

2012

Teo Slezak

Thesis entitled: Extending the Analytical Utility of Acidic Potassium Permanganate Chemiluminescence

Doctor of Philosophy (Biol & Chem), School of Life and Environmental Sciences

Christopher Hindson

Thesis entitled: Mechanisms of Light Producing Chemical Reactions

Doctor of Philosophy (Biol & Chem), School of Life and Environmental Sciences

Geoffrey McDermott

Thesis entitled: Determination of Antioxidants using Chemiluminescence Detection

Doctor of Philosophy (Biol & Chem), School of Life and Environmental Sciences

2010

Allyson Joanne Brown

Thesis entitled: Investigations into Reactions Involving Manganese (IV) Chemiluminescence

Doctor of Philosophy (Biol & Chem), School of Life and Environmental Sciences

Michelle Elizabeth Gange

Thesis entitled: Tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(III) Chemiluminescence based Determination of tin(II) and other Inorganic Compounds

Doctor of Philosophy (Biol & Chem), School of Life and Environmental Sciences

2008

Shona Clark

Thesis entitled: Innovative Analytical Chemistry for Monitoring Wine Producation

Doctor of Philosophy (Biol & Chem), School of Life and Environmental Sciences

2007

Bree Gorman

Thesis entitled: Investigating Tris(2.2'-bipyrdyl) Ruthenium(II) Cheminuluminescence

Doctor of Philosophy (Biol & Chem), School of Life and Environmental Sciences