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Digital versus non-digital data

Data may also be divided into digital or non-digital data. A research project likely will include data that is both digital and non-digital, or data which may originally be non-digital that is later digitised. For example, printed self-report questionnaires that are later entered into a data analysis program such as SPSS, R or Excel.

Examples include:

Digital dataNon-digital data
Digital chemical analyses (e.g. spectroscopy)Biological materials
Digital photographsOriginal artworks
Digital medical images (e.g. DEXA scans)Completed paper-based questionnaire responses

Your research data management plan should account for all types of data.

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