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Citing works

Creators have 'moral rights' under the Copyright Act. This includes the right to be correctly attributed as the creator of their work.

When you refer to or use someone else's publications or data your research or teaching, attribute the creator and source.

Citing a publication or data in your work enables:

  • attribution of the creator
  • tracking of the impact of research
  • others to find the publication or data
  • verification of data and research findings.

Citing publications

Information to include

  • Author/creator
  • Title (if any) of the particular part or piece used
  • Title of the source work (whatever that work may be: book, film, website, etc.)
  • Date
  • Publication/production and or copyright holder details as are evident with the work

Citation format

You can use the referencing style used in your discipline or field of research. The study skills website provides guidelines on referencing styles.


Television program

Australian story 2012, television program, ABC 1, Sydney, 8 October.


A beautiful mind 2001, motion picture, Dreamworks, Los Angeles.

Citing data

Information to include

  • Creator(s) of the dataset
  • Year of publication
  • Title
  • Version (where there are several versions)
  • Publisher - the organisation/repository hosting the data
  • Resource type, e.g. database, dataset, computational model
  • Identifier (where available include a unique identifier for the data, e.g. doi)
  • Location (where available include a persistent URL from which the dataset can be accessed)

Citation format

You can format the data citation using:

  • the suggestions provided by the data repository
  • the referencing style used in your discipline
  • the referencing style required by a publisher.

The study skills website provides guidelines on referencing styles.


Keith, M. (2011). Parkes observations for project P675 semester 2009APRS. v1. CSIRO. [Data Collection]. 102.100.100/6859

Speldewinde, C., Gent, M., & Kilpatrick, S. (2012). Programs to raise tertiary education aspiration, 2011-2012 data. The Australian Research Data Commons . [dataset].

Citations in conference presentations

Citations must appear in a readable font and must appear on or near the reproduced work. This includes in the credits of your document, presentation or film.

Attribute Creative Commons works

If the work you want to use is licensed as Creative Commons, you need to attribute the creator of the work.

Get in touch

The Copyright Team provides copyright help to everyone within Deakin. We manage Deakin University copyright and external requests to use University works.