Profile image of Carley Grimes

Dr Carley Grimes

STAFF PROFILE

Position

Senior Lecturer Population Nutrition

Faculty

Faculty of Health

Department

School of Exercise & Nut. Sci.

Campus

Melbourne Burwood Campus

Qualifications

Doctor of Philosophy, Deakin University, 2013
Bachelor of Nutrition & Dietetics, Deakin University, 2009

Contact

carley.grimes@deakin.edu.au
+61 3 924 46223

Research interests

Research interests include assessment of dietary salt intake and relationship with cardiovascular health, children's dietary intake and nutritional epidemiology.

Affiliations

Accredited Practising Dietitian
Member of Nutrition Society of Australia
Member of the Australia Division of World Action on Salt and Health (AWASH)

Teaching interests

Principal supervisor for 1 PhD student

Co-supervisor for 1 PhD student

Conferences

2016 Nutrition Society of Australia, Melbourne. Grimes CA, Szymlek-Gay EA, Nicklas TA. Beverage consumption among U.S. children aged 0-24 months: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Proceedings of the Nutrition Society of Australia 2016;40:100. Oral presentation.

2016 Nutrition Society of Australia, Melbourne. Khokhar, D, Nowson, C, Margerison, C, Bolam, B, Grimes CA. Knowledge, attitudes and behaviours related to salt intake among Victorian Parents. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society of Australia 2016;40:54.

2015 American Heart Association EPI/Lifestyle 2015 Scientific Sessions, Baltimore, USA. Grimes, CA, Baxter JR, Riddell LJ, Campbell KJ, FJ He, Nowson CA. Sodium intake is associated with weight status in Australian schoolchildren aged 4-12 years. Poster presentation.

2015 International Conference on Diet and Activity Methods, Brisbane, Australia. Beckford K, Grimes CA, Riddell LJ, Margerison C, Skeaff S, Nowson C. 24-hour Urinary Iodine Concentration and 24hr Urinary Iodine Excretion in a sample of Australian primary school children. 2015. Poster Presentation.

2015 Joint Annual Scientific Meeting of the Nutrition Society of Australia and the Nutrition Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand. Grimes CA, Szymlek-Gay EA, Riddell L, Nowson C. Trends in dietary sodium intake in Australian children and adolescents from 2007 to 2011-13. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society of Australia 2015;39:98. Oral presentation.
 

2013 Joint Annual Scientific Meeting of the Nutrition Society of Australia and the Nutrition Society of New Zealand, Brisbane, Australia. Grimes CA, Riddell LJ, Nowson, CA. Differences in nutrient intake in Australian schoolchildren on school vs. non-school days. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society of Australia 2013;37:70. Oral presentation.

2012 24th Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Hypertension, Sydney, Australia. Grimes CA, Wright JD, Liu K, Nowson CA, Loria CM. Dietary sodium is associated with total fluid and SSB consumption in US children and adolescents aged 2-18 years: NHANES 2005-2008. J Hypertens. 2012;30(E-Supp 1):e327: 1121. Oral presentation.

2012 16th International Congress of Dietetics, Sydney, Australia. Grimes CA, Riddell LJ, Campbell KJ, Nowson CA. 24-hr urine collection as an objective measure of salt intake in Australian primary schoolchildren: A pilot study. Nutrition & Dietetics. 2012;69(Supp 1). Poster presentation.

2011 Academy of Nutrition &Dietetics, Food & Nutrition Conference & Expo, San Diego, USA. Grimes CA, Riddell LJ, Campbell KJ, Nowson CA. Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and risk of obesity in Australian children: could dietary salt be contributing to sugar-sweetened beverage consumption? J Am Diet Assoc. 2012;11:A-105. Poster presentation.

2011 Annual Meeting of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity, Melbourne, Australia. Grimes CA, Campbell KJ, Riddell LJ, Nowson CA. Socioeconomic position is related to dietary salt in Australian children. International Society of Behavioural Nutrition & Physical Activity. 2011;isbnpa.eproceedings:O32.6. Oral presentation.

2010 28th National Conference of Dietitians Association of Australia, Melbourne Australia. Grimes CA, Campbell KJ, Riddell LJ, Nowson CA. What foods are contributing to high dietary sodium intakes in Australian children? Nutrition & Dietetics. 2010;67(Supp 1):14. Oral presentation.

Professional activities

Researcher in Residence at Victorian Heart Foundation (Aug-Dec 2017)

Member, Editorial Board, Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (2015 - present)

Member, VicHealth Victorian Action on Salt Reduction Taskforce (2014 - present)

Rapporteur for Salt Working Group within the Australian Health Policy Collaboration (2015 - present)

Member, Victorian Healthy Eating Enterprise (VHEE) - Department of Health and Human Services (2017 - present).

Media appearances

04/05/2018 The Hearld Sun: ‘Pouring salt into the wounds of our youngsters’

23/03/2016 The Hearld Sun:‘Victorians eating up to 70 per cent more salt than recommended’

01/03/2016 SBS World News: ‘Kids risking obesity with too much salt’

10/12/2012 Time Magazine ‘Is Too Much Salt a Trigger for Childhood Obesity

Research groups

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN)

Awards

2017 Deakin University Vice-Chancellor’s Award for Early Career Researcher Award for Research Excellence ($10,000 research funds)

2015 Highest Ranking Victorian Heart Foundation Vanguard Grant Recipient

2014 Nutrition Society of Australia Early Career Travel Award

2012 International Forum Population Science Poster Prize at 2012 International Society of Hypertension

2012 Asian Pacific Society of Hypertension and Hypertension Sydney 2012 Young Investigator Grant Award

2011 Most Informative Presentation at Australasian Epidemiological Association & Public Health Association Workshop, Melbourne

2010 New Conference Presenter Highly Commended at DAA 28th National Conference

2009 1st Prize Poster Presentation at Nutrition Society of Australia conference

Publications

Filter by

2019

Urinary sodium is positively associated with urinary free cortisol and total cortisol metabolites in a cross-sectional sample of Australian schoolchildren aged 5-12 years and their mothers

Susan Torres, Carley Grimes, Caryl Nowson, Sisitha Jayasinghe, Clinton Bruce, Shaun Mason, Feng He, Anne Turner

(2019), Vol. 121, pp. 164-171, British journal of nutrition, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal

Understanding barriers and enablers to state action on salt: analysis of stakeholder perceptions of the VicHealth Salt Reduction Partnership

Briar McKenzie, Kathy Trieu, Carley Grimes, Jenny Reimers, Jacqui Webster

(2019), Vol. 11, pp. 1-13, Nutrients, Basel, Switzerland, C1

journal

The digital education to limit salt in the home program improved salt-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in parents

Durreajam Khokhar, Caryl Nowson, Claire Margerison, Madeline West, Karen Campbell, Alison Booth, Carley Grimes

(2019), Vol. 21, Journal of medical internet research, Toronto, Ont., C1

journal

Salt preference and ability to discriminate between salt content of two commercially available products of Australian Primary schoolchildren

Madeline West, Djin Liem, Alison Booth, Caryl Nowson, Carley Grimes

(2019), Vol. 11, pp. 1-13, Nutrients, Basel, Switzerland, C1

journal
2018

Rapid weight gain during infancy and subsequent adiposity: a systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence

M Zheng, K Lamb, C Grimes, R Laws, K Bolton, K Ong, K Campbell

(2018), Vol. 19, pp. 321-332, Obesity reviews, Chichester, Eng., C1

journal

Salt intake and dietary sources of salt on weekdays and weekend days in Australian adults

C Nowson, K Lim, M Land, J Webster, J Shaw, J Chalmers, V Flood, M Woodward, C Grimes

(2018), Vol. 21, pp. 2174-2182, Public Health Nutrition, C1

journal

Sodium content of lunches and snacks provided in Australian long day care centres: a cross-sectional study

S O'Halloran, K Lacy, C Grimes, K Campbell, C Nowson

(2018), Vol. 10, pp. 1-11, Nutrients, Basel, Switzerland, C1

journal

Trends in dietary sodium from food sources in Australian children and adolescents from 2007 to 2011/12

C Grimes, E Szymlek-Gay, C Nowson

(2018), Vol. 118, pp. 1183-1195, Journal of the academy of nutrition and dietetics, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Knowledge and attitudes are related to selected salt-specific behaviours among Australian parents

Durreajam Khokhar, Caryl Nowson, Claire Margerison, Bruce Bolam, Carley Grimes

(2018), Vol. 10, pp. 1-17, Nutrients, Basel, Switzerland, C1

journal

Digital Education to Limit Salt in the Home (DELISH) Program improves knowledge, self-efficacy, and behaviors among children

Carley Grimes, Alison Booth, Durreajam Khokhar, Madeline West, Claire Margerison, Karen Campbell, Caryl Nowson

(2018), Vol. 50, pp. 547-554, Journal of nutrition education and behavior, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Protocol for the process evaluation of a complex, statewide intervention to reduce salt intake in Victoria, Australia

K Trieu, S Jan, M Woodward, C Grimes, B Bolam, C Nowson, J Reimers, C Davidson, J Webster

(2018), Vol. 10, pp. 1-12, Nutrients, Basel, Switzerland, C1

journal

Measuring children's sodium and potassium intakes in NZ: a pilot study

Helen Eyles, Neela Bhana, Sang Lee, Carley Grimes, Rachael McLean, Caryl Nowson, Clare Wall

(2018), Vol. 10, Nutrients, Basel, Switzerland, C1

journal
2017

A novel processed food classification system applied to Australian food composition databases

S O'Halloran, K Lacy, C Grimes, J Woods, K Campbell, C Nowson

(2017), Vol. 30, pp. 534-541, Journal of human nutrition and dietetics, London, Eng., C1

journal

Beverage consumption among U.S. children aged 0-24 months: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)

C Grimes, E Szymlek-Gay, T Nicklas

(2017), Vol. 9, pp. 1-18, Nutrients, Basel, Switzerland, C1

journal

Estimating mean change in population salt intake using spot urine samples

K Petersen, J Wu, J Webster, C Grimes, M Woodward, C Nowson, B Neal

(2017), Vol. 46, pp. 1542-1550, International journal of epidemiology, Oxford, Eng., C1

journal

The development of a web-based program to reduce dietary salt intake in schoolchildren: study protocol

C Grimes, A Booth, D Khokhar, M West, C Margerison, K Campbell, C Nowson

(2017), Vol. 6, JMIR Research protocols, Toronto, Ont., C1

journal

Knowledge, attitudes and behaviours related to dietary salt among adults in the state of Victoria, Australia 2015

C Grimes, S-J Kelley, S Stanley, B Bolam, J Webster, D Khokhar, C Nowson

(2017), Vol. 17, pp. 1-16, BMC public health, London, Eng., C1

journal

The provision of ultra-processed foods and their contribution to sodium availability in Australian long day care centres

S O'Halloran, K Lacy, J Woods, C Grimes, K Campbell, C Nowson

(2017), pp. 1-8, Public health nutrition, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal

Effects of progressive resistance training combined with a protein-enriched lean red meat diet on health-related quality of life in elderly women: secondary analysis of a 4-month cluster randomised controlled trial

S Torres, S Robinson, L Orellana, S O'Connell, C Grimes, N Mundell, D Dunstan, C Nowson, R Daly

(2017), Vol. 117, pp. 1550-1559, British journal of nutrition, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal

Iodine intakes of Victorian schoolchildren measured using 24-h urinary iodine excretion

K Beckford, C Grimes, C Margerison, L Riddell, S Skeaff, C Nowson

(2017), Vol. 9, pp. 1-12, Nutrients, Basel, Switzerland, C1

journal

Dietary intake and sources of sodium and potassium among Australian schoolchildren: results from the cross-sectional Salt and Other Nutrients in Children (SONIC) study

C Grimes, L Riddell, K Campbell, K Beckford, J Baxter, F He, C Nowson

(2017), Vol. 7, pp. 1-10, BMJ open, London, Eng., C1

journal
2016

Dietary sodium intake and overweight and obesity in children and adults: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.

C Grimes, D Bolhuis, F He, C Nowson

(2016), Vol. 5, pp. 1-6, BioMed Central, London, Eng., C1

journal

24-h urinary sodium excretion is associated with obesity in a cross-sectional sample of Australian schoolchildren

C Grimes, L Riddell, K Campbell, F He, C Nowson

(2016), Vol. 115, pp. 1071-1079, British journal of nutrition, Cambridge, Eng., C1

journal

Dietary sources and sodium intake in a sample of Australian preschool children

S O'Halloran, C Grimes, K Lacy, C Nowson, K Campbell

(2016), Vol. 6, pp. 1-10, BMJ Open, London, Eng., C1

journal

Association between parent and child dietary sodium and potassium intakes as assessed by 24-h urinary excretion

C Service, C Grimes, L Riddell, F He, K Campbell, C Nowson

(2016), Vol. 8, pp. 1-10, Nutrients, Bern, Switzerland, C1

journal

Dietary intake and sources of potassium and the relationship to dietary sodium in a sample of Australian pre-school children

S O'Halloran, C Grimes, K Lacy, K Campbell, C Nowson

(2016), Vol. 8, pp. 1-13, Nutrients, Basel, Switzerland, C1

journal
2015

Cross-sectional study of 24-hour urinary electrolyte excretion and associated health outcomes in a convenience sample of Australian primary schoolchildren: the salt and other nutrients in children (SONIC) study protocol.

C Grimes, J Baxter, K Campbell, L Riddell, M Rigo, D Liem, R Keast, F He, C Nowson

(2015), Vol. 4, pp. 1-7, JMIR research protocols, Toronto, Ont., C1

journal

Australian children's consumption of caffeinated, formulated beverages: a cross-sectional analysis

K Beckford, C Grimes, L Riddell

(2015), Vol. 15, pp. 1-10, BMC public health, London, Eng., C1

journal

Food sources of total energy and nutrients among U.S. infants and toddlers: national health and nutrition examination survey 2005-2012

C Grimes, E Szymlek-Gay, K Campbell, T Nicklas

(2015), Vol. 7, pp. 6797-6836, Nutrients, Basel, Switzerland, C1

journal

Dietary salt intake and discretionary salt use in two general population samples in Australia: 2011 and 2014

C Nowson, K Lim, C Grimes, S O'Halloran, M Land, J Webster, J Shaw, J Chalmers, W Smith, V Flood, M Woodward, B Neal

(2015), Vol. 7, pp. 10501-10512, Nutrients, Basel, Switzerland, C1

journal
2014

Sources and correlates of sodium consumption in the first 2 years of life

K Campbell, G Hendrie, C Nowson, C Grimes, M Riley, S Lioret, S McNaughton

(2014), Vol. 114, pp. 1525-1532, Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal

Protein-enriched diet, with the use of lean red meat, combined with progressive resistance training enhances lean tissue mass and muscle strength and reduces circulating IL-6 concentrations in elderly women: a cluster randomized controlled trial.

R Daly, S O'Connell, N Mundell, C Grimes, D Dunstan, C Nowson

(2014), Vol. 99, pp. 899-910, American journal of clinical nutrition, Bethesda, MD, C1

journal

Nutrient and core and non-core food intake of Australian schoolchildren differs on school days compared to non-school days

C Grimes, L Riddell, C Nowson

(2014), Vol. 83, pp. 104-111, Appetite, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, C1

journal
2013

Dietary salt intake assessed by 24 h urinary sodium excretion in Australian schoolchildren aged 5-13 years

C Grimes, L Riddell, K Campbell, C Nowson

(2013), Vol. 16, pp. 1789-1795, Public Health Nutrition, C1

journal

Dietary salt intake, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, and obesity risk

C Grimes, L Riddell, K Campbell, C Nowson

(2013), Vol. 131, pp. 14-21, Pediatrics, C1

journal

Is socioeconomic status associated with dietary sodium intake in Australian children? A cross-sectional study

C Grimes, K Campbell, L Riddell, C Nowson

(2013), Vol. 3, BMJ Open, C1

journal

Dietary sodium intake is associated with total fluid and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in US children and adolescents aged 2-18 y: NHANES 2005-2008

C Grimes, J Wright, K Liu, C Nowson, C Loria

(2013), Vol. 98, pp. 189-196, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, C1

journal
2011

Sources of sodium in Australian children's diets and the effect of the application of sodium targets to food products to reduce sodium intake

C Grimes, K Campbell, L Riddell, C Nowson

(2011), Vol. 105, pp. 468-477, British Journal of Nutrition, C1

journal
2010

The use of table and cooking salt in a sample of Australian adults

C Grimes, L Riddell, C Nowson

(2010), Vol. 19, pp. 256-260, Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, C1

journal
2009

Consumer knowledge and attitudes to salt intake and labelled salt information

C Grimes, L Riddell, C Nowson

(2009), Vol. 53, pp. 189-194, Appetite, C1

journal
2008

An evaluation of the reported sodium content of Australian food products

C Grimes, C Nowson, M Lawrence

(2008), Vol. 43, pp. 2219-2229, International Journal of Food Science and Technology, C1

journal

Funded Projects at Deakin

Australian Competitive Grants

Dietary salt reduction in Victorian schoolchildren

Dr Carley Grimes

NHF Fellowship - Postdoctoral Research Fellowship - National Heart Foundation of Australia

  • 2015: $75,000
  • 2014: $75,000

Aussie Salt Challenge. A web-based intervention to reduce salt intake in Victorian school children

Dr Carley Grimes, Prof Caryl Nowson, Prof Karen Campbell, Dr Alison Booth

NHF Vanguard Grant - National Heart Foundation of Australia

  • 2015: $74,829

Reducing population salt consumption in Victoria

Prof Bruce Neal, Prof Caryl Nowson, Dr Jacqui Webster, Dr Carley Grimes, Dr Elizabeth Dunford, Dr Steve Jan, Prof Mark Woodward

NHMRC - Partnership Project

  • 2019: $132,128
  • 2018: $19,600
  • 2017: $2,800
  • 2016: $176,171

Reducing salt intake using food policy interventions

Prof Bruce Neal, Prof Caryl Nowson, Prof Boyd Swinburn, Prof Mark Woodward, A/Prof Cliona Ni Mhurchu, Prof Stephen Simpson, Prof Marj Moodie, Dr Jacqui Webster, A/Prof Gary Sacks, Dr Jason Wu, Dr Carley Grimes

NHMRC - Centres of Research Excellence

  • 2019: $80,498
  • 2018: $187,829
  • 2017: $44,721

Other Public Sector Funding

Victorian Consumer survey of knowledge, attitudes and behaviours related to salt intake

Dr Carley Grimes, Prof Caryl Nowson

  • 2016: $7,000
  • 2015: $63,000

Other Funding Sources

Visit to the Children's Nutrition Research Centre (CNRC), Baylor College of Medicine, USA

Dr Carley Grimes

  • 2015: $5,000

Supervisions

Associate Supervisor
2018

Kelsey Beckford

Thesis entitled: Iodine intakes and food sources of iodine in Victorian Schoolchildren

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (Low Cost), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences

2017

Siobhan Anne O'Halloran

Thesis entitled: Dietary sources and assessment of sodium and potassium intakes in Australian preschool aged children

Doctor of Philosophy (Nutrition & Exercise) (Low Cost), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences